Advantages and Disadvantages of Studying Abroad

Updated on November 7, 2018
PaulGoodman67 profile image

Since completing university, Paul has worked as a librarian, teacher, and freelance writer. Born in the UK, he currently lives in Florida.

Studying abroad can bring with it many advantages, it often broadens the mind and deepens the learning experience.  There are disadvantages too, however, increased education costs, as well as language and cultural barriers to overcome, for instance.
Studying abroad can bring with it many advantages, it often broadens the mind and deepens the learning experience. There are disadvantages too, however, increased education costs, as well as language and cultural barriers to overcome, for instance. | Source

The idea of studying abroad can seem like a fabulous opportunity, but there are also plenty of potential downsides: practical, financial, and psychological.

As a British person who has experienced other European countries and now lives in the USA, I can certainly testify that living away from your home country can be difficult at times.

I wouldn’t wish to put anyone off the experience, however, as experiencing other countries can be also be rewarding and life enriching, as well as often having practical benefits - but like with most things, there are pros and cons.

Here are the main advantages and disadvantages of studying abroad.

Top 10 Most Popular Study Abroad Destinations

  1. USA
  2. UK
  3. Canada
  4. Germany
  5. Australia
  6. France
  7. Switzerland
  8. Netherlands
  9. Sweden
  10. Spain

Based on figures obtained by asking prospective grad school applicants which countries they’d most like to study in, when they attended QS World Grad School Tour events between 2008 and 2013.


Men go abroad to wonder at the heights of mountains, at the huge waves of the sea, at the long courses of the rivers, at the vast compass of the ocean, at the circular motions of the stars, and they pass by themselves without wondering.

— Saint Augustine

Advantages of Studying Abroad

  • Life’s an adventure. Living abroad can be great fun and it broadens your perspective on life – there are new friends to make, new experiences to have, plus you’ll always have lots of stories to tell to the folks back home.

  • You can learn another language and immersing yourself in a place where they speak another tongue is the only good way to become fluent. Even if you are not studying that particular language on your study course, it may well come in useful later when you are seeking employment, or in your personal life.
  • You can explore another culture. They say that travel broadens the mind and finding out about other cultures can be fascinating. It can also give you insights and perspective on your home culture.
  • You may have better study opportunities abroad than you do at home. You may be able to do a course that you couldn’t do in your home country, or be able to study at a college or university that specializes in your chosen area of study.
  • Mentioning that you have studied abroad can look very good to potential employers when it comes to applying for jobs. The fact that you have lived and studied abroad shows that you possess valuable workplace qualities such as independence, initiative, and resilience. It also shows that you are not afraid of a challenge and that you can be adaptable if the circumstances demand it.

When I am abroad, I always make it a rule never to criticize or attack the government of my own country. I make up for lost time when I come home.

— Winston Churchill
Studying abroad can mean increased costs for tuition and day to day living.  There may be language and cultural barriers to overcome.  It can be lonely living so far away from friends and family too, the emotional pressures are large.
Studying abroad can mean increased costs for tuition and day to day living. There may be language and cultural barriers to overcome. It can be lonely living so far away from friends and family too, the emotional pressures are large. | Source

Disadvantages of Studying Abroad

  • You may experience language problems if you are studying in a place where they speak a different language to your native one. Learning a new language can be tougher than you think, especially if you need to understand it thoroughly enough to complete an educational course that is conducted in it (plus it can make the process of gaining new friends and social networking more difficult).

  • You may well experience culture shock. Even if you have researched it extensively and think you know a country, you will find lots of things are very different when you actually live there. Some of the differences might be practical and obvious, but others might be more subtle – there are likely to be social and psychological differences in how people relate to each other and behave, for instance.
  • You may find yourself feeling alone and without any of the social and emotional support from relatives and old friends that you might normally take for granted back in your home country. Making and developing friendships takes time and it can be more difficult in a culture that you are not used to.
  • There are likely to be increased costs involved with studying abroad – both with the expense of your education and with everyday living. Language and cultural differences can sometimes make finding part-time work more difficult. Financial pressures can undermine your overall enjoyment of an experience if you are not careful.

Without stirring abroad, One can know the whole world; Without looking out of the window One can see the way of heaven. The further one goes The less one knows.

— Lao Tzu

Studying Abroad? Be Prepared to:

  • Learn as much as you can about your host country before you commit/arrive.
  • Learn the language and culture of your host country while you're living there.
  • Go out of your comfort zone at times and be open to new experiences.
  • Be prepared to do things on your own, or with people from the local culture when abroad, rather than just sticking with people from your home country all the time.
  • Treat the experience as an adventure - don't forget to enjoy yourself!

Having read through the advantages and disadvantages, do you think that you will study (or live) abroad?

See results

Questions & Answers

  • What are the disadvantages of studying abroad?

    Language can be problematic. Living in another culture can be a challenge too. Psychological pressures such as homesickness and loneliness can affect one's work as well as cause misery. In many cases it can work out to be a lot more expensive studying abroad. Differences in education may mean that you find yourself on a course that is either far too easy, or far too difficult.

  • What are the problems faced by a country if someone goes to study abroad?

    The primary problem is that the person will continue to live abroad after completing their studies, not bringing their newly acquired education and expertise back to the country they left.

© 2012 Paul Goodman

Comments

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    • profile image

      Hilde Stephan 

      2 months ago

      Thanks alot for helping me with this.I really appreciate the facts you have stated.

    • profile image

      Neo 

      3 months ago

      I agree with the facts listed down, this really helped me to re-consider my future in studying. I am from Singapore and going to do my university level :)

    • profile image

      Murali 

      3 months ago

      If we are going to abroad we will leave our parents

    • profile image

      Mbek 

      5 months ago

      I think China is the most popular study abroad destination too.

    • profile image

      sophiet 

      6 months ago

      actually that artclel is really useful if you want to studying abroad... thanks. good hub !

    • profile image

      Ngoc_Minh 

      7 months ago

      Great!!!! I'm Vietnamese. You know today I have a final English test at school. These information help me a lot. Study abroad is my biggest dream!

    • profile image

      Isabel 

      8 months ago

      Thank you for this article

    • profile image

      bla bla bla 

      10 months ago

      a very useful article

    • profile image

      Stanislav Nowak 

      11 months ago

      Good article! As for me, I see only advantages in studying abroad. It`s a great life experience for everybody and it`s much easier than people (at least in my country) used to think. If you cannot allow study abroad for money, you always do it for free with the help of grant or scholarship. There are lots of sources for searching - hotcourses, masterportal and etc. If it help somebody to find something, I use this one - https://goo.gl/iEQWn8

    • profile image

      toko 

      13 months ago

      great thank you . my teacher liked this :d

    • profile image

      Ejaz Malik 

      17 months ago

      thanks for this article

    • Marcelo Faria profile image

      Marcelo Faria 

      2 years ago from Germany

      Some good points to consider. Thank you for this article

    • peachpurple profile image

      peachy 

      3 years ago from Home Sweet Home

      asian parents are reluctant to send their kids abroad because of money and missing them

    • Doodlehead profile image

      Doodlehead 

      5 years ago from Northern California

      Just ask Amanda Knox.....!

    • Haley Schaeffer profile image

      Haley Schaeffer 

      6 years ago from San Diego

      This is a nice breakdown of the pros and cons. For awhile I was considering an overseas master's program, but eventually decided against it for some of the reasons you touched on under "disadvantages". I do sometimes wonder what I'm missing out on by staying close to home though. Great Hub!

    • htodd profile image

      htodd 

      6 years ago from United States

      There are too many disadvantages of studying abroad ..Thanks for the nice post

    • Capedium profile image

      Ov Overo 

      6 years ago from Oklahoma

      Good Hub, but sorry, I didn't pay much attention to the disadvantage. Hope you don't mind

    • Nan Mynatt profile image

      Nan Mynatt 

      6 years ago from Illinois

      Good hub! There are a lot of people in the US who came from various countries and we need to know more about their culture. I marked you up.

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