Top 9 Characteristics and Qualities of a Good Teacher

Updated on September 7, 2018
Source

Every teacher wants to be good, but what exactly are the qualities that make a good teacher? What are the skills, talents, and characteristics, and can they be taught or learned?

Teaching can be quite satisfying for people who do it well. I know this because I am a teacher, too. Although I do not think I'm always the best teacher, do I know that the majority of my students love me, and I guess this is partly why good things happen in my classroom.

I have spent a lot of time thinking about—and done a lot of research into—the question of what characteristics make a teacher effective and how I can succeed in the classroom. Although every great teacher has their own special, unique style, I have found that there are nine specific universal qualities that are necessary for anyone who wants to teach effectively, whether they want to teach in an elementary school or a university. If any teacher possesses the following characteristics and qualities, he/she can become a very good teacher with large fan base.

What Makes a Great Teacher

  • expert communication skills
  • superior listening skills
  • deep knowledge and passion for their subject matter
  • the ability to build caring relationships with students
  • friendliness and approachability
  • excellent preparation and organization skills
  • strong work ethic
  • community-building skills
  • high expectations for all

Each of these characteristics is described fully below. Although great teachers may also possess a number of other wonderful qualities (like a sense of humor, personality, flexibility, kindness, leadership, classroom management, a calm demeanor, experience, and the ability to multitask), these are the qualities the best teachers universally possess.

Education is not the filling of a pail but the lighting of a fire.

— William Butler Yeats

1. Excellent Communication Skills

You'd think that the most important quality for a teacher to possess would be knowledge, since that's what the job is all about, after all: sharing knowledge. But no matter how knowledgable a person is, if they can't convey what they know to others in a way that is not only understandable but engaging, the knowledge itself is useless.

  • If a teacher's communication skills (verbal, nonverbal, and visual, which involve speaking, writing, imagery, body language, and the organization of ideas into understandable structures) are good, they can convey knowledge with better skill and results.
  • Since a large part of good communication is knowing when the audience has understood, these teachers notice when they have communicated effectively and when they have not. They will often paraphrase, illustrate, or take another tact entirely when it becomes apparent that their communication has fallen flat or has not reached or connected to the entire class.
  • A good teacher notices when even one student among many does not understand, and makes an effort to communicate individually when necessary.
  • Communication also involves explaining exactly what the assignments and expectations are. When students fully understand what is expected of them, it's much easier for them to deliver.
  • Interestingly, not only are communication skills incredibly important in the classroom, but they are among the most important skills in any setting. According to a recent survey by the Pew Research Center, most Americans view communication as the most important skill for long term success “to get ahead in the world today.” So by being good communicators, teachers are modeling important lifetime skills by example.

2. Superior Listening Skills

In addition to being good communicators, good teachers also happen to be excellent listeners. As the Turkish proverb says,"If speaking is silver, then listening is gold." Of course, effective communication only happens when at least two parties are actively involved in the process together, and the only way to know if communication is heard is by asking (and listening to the answer).

So in an ideal learning environment, teachers ask important questions and then actively, carefully, empathetically listen to what learners have to say. When good teachers develop this patient quality in themselves, they start to become great. Great teachers listen hard and then use what they hear to improve the communication.

Those who know, do. Those who understand, teach.

— Aristotle

3. Deep Knowledge of and Passion for the Subject Matter

There is a saying that a teacher is only as good as what they know. If a teacher lacks knowledge in a subject, that dearth of understanding is passed along to the students. And keep in mind that although formal education is one way a teacher might gain the knowledge they need in order to teach well, there are other ways.

Passion is infectious. Love of a subject matter inspires a person to learn more, dig deeper, and think harder about it, so passion inspires deeper knowledge. The best teachers are those that clearly love their subjects and pass that passion and desire to learn more on to their students. When the teacher not only has the right answer to a student's question but can expand the discussion with vivid examples, amusing illustrative anecdotes, and relevant facts, and when the teacher has a deep well of understanding and expertise to draw on, then every lesson is enriched, and every student might be inspired.

4. The Ability to Develop Strong Relationships With Students

It's not enough just to know what you're talking about, though, and a great teacher doesn't only teach from the head. In the best classrooms, hearts are involved, as well. In order to create successful learning environments, great teachers need to be able to build caring relationships with their students. It is the caring student-teacher relationship that facilitates the exchange of information.

The best teachers are often the ones that care the most deeply, not only about their jobs, but about every student they serve. It's not enough just to love the subject matter: Great teachers also share a love of students. Caring about the students is what inspires teachers to reach out, do better, communicate more, ask, learn, refine, and improve. This is something that can't be taught, not even in the best school.

5. Friendliness and Approachability

Because it's the teacher's job to help students learn, they must be easy to approach. Students will have questions that can't be answered if the teacher isn't friendly and easy to talk to. The crabby, unapproachable, terse, mean, arrogant, rude, all-business teacher can't last long. If the students think of their teacher as their enemy, they certainly won't learn much. The best teachers are the most open, welcoming, and easy to approach.

6. Preparation and Organization Skills

No matter how charming you are, if you show up for a class without an excellent plan for how to teach your material, you won't succeed. Great teachers spend endless hours outside of the classroom preparing, designing lessons, learning more (both about their subject matter specifically and how to teach, in general), participating in professional development, and thinking of fresh and interesting ways to reach the students.

The best teachers have excellent lesson plans, lectures, and assignments that they continually improve. They have studied extensively and read widely about how to teach and methods to facilitate learning. They structure their days, lessons, and units in a way that fosters maximal understanding and interest. They collaborate with other teachers and attend classes to learn more about their subject matter and how to best convey it. They are available outside of class, and they grade papers quickly, writing personal notes to help their students understand.

A good teacher affects eternity; he can never tell where his influence stops.

— Henry Adams

7. A Strong Work Ethic

Anyone who's done it knows that teaching is one of the hardest jobs there is. The secret that keeps them going is that great teachers really, really want to be great teachers, and they'll stop at nothing do succeed. A great teacher will do almost anything to help their students. They always make time and they're always willing to help. If something doesn't work, they'll work tirelessly until they find a solution. A teacher's work is never done but the best ones never stop trying, they never quit.

8. The Ability to Build Community

The best teachers understand the importance of building supportive and collaborative environments. In addition to forming caring relationships with each student, the best teachers foster healthy and mutually respectful relationships between the students. They know how to establish guidelines and assign roles to enlist every student's help and participation. Every student feels like they are not only accepted by the larger group, but that their presence is a necessary ingredient in the classroom's magic. Their classrooms are like little communities where each individual plays a part and feels at home.

9. High Expectations for All

Studies show that a teacher's expectations have a huge impact on student achievement. The best teachers have high expectations for all of their students. They expect a lot from each student, but those expectations are both challenging and realistic. This doesn't mean they hold all students to the same high standard, but instead that they know what each student is capable of individually and strive to help each one attain their personal best.

What do you think?

Which is the most important characteristic of a good teacher?

See results

What brought you here?

Why do you want to know what makes a good teacher?

See results

The meaning of life is to find your gift. The purpose of life is to give it away.

— Pablo Picasso

Questions & Answers

    Comments

      0 of 8192 characters used
      Post Comment

      • profile image

        Sushma 

        5 days ago

        Thanks for these points which is essential for all good teachers

      • profile image

        Hart 

        5 days ago

        Informative... thanks for sharing your thoughts...

      • profile image

        Maroof 

        2 weeks ago

        Where is conclusion.

        Plz send conclusion

      • profile image

        Sarai 

        3 weeks ago

        this was very helpful

      • profile image

        David Schillo 

        3 weeks ago

        Very interesting article .

      • profile image

        Enock 

        4 weeks ago

        Really the ideas stated here is interesting. In fact, to me it is very helpful. Thanks alot.....

      • profile image

        Miss nour 

        4 weeks ago

        What I need

      • profile image

        OKELLO ROBERT 

        5 weeks ago

        Teaching is Noble. Thanks

      • profile image

        Wa'ilu surajo 

        5 weeks ago

        Teaching is very good of this time thank you.

      • profile image

        Sowmiya. K 

        6 weeks ago

        Teaching is one profession that crests all profession

      • profile image

        Ishaka aliyu damari 

        6 weeks ago

        To be a teacher

      • profile image

        Ashok 

        6 weeks ago

        Teacher is a one who shares their knowledge to the students without any expectations except excellence.

      • profile image

        SEKAZUBA Eden 

        7 weeks ago

        WHAT IMPORTANT ISSUES!

        Thx

      • profile image

        Habtamu 

        8 weeks ago

        Great teachers know great things! Thank you!

      • profile image

        Buushan Gavhane 

        2 months ago

        Thank for these

      • profile image

        Joseph t 

        2 months ago

        Thanks for the insights .. I appreciate you very much

      • profile image

        Rushika 

        2 months ago

        Most important in life it is use full to all clear the droughts of all people also it is important etc.☺️☺️☺️☺️☺️

      • profile image

        cj 

        2 months ago

        soooooo helpful

      • profile image

        Melosha 

        2 months ago

        This information in very important for school going students

      • profile image

        Priscilla Shitima 

        2 months ago

        This information is very helpful to me a student doing a teaching course.

      • profile image

        Rafia 

        3 months ago

        Tnx

      • profile image

        Meh name is jaff 

        3 months ago

        aint noboby got time for no school

      • profile image

        Mbuthi Victor 

        3 months ago

        Thanks for this wondeful article.

        So educative, though it's not exhaustive.

        Am inspired to become one of the best teachers. I will practice the above.

      • profile image

        Agyo, Azetu Azashi 

        3 months ago

        teaching is more than just a mere profession, teaching is a dream that must be lived and fulfilled.

      • profile image

        shemsa masoud 

        4 months ago

        thanks

        I would like to add one quality of good teacher, he or she must intellectual curiosity,

        thank you for writing good academic paper

      • profile image

        Firstname Lastname 

        4 months ago

        I'm very bored. How did I get on this website again?

      • profile image

        sukhdeo thakre 

        4 months ago

        I am a student, I think teacher can have many other qualities too. But what they have interpreted is very good. I think you will be a good teacher. Thank you for writing this article.

      • profile image

        Hassan Ayuba Darma 

        5 months ago

        Thanks very much for listed 7 qualities of a good teacher. Due to appreciates of this listed I will try to add two. 1. Punctuality 2.Decent dress. Bye

      • profile image

        Nangobi Babrah 

        5 months ago

        Great job done thanks alot

      • profile image

        Shamsu Abdussalam 

        5 months ago

        Thank you very goods

      • profile image

        Pauly Kannookadan 

        5 months ago

        I appreciate the characteristics mentioned above to be a good teacher. I want add one more - 8. Spirituality in Life. One who have the Characteristic of trusting in God. God is the source of wisdom.

      • profile image

        KEKETSO 

        5 months ago

        INTERESTING

      • profile image

        Adris 

        5 months ago

        A good Teacher should be active and talkative person and makes students active .

      • profile image

        Michaella KISOKAU 

        5 months ago

        Thanks so much, to me that was interesting. By now I can able to see any weaknesses in teachers and I feel the rights of encourage my fellow friends and relative who is a teacher too if he or she lacks in some qualify character of a teacher. And if some day some how I ended up to be a teacher, at list I had further ideas of how am I gonna perform my character in the eyes of my students that they would say to themselves that I;m their best teacher. Thanks....very inspiring article. You're the best Mr Syed Hunbbel Meer......

      • profile image

        Moyagabo Johanna 

        6 months ago

        Great! this are really the characteristics of a good teacher

        , if all teacher were like this there will be effective teaching in this world that contribute toward the future of the young ones

      • profile image

        Haven 

        6 months ago

        Interesting

      • profile image

        kabogoza james 

        6 months ago

        he should be able to use his environment in his examples.

      • profile image

        Shuddup 

        6 months ago

        maybe you should use gender neutral terms next time

      • profile image

        Irfan 

        6 months ago

        Very helpful information

      • profile image

        Sania 

        6 months ago

        This is really helpful. My teacher asked to write some positive and negative points of her. I was confused what to write or not. This helped me a lot in confusion.

      • profile image

        Tshepo Maroga 

        6 months ago

        Thanks for the educative tips, your the best

      • profile image

        Nghĩa 

        6 months ago

        i love so much

      • profile image

        Tawakalit 

        7 months ago

        pls I just got admission into one of our college of education, an my writing and reading are not stand. How can you help me out

      • profile image

        SEREKI GORDON 

        7 months ago

        I LOVE EDUCATION BECAUSE THROUGH EDUCATION I SEE PLACES THAT ARE NOT SEEN BY OTHER PEOPLE.

      • profile image

        Molly 

        7 months ago

        I really thought that this information was helpful. It helped me relize what I like in teachers.

      • profile image

        arigumaho810@gmail.com 

        7 months ago

        wonderful

      • profile image

        lourinah 

        7 months ago

        characteristics and requirements that make a good teacher

      • profile image

        Tochilex 

        7 months ago

        A good teacher should also know how to pass information clearly.. Falls under good communication, but more to it..

      • profile image

        Snehalatasamal11@gmail.com 

        8 months ago

        Very good

      • profile image

        James 

        8 months ago

        what are characteristics of a teacher

      • profile image

        Good 

        8 months ago

        Very good

      • profile image

        shakti 

        8 months ago

        Teacher must have a ability to know students level of understanding

      • profile image

        Fabie Maradiaga 

        8 months ago

        Well,I am so thankful for your special time you take to post this... blessings

      • profile image

        Ashok Manani 

        8 months ago

        Very Nice Tips.............

      • profile image

        mawra 

        8 months ago

        Help me a lot

      • profile image

        senthil.s 

        8 months ago

        good

      • profile image

        Munwar Ali BROHI From Larkan,pakistan 

        9 months ago

        Agreed..all mentioned qualities and characteristics are integral for a good teacher in this modern age.

      • profile image

        ramya 

        9 months ago

        I like to speak in english.but there is a lot of fear and dont know how to expos

      • profile image

        valery 

        9 months ago

        all these characteristics of good teacher are natunal or they can learn

      • profile image

        asma 

        9 months ago

        in my opinion.. Teacher should be a good listener.. Because of in my country mostly teachers are not good listeners.. They not allowed their students to explain their problem :(

      • profile image

        katy 

        10 months ago

        i love school

      • profile image

        Mridul 

        10 months ago

        Some of my school teachers make me feel like a shit-head dumb-ass stupid child who's can do nothing although I always top in my institute in which the level of education is 2 grade higher. I hate those teachers who don't care about their students. They play with our feelings and emotions. Most of the students are cowards. They just keep depressing themselves and don't have enough courage to revolt against those unworthy teachers. All of those students feel bad but still they keep calm and keep depressing themselves. I still have done many things alone but that couldn't change that lady's evil mind. I'm feeling so helpless.

      • profile image

        mikki 

        10 months ago

        Don't hate school because your teachers aren't willing to do their job!!! Find other teachers, even students. Your education is like a rose: if you tend to it, it will grow and blossom. But if you leave it alone, it will wither away and die.

      • profile image

        hihih 

        10 months ago

        some teachers are big JERKS ! I HATE SCHOOL

      • profile image

        salman baloch 

        10 months ago

        I think these tips can make us popular ,famous great ,knowledgeable and the best successful teacher. If one acts upon it.

      • profile image

        Chaitra 

        10 months ago

        Thank you for giving this information. This helped me a lot.

      • profile image

        T. Ballakai B. Kiatamba 

        10 months ago

        Thanks so much for the insightful teaching. How can a person who has been arrogant in approaching his/her students change without the students taking notice?

      • profile image

        Juliana 

        11 months ago

        I have gotten the points. Thanks a lot

      • profile image

        Anissa MOULAI HACENE 

        11 months ago

        Really thank you for the whole information

      • profile image

        Debadarshi Behera 

        11 months ago

        "He is a best teacher."

        The above sentence is correct or not?

        We can use 'a' instead of 'the' in above sentence or not?

      • profile image

        Ahimbisibwe stellah 

        12 months ago

        I would like to know if characteristics are the some to virtue of a good teacher. thank u.

      • profile image

        Marka Shankar Narayana 

        13 months ago

        In Teacher, there are Seven Letters which are having great characters.

        T- Talent

        E- Educational Qualifications

        A - Analytical power

        C - Character

        H - Honesty

        E - Efficient

        R- Rationalist

        Then only, he is a best teacher

      • profile image

        Njiga 

        13 months ago

        These are very useful to teachers at all levels

      • profile image

        Adebiyi Jesuferanmi 

        14 months ago

        Very nice

      • profile image

        ehsan 

        14 months ago

        Its good

      • profile image

        @ ANIRUDHA BELE @ 

        14 months ago

        EXCELLENT

      • profile image

        rasheed 

        14 months ago

        great job, well arranged and detailed

      • profile image

        $achin Seth 

        15 months ago

        Great Job MR. Syed Hunbbel Meer

      • profile image

        Asim 

        16 months ago

        Its a good essay...

      • profile image

        Suryasri 

        16 months ago

        I like this

      • profile image

        Chinedu Paul Agbai 

        16 months ago

        An effective teacher must not the character of abusing his student for any reason because what so eva u call your student is what his or mind is build on.

      • profile image

        Nasiru Abdulmumini from argungu Nigeria 

        17 months ago

        Thanks a lot for sharing such as interesting hub:

      • profile image

        Ayankojo Fatimoh 

        18 months ago

        i agree with you in saying that a good teacher is so kidness and what the teachers were doing is so greatfull i remeber one or two of my teacher they taugth us well and there explanatio is very clear so i want to be a good teacher in feature

      • profile image

        NONOY GARCIA 

        19 months ago

        This is to determined that every teacher has their own style in teaching i think i believe in saying "teacher is a hero of all student."

      • profile image

        Charlotte 

        19 months ago

        Your Hubs are really good. i am a teacher

      • profile image

        DEEKESHWAR PRASAD DOBHAL 

        21 months ago

        India is celebrating 5th September of every year since 1962 as 'Teacher's Day', whereas, UNESCO started to celebrate 'World Teacher's Day' from 1994 (October 5th every year).

        I am from India, and in India 'Teaching' is still considered as a 'Noble' profession. A great respect is given to those who are in Teaching profession.

        In our mythology, it is said that when 'God' and 'Teacher' are standing together, one has to wish his Teacher first then God (Teacher has more respect than God). Teacher has to carry a great responsibilities on their shoulders as they has to build good and responsible citizens of their countries.

        It is once said that 'a mother is the first teacher of her child.' But, now the things have been changed so dramatically that a working mother has not much time to look after her child, what she can teach them. And, to teach all good manners and behaviors are now the responsibilities of a teacher to teach them (child).

        Your article is indeed very impressive and it will help the person to get motivate and improve their 'Duties' as a Teacher.

        Thank You

      • profile image

        R.Selladuari MSc.BEd,Principal 

        22 months ago

        I like very much this articles

      • profile image

        ali 

        22 months ago

        very good comment

      • profile image

        Kymbat 

        22 months ago

        THANK U!!!

      • profile image

        nicholus 

        2 years ago

        so awesome i hv loved it..... thx

      • profile image

        pratibha shinde 

        3 years ago

        Very good and inspiring article n really worth reading it

      • profile image

        a.gumede 

        3 years ago

        I agree with you this is very inspiring and I will beer this information in mind this will help me in future .since well I'm doing my degree in teaching

      • profile image

        Settie Shairah Metopher 

        3 years ago

        A good realistic quality of a teacher is enough to know the teacher what is suit to a good and effective teaching-learning-process...

      • profile image

        po 

        4 years ago

        Education is very important for every individual

      • profile image

        m abdullah javed 

        4 years ago

        Excellent. Keep it up. We all are highly influenced by our reacher. In fact they reflect in our achievements. I think a teacher should also have few more qualities. One is that he should influence students so that they can recognize their strenghts and weakness. He should make them realize with regard to their future roles and responsibilities.

      • phillippeengel profile image

        Deng Xiang 

        4 years ago

        Nice advices for being a great teacher... but I think if you could include case studies or your personal experience, this Hub will be greater. :)

      • Larry Rankin profile image

        Larry Rankin 

        4 years ago from Oklahoma

        Good and practical advice for teachers. An excellent read.

      • kerlund74 profile image

        kerlund74 

        4 years ago from Sweden

        Teachers often tend to be the first adult role model (outside the home), an important fact. Your hub describes such person really well:) I see a teacher like other leading positions, a teacher is a leader and a role model and then the qualities you describe makes a good leader and role model!

      • profile image

        Hollie 

        4 years ago

        There are many important characteristics that distinguish a good teacher from a bad one. These also apply to tutors. This is the main reason as to why in addition to the characteristics mentioned above, I also gauge the level of patience that a tutor has whenever I enlist Vancouver tutoring services for my kids. I came across a website that I find to be very useful for those who want more information about this subject: http://mygradebooster.com/vancouver-tutors-princip...

      • profile image

        bfilipek 

        4 years ago

        I've also notices that experience play a huge role when being a good teacher. Sometime you can learn some teaching theories, but you have to actually be able to implement it in real world.

        Great point about "being a good listener".

      working

      This website uses cookies

      As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, owlcation.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

      For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://owlcation.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

      Show Details
      Necessary
      HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
      LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
      Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
      AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
      HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
      HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
      Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
      CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
      Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
      Features
      Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
      Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
      Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
      Marketing
      Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
      Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
      Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
      Statistics
      Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
      ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
      Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)