Sharilee obtained a degree in secondary English education from the University of Calgary. She has taught in Canada for ten years.
Field Trips Should Relate To the Curriculum
Most of us remember a field trip or two during our school days. A field trip is a welcome break from the regular routine, and can provide a learning experience that goes beyond the traditional pen and paper lesson. As a teacher with ten years experience, I will share some ideas with you for helping your students be more prepared for the trip that they are going to take.
Learning from field trips does not have to be limited only to the day of the trip. By planning some preparation activities and assignments, an instructor can help the students attain more learning from their special day. Before even planning a trip, the teacher should be sure to choose a destination that can be somehow tied in with the curriculum they are studying in class. This is important for a couple of reasons. First of all, the field trip can then be a way to confirm and expand on what is covered in class.
There is a pragmatic reason, as well. Field trips cost money and take up valuable instructional time. Therefore, administrators need to see how the trip will benefit the students and how the excursion will help students to reach their educational objectives.
This article deals with developing some prequel lesson plans for before your field trip. Check out my other article if you are interested in the logistics of planning a field trip.
Build Excitement For the Trip!
Prepare Your Students For the Field Trip
Going somewhere new can be very exciting for students, and there will be a lot for them to take in. Therefore, it is an excellent idea to provide some background knowledge for them in the days leading up the trip. In fact, the more you can tie in your planned destination to the unit you are doing, the better.
Here are some ideas for curriculum tie-ins to do before the trip. Try to build some excitement about where you are going. You will have to send out permission forms a couple of weeks before you go, in order to ensure you get the forms back.
A week or so before the trip, start prepping the students by studying the place you will be visiting. In some cases, the field trip will fit seamlessly into your unit plan.
For this trip, you should have specific curriculum objectives (what material or skills you are learning from the curriculum) and affective goals (what you would like them to get out of this personally.) Plan your trip around these objectives.
- Study the history of the place you are going to. Obtain some material about the place and go through it with your students, with questions. You could also have them study this history online, doing a scavenger hunt to look for certain answers in groups. The first group gets a prize or privilege.
- Use the site's educational materials. Check their website, which would usually have any of their materials. Look it over and see how it would work with your class. Modify it if you need to.
- Look at key personalities. Look for figures that are associated with your field trip destination. For example, if it's a planetarium, look at the lives of some famous astronomers. If it's historical, look at personalities and relationships, not just dates.This makes it interesting for the kids.
- Do a Quiz on the material. Giving a quiz gives the message that you are serious about this being a learning experience. Another sneaky teacher trick: assessment leads to learning! In other words, when you give them a test, they are learning by having to think about the answers and reflect on what they have learned.
- Explain the purpose of your trip. Tell the students why you decided to go on this trip, and what the educational value is to them. Then, they might be less likely to simply think of it as a chance to goof off, but they will see that you have included this trip as part of their learning.
- Prepare Them For What They Will Be Doing. A day or two before the field trip, go over the sequence of events for the day of the trip. Before you go, it would be a good idea to either visit there yourself or call a staff member for some detailed information. Letting the students know what is going to happen will help to keep them calm. Go over the consequences for misbehaviour at this time, too.
- Watch a short movie. If you can find a movie, or movie clip that relates to the site, then use it as part of your lesson. The visual will get their attention and help to ignite their imaginations for their trip. The clip could be humorous or simply informative, but let it relate in some way to what you are going to be learning about.
- Show the students the site's web page. Give them some simple questions to answer, as an assignment. Students are used to looking for information online, and this will help to prepare them for the trip. Allow them to "wander" a bit, too, when doing this assignment, as long as they don't leave the website. Another alternative is to show the website on the projector to the class.
Sharilee Swaity (author) from Canada on March 20, 2012:
Freemarketing, I like your idea of calling it a "lesson" because it definitely is. Learning is the goal, with fun being the packaging. And you know what, I completely agree with the etiquette training, too. That is a very good point and very important. There is a different protocal for going out in public as a group and that does require direct instruction to learn that behaviour.
Thanks for the great comment and I apologize for not responding more quickly. I have been away from HP for a few days. Take care.
freemarketingnow from California on March 15, 2012:
This is great! I think students need a lot of training before they go on their field lessons (prefer the term "lessons" to "trips" because I think the former implies learning and the latter implies fun). All of your tips make the trip worthwhile and meaningful to them. It's the difference between, "This is boring," and "WOW! So, this is what we've been learning from our textbook?!" We also do a lot of etiquette training with our students (volume level at a restaurant, PETSY - please, excuse me, thank you, sorry, you're weclome, etc.).
Sharilee Swaity (author) from Canada on February 21, 2012:
Sunshyne, that's awesome! I appreciate you sharing so much and am glad you found this useful. Take care.
SUNSHYNE from California, US on February 20, 2012:
Great information, I am going to share this on my facebook page.
Sharilee Swaity (author) from Canada on January 15, 2012:
Csheal,thank you very much for your kind comments. I hope it is helpful to teachers as they do their planning. Take care!
csheal6249 on January 13, 2012:
What a nice write-up of things to get done before a field-trip. You've included all the field points that are deemed necessary. Such a clear and to the point article that would be a great companion guide. Quality writing!
Marisa Hammond Olivares from Texas on January 03, 2012:
you are quite welcome :)
Sharilee Swaity (author) from Canada on January 03, 2012:
Marisa, thank you so much for the comment, and for sharing this hub! I am honoured. Take care!
Marisa Hammond Olivares from Texas on December 31, 2011:
This is an excellent hub! Direct and to the point - clean and simple. I have already bookmarked it and will surely share it with my co-workers. Very well done - nothing more to say!
voted up and across
Sharilee Swaity (author) from Canada on December 26, 2011:
Thank you, Kashmir! I haven't seen you around these parts for a while. I had a great Christmas, thank you, and I hope you did, as well! Happy New Years to you and yours. Blessings!
Thomas Silvia from Massachusetts on December 17, 2011:
Hi prairieprincess, great information and advice to help all those who my be planing a field trip .
Have a awesome Christmas my friend !
Vote up !!!
Sharilee Swaity (author) from Canada on December 12, 2011:
Moira, I am so glad you found it useful in assessing your son's education. Your comment reminds me that it is a good idea to educate the parents, too, with the reasons we do the field trips. Sometimes there is a perception that these are just days to "fool around," but a good field trip can facilitate learning in an active way. Thanks for the great comment and insight. Take care!
Moira Garcia Gallaga from Lisbon, Portugal on December 11, 2011:
These are very useful and valuable tips prairieprincess. As a parent, I fully support field trips. I appreciate the potential that a field trip has in terms of enhancing the learning experience of the kids. However, like you said, it has to be done right. It has to fit the curriculum and tie into the studies of the students. Your insights on this article will give me useful pointers for assessing the value of the field trips my son's school is proposing for them to undertake.