How to Prepare for a Final Exam Essay
Worried About Essay Final?
Try these easy strategies for the best grade. Essay tests don't require the same sort of studying for multiple-choice exams. However, there are some specific ways you can prepare to be able to write your best. Here are the tips I've developed after reading and grading these sorts of exams for over 20 years.
5 Important Strategies
1. Study by making up possible essay questions and answering them.
2. During the test: Read the question carefully and circle essential words.
3. Don't choose the easiest essay topic. You'll have more competition that way.
4. Don't be the first person to leave. Check and re-check if you are done early.
5. Don't forget an interesting title.
What to Prepare for an Essay Exam
- Study Different Essay Requirements: Using the list below of different essay types, learn the different kinds of essays, the key words that help you identify what type of essay is being required, and the basic outline of what you need to write to get a good grade on that type of essay.
- Study Clue Words: Study the types of question words that clue you what sort of essay you need to write.
- Practice Careful Question Reading of Sample Questions: If you are given the questions ahead of time, or given sample questions practice by reading them carefully and underlining the keywords. Make a quick outline of a possible essay that answers that question. Remember, you must answer every part of the question to get a good grade.
- Write Your Own Essay Questions: Don't panic if your instructor did not give you any sample questions. One of the best ways to study is to imagine you are the instructor and write your own essay questions (or topics). Even better, get a group of classmates together to write sample questions. Often, you will quickly realize that there are only a few questions that let the class use the material they've covered over the course.
- Practice Choosing the Best Question for You: Whether you have sample questions or ones you've written yourself, you can practice choosing the best question or topic for your essay and then writing a quick outline of an essay answer. You want to do this carefully, but quickly. First, read all of the questions and make a mark on the ones that you think you know the most about. Generally, it is better to pick a question that does not seem to be the easiest or most obvious one. Frankly, if you write on a topic that half of the class writes on, your essay ideas will not seem as original, and you will have to do a better job to get a better grade. However, don’t pick a topic just because it seems hard if you can’t think what you would write about.
What to Do Before You Write the Essay
- Choose an audience if it is not suggested in the essay. Write down your audience in your notes ( cover of a blue book or first pages). Think about what tone you should use for that audience and also what types of information would convince them.
- Write down some brainstorming ideas in a cluster or a list.
- Make an outline and write it on your final. Use the basic outline format for that type of essay. Your outline can be brief phrases but should be clear. If you can’t write an outline as you write, then put it as a sketch at the end, or do it as you go along.
- Why is the outline critical? If your essay ends up wandering or you don’t finish, you can point the instructor back to the outline. That outline will tell your main points clearly, so they aren't missed. (Hint: many instructors read a lot of finals and have to scan them quickly. Make your points easy for the professor to read and understand so that you get the best grade).
Organization Tips for Different Types of Essays
To get the best grade, you need to be sure you understand the question and organize your essay correctly. Here is the primary way to organize the most common types of papers:
Argument Essay: Question includes words like argue, agree/disagree, why or why not, argue for or against, should you.
- Introduction: present problem and state your opinion.
- Body: 3 or more reasons why your opinion is right with evidence and examples. Refute objections and other points of view.
- Conclusion: appeal to the audience to adopt your view.
Problem/Solution Essay: Question includes words like propose a solution, how-to, and what steps?
- Introduction: describe the problem vividly.
Body: Give your solution details: what? How it solves. Why it is better than other solutions.
- Conclusion: appeal to the audience and show your solution will work and should be implemented.
Explaining Essay: Question includes words like identify, characterize, analyze, explain, interpret, define, describe, and cause/effect, tell the history of.
- Introduction: Describe clearly with either a clear definition or a question as the thesis.
- Body: Several ways to explain: how-to, compare/contrast, cause/effect, historical overview, expectations reversed.
- Conclusion: Don’t just review but come to the main point. Connect with the introduction.
Evaluating Essay: Question includes words like evaluate, review, give your opinion, value, good or bad.
- Introduction: Describe the subject clearly. Thesis: good/bad? Or what is good and what is bad?
- Body: Three reasons you judge it good or bad. What is good, what is bad.
- Conclusion: Recommendation to the reader.
Read the Question Closely
Essay Exam Writing Tips
- Make sure you put a title and use that title to make your main point. The title should answer the question of the essay.
- Openings and conclusions are essential. Don’t make a boring one, or use phrases like “in the history of humankind” or “everyone knows.” Instead, think of a story or scenario which illustrates the situation. Briefly tell that story as the intro, ask the question (using the words of the essay question if possible) and then answer that question. The answer will be your thesis. If possible, use a frame story or a story revision. That will help your conclusion be easy to do. Another idea is to address the audience in the conclusion and tell them what they should think or do (especially if you are doing an argument or propose a solution essay).
- Body: This needs to have three clear parts. The first sentence of each should be the main point of the paragraph. In-class writing needs to be organized in an obvious way to keep you on track and to keep your reader focused. The body can be three reasons, three examples, three parts, or three steps. It can be more than three, but keep 3 as a minimum. Underline the topic sentence to highlight it.
- Re-read and Proof-read: When you finish, or when you have ten minutes left, stop and go back over the whole paper. Read carefully and slowly. Watch for spelling errors, commas, and missing words. If you don’t know how to spell a word, look it up in the dictionary or at least put a mark next to the word (sp?), showing that you are aware that you need to check that spelling.