Geri McClymont holds an MEd and has taught English language learners for over a decade.
Analyze Song Lyrics to Teach English
An effective and fun way to teach English to English language learners is through popular songs! Students are usually highly motivated to learn the lyrics of music they recognize and like. Songs are easy and effective ways to teach your students English vocabulary, grammar, idioms, and figurative language. They can also be used to help teach prefixes, suffixes, contractions, and parts of speech such as verbs and adjectives. You can even use them to teach English slang, jargon or phrases that otherwise might go right over their head!
Choose Songs Your Students Like
Sometimes I notice my middle school students humming or tapping along to popular songs that are played after our school’s morning announcements, but they often don’t have a clue as to what the words in the song are or mean. They just enjoy the beat and tune. I seize this opportunity to teach them English through the lyrics!
After they learn the lyrics, their appreciation for these songs reaches a whole new level. They can now not just listen to the songs, but also understand what they're hearing, and sing along. The words now have meaning. This pumps their confidence and motivates them to keep learning English!
Look for Songs with These Characteristics:
- popular songs, especially ones you've noticed your students like
- a catchy melody and rhythm
- the singer sings at a slower pace (not too fast)
- a clear message, such as “never give up” or “a real friend doesn’t walk away”
- meaningful lyrics your students can relate to, such as feeling alone, loving somebody, or wanting to rise above your circumstances
- rich vocabulary
- repetition of words and phrases
- English idioms and figurative language
- appropriate content
Not a yes-sir, not a follower
Fit the box, fit the mold
Have a seat in the foyer, take a number
I was lightning before the thunder
— Lyrics from "Thunder," by Imagine Dragons
10 Simple Steps to Teach English Through Songs
Once I have selected a song to teach my class, I follow this process:
1. Find the Song Lyrics
I look for the song lyrics online.
2. Cut and Paste the Lyrics
After I find the lyrics online, I cut and paste them onto a Word document.
- enlarge the font as needed
- leave sufficient space between the lines to facilitate students’ ability to follow along and to jot down notes if they want to
- insert images for key words and phrases
See the sample below!
3. Find a Video with the Lyrics Written Out
I look for a video for the song on YouTube—preferably with vivid images and with the lyrics spelled out—and make sure the lyrics on the video match the ones I saved on my Word document.
4. Make Copies
I make enough copies for my class. If I can’t use a color printer, I use a light shade of colored paper so the words are clearly legible.
5. Hand Them Out
I distribute the paper copies to my students.
6. Teach Key Words
I point out and teach key vocabulary or phrases from the lyrics and allow students to locate them and highlight them on their copies, as I display my copy on the large screen with my document camera.
7. Engage Students in Dialogue
We talk about what the lyrics mean, line by line. Since we have already reviewed the key words and phrases, students are able to readily participate in dialogue about what the lyrics mean. I jot down additional words and pictures on my copy as needed—projected on the large screen—to help facilitate understanding.
8. Share Interesting Facts About the Singer or Band
I might give my students a little bit of background on the singer or band. For example, I may share that this song was already popular when I was in high school and that I used to listen to it. Or I might share that the singer is blind or taught himself how to play the piano.
9. Play the Song Video
I play the video of the song for students to listen and catch the melody and beat.
10. Replay the Song Video
I play the video again, this time for students to sing along!
Have Fun With It
It may sound like a lot of steps, but once you get into the groove of it, it’s super easy and fun, especially if you enjoy being creative. I try to introduce a new song every Friday—my students really look forward to it!
The songs you choose and the key words/phrases you select within each song will depend entirely on your class.
I currently teach middle school students who are within their first few years of learning English, so I select songs with pretty basic vocabulary and with idioms and figurative language that aren't too difficult.
I also upload all song videos with lyrics onto my school webpage so that students can watch them even from home.
Some of the Songs and Lyrics I Have Used in My Classroom
Key Words for "What a Wonderful World"
to open up, flourish
greeting with your hands
How do you do?
How are you?
Key Words for "You Are the Sunshine of My Life"
You are the sunshine of my life
You make me very happy
I'll always be around
I will always be near you
You are the apple of my eye
You are the person I love most
I've loved you for a million years
I've loved you for a very long time
drowning in my own tears
crying a lot
Key Words for "Yesterday"
I'm not half the man I used to be
I'm not as strong or as good as I was before
There's a shadow hanging over me
I feel very sad
I long for
I wish for
Love was such an easy game to play
It was so easy to love
Key Words for "Happy"
take a break
I'm a hot air balloon
I am rising up in the sky
like a room without a roof
there is no limit to what I can do
happiness is the truth
I believe in happiness
with the air (like I don't care)
with the attitude (that I don't care)
Key Words for "Lean on Me"
lean on me
depend on me
swallow your pride
don't be afraid to ask for help
call on me, brother
let me know you need help, friend
need a hand
Key Words for "Wing Beneath My Wings"
someone I admire
I could fly higher than an eagle
I can do great things
You are the wind beneath my wings
You give me strength
Key Words for "Thunder"
wanna let loose
I want to be free
fit the box, fit the mold
be the same as other people
If you haven't used popular songs in your classroom to help your English language students learn English, I hope you'll give it a try. Your students will surely be motivated to listen and follow along. Even if some of them don't sing along, they are grasping the meanings of words in a way that is likely to register.
Your students will likely replay the lyrics in their minds as they leave your classroom, and even sing them aloud in the hallways and at home. This repetition helps them retain the words and phrases you've taught them, which is your ultimate goal!
© 2019 Geri McClymont
Geri McClymont (author) on February 20, 2019:
Thank you, Dora. Sometimes a student will approach me with the name of a favorite song they want to sing in class, and this helps guide me in selecting the songs.
Dora Weithers from The Caribbean on February 18, 2019:
Great idea! Thanks for taking us through your teaching method which seems effective and fun. Much appreciation for your devotion to teaching.