The aim of this research is to analyze teacher’s point of view towards using the visual aids like projectors, animation videos, films and videos for enhancing the literary skills of students. The research was conducted with the help of qualitative approach, and close-ended questionnaire was developed for this purpose. The population targeted for this study was the teachers and the students from the public and private schools in Illinois. The primary data is used for analyzing the quality of the research. The SPSS software is used for validating the data, and it was presented in the form of a line graph, pie chart, and bar chart so that the reader could visualize that what is the predicted score the research has contributed towards the success of the study. Thus, the data gathered from the research shows that the teachers and the students are positively motivated to use the visual aids for teaching and learning processes as it makes things more interactive and engaging.
The second most important component of life is education other than the food for survival. It is important is the way that without education, any individual is unable to get along with the aggressive pace. The essential elements for better education are excellent teaching skills and the student’s willingness towards learning. The process of learning can become active only if the students are not bound to limits rather they are encouraged to explore to ask the question so that they can use their creative thoughts to polish their skills.
With the technological innovation, different techniques are proposed for better teaching experience. The older methods are obsolete because the education and the learning environment are changing over time due to the increasing competition and intellectual pace of the world. The students come from a different background and have a different pace of learning. Therefore, it is on the teachers discrete that how he manages the class and make them learn equitably. With the help of visual aids, it is comparatively easier to explain the concepts. This fact has been proved by numerous researchers that the children have sharper observation skills then the elders, therefore, there are likely chances that even the students with inferior IQ will be able to conceive the knowledge better through the visual aid learning style.
The instructional aides help the students to better understand regarding the longer explanation written in the books. This fact is further supported Burton that the learning process is simulated and motivated through the visual objects and images used in the visual aids. However, Kinder, S. James recommended the use of visual aid through his research and supported that Visual aids could be any technique with the help of whom the learning process is made more convenient, real and interactive (Ripley, n.d.).
The images like bars, graphs, and data presented in the tabular form could be well understood for the reason that the images could be enlarged easily, whereas, it the books the images remain in their size which becomes difficult for the readers to understand. The curriculum is changing, and it has involved more interactive activities than a simple reading of the textbook for catering these needs the assistance of visual aids could make the students learn even the toughest of courses quickly. Thus, the visual aids have become the most important way of disseminating information and have been considered as an important technique to be adopted during the teaching at all levels.
The psychology of visual aid is researched, and the data represent that 1% of the learning among children comes from the sense of taste. The feeling of touch helps to generate 1.5% of the total education. The 3.5% of the learning is achieved with the support of a sense of smell, and 83% of the primary school is earned through the sense of sight and hearing. It is also claimed by the scientists that people remember what they saw and heard by 70% to any other medium. Thus, the techniques like visual aids have helped the people to get maximum benefit out of their senses.
Significance of Research
The teaching procedures are made more interactive and lively with the help of visual aids. This technology helps in explaining the concepts more clearly and in simpler means. The significance of research generated for the influence of visual aid on learning are listed as below:
- The students will be able to retain the concepts more than the children who are taught through the traditional learning styles.
- The visual aids influence the students to learn enthusiastically.
- The presentation of images more accurately in a viewable size helps the students to learn about it.
- The conceptual thinking procedure is supported well by the assistance of visual aids.
- The visual aids assist in creating an engaging environment for the learners.
- The students can improve the vocabulary quicker than the students learning from the traditional means.
- The visual aids help the students to explore their potential and think out of the box.
Aims of Research
To explore the benefits and usage of visual aids for making the teaching process better for the public and private school Illinois.
Objectives of Research
The below listed are the primary aims of this research (Sahlberg, 2006):
- To examine the teachers capacity and views on using the visual aid as a conventional component of teaching at the public and primary schools of Georgia.
- To investigate the use of similarities and differences among the teacher's style of using the visual aids.
- To study the teacher's opinion about the usage of visual aid for any particular topic, gender or location.
- To identify the structural use of visual aids for the schools and universities.
- To investigate the expected problems to occur during the use of visual aids.
- To study the teachers capacity of using the visual aids and how it can help them to make the teaching effective.
- To consider that how the class session can be made more interactive with the support of using the visual aids.
- To investigate that how the use of visual aids improve the students observing and learning skills.
Review of Literature
The learning in the education is a complicated process. To learn from heart ahs no positive influence on the human mind to the learning procedure which is conducted through the observing and learning through an interactive environment.
The learning process, when reinforced through a different style, helps the individual to gain more attention and focus on the learning end.
The instructional aides help the teachers to impart the knowledge better than trying through the ordinary ways of teaching. Singh claimed through his research in 2005 that any technological equipment which enhances the student's experiences to learn through hearing or seeing then the typical learning comes under the label of visual aids. Thus, with the help of visual aids the learning process is made more convenient and interactive; however, the technical way of presenting the information regarding the charts, graphs, and data in the table form is known as the instructional way of using the visual technique.
Rather proposed in 2004 that the visual aids present the past information with the essence of availability at the moment (Benoit, n.d.). Thus, the use of visual, auditory senses helps the individual to learn through the availability of knowledge which is made clearer with the help of visual aids. Jane further investigated the use of visual aids in 2008 and presented this information that the benefit and the use of visual aids are based on the Chinese proverb “Once sighted is equivalent to hundred words.” Thus, the use of visual aids helps the students to learn quicker and more permanently than other methods of learning and also assists the control over the human body.
Kishore proposed the theory in 2009 that the visual aids help in collaboration and improvement in the cognitive sense and the learning process. The visual aids can help the teacher to make a better appearance and presence in the class than the traditional ways of learning. The teaching is a tricky subject, few students are comfortable to be handled through conventional techniques, whereas, other students may become demanding and create an awkward situation for the learning process, therefore, for such community better it is to use the visual aids.
These facts were supported by the phenomenal educationist of his time the Comenius that the foundation of the learning process shall be developed along their real time objects or the visual objects so that they are more understandable and have and influence upon the learning capacity of the children . Thus, Burrow also proposed this theory that the visual aids make use of both the auditory and the olfactory senses to make the visualization of the data and images clearer and understandable. The main aim of teaching is that the students can retain maximum information. It is possible if the process is supported by the visual aids depending upon the level and the capacity of the audience, which in this case are the students (Benoit, n.d.).
Burrow also highlighted the usage of visual aids that with the help of this technique the language barrier problem could be avoided for the reason that the images have no language and the problem occurring from being unable to understand that what the teacher is saying could be resolved through this technique. Sometimes the teacher’s accent is un-understandable by the students, and the problem is with the teaching style or the differences in the culture. However, if this issue is solved by using the visual aids along with the lecture, there are 75% of chances that the students will be able to understand then better before.
Chorley emphasized on this fact that the visibility of the visual aids shall be so clear and bigger in size that it is visible to every corner of the class for the reason that the difficulty in learning makes it more difficult for the students to anticipate the information.
Ranasinghe and Leisher proposed that the learning could be done better and conceptual if the teachers are preparing their lectures with the help of visual aids. It has emphasized on the fact that the traditional styles of learning shall be eliminated and even the teachers shall focus on preparing the lectures and information using the latest technique. It will help the teachers to impart the knowledge better and to gain the grip over the technology.
Koc further supported the influence of visual aids that the use of this technology helps the individual to integrate the innovative learning technique with the academic subjects. Thus, this method will probably increase the inclination of students learning towards the academics and will help them to further think out of the box that how well they can use the visual techniques in future for implementation of information.
The recent reforms for education have emphasized on the creative learning and have instructed the schools and universities management to quit the traditional styles to adopt the latest technology. By doing this, not only the inclination towards learning the academic curriculum better would be reinforced but will develop a habit among the students of using the visual aids in their professional lives in the future. The process of learning could be facilitated, and there is this probability that the education is improved for the students who don’t like to read the books, but when the same data is available through the visual aids, it will help them t grasp over the information sooner than before.
It is visible from the research till now that the visual aids can assist in improving the teaching techniques and is considered as one of the essential techniques in imparting the information. With the help of visual aids, the students are in the capacity of comparing and visualizing the information better. However, the problem predicted is that the teachers are not using the visual aid technique appropriately or are unable to communicate the information using the instructional techniques. Thus, it has become difficult for the students to get benefitted out of the lesser availability of this facility. It has created barriers and a hindrance for the learning. Thus, the problem identified in the effective implementation of visual aids is stated below:
- What is teacher’s opinion towards using visual aids during the lectures?
- Are the teachers skilled enough to use the technology?
- The proper availability of the equipment and most importantly that it is working in the best condition.
- How to calculate the impact of visual aids on students and those learning without the use of visual aids.
- Is there any difference of opinion for using the visual aids in the public and the private schools?
- Is there any difference of views is using the visual aids during the teaching process between the school management and the policy makers?
Limitations of Research
The period assigned for this research is comparatively shorter, and due to being unable to visit every public and private school in Illinois, it had become difficult for data gathering. Also, few schools were cooperative; however, few school management and the teachers were not cooperating during the research. Though this created hindrances, due to the determination and the motivation from the teachers, an adequate amount of data was gathered for supporting the originality of data for this research.
The theoretical framework helps in building the theories upon the proposed results. The theoretical framework for this research is
Fig-1: Conceptual Framework of Research
The random sampling technology is used in this research. The focus was to collect data from the individuals who were directly related to this research as this will help to get better information for the research. Thus, the data was gathered quantifiably from the private and public schools located in Illinois (Rodriguez, & Fitzpatrick, 2014). The primary data is used for gathering this information and the sample size used is 200. The close ended questions helped in better visualizing the facts which could help in improving the adoption of visual aid technology. The data is analyzed using the SPSS software, so that the validity of the data is maintained.
Analysis of Data
The percentage distribution is used for analyzing the data and it is presented in the form of pie and line graphs.
The percentage distribution for the motivation of using the visual aids among the teachers and the students is depicted below:
The data shows that 70% of teachers and students agree from the selected sample that the visual aids have a positive influence upon the teaching and learning processes. However, 30% of the total population disagrees with this notion.
The data shows that the 68% of the teachers and students agree that the vocabulary is enahcned through the use of visual aid.
The image represents that 82% of the students and teacher agrees that preparing the lessons is convenient using the visual aids.
The data shows that 92% of the population agrees that using the visual aids increase the correspondence and communication among teacher and students.
It has been identified with the help of this research that not all the schools are well equipped with the visual aids. Or the teachers or the staff is not well trained for using this equipment. It has been observed that the same level of education is not conducted in the private and public schools for the reason that the public schools do not have enough funding for purchasing the quality equipment or the staff is not trained to connect the lectures with the visual aids adequately.
The public schools are facing the problem of lack of resources this is the reason that the students of the public school are unable to explore the potential.
The teachers also shortage in openness towards the new techniques and are willing to use the traditional methods as this does not require much effort from the teachers to prepare the lecture. Mostly, the schools are not given the right equipment for teaching; therefore, this shall be taken as a responsibility at the government level that quality visual aid equipment is provided to the schools along with the training sessions for the teachers, to make the maximum out of the visual aid resources.
The following recommendations are made for this research:
- Teachers shall encourage the students to use and present their information or knowledge with the help of visual aid technique.
- The schools not using the visual aids for teaching shall take the opinion of parents and more importantly students about the use of visual aids during the lectures.
- The education ministry department shall provide quality visual aid equipment to schools and appropriate training to the teachers.
- The teachers shall make sure through the evaluation of learning suing the visual aids periodically to infer that if this technique has helped the students to learn better.
The learning conceived from the teaching is a complicated process to apprehend. Though, learning is not that convenient for few students. For a teacher, it is necessary that every student is going at the same pace; therefore, the techniques like visual aids are needed to be adopted for making sure that a maximum number of students are learning the lectures taught at school.
Thus, with the help of visual aids, the thinking process is simulated, and the communication gap between the teachers and the students are eliminated. The monotonous style of learning which is boring and deviate the student’s attention could be avoided using the interactive visual aid sessions. The visual assistance has more influence when it is relevant to the course and the textbooks. However, it shall be ensured that teachers opinions and comfort is focused using the visual aids, and it shall become their preference after the training sessions by the education ministry.
Benoit, B. Understanding the teacher self (1st ed.).
Ripley, A. The smartest kids in the world (1st ed.).
Rodriguez, V., & Fitzpatrick, M. (2014). The teaching brain (1st ed., p. Chapter 2). New York: The New Press.
Sahlberg, P. (2006). Finnish lessons 2.0 (1st ed.). NewYork.
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