Parts of a Lesson Plan and an Effective, Easy Template

Updated on June 9, 2016

By Natasha Hoover

Source

No matter how well you know the material or how many times you've taught a subject, creating lesson plans is important to you, your students, and your administrators. Today, most schools require teachers to submit lesson plans, so you have to write at least some sort of lesson plan to obtain or keep a teaching job. Writing lesson plans is more than just another piece of paperwork - it is a way to ensure you are prepared for each class and stay on track.

Lesson plans can be daily plans or longer-term plans; a single lesson plan may cover several days of instruction. Lesson plans do not have to be complicated, but each plan should include a few basic elements. By learning each element and creating a template, you can reduce the amount of time you spend creating lesson plans while improving their efficacy. Additionally, well-structured lessons make it easier for students to remember and understand the material presented. Streamlined lesson plans make your job easier and are beneficial for your students - what's not to love?

Never assume this thing will work! Always check your technology and ensure you have the tools you need for a lesson.
Never assume this thing will work! Always check your technology and ensure you have the tools you need for a lesson. | Source

Do you use lesson plans?

See results

Breakdown

Every lesson plan should contain the same basic elements. These pieces of the lesson plan help you define why you are teaching a lesson, how it will be taught, and what will be taught or accomplished. These lesson plan building blocks are:

  1. Descriptive data - This section details the date(s) and subject matter for the particular lesson.
  2. Goals and objectives - List goals and objectives, including any state standards and specific cognitive, affective, and psychomotor goals.
  3. Rationale - Why are you teaching this lesson? Why is it an important use of classroom time? How would you justify it to a parent or administrator?
  4. Procedure - The procedure is a list of the instructional activities used during the lesson. The procedure is the "how" portion of the lesson - how the day's tasks will be accomplished. The actual information presented is the content. For example, the day's procedure might be to recap the previous class's lessons, lecture for 10 minutes, do a group activity, and then break into groups to work on an upcoming project.
  5. Assignments and assignment reminders - Assignments are what students do - the "what" of a lesson. Assignments should always be posted clearly, not yelled at students as they leave the room. Assignments may include worksheets, papers, projects, and anything else completed by the students in class or at home. Procedures work in concert with assignments. For example, you may have a specific box for homework that students deposit their homework in when they first enter the classroom. You may want a separate box for classwork assignments that students use to turn in in-class work. Placing the work in a specific box is the procedure and the work being turned in is the assignment.
  6. Materials and equipment needed - Make sure to list any equipment, audiovisual and otherwise, needed for your lesson. Do you need a working DVD player and a TV to show a movie clip? Do you need paper, scissors, and glue? Make sure you have everything you need and that it all works works before the start of class to avoid wasting time.
  7. Accommodations for students with special needs - Do any of your students have IEPs? Do you have English language learners in your class? Write down any special accommodations, such as extra time, any of your students may need.
  8. Assessment of student learning - Every lesson does not need a written test or quiz, but each lesson should check for student understanding. For example, you can ask questions during class to determine if students remember or understand the material. Whether you plan to assess the students informally with questions or formally with a quiz or test, write your intended assessment methods in this section.
  9. Reflection on the lesson - After teaching a lesson, make note of the lesson plan's perceived successes and failures. Did the students need more time than anticipated for a specific activity? Did the students really love an in-class activity you tried? Remembering the everyday details of how well a lesson went is difficult; by taking the time now to reflect now you can improve your future lessons.

Many school districts have lesson plan templates they want teachers to use. If your school or district does not have a preferred template, creating one for yourself streamlines and simplifies the lesson planning process. Creating a lesson plan template is very easy. I created a text document lesson plan, shown below, in just a few minutes. I can either print it and fill it in by hand, or I can modify it on the computer to match any lesson I need to teach.

Template

Source
Simplify your life by keeping your lesson plans and course materials in binders.
Simplify your life by keeping your lesson plans and course materials in binders. | Source

Why Save Them?

Always, always save your lesson plans! While you may be assigned different subjects next year, you could reteach a course in the future. Even if you do not teach the same subject for years, you can pull your old lesson plans, look at your reflections and suggestions, and quickly create a new, up-to-date lesson plan.

In addition to your basic lesson plan, make sure to save copies of hand-outs, assignments, and assessments. You can arrange this material any way you'd like, but I think keeping everything for a particular unit in a labeled binder is easiest. The next time you teach a course, you can simply pull the appropriate set of materials for each unit, make any necessary revisions, and get teaching!

How They Help

Creating, and using, a lesson plan template is beneficial in several ways. For starters, it allows you to draft lesson plans more quickly. Then, when you actually teach the lesson, you can follow your road map, which reduces stress and cuts the risk of running out of class time or not meeting necessary goals. By following a logical plan, you can help students understand and retain the information. Neat, easy to follow, and thorough lesson plans will also please your school administrators and parents.

In short, streamlining your lesson plans is an easy way to reduce demands on your time and improve your students' experience - a true win-win situation.

Questions & Answers

    Comments

      0 of 8192 characters used
      Post Comment

      • profile image

        melgazar 

        2 months ago

        thank you so mouch for this, this really helps me

      • profile image

        Nevaeh 

        6 months ago

        Will this work

      • Natashalh profile imageAUTHOR

        Natasha 

        5 years ago from Hawaii

        Thank you, teaches! I'm glad you liked my template and thanks for letting me know.

      • teaches12345 profile image

        Dianna Mendez 

        5 years ago

        I always value my lesson plans and save them for future reference. It also helps to keep from repeating old news but helps in forming new ones. Love the example you posted, this is a great idea. Excellent! Voted up.

      • Natashalh profile imageAUTHOR

        Natasha 

        5 years ago from Hawaii

        Today they keep trying to convince us that an online program called LiveText is way more convenient for keeping track of our materials, but I like having pieces of paper to refer to. Thanks for stopping by, billybuc!

        I have to admit, rebeccamealey, that creating a lesson plan template was for my own benefit. Then I realized it might help others and created this hub to share it. =) Glad you liked it.

      • rebeccamealey profile image

        Rebecca Mealey 

        5 years ago from Northeastern Georgia, USA

        This is a great way to write lesson plans. Thanks for sharing the template too!

      • billybuc profile image

        Bill Holland 

        5 years ago from Olympia, WA

        One of the most important tools of a teacher, and crucial for success. Well done Natasha; I like that you reminded people to always save their old plans. I had tons of lesson plan books in storage, and would periodically pull them out for ideas I had forgotten about, or just reflection on how I could have taught something better.

      working

      This website uses cookies

      As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, owlcation.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

      For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://owlcation.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

      Show Details
      Necessary
      HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
      LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
      Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
      AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
      HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
      HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
      Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
      CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
      Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
      Features
      Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
      Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
      Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
      Marketing
      Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
      Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
      Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
      Statistics
      Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
      ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
      Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)