7 Reasons Why Research Is Important
Why Is Research Important?
The main purpose of research is to inform action, to prove a theory, and contribute to developing knowledge in a field or study. This article will highlight the significance of research with the following points:
- A Tool for Building Knowledge and for Facilitating Learning
- Means to Understand Various Issues and Increase Public Awareness
- An Aid to Business Success
- A Way to Prove Lies and to Support Truths
- Means to Find, Gauge, and Seize Opportunities
- A Seed to Love Reading, Writing, Analyzing, and Sharing Valuable Information
- Nourishment and Exercise for the Mind
Finding reasons why research is important seems like a no-brainer, but many people avoid getting involved in research. The lazy (if not mentally-drained) student is probably thinking "not again," while a disinterested academic could just be doing it to secure job tenure and/or a promotion. Yet, for those who like to learn, whether they are members of a learning institution or not, doing research is not just an imperative, but a need.
What reasons may drive one to appreciate research and to engage in it?
1. A Tool for Building Knowledge and for Facilitating Learning
Research is required not just for students and academics, but for all professionals. It is also important for budding and veteran writers, both offline and online.
Among professionals and scribes, finding an interesting topic to discuss and/or to write about should go beyond personal experience. Determining either what the general public may want to know about or what researchers want others to realize or to think about can serve as a reason to do research.
"Knowledge" basically pertains to facts based on objective insights and/or study findings processed by the human brain. It can be acquired through various ways, such as reading books and online articles written by educators, listening to experts, watching documentaries or investigative shows, conducting scientific experiments, and interaction with other people, among others. These facts can be checked to ensure truthfulness and accuracy.
In epistemology, David Truncellito (n.d.) of Yale University identifies three kinds of knowledge: procedural (competence or know-how), acquaintance (familiarity), and propositional (description of "a fact or a state of affairs"). A factual proposition is commonly used to define "knowledge".
The Brain Research Trust acknowledges the importance of research in building knowledge. Undoubtedly, it is crucial to finding possible cures for diseases, as well as how to prevent them. Thus, research becomes a must to ascertain if one’s ideas are supported by previous studies or if these ideas still need proof to be considered as knowledge.
An example of such endeavor is the 2016 study of several psychologists who examined how sleep affects memory reactivation. In "Relearn Faster and Retain Longer: Along With Practice, Sleep Makes Perfect", they "found that interleaving sleep between learning sessions not only reduced the amount of practice needed by half but also ensured much better long-term retention. Sleeping after learning is definitely a good strategy, but sleeping between two learning sessions is a better strategy." This study supports the fact that: "Both repeated practice and sleep improve long-term retention of information". Their findings also emphasize how highly important sleep is to healthy brain function.
A study by The World Bank in 2006 also underscored sleep as a key factor of efficient learning or the process of gaining optimal learning using few resources. The study reiterated the role of sleep in: (1) protecting and restoring memory, (2) advanced learning, and (3) enhancing mathematical ability and problem solving. It further noted that "knowledge is better consolidated when people study at the time when they are supposed to be awake rather than, say, late-night sessions." It cited the need for research on "the memory capacity of the poor in low-income countries" to enable teachers in helping underprivileged students learn basic skills.
Said studies on the effects of sleep on the human brain are among the many topics that have already been examined by academics and specialists in various universities and medical institutions. A myriad of research ideas likewise awaits the attention of avid scholars and inquisitive writers. Indeed, research is instrumental in building and improving knowledge, as well as in supporting such knowledge with verifiable facts.
Find Research Findings in Academic Journals
2. Means to Understand Various Issues and Increase Public Awareness
Television shows and movies ooze with research - both on the part of the writer(s) and the actors. Though there are hosts who rely on their researchers, there are also those who exert effort to do their own research. This step helps them:
- get information that hired researchers missed,
- build a good rapport with the interviewee, and
- conduct a good interview in the process
For instance, Oprah Winfrey would have not achieved remarkable success as a news anchor and television show host had she eschewed doing her own research about certain topics and public figures. According to entrepreneur and lifestyle coach Paul C. Brunson, in his interview with emotional intelligence expert and author Justin Bariso (2017), "Oprah spends a disproportionate amount of her time gathering information from communities of people outside of her core (different age groups, social classes, ethnicities, education levels, careers, etc.) and then she shares that information within her community." This kind of effort shows the necessary role of research in helping others and in raising social consciousness.
For their part, some film and TV actors would take time to interview detectives, boxers, scientists, business owners, criminals, and teachers, among others. Others even go through immersion to make them understand the issues of their respective characters better, such as living in jail or in a drug rehabilitation center. Many would read literature, biographies, or journals to have a better view or context of the story.
In her 2017 article about Daniel Day-Lewis, Lynn Hirschberg described how the multi-awarded actor prepared for his role as dressmaker Reynolds Woodcock in Paul Thomas Anderson's film, Phantom Thread. She wrote:
"To become Woodcock, Day-Lewis, who is 60, watched archival footage of fashion shows from the 1940s and ’50s, studied the lives of designers, and most important, learned to sew. He consulted with Cassie Davies-Strodder, then curator of fashion and textiles at the Victoria and Albert Museum, in London. And for many months he apprenticed under Marc Happel, who is head of the costume department at the New York City Ballet, watching intently and then helping to reconstruct the famous Marc Chagall costumes for a production of Firebird. At the end of the ballet season, Day-Lewis decided he needed to build a couture piece from scratch."
Many people within and outside the entertainment industry tend to belittle what actors do or acting itself. However, professional thespians like Daniel Day-Lewis exert a great deal of effort to make their characters believable. The dedication they give to studying their roles involves a tremendous amount of research.
A number of films, theater plays, broadcast dramas, and online videos present stories based on real-life events and problems. A serious writer or content producer sees how vital research is in substantiating the context of the featured stories to entertain and/or educate audiences in different media platforms.
As Terry Freedman opined in "The Importance of Research for ICT Teachers" (2011): "Research can shed light on issues we didn’t even know existed, and can raise questions we hadn’t realised even needed asking." Thus, almost all writers of imaginary tales and non-fictive accounts do research, for doing so helps them create a good story and/or achieve strong credibility.
3. An Aid to Business Success
Research benefits business. Many successful companies, such as those producing consumer goods or mass-market items, invest in research and development or R&D. Different business industries with science and engineering processes like agriculture, food and beverage, manufacturing, healthcare and pharmaceuticals, computer software, semiconductor, information and communication technology, construction, robotics, aerospace, aviation, and energy have high R&D expenditure because it is critical to product innovation and to improving services.
R&D also helps secure a vantage point over competitors. Finding out how to make things happen and what could differentiate them from others that offer similar products and services can raise the company’s market value. Certainly, having relevant knowledge in achieving a good commercial image through sound business strategies like investing in R&D can boost its profitability.
In addition, R&D is essential to supporting a country's economy. For instance, the United Kingdom's Department of Business Innovation and Skills (BIS), now known as the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, used to publish an annual R&D Scoreboard. The report served "...as a benchmarking tool for companies, investors and policymakers" for 20 years. However, due to the UK government's austerity measures, it was last produced in 2010.
The Role of Research in Fueling Market Economies
4. A Way to Prove Lies and to Support Truths
Ever experienced feeling that your mate is having an affair behind your back? Some people would overlook that and say that it's better not to know; others though would take discreet action, hiring detectives to do the work. What does research have to do with that situation? A lot.
Doing research to reveal lies or truths involving personal affairs contributes in either making a relationship work or in breaking away from a dysfunctional one. For the monogamous lot, doing research to disprove or prove infidelity is not simply a trust issue, but a right to find out the truth - unless one's intimate partner has already admitted being polyamorous even before the relationship started. When a person dislikes answering relationship-related questions, including her or his whereabouts, it is better to see that as a red flag and take baby steps to save yourself from what could become a more serious emotional mess later.
Scientists also deal with research to test the validity and reliability of their claims or those of other scientists'. Their integrity and competence depend on the quality - and not just quantity - of their research. Nonetheless, not everything scientists come up with get accepted or learned by everyone, especially when factors like religion, state suppression, and access to resources and social services (e.g., education and adequate health programs) either feed the poor majority with lies or deter them from knowing truths to preserve the status quo.
Professional and credible journalists undertake thorough research to establish the veracity of their stories. The movie "Shattered Glass" shown in 2003 tells the rise-and-fall story of a real-life journalist who worked for the The New Republic based in New York City. Sans investigative research done by fellow journalists, Stephen Glass could have written more fictitious pieces for said editorial magazine.
With the use of internet technology and social media, pseudo journalism has become a social concern. Fake news took center stage during the 2016 presidential campaign period in the United States. For instance, Snopes.com, a rumor research site, debunked the following "scoops" posted online:
- An FBI agent believed to be responsible for the latest email leaks “pertinent to the investigation” into Hillary Clinton’s private email server while she was Secretary of State, was found dead in an apparent murder-suicide... (Reported on November 5, 2016 by the Denver Guardian)
- In a final speech to the synod, Pope Francis endorsed Senator Bernie Sanders for President of the United States... (Reported on October 26, 2015 by the National Report and USAToday.com.co)
- Thousands of pre-marked ballots for Hillary Clinton and other Democratic candidates were found in a warehouse in Ohio. (Reported on September 30, 2016 by the Christian Times Newspaper)
- Assange: Bernie Sanders Was Threatened To Drop Out Of The Race (Reported on August 29, 2016 by USA Supreme)
- News outlets around the world are reporting on the news that Pope Francis has made the unprecedented decision to endorse a US presidential candidate. His statement in support of Donald Trump... (Reported in July 2016 by the WTOE 5 News)
- After Gay Club Massacre - Phoenix LGBT Officially Endorses Trump (Reported on June 13, 2016 by the Gateway Pundit)
- African-American supporter of Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump has died after allegedly sustaining gunshot wounds in the aftermath of Friday night's chaos in Chicago. (Reported on March 12, 2016 by the Christian Times Newspaper)
According to Pew Research, social media, especially Facebook, serve as the source of news for over 60 percent of adult Americans (Chang, Lefferman, Pedersen & Martz, 2016). Besides the platform, fake news have become profitable for pseudo journalists whose main goal is to attract reader clicks that lead to Google Adsense revenues.
Fact-checking to know the truth is integral to the process of research, for it is fueled by an inquisitive and critical mind. Murray, Social News and UGC Hub (2016) suggest that before news readers share information on social media, they need to assess the integrity of the news source and check for similar news on legitimate media outlets.
Genuine journalists do not rely on imagination for their news reports nor do they avoid doing research. They eschew propaganda and have no intention of misleading the public. They are messengers of truth, not lies.
5. Means to Find, Gauge, and Seize Opportunities
Research helps people nurture their potential and achieve goals through various opportunities. These can be in the form of securing employment, scholarships, training grants, project funding, business collaboration, and budget traveling, among others.
For those looking for a job or for greener pastures, research is necessary. Through this process, not only will the unemployed increase their chances of finding potential employers either through job posting sites or employment agencies, but it can inform them if work opportunities are legitimate. Without research, the gullible, yet hopeful jobseeker or migrant worker may fall prey to unscrupulous headhunters who might be involved in illegal recruitment and/or human trafficking.
After finding a free or low-cost academic course or skills development training, students and professionals can assess their eligibility and know about application requirements and deadlines. Such an opportunity could hone their skills and knowledge, as well as enable them to build new connections.
Doing research also benefit civil society and its members. Funding for projects and research initiatives has been a top concern for those who want to address social issues. However, not all funding organizations accept proposals year-long nor are they interested in solving many social problems. Thus, it is necessary to research for agencies that match the objectives of individuals and non-profits involved in advocacy or programs that seek social change.
A wannabe business owner can likewise meet potential investors through research. He/She can examine their profiles and they can do the same. A good fit in terms of vision, mission, goals and work ethic, as well as the capital needed to launch the business is critical to making the opportunity succeed for both.
Some hobbies and interests are expensive to pursue. One of these is traveling. For budget-conscious tourists, searching for airfare and hotel promos, discount rides, and cheap markets is certainly a must to maximize the value of their money.
Seizing opportunities can broaden one's social network, raise one's awareness, or secure the support one direly needs to start a project or a business. Indeed, research contributes to a person's ability to make life-changing decisions. It encourages self-growth, participation in worthwhile causes, and living productively.
Seek Opportunities Through Online Research
6. A Seed to Love Reading, Writing, Analyzing, and Sharing Valuable Information
Research entails both reading and writing. These two literacy functions help enable computation and comprehension. Without these skills, it is less likely for anyone to appreciate and get involved in research. Reading opens the mind to a vast horizon of knowledge, while writing helps a reader use her/his own perspective and transform this into a more concrete idea that s/he understands.
Apart from reading and writing, listening and speaking are also integral in conducting research. Interviews, attending knowledge-generating events, and casual talks with anyone certainly aid in formulating research topics. They can also facilitate the critical thinking process. Listening to experts discuss the merits of their studies helps the listener to analyze a certain issue and write about such analysis.
With the wide array of ideas available, scholars and non-scholars involved in research are able to share information with a larger audience. Some view this process as ego-boosting, while others see it as a means to stimulate interest and encourage further studies about certain issues or situations.
As literacy is integral in improving a person's social and economic mobility and in increasing awareness, research then hones necessary basic life skills and makes learning a life-long endeavor.
7. Nourishment and Exercise for the Mind
Curiosity may kill not just the cat, but the human as well. Yet, it is the same curiosity that fuels the mind to seek for answers. The College Admissions Partners (n.d.) notes how scientific research in particular "helps students develop critical reasoning skills...helpful for any field of higher education..." Such search or the thinking process is food for the brain, allowing creativity and logic to remain active. It also helps prevent mental illnesses like Alzheimer's.
Several studies have shown that mentally stimulating activities like doing research can contribute to brain health. In "Educating the Brain to Avoid Dementia: Can Mental Exercise Prevent Alzheimer Disease?", Margaret Gatz (2005) enumerated research findings that support such position. However, she also noted that there may be other factors involved in averting said mental problem. One of these is intelligence. A study involving 11 year-old pupils in Scotland in 2000, for instance, pointed to intelligence quotient (IQ) scores as "predictive of future dementia risk". Gatz opined that clinical trials are needed and that "conclusions must be based on large samples, followed over a long period of time." She further posited:
"...we have little evidence that mental practice will help prevent the development of dementia. We have better evidence that good brain health is multiply determined, that brain development early in life matters, and that genetic influences are of great importance in accounting for individual differences in cognitive reserve and in explaining who develops Alzheimer disease and who does not...
For older adults, health practices that could influence the brain include sound nutrition, sufficient sleep, stress management, treatment of mood or anxiety disorders, good vascular health, physical exercise, and avoidance of head trauma. But there is no convincing evidence that memory practice and other cognitively stimulating activities are sufficient to prevent Alzheimer disease; it is not just a case of “use it or lose it.”"
Gatz would have not formed such perspective if she failed to conduct her own research about the effects of mentally stimulating activities on the human brain. This demonstrates how research can be both an exciting and challenging cerebral endeavor. Various studies may or may not support each other based on gathered information and/or other evidence. Data collection and analysis are vital aspects of the research process. These are mental activities that both expend brain energy and nurture brain health.
Indeed, research and doing research encourage people to explore possibilities, to understand existing issues, and to disclose truths and fabricated ones. Without research, technological advancement and other developments could have remained a fantasy. Reading, writing, observing, analyzing, and social interaction facilitate an inquisitive mind's quest for knowledge, learning, and wisdom. Research serves as a bridge to achieve that goal.
Research Basics for High School Students by Journal Storage (JSTOR)
How to Conduct Research for Beginners
Research is about contributing to a growing pool of knowledge and information. Although we inherently are curious as kids and young adults, there is a methodology for conducting research. Use the following tips to get you started:
Organize and prioritize your available resources. It is important to set out a suitable timeframe for your project and to assemble all the necessary literature, source of information (computer/internet), and financial budget.
Identify the central question that will be explored in your paper. Generally, there is only one research question per project, but if your project prompts you to engage with several different questions then you should write several papers. For example, you may write a paper on both the impact and the validity of a written consent agreement form at a medical facility. Strong research questions are specific, original, and relevant to society and the scientific community.
Research existing literature on the appropriate database related to your topic. Scientific journals are a good place to start. Identify the contribution that each study provides in the context of your research question. Examine relationships and methods of interpretation of the data through a careful lens.
Elements of a Research Paper
Summarize your purpose and design.
Use less than 300 words.
State the problem.
Review relevant literature.
Discuss your study design including any instruments you will be using.
Outline the strategy you will use to analyze the data.
Restate your research question
Describe your findings.
Discuss your findings in the context of your overall question as well as previous literature and research.
Make suggestions for future research projects on the subject.
Restate your thesis.
Summarize the main points.
Common Errors Involved in Research
Designing a research project and writing a paper is no simple feat. Participants should be ready to dedicate an ample amount of time and dedication to avoid burnout or overwhelming themselves. Here are some common mistakes that are made in both the set-up of the project and the research paper.
Errors in the Research Process
- Population mistakes are as avoidable as they are common in research. It would be helpful if you define the characteristics of the group that you wish to be included in your project and specify the population for your question. For example, it would probably be more beneficial to survey women about their likelihood that they talk through their problems as opposed to men.
- Sampling mistakes are another common research issue.. Be sure to broaden the sample if you feel as though it is too small toe generalize. For example, if 10% of therapists at Happy Clinic are dependent on marijuana, this does not mean that 10% of therapists in the nation are as well.
- The Sample Selection process is another potential research issue. If you were randomly choosing participants in person, let’s say the mall, you would not want to only seek participants who are receptive and agreeable. These are usually your friends and acquaintances whose characteristics are similar to yours. Replace your non-probability selection method with true random samples from a defined population. These are usually the most scientifically sound.
Common Errors Associated With Research Papers
- The research question or aim is vague or is not specific enough.
- The structure of the paper is unorganized.
- The introduction is an extensive list of previous findings.
- Tables do not relate to the main question.
- The method and results sections are not defined in detail.
- The discussion does not answer the stated research question.
Make Reading Books a Habit
Ways to Improve Research Skills
Are you interested in further developing your ability to do research? Try the following steps:
- Read hard copy and electronic books about research. If you do not have a computer with Internet connection, you can go to the library, a nearby bookstore, or ask a close friend or relative to lend you her/his smartphone or laptop so you could look for books or articles about research. If you have access to the Internet, you can watch online tutorial videos on research. High school students can learn from this presentation, for instance:
- Watch films and read different kinds of books, fiction and otherwise. These sources can ignite your curiosity and drive you to seek more information. You might want to jot down notes about the topics discussed and/or what you have learned. You might wonder why this is part of the research process. Watching movies, reading books, and writing various stuff hone your comprehension and ability to analyze. These can improve your vocabulary and aid you in finding your voice as a researcher.
For those who intend to be full-fledged researchers, consider doing these steps:
- Attend training-seminars, workshops, and conferences aimed at deepening your knowledge and honing your skills in doing research. These events are conducted by various organizations, particularly universities and "think tank" agencies. Use search engines to look for these opportunities, as well as for scholarships that could help you finance your participation in these activities.
- Search for reputable researchers in your field of interest, especially if you plan to pursue postgraduate studies. You could email an academic, a scientist, or another professional to inquire about their opinion on your thesis or dissertation topic. Having a research mentor can help you gain a broader understanding of what research is all about. He or She can likewise enrich your experience and insights as a researcher.
The human quest to seek knowledge, satisfy one's sense of wonder, develop more abilities, connect with others, and understand society is integral to research. Perpetuating truths, as well as debunking lies and myths require inquisitive minds and priceless integrity. As the world continues to evolve, doing research becomes more important as a skill with enduring rewards.
Do You Find Research Important?
Questions & Answers
- Helpful 287
What are the purposes of research?
My hub somehow answers your question. The purpose also depends on your objectives or target goals for pursuing a certain research topic.Helpful 112
How does research contribute to quality education?
My article is not about quality education, but it talks about the importance of research in general, including its role in generating knowledge and in facilitating effective learning. Please read my article, if you have time. Doing so might be able to help you gain some insights and think of the answer to your question. You might want to ponder on your definition of "quality education" and look for studies and other references discussing it.Helpful 85
What is the role of research in society?
Research is critical to societal development. It generates knowledge, provides useful information, and helps decision-making, among others.Helpful 65
How do I conduct ‘micro’ research?
Please refer to Ian Glover's "Micro-research: An Approach to Teaching and Learning" published online in 2014.Helpful 3
© 2010 Leann Zarah