The Value of Competition in the Classroom
Competition Among Students
Competition in any form brings out the best in people and pushes them to excel. In schools, if used effectively, it can enhance learning significantly.
Certainly, competition in the classroom is quite healthy; it should, in fact, be encouraged. It allows students to extend themselves, to exploit their real capabilities and maximize their true potential. It is most productive when it occurs among students of similar abilities.
Traditionally, schools have fostered competition among students by assigning positions at the end of the term/semester. Each student is assigned a position based on the average score obtained from an aggregate of tests and assignment scores. In fact, some schools give positions by subject as well as overall class position so a student may have come in the third position, but might have gained first place in Math.
Usually, the diligent student is concerned about the position that he/she acquires and no good student wants to move from a high-class position to a lower one. This keeps competition alive and well in the classroom. Students are able to match their abilities against that of their classmates and easily determine who their rivals are. In other words, they evaluate their own competencies and recognize who their competitors are.They can then decide how much effort they need to put into their work in order to remain at the top. Over time, they might also acknowledge that there are certain students whom they cannot match and to whom they must concede defeat
Competition -Yes or No?
What is your view on competition?
- 85% It's great. It motivates people to work harder
- 15% It's not good. It is discouraging when others always seem to do better than you.
Competition Produces Excellence
Are you motivated to work harder when there is competition in the classroom?
- 90% Yes
- 10% No
Different Levels of Competition Within the Classroom
Competition can exist among different groups and at different levels in the same class.
- Among the top students - For e.g. in the case of students who usually come in the top three positions, competition exists among them for the first place position. While each will concede defeat to the other two as worthy adversaries, if someone from outside of that trio were to come into one of these positions then this outsider would become a threat to the other three. On the other hand, the newcomer would have scored a huge victory which he/she would not be willing to relinquish. The competition would, therefore, have extended to include four rather than three persons. Each must now strive considerably harder to avoid the fourth position. The possible, positive outcome would be improved grades for all four students and a higher average for the class.
- Among other groups - Competition will also exist among other clusters apart from the top three. However, motivation to compete decreases as one gets closer to the bottom of the class. This means that while students who place in the top and even perhaps the middle positions may be motivated to compete with those whom they perceive as close rivals, there is hardly any motivation for those who constantly come at the bottom of the class.
- In subject areas - Competition can also exist in particular subject areas so that even the top three performers overall may recognize that in a specific subject area, there is a particular student whom no one can touch. Efforts will be made to beat him/her and this student who experiences profound gratification for being best in his/her area and for beating the top three, will do all in his/her power to hold on to the position.
Competition Defeats Complacency
Competition is good in the sense that it discourages complacency and raises students’ consciousness of the value of good grades. As a result, the keener the competition, the higher the output among students. This is manifested not only in high individual averages, but in overall high class averages. It is, therefore, a very effective tool to keep your high achievers achieving.