Updated date:

Five Best Egg Laying Chicken Breeds

Rachel worked as a farm manager for 3 years in Pennsylvania. She owned and operated a small farm in Minnesota for 5 years, until 2019.

egg-laying-chicken-breeds-chickens-for-eggs

Chickens for Eggs

Not only is the chicken just about the easiest "farm animal" to keep and care for, chickens will also supply you with healthy eggs and meat. But some chickens are better egg-layers than others; in fact, some chickens are downright pathetic when it comes to egg production.

I'd like to help spare you the trouble of purchasing and raising baby chicks that will grow up to be real losers when it comes to supplying you with breakfast!

So if you're just considering getting a backyard chicken flock, here's the list of my five favorite egg-laying chicken breeds, from bottom up .

The Barred Rock

Egg Laying Frequency: Every 2-3 days
Hen size: Large
Color Variations: Black and white, barred-feathered

The Barred Rock is a decidedly popular breed of backyard chicken, and they have their place on the farm, too. Cheap and easy to aquire due to a large demand for the bird, I like to keep a few around because they lay pretty well and the cockerels (young roosters) are good eating!

The Barred Rock is really a dual-purpose chicken, pretty good at producing both meat and eggs but not the very best at doing either.

The hens lay one medium to large brown egg every 2-3 days, which is pretty good as far as I'm concerned! The hens also have a tendency to go "broody" (decide to sit on and hatch their eggs). If you have a rooster doing the fertilizing, this is a good thing because you'll get more chickens virtually for free. If you're rooster-less, or just don't want your hens hatching eggs, then you might have to go to a little extra trouble to "steal" the eggs from the broody bird.

The Dominique

Egg Laying Frequency: Every 3-4 days
Hen size: Medium
Color Variations: Black and white "barred"

Similar to the popular Barred Rock chickens, the Dominique is a medium-sized black-and-white "barred"-feathered bird. Personally, I prefer the Dominique to the Barred Rock because the breed is considered rare by the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy (ALBC). This is basically like being an endangered farm animal. I believe that older genetics in our food animals should be preserved and incorporated into more "commercial" livestock production where possible.

But I digress...

These girls will lay one medium to large brown-shelled egg every 3 or 4 days, depending on the season. During the summer months, the days with the most hours of sun, my Dominiques will lay every 2 to 3 days. During the winter, production is much slower (but that's okay, because my other girls keep up).

The Dominique is also about the gentlest, most easy-going chicken I've dealt with. I've never had a hen peck me for egg-stealing. For just this reason, I've unfortunately found the roosters to be just about worthless in terms of flock protection (unless you consider running off and getting themselves eaten a sort of "sacrifice" for the team).

The Dominique is probably not the only breed of chicken you would want in your flock, due to the slower egg-laying and the tendency to get ever slower when it gets cold.

The Americauna (The "Easter Egger")

Egg Laying Frequency: Every 2-3 days
Hen size: Large
Color Variations: Varied! Black and brown, black and white speckled, brown, black, tan, etc.

Bred out of the Araucana breed, the Americauna makes a great addition to any chicken flock. With their fluffy "beards" and the lovely colored tails of the roosters, these birds are definitely near the top of my list of favorite chickens for any purpose.

Americauna hens will lay one large green or blue-tinted egg every 2-3 days. They don't call them "Easter-Eggers" for nothing - these girls dye their eggs for you!

Aside from the colored eggs, another cool thing about the Americauna is the temperament of the bird. Some of my nicest hens are my Americaunas; I can pick them up and handle them pretty much at will. The roosters of this breed are also easy to handle, as compared to some others like the Rhode Island (one of which decided to attack me from his roost one evening when I was egg-gathering - I'm just waiting for cooler weather to make him dinner!).

The Rhode Island Red

Egg Laying Frequency: One egg every 1-2 days
Hen size: Large
Color Variations: Red with some black feathers

The Rhode Island is a very productive, large chicken with beautiful coloring. These girls are, in my experience, generally friendly and easy to handle.

From your Rhode Island Reds, you'll get one large brown-shelled egg every one to two days. In general, my ladies lay every other day.

My only complaint with the Rhode Island is that the hen's large size means she needs more feed. On the other hand, I butcher and eat my hens when they start becoming less productive, and/or when I receive fresh replacements. Such is the circle of life on the farm. If you're not planning on eating your egg-layers, and you're not in need of the frequent egg production offered by the Rhode Island, you may want to consider a slightly smaller (less hungry) breed of chicken.

The White Leghorn

Egg Laying Frequency: About one egg per day!
Hen size: Medium
Variations: White & black

These girls know what's up when it comes to egg production! Now I can't say much about the black Leghorn, because I've never kept them, but I hear and read that they don't lay as well as the white Leghorn.

Check out the eggs at your local grocery store. I bet most of them are large, white, and uniform in shape. While most egg ranches don't keep pure Leghorns, almost all of them do keep Leghorn crosses. Bottom line: If you want eggs, you want white Leghorns. These white eggs are extra large to jumbo, and hens lay an egg just about every day of the year.

Keep your Leghorns' water fresh and their feed free-choice, and you'll probably have more eggs than you can eat.

The downside to keeping Leghorns is that they're skittish and a bit aloof. They will also fly over a fence six feet in height if you don't keep their wings clipped short. Oh, and they'll just about never go broody, for whatever reason, but if you keep a few Dominiques you'll solve that problem. Once they've decided to brood, hens don't care whose eggs they're trying to hatch.

Whatever minor flaws Leghorns might have, I don't think they're rivaled in egg production. I wouldn't keep chickens without having some white Leghorns in my flock.


Interesting Misunderstandings About Chickens & Eggs


Because people have asked me about this stuff...

Chickens can't lay eggs without a rooster, right? Well, no, actually, that's not true. Just like a female human ovulates every month with or without the presence of a man, a female chicken lays eggs with or without a rooster around. What is true is that a chicken cannot hatch a baby chick out of an egg unless a rooster has fertilized it.

Chickens will lay eggs until they get old and die, right? Not exactly. Chickens have a ticking clock on their fertility, just like any other animal. A hen has a finite number of eggs that she can lay in a lifetime. Peak laying age for hens in usually 1 year of age through 3 years of age. After 4 or 5 years, a hen's egg production is going to slow down. At this point, she will make either an excellent pet or an excellent stew.

If I eat an egg, it's like eating a baby chick, right? No, it's like eating a chicken egg. If you want to get technical about what an egg is... well, you probably don't. Anyway, the egg yolk exists to feed the baby chick while it's in the egg. If you're concerned about eating fertilized eggs from your flock, simply shine a flashlight through any eggs you might be curious about. An embryo should be visible as a dark spot in the egg. If you want it hatched, try to find a broody chicken in your coop. If you've got a bunch of Leghorns or other chickens that seem to lack maternal instincts, consider investing in an incubator.

Eggs will spoil in my coop if I don't collect them right away, right? Luckily, we have a pretty large window of time from the egg being laid to the egg going bad. Sometimes I get "lazy" and don't collect eggs for a few days. Even in the summer, this isn't a problem. If you're ever unsure about whether an egg is good to eat or not, simply float it. This means filling a pot or bowl with enough water to cover the egg, and placing the egg in the water. If the egg stays at the bottom, it's a good egg. If the egg floats, it has probably started rotting. The gas that builds up as the egg goes bad is what will make it float in the water.

Any other questions? Feel free to use the "Comment" section below, and thanks for reading!

Questions & Answers

Question: Can a white leghorn kind of chicken hatch baby chicks?

Answer: White leghorns don't typically go bloody and hatch eggs.

Comments

【疑問】車のバッテリーってエンジン回ってれば上がらないよな? : 乗り物速報 on November 20, 2019:

Ask questions about Microsoft privacy – Microsoft privacy

Judy on November 07, 2019:

When I go into my chicken coop my girls all me and put the wings up so I can scratch underneath does that mean they like me?

AVA Esterra Park on March 18, 2019:

McCree - Heroes - Overwatch

Glenn Stok from Long Island, NY on November 12, 2015:

I'm not in a position to have a chicken farm. But that doesn't stop me from wanting to learn about it. And your hub was the most enjoyable that I've read on the subject, as well as educational.

I found it interesting that there are so many breeds of hens, and that they vary so much with their mood and various maternity instincts. Some let you take the eggs while others fight you for them.

It's also interesting to realize how similar their functions are as compared to humans. As you said, "A hen has a finite number of eggs that she can lay in a lifetime." That's true for human females too. I guess the hens also go through menopause.

Congrats on this being selected as Hub of the Day.

Patricia Scott from North Central Florida on September 19, 2015:

Very interesting...did I miss it? Why does the Araucana (hope I spelled it correctly if not a bot will fix it for me :D )...tint their eggs? Does it have to do with the food they consume?

I would love to have chickens but my pup would love to eat them...I remember fondly gathering eggs from the hen house as a child.

A lady at our church has chickens and she brings in eggs which we buy for 25 cents for small to 75 cents (per dozen) for large.

Angels are on the way Congrats on HOTD ps

RTalloni on September 19, 2015:

I'm looking forward to the day when we can have a little flock again, but it won't be soon. Some of this I knew, but it was good to learn about the window of time on spoilage. Any old ways, congrats on your Hub of the Day award for this informative and fun read.

Lela from Somewhere near the heart of Texas on September 19, 2015:

I would love to have chickens, but I have two cats. I think they would kill the chickens. What do you do to protect the chickens from predators?

Kristen Howe from Northeast Ohio on September 19, 2015:

Rachel, this is a great article about chicken breeds for eggs. It's quite interesting to know about them, too.

Mary Hyatt from Florida on August 05, 2015:

This really brought back great memories of my childhood. We always had chickens. In fact, I got six biddies for my grandchildren to raise. They make wonderful pets. People don't realize just how smart a chicken is.

I wrote a Hub about our chickens.

Voted this UP, etc. and shared.

Suhail Zubaid aka Clark Kent from Mississauga, ON on March 19, 2015:

Rachel,

When I was young, my parents only used to keep Rhode Island Red (Called Red Rhode back then) and the White Leghorn, with black Plymouth thrown in there sometimes.

Very useful article once again from your personal experience and it really makes a difference.

Rachel Koski Nielsen (author) from Pennsylvania, now farming in Minnesota on July 23, 2013:

Anonymous, you bring up a good point. It's always best to keep informed about what the USDA standards are for "free-range" and "organic" labels. Even USDA Organic food doesn't have to be 100% organic ingredients. Best to buy local, from people you know, or raise your own if you can.

anonymous on July 22, 2013:

I never used to think about label like organic and free range I just assemud they were more healthy. Until my 80-year old dad one day informed me to my horror I've been reading about the free-range label. Apparently, you can call a chicken free range if their wire cage opens up onto a 2 x2 gravel or concrete space. And it doesn't matter what they feed them or if they give them drugs or hormones to call them free-range. Doesn't sound very free range to me. You're best off growing your own food. I also found out a few years ago while working with environmental engineers that Energy Star classification is more about buying the use of the name than anything else. Sad.

Rachel Koski Nielsen (author) from Pennsylvania, now farming in Minnesota on October 28, 2012:

Hi Sheppy - You can breed the chickens as long as you have at least one female and one male, and neither is sterile (unable to breed). Feeding layering mash or pellet is a good idea; just let the roosters do their thing with the hens, and either 1) wait for a hen to go broody and hatch the eggs or 2) collect the eggs every day or so and put them in an incubator.

sheppyzhax on October 27, 2012:

is it possible for me to breed from the brown egg layers hens if i get the cocks and continue to feed on layers mesh...are the eggs going to fertilised

Rachel Koski Nielsen (author) from Pennsylvania, now farming in Minnesota on October 01, 2012:

Dirt Farmer - That's a shame, Jill! Well, hopefully someday!

Angel - Thanks for the comment, glad you enjoyed the article! Sorry to can't keep chickens :( It's lots of fun and nice to have healthy eggs to eat.

Internpete - You're right about the store-bought eggs being inferior to home-raised eggs. It's the feed and the amount of sunlight that's the cause, I'm sure of it. Glad you enjoyed the article, and thanks for the votes!

Peter V from At the Beach in Florida on September 13, 2012:

Growing up, my family always had chickens, even when we lived in Japan. We didn't always have the best egg laying chickens, but the quality of the eggs was always superior to store bought eggs. This was an interesting hub as I didn't know which chickens were better egg layers. Thanks and voted up!

Angelo52 on September 06, 2012:

Great article on keeping chickens. Unfortunate that the place I live in (a community) doesn't allow them. Sharing.

Jill Spencer from United States on September 06, 2012:

Oh, if only our neighborhood were that open-minded, but ... we live in one of those communities with a homeowners' association that bosses you around about everything--even where you can put your trash cans, so chickens are definitely out, at least for now. Btw, shared your hub. Hope you get lots of readers!

Rachel Koski Nielsen (author) from Pennsylvania, now farming in Minnesota on September 06, 2012:

Deborah - Yay for getting chickens! I actually have a couple of those rediculous Polish birds, too. My local 4H programs give me about 60 chicks every year - for some reason, they will go to the zoo for snake food, otherwise. It's always a mixed up lot. Your Polish should lay smallish white eggs, but they're not super tiny. I haven't quite figured out their laying frequency, but I think it's about 2-4 days. The red smallish bird... if you're interested in figuring out what she is, maybe post a picture with a question in Q&A? If I see her, I might be able to identify her for you. Thanks for the comment and good luck with your hens!!

Rachel Koski Nielsen (author) from Pennsylvania, now farming in Minnesota on September 06, 2012:

Sunnie - Sorry you had to re-home your chickens. Hopefully you'll get more some day. I've heard/read that Austrolorps are great egg-layers as well, but didn't want to speak on them because I haven't kept them yet. Is it true that they have rather short legs? Thanks for reading and commenting :)

Rachel Koski Nielsen (author) from Pennsylvania, now farming in Minnesota on September 06, 2012:

Dirt Farmer - Hi Jill, always nice to hear from you! Glad you enjoyed the hub. I hope you'll get to have your chickens one day. Ya know, many suburban areas will allow you to keep a few hens if you have some kind of a backyard (just not roosters because of the crowing). I don't know where exactly you live, but you can always check with your local people-in-charge.

Deborah Neyens from Iowa on September 06, 2012:

Great hub! I just added a micro flock of three backyard hens this summer. They haven't started to lay yet, but should be getting close. I got them from my sister-in-law, who ordered a bunch of mixed baby chicks in the spring. I have one Barred Rock, which I've already guessed will be a good layer. She's also my favorite, in that she's very friendly and almost dog-like in how she comes when called. Another hen is a Polish Crest, which is kind of a ridiculous bird that can't see well because of all the feathers on her head. The third I have no idea about; she is a red-colored, smallish bird. I kind of have a feeling those two won't be as good as layers as the Barred Rock and probably will lay smaller eggs. We'll see. Should be any day now!

Sunnie Day on September 06, 2012:

Great hub...I just found a home for my lovely chickens due to moving in town and oh how I miss them girls. I had Austrolorps which were good laying chickens and very sweet. Thank you for all the information. Maybe one day I will have them once more.

Take care

Sunnie

Jill Spencer from United States on September 06, 2012:

Fantastic hub! Enjoyed your fun style and appreciate your expertise. I'm coming back to this one! Raising chickens for egg production is one of my goals for the future (when we get out of this woodsy but still suburban suburb). Up, awesome, etc.

Rachel Koski Nielsen (author) from Pennsylvania, now farming in Minnesota on September 04, 2012:

Radcliff - Thanks! Nope, no rooster required :) I hope you'll get your land and chickens one day.

Liz Davis from Hudson, FL on September 04, 2012:

I love how you put this hub together. I will definitely hold on to this in hopes of one day getting some land and a flock of my own. I also thought you were supposed to have a rooster--I'm glad to hear you don't need one! Thank you :)

Rachel Koski Nielsen (author) from Pennsylvania, now farming in Minnesota on September 04, 2012:

sgbrown - Thanks for reading and commenting, I really appreciate it. I strongly dislike raccoons - I've lost 30 birds at a time to coon raids. The brats don't even eat all of the birds, they just pick their favorite parts and leave the rest. What a mess. Anyway..... Hmm, how old are your Reds? If you got them as chicks in the spring, they probably should be laying small, brown eggs by now, just not as frequently as they will when they get older. I usually see eggs from my pullets (young female chickens) at 3 to 4 months of age, unless they're Leghorn-Egg-Machines, of course. Feed the Reds a layer pellet or layer mash free-choice, keep them well supplied with water, and let them get out in the sunshine if you can (Vitamin D helps them fix calcium). Also, try offering them oyster shell or another calcium supplement; that'll help make good egg shells. Hope that helps! If not, let me know.

Rachel Koski Nielsen (author) from Pennsylvania, now farming in Minnesota on September 04, 2012:

Bill - You're welcome! Like I said, I was working on this one when you emailed me, so it was actually great timing. Now I can work on a longer, more involved Hub about raising chickens from chicks. That should fill the rest of the gaps for you :) Thanks for the comment!

Rachel Koski Nielsen (author) from Pennsylvania, now farming in Minnesota on September 04, 2012:

Homesteading - Thanks! Yes, sometimes people are confused about that. I guess you can't blame them, considering how distant most people are from the source of their food. Chickens are a lot of fun to have around. :) Do you butcher your own? Thanks for commenting.

Sheila Brown from Southern Oklahoma on September 04, 2012:

This is great information. We inherited about 12 Rhode Island Red chickens when we bought our place almost 11 years ago. Over the next few years we lost most of them to some racoons who kept managing to chew throught the chicken wire and get the hens. When replaced some of them, we tried different breeds. None of them laid as well as the "reds". We are back to all Rhode Island Reds now. We got them as chicks so we still have a little time to wait on eggs. Can you tell me about how long before the hens start laying eggs? Voted this up and useful! :)

Bill Holland from Olympia, WA on September 04, 2012:

You are a sweetheart for doing this hub; I greatly appreciate it and now I'm 100% more knowledgeable about chickens than I was five minutes ago. Thank you Rachel! Oh, and great hub! :)

Julie Z from North Central Florida on September 04, 2012:

Love how you addressed the chicken not having an egg without a rooster, as incorrect. What a misconception that is among many. Was questioned often when had no rooster, but a ton of eggs. Very educational write up. I love my chickens ... Barred, Light Brahmas & Buff Orps. :)

Related Articles