Types of Agriculture
Agriculture is one of the most widespread activities in the world, but it is not uniform throughout. There are a number of ways to classify agriculture, and some of the major criteria which can be adopted include:
- Type of crop
- Livestock combinations
- Means of distribution of farm produce
- Level of mechanization
The following are the major types of agriculture around the world.
Nomadic herding is based upon the rearing of animals on natural pastures. This practice is performed by the people of semi-arid and arid regions. These people stay on the move with their animals in search of natural pastures for their livestock to graze. The type of animals reared differ from one region to the other. Northern Africa, parts of Arabia and parts of northern Eurasia are the typical regions of this type of farming. This is a subsistence type of activity.
Under this system of farming, the major emphasis is laid on rearing animals. Unlike nomadic herding, the farmers live a settled life. This type of farming has developed on a commercial basis in areas of the world where large plots of land are available for animal grazing, such as the low rainfall areas of North America, South America and Australia. Animals are reared mainly for meat and wool, and they are kept on large-scale farms called ranches.
This type of farming is most often adopted in the tropics. Under this system, the land is obtained by clearing forest areas using a slash and burn technique. The land is then cultivated for a few years, or until the fertility declines or the land is overtaken by the weeds and other native flora. At this point, farmers move on to clear another area of the forest. This is a subsistence type of farming that is almost always done manually. This type of agriculture is usually adopted by people living in tropical regions like southeast Asia, with a major emphasis is on grain crops. This type of farming is declining due to pressure by environmentalists.
Rudimentary Sedentary Tillage
This is a subsistence type of agriculture and it differs from the aforementioned types because the same plot of land is cultivated continuously year after year. Fallowing of land is commonly adopted to maintain soil fertility, and is a technique often adopted in tropical regions. Besides grain crops, some tree crops such as the Pará rubber tree are grown using this system.
Intensive Subsistence Farming With Rice Dominant
Intensive subsistence farming is practiced in tropical regions that have high populations and receive a large amount of precipitation. Rice is the dominant crop when it comes to this type of farming, as it can employ and feed a large number of people per unit of area. The southeast Asian region is where most of this type of farming is done. This type of farming requires the use of both manual and animal power, and farmers try to enhance the productivity per unit of area with the use of manures.
Intensive Subsistence Farming Without Rice Dominant
This is a variant of the aforementioned type of farming designed for areas where the amount of rainfall is not very high. These regions grow grain crops other than rice, such as wheat and millets. Besides the comparatively less wet areas of Asia, northern Africa and the parts of Middle East utilize this type of farming. It is also commonly practiced in parts of southern Africa and Central America.
Although practiced over a rather small area, this type of farming is quite important in terms of its commercial value. The major products of this type of farming are tropical crops such as tea, coffee, rubber and palm oil. This type of farming has developed in parts of Asia, Africa and Latin America where the colonial influence of Europeans has remained. Most of the plantations were developed to provide tropical crops to the European markets. This is a highly capital-intensive type of farming and most of the crops are tree crops.
Read More From Owlcation
The typically rugged terrain of the Mediterranean region has resulted in typical livestock and crop combinations. Wheat, vineyards and citrus fruits are the major crops, and small animals are the major livestock reared in the region. Horticulture is a major activity of this region, and most of the crops are grown during the winter with the help of winter rains.
Commercial Grain Farming
This type of farming is a response to farm mechanization and is the major type of farming in the areas with low rainfall and population. These crops are prone to the vagaries of weather and droughts, and monoculture of wheat is the general practice. Prairies, steppes, and temperate grasslands of South America and Australia are the main areas for this type of farming.
Livestock and Grain Farming
This type of agriculture is commonly known as mixed farming, and originated in the humid areas of the middle latitudes, except Asia. Its development is closely related to the market facilities, and it is a typically European type of farming. Great Britain and New Zealand are examples of areas where this type of farming is common practice.
Subsistence Crop and Stock Farming
In this type of agriculture practically nothing is sold off the farm. This type of farming has been common in areas of middle latitudes with lower fertility of soils, or in areas with rough terrain. It has declined significantly after the collectivization of farming in Russia, which was one of the major regions where this was practiced.
This type of farming also had its origin in Europe, from where it spread to other areas. Close proximity to the market and a temperate climate are the two favorable factors which have been responsible for the development of this type of farming. Countries like Denmark and Sweden have witnessed the maximum development of this type of farming.
This type of farming has developed to take advantage of a large demand for horticulture products, especially in areas of large-scale urbanisation and high-density population. It has been most successful when used for vineyard cultivation in areas of France, northern Hungary and the Swiss Lakes regions.
Although Whittlesey's agricultural classification is quite elaborate, the regionalisation on the basis of this classification is not something permanent. Due to changing market demands and developing agricultural technology, a number of changes have come into the agricultural pattern of the world since Whittlesey's study. Large demands for fruits and vegetables in the urban areas have resulted in modified land use in many parts of the world, and such factors impart a dynamic character to the agricultural activity.
© 2011 Dilip Chandra
Ayden on August 12, 2020:
This was so helpfull because everything i needed to do my assighnment is on this page
sayed sobhan on July 21, 2020:
thank you. this was very helpful for me. but I was asked in an interview for the position of agriculture expert " what are the four types of agriculture?" I responded to Nomadic herding, livestock ranching, commercial planting, and Mechanization agriculture. Am I correct?
please kindly answer in my email address,
Alkama on July 13, 2020:
It helps so much
princess on July 10, 2020:
thanks a lot
Smita on June 30, 2020:
This topic is very important for all.so read and also practice it than you all know everything for that topic....
Oyeniyi taofeeq on June 29, 2020:
Akeelah on June 02, 2020:
this was very helpful i needed it for school
timothy on June 02, 2020:
I like dis subject
London on May 29, 2020:
So how can I get land around P.E so that I can start my own thing
Virginia on May 10, 2020:
It helps so much
Be; A' Man No" Case! on April 21, 2020:
it's is very important to me may be i may protest about how agriculture is very important in life, without it no single soul would have survive.
othman on April 17, 2020:
Kwanele Mlaba on April 05, 2020:
I would like to become a farmer,please help me give a way forward,I want a clear clarification of which courses to choose if I want to study livestock and crop farming.Thanking you in anticipation.
Mayur on March 11, 2020:
So good option for project
Kayalee morgan on February 19, 2020:
Its so important I ternd in a gardener
Daniel munchenenge on February 09, 2020:
Is good to grow your own crops.e.g maize
Myself on February 06, 2020:
i dont see naything the i searched for but other topics seem to be very interesting, just not what I am looking for right now.
Ryan on January 29, 2020:
Sooooooooo good thank youuuuuuuuuu❤❤
me on January 22, 2020:
P,. Bharath kumar goud on January 15, 2020:
Give me cotton,chilly and paddy control pesticides
keyria on January 14, 2020:
agriculture is the most necessary
Leah on January 12, 2020:
wyd on January 08, 2020:
Caruush on January 05, 2020:
Agriculture is very important our life
BrainHeadSpooner on December 16, 2019:
IDOWU MATTHEW on December 10, 2019:
Manoharanunnithan on December 06, 2019:
krishna karthik on November 27, 2019:
its helping me do my home work
Prince sammy on November 13, 2019:
Good on November 08, 2019:
Mosunmola on October 27, 2019:
Mouli shriwas on October 17, 2019:
HOLESVAS on October 14, 2019:
Ojas on October 13, 2019:
Thanks for this information
Sofia on October 03, 2019:
Wow so nice
Kevin on September 27, 2019:
Kevin on September 27, 2019:
Kavya on September 03, 2019:
Thanku sooooo much !!!!
Thanks on August 15, 2019:
Thanks its really working
Kizito on July 31, 2019:
Aman Sharma on July 20, 2019:
Type of agricultural practices
Anoushka on June 28, 2019:
Thank you so much....its really helpful for my holiday homework...thanks again
Logesh on June 15, 2019:
Keep it up uploading new things
Mrunal dhane on June 12, 2019:
Thank you for deep info
Gopal Jadhao on June 01, 2019:
In central India the vidarbha region facing crucial faze of environmental imbalance. Late onset of mansoon and early withdrawl prolong dry spell in growth phaze of major crop. Only cotton is only option for farmers. Else goat raring is another option for farming community.
Precoius cholwe on May 23, 2019:
It was helpful with my home work
Santino on May 01, 2019:
In our country south sudan facings how to sustains the agriculture in the country and everyyear we are in agony due to lacks of food, what will be the solutions in our nation ?
fon dieudonne on April 24, 2019:
thanks so much sir. this note will realy help me in the coming weeks
Gayatri srivastava on March 26, 2019:
It's very interesting facts n knowledge to be known by every person..... N being an agriculture students it's very helpful for my general knowledge as well as my guidance...
So thanks a lot sir for sharing this very important notes
Suleiman rabiu yantumaki on March 14, 2019:
Thank very much and may God protect us and your family, the thing you have done is really we practiced
M.ķ on March 10, 2019:
Thanks so much it's helpful for me with Mr mafuratidze's assignments... xoxo
Ashiru Yahaya Madigawa on March 09, 2019:
thank you very much, I'm really impressed, keep it up
Edwaro on February 27, 2019:
it is good but should be wide for the coming
prechy love on February 11, 2019:
Hello.... What you have done and stil doing is really helping a lot of us, keep it up sir, we are very grateful, thank you very much
Havoc Raman on February 07, 2019:
Thank you sir
Harshida Patel on February 06, 2019:
Thank you for giving me some information about agriculture
Racheal on February 05, 2019:
Sandheep on January 28, 2019:
Thanks for information vry crazy then use full of the season i followed
big boy on January 22, 2019:
Abhi on January 01, 2019:
Sikandar Hayat on December 31, 2018:
Excellent work sir, keep it up
tase on October 28, 2018:
i love your post
Shaikh shoaib on October 05, 2018:
Thank for giving these information these is so gradfull
baba jobe on October 02, 2018:
I love it
Bashka on September 22, 2018:
Vedika kumari on August 24, 2018:
Thank you a lot it was very helpful for me
nicolas fuentes on August 16, 2018:
it help for my assignment thank you very much
damsel on July 30, 2018:
it helps in assignment
Priyanki Bora on July 29, 2018:
Thanx.with the information I have got some Ideas for my assignment.
Anon Singnar on July 27, 2018:
Thank you so much because i don't know much about agriculture so it helps me a lot
Panchami upadhyaya on July 10, 2018:
Thank u so much . It has helped me so much to do my project
Lohit on July 04, 2018:
It is very nice and useful of project
PRIYANSH on June 25, 2018:
Shreyash on June 12, 2018:
It is very useful
akshit banyal on June 09, 2018:
it is very helpfull for assignments
M K on May 31, 2018:
Mr Momodu L, Sheriff Sr on March 20, 2018:
Sumanth on November 19, 2017:
It had a good information
hamaz on October 16, 2017:
It's too good to find out about anything
Donald Rogers on December 13, 2016:
Its great to find a source that recognizes the thirteen major types of agriculture used on a global scale. Thanks.
Loo on May 02, 2016:
Thank you so much! It's very useful!
karthikeya on December 10, 2015:
it is very nice and very useful to me in my projects
K.Abhimanyu on October 18, 2015:
Its very useful for me.........
janani on August 31, 2015:
lovangle on July 29, 2015:
Types of agriculture like HORTICULTURE,PISSICULTURE etc. are not mentioned above
lovangle on July 29, 2015:
Really helpful for me in making my assignment
AASTHA on June 20, 2015:
THANK YOU dilipchandra12 FOR YOUR HELP YOU HAVE MADE MY HOLIDAYS HOMEWORK EASY
suman on May 25, 2015:
thank u for the information
SIDDHESH CHILE on February 28, 2015:
for the valuable information which I was not knowing
praveen kumar singh on January 21, 2015:
very deep information is given ,this type of website is required for us
burali on January 11, 2015:
thanks to help me
Fergo on November 18, 2014:
cheers mate help lots
Anonymous on November 12, 2014:
Very good, helped me.
RITIKA RAJESH on October 27, 2014:
THIS INFORMATION REALLY HELPED ME IN MY PROJECT ........
guruansh on October 27, 2014:
This information is very useful. It helpwd me to prepare my project......
saswati on October 13, 2014:
Its amazing information..!! It helped me a lot doing my project....
Pranay kishore malik on October 13, 2014:
really very useful and main main points are present.
merazul on July 07, 2014:
very helpful and imformative.
richa singh on December 11, 2013:
thank u soo musc 4 giving information
shreyanshi on December 09, 2013:
thanx 4 gvng information... nd for clearing my queries....THANX A LOT