The battle of the Somme is today synonymous with military folly and pointless bloodshed, but in truth there were good reasons to attempt the massive assault. The military balance at the time favoured the defender, but there seemed to be no other way to break the deadlock.
It is hard to believe that in the 19th century, a man could have his wife committed to a psychiatric hospital based solely upon his whim. Yet it was the law that made this possible.
Edwin Booth, the great Shakespearean actor, achieved his fame through tragedy. Ironically, the tragic assassination of President Lincoln by his younger brother nearly undermined his success.
Evolution is one of the best-supported bodies of knowledge in science. Creationism, Creation Science, and Intelligent Design are religious concepts, not science.
Robert Smalls’ capture of a Confederate ship made him a Civil War hero. But during Reconstruction, he fought just as heroically for equal rights for African Americans.
The Roman Baths complex in the city of Bath, England, is a major tourist attraction. It offers a fascinating look at the lives of Ancient Romans in Britain.
This illustrated article tells the story of the Crystal Palace dinosaurs - monuments to the Victorian era and the cultural and scientific advancements of the Age.
Review and summary of historian Elizabeth Reis' book, "Damned Women: Sinners and Witches in Puritan New England."
A belief in a soul is quite prevalent, but it raises a lot of questions The simplest answer is that the soul does not exist; it is only an illusion and metaphor.
European history is rife with mysteries. Who were The Princes in the Tower and what happened to them?
Mary Todd Lincoln's outlandish behavior and bouts with depression led many to believe she was insane. Modern medical knowledge may contradict that theory. Was she insane or overwhelmed with grief?
Sarah Forbes Bonetta was an orphaned African princess given as a gift to Queen Victoria by the King of Dahomey. Victoria became Sarah's godmother, and received her into the royal extended family.
Feudalism shaped the Middle Ages in Europe and defined the social and economic relationships between people from the 9th through to the 15th century. Here are 15 facts about Feudalism.
John Charles Fremont was a great explorer but a poor Civil War general. His attempts to evade being replaced required Lincoln to take extraordinary measures to fire him.
The Civil War Battle Of Vicksburg gave the North a great strategic advantage, and brought US Grant to the top among Union generals, positioning him to finally win the war.
The historians of the 1st and 2nd centuries were barely aware of the Jewish messianic sect of Christianity and wrote nothing about Jesus Christ. The few mentions that exist are forgeries.
The reign of King James VI resulted in Scotland becoming one of the worst perpetrators of witch trials in Europe. Why was James so obsessed with witchcraft?
The Soviet Union formed three regiments of women pilots. One of them, the 588th Regiment of night bombers, struck such fear into the enemy, the Germans called them Nachthexen, “Night Witches”.
States rights or slavery? What Confederates themselves said were the grievances that caused the South to secede from the Union, making the Civil War inevitable.
From antiquity till modernity, China was ruled by over 800 emperors. Here are the greatest among all Chinese emperors. The ones credited with China’s growth and survival as a major civilisation.
Was the recklessness showed by Custer at the Little Bighorn fueled by a humiliating rebuke from President Grant?
To abolition activist Frederick Douglass, Abraham Lincoln's commitment to ending slavery seemed weak and vacillating. But after the two men met, Douglass grew to appreciate Lincoln's true merit.
There is no evidence that Jesus actually existed as an historical person. Some Biblical scholars have concluded that Jesus is totally mythological—a melding of Jewish, Hellenistic and pagan religion.
Who were the parents of Tutankhamun? Little is still known about the life and death of the Egyptian pharaoh Tutankhamun, but recent DNA analysis on royal mummies of the Amarna period have produced some surprising results
Gutenberg's printing press was a great historical event. Before it, all books had to be laboriously hand copied. His invention sparked a cultural revolution that would change the world forever...
William Wallace is most often associated by many with the movie, Braveheart. William Wallace, however, was very real and this page looks at the truth behind the myths.
Henry "Box" Brown escaped from slavery in Richmond, Virginia by hiding himself inside an express package and sending the box as freight to Philadelphia
The myth of Demeter and Persephone was of central importance in Greek religion, being at the heart of the Eleusinian Mysteries which gave hope of rebirth to a better afterlife.
In 1949, Simon the Cat was promoted to Able Seaman Simon and later received the highest decoration in the animal kingdom for bravery on board HMS Amethyst near the end of the Chinese Civil War.
Young British men from upper-class families flocked to the colours in the First World War; for most, life in uniform was miserable and short.
Reports on the demise of the view of human consciousness as immaterial and non-reducible to brain activity are greatly exaggerated
Everyone that ever lived and everything they did has contributed to our history. It's the story of people on this planet. Historians are time-detectives, looking for clues to find out about the past.
During the Battle of the Bulge, one segregated unit nearly lost all its men and it took years to be recognized. By helping to defend both St. Vith and Bastogne, it deserves its place in history.
Confederate civilians trapped in Vicksburg during General Ulysses Grant’s 1863 Vicksburg campaign dug caves to avoid the shelling, and were reduced to eating dogs, cats, and rats.
Vasser-educated and the daughter of a clergyman, Lois Long wrote wittily about New York’s night life during Prohibition.
During the scourge of warfare, defenseless children are often exploited in the most ruthless scenarios. Whether evacuated to safer places, tested for ethnic purity or imprisoned, they suffer.
Grinding poverty forced families to send children as young as three off to work in the most appalling conditions imaginable.
Leeds Castle in England has been described as 'the loveliest castle in the world'. This is a photographic essay about the castle, its long history and its recent development as a tourist attraction
City life in Renaissance Florence, Italy provided the unique social and political environment necessary for so many talented artists to display their gifts so completely. Here's how.
Magazines, books, art materials, toilet tissue, wall-coverings, tickets, posters, packaging and even money are all made from paper. But where does paper come from, who invented it and how is it made?
Christopher Columbus was not the first to discover the Americas, nor was he the first to realize that the earth is round. He was the first, however, in other exploits, namely genocide and the transatlantic slave trade. Doesn't sound familiar? Read on.
Learn about 5 of the most significant battles of the American Civil War and how their outcomes changed the fate of a nation on the brink of ruin.
Lost in the woods of the Ardennes, a lone American artillery lieutenant sets out to fight his own war against the Germans.
The answer to the question, “Can thoughts occur without language?” may lie in the deaf community of language-less people.
The US Joint Chiefs of Staff contemplated committing attacks against American installations and cities that would be blamed on Fidel Castro to justify a full military invasion of Communist Cuba.
On its way to the Battle of Gettysburg, the Confederate army under Robert E. Lee terrorized black citizens by attempting to capture and transport them south into slavery.
From Edgar Degas' sculpture and paintings to the painted works of Renoir and other Impressionist artists, ballet and ballerinas inspired some of the most beautiful art of the 19th century.
Be very greatful that we live in the times we do. Imagine what it was like in days gone by when you had to wipe your bottom with leaves and moss!
This linguistic analysis and critique of Siddhartha by Hermann Hesse and Lilith: A Metamorphosis by Dagmar Nick will help you better understand both classic novels and their significance.
Three generations of the Kim family have governed North Korea with iron-fisted control for almost 70 years.
This article explores the evolution of the historical community from the late nineteenth century to the present.
The famous “Pascal’s Wager” asks us to consider the question of the existence of God as a wager. Which is the better bet—belief or disbelief?
This article suggests a list of the 10 greatest religious leaders in history. A concise biography is also included with the name of each person or entity.
Geoffrey Chaucer's Canterbury Tales has impacted literature, history, and many other amazing parts of western civilization.
Causing the death of another human being by deliberate poisoning, if proved to a court’s satisfaction, constitutes incontrovertible evidence of premeditated murder.
Catalonia has a rich and varied history, transforming from a tribal confederation through Roman, Barbarian and French rule until joining Aragon in the Spanish world.
After years of teaching groups of seniors about writing their life stories, I'm sharing here my tips on Memoir Writing. I hope you are writing your own memories for future generations.
The Great Depression was a severe economic downturn that occurred in the 1930s. It was triggered by a stock market crash in the U.S.A., but went on to affect the wider world.
Alexander "Sawney" Bean was a clan leader born in 14th century Scotland. He was a known cannibal who, with the help of his wife, raised a large army of canniballistic children and grandchildren.
Edward VIII gave up his throne in 1936 to marry a divorcée and then played along with Nazis in hopes of getting his crown back.
The meeting of Elizabeth I, queen of England and Ireland, and Grace O'Malley the Irish pirate queen. The meeting was quite remarkable. The political leader and the pirate formed a special bond.
One of the most notorious criminals in English history was convicted of murdering his wife in 1910; new evidence implies an innocent man was hanged.
During the Korean War, a little mare was “drafted” into the US Marine Corps and emerged a beloved, decorated war hero who is still being honored to this day.
Sara Smythe is managerette of new luxury apartments in NY. 100 years later, Bailey is renovating the apartments. How did Sara wind up in jail for murder? An engrossing tragedy of the lost Gilded Age.
Poe was a master at reaching out to awaken the deepest emotions in others by shedding light on his own sorrows. Poe expressed the deepest love and deeper sorrows that was very much a part of himself.
Before the Civil War, William T. Sherman a founder of the military academy that became Louisiana State University. He was still loved by Confederate former students even as they fought against him.
In the first of a series of articles on Medal of Honor winners from the artillery branch, we look at three heroes from World War II.
Obsessed with fairy tales and building castles King Ludwig II had almost bankrupted Bavaria when he was found dead, under circumstances which remain mysterious to this day.
In early modern Europe, gender played a huge role in who was a victim of the witch trials and witch hunts.
Charles E. Boles had numerous aliases but he was known to all in California as Black Bart, the stagecoach robber.
Before Jackie Robinson wore #42 for the Brooklyn Dodgers, he was a US Army officer court-martialed after refusing to go to the back of the bus.
Secular humanism is a little understood human–centered philosophy of life. It is non-theistic, rooted in science, with explicit moral and ethical directives.
People want to say that Christianity and Paganism are separate, but in fact they are much the same. Read about the pagan elements and traditions of Christianity here.
God's glory is heavy, as expressed biologically through the human liver and gold. Discover how the glory of God, the liver and gold are related in this article.
In WW2, African American officers of the 477th Bomber Group courageously put their careers and their lives on the line to fight segregation
Mary Elizabeth Bowser operated as a Union spy in the household of Confederate president Jefferson Davis. Never caught, she was one of the most productive Union operatives of the Civil War.
Sam Patch, a mill worker from Pawtucket, Rhode Island, captivated the American public in the 1820s with his spectacular, death-defying leaps off waterfalls and other high, dangerous places. Patch became known as the "Jersey Jumper" and the "Yankee Leaper," as he conquered the Great Falls in Paterson, New Jersey, Niagara Falls, and the Upper Falls of the Genesee River in Rochester, New York. He died making his second jump at the Genesee falls, but he became an American folk hero.
Who was Buddha? What are the facts and myths of his life? What are the basics of his teachings? Are the teachings of Buddha a practical philosophy for the 21st century?
In an epic three-day battle, the brief history of the Confederacy reached its zenith as General Robert E. Lee's second invasion of the North was repulsed at Gettysburg in southern Pennsylvania.
Albert Einstein wrote and spoke extensively about God and religion. What you think you know about his beliefs may not be true. What did he really believe and why?
The worst most otrocious acts were done within concentration camps. Here you can learn what the German Holocaust was and what happened at the concentration camps.
The most efficient branch of the U.S. Army in World War II was the artillery. 20 years of innovations between the wars helped make it the best in the world.
Brief comparison between British and American English; then an overview of various native languages, dialects and accents in Britain to highlight the language diversity in UK compared to the USA.
To drive the Germans out of the city of Zwolle in the Netherlands, the Canadian Army was prepared to level it. French-Canadian Private Leo Major had other plans.
Down in the hollow one may hear echos of the drills that bore into the hillsides, eking out mines with seams so narrow in some places that miners had to move through on their knees. If anyone could go down into the mines now, there might be sounds from the distant past -- pick axes, hammers and other tools still chinking away in the dark underground.
Did General George Gordon Meade, Union commander at Gettysburg, miss a golden opportunity to end the Civil War in 1863 by failing to cut off Robert E. Lee’s retreat?
Edward Jenner infected people with cowpox to protect them from smallpox. Mary Montagu gave people a mild case of smallpox to protect them from a serious case.
Hazrath Abdullah Bin Abbas was one of Prophet Muhammad's cousins and one of the early Qur'an scholars. A young man of maturity. Beloved companion of Prophet (pbuh).
During the American Civil War Robert Smalls became a national hero by capturing a Confederate ship and using it to carry himself and other slaves to freedom.
Overcoming fierce racial discrimination, Hugh Mulzac became the first African American to command a Liberty Ship in World War II.
The sixpence and the shilling are pre-decimal coins from the United Kingdom. They have a long history and are associated with some interesting traditions.
Terrible food, miserable living conditions, brutal discipline, and the strong possibility of an early violent death were the lot of Eighteenth Century sailors.
Sweet Fanny Adams is used by the British to describe anything worthless. It is also the name of a pretty young girl murdered in Victorian England. This is how Fanny's name became slang for nothing.
Why Abraham Lincoln, as President of the United States, denied any recognition to Jefferson Davis as the Confederate States president.
The story of Frances Wills, Harriet Pickens, and Mildred McAfee–Three pioneering female officers who helped integrate the US Navy.
U.S. destroyer Johnston will go down in the annals of history for taking on destroyers, cruisers and battleships during WW2.
Poor intelligence led to a massive attack of Allied forces in the Aleutian Islands; an attack that proved to be pointless and costly.
In 1897 Anita Hemmings became the first black graduate of Vassar. But because she was passing for white, when her race was discovered she almost wasn’t allowed to graduate.