550 Alternative Words for "Said"

Updated on April 4, 2018
ajbarnett profile image

Since 1994, short stories by AJ Barnett have appeared in magazines, summer specials, international competitions, and available on Kindle.

Source

Is it your dream, your fantasy to write a bestseller? Do you have a book in your head, but the word "said" keeps getting in the way? If we write, then somewhere along the line we'll run into the word "said," one of the most common dialogue tags. But what is a dialogue tag, you ask?

What Is a Dialogue Tag?

In writing, a dialogue tag is a group of words that follow a line of speech. They provide information about the words between the beginning and end quotation marks such as

  • Who is speaking (i.e. he, she, they, Danny, Lucy)
  • Volume (i.e. shouted, yelled, whispered)
  • Tone (i.e. moaned, babbled, howled)

By using dialogue tags, writers are able to explain to readers the way in which their characters are speaking and the emotions that should be inferred from the inflection of their words.

Other Words for "Said" by Emotion

Repeating "he said, she said," can get annoying, but is it smart to use a different verb? There are abundant words to use instead, yet purists believe you're probably best not using them, since readers pay such little attention to "said" it effectively becomes invisible.

A good practice to follow is that when it’s understandable who is speaking the line of dialogue, you can remove the verb completely. It's surprising how much more professional your work will look if you do. In fact, let's make a rule: if it's obvious who's speaking, don't use anything.

You should only substitute "said" if the line of dialogue needs accentuation or verbalization to convey the way the words are expressed. Gorging your story with alternative words for "said" makes your work look amateurish, so be sure to se alternatives with moderation.

But sometimes you need to indicate who's speaking, and sometimes the word "said" doesn't quite do the job. That being said, if you’re struggling to find that elusive and perfect substitute, here’s a list of words (categorized by emotion) that might help.

Acceptance

Accepted, acknowledged, admitted, affirmed, agreed, assumed, conferred, confessed, confirmed, justified, settled, understood, undertook, verified.

Anger

Accused, barked, bellowed, bossed, carped, censured, condemned, criticized, demanded, fumed, gawped, glowered, growled, grumbled, hissed ordered, raged, remonstrated, reprimanded, retorted, scoffed, scolded, seethed, snapped, snarled, ticked off, told off, upbraided.

Contemplation

Contemplated, mused, pondered.

Conviction

Addressed, advertised, articulated, bragged, commanded, confided, decided, dictated, ended, exacted, finished, informed, made known, maintained, necessitated, pointed out, promised, reassured, remarked, repeated, reported, specified, stated, told.

Desire

Attracted, requested, wanted.

Excitement

Babbled, beamed, blurted, broadcasted, burst, cheered, chortled, chuckled, cried out, crooned, crowed, declared, emitted, exclaimed, giggled, hollered, howled, interjected, jabbered, laughed, praised, preached, presented, proclaimed, professed, promulgated, quaked, ranted, rejoiced, roared, screamed, shouted, shrieked, swore, thundered, trilled, trumpeted, vociferated, wailed, yawped, yelled, yelped, yowled.

Fear

Cautioned, shuddered, trembled, warned.

Generosity

Comforted, consoled, empathized, invited, offered, proffered, released, volunteered.

Persuasion

Advised, alleged, appealed, asserted, assured, avered, avowed, beckoned, begged, beseeched, cajoled, claimed, conceded, concluded, concurred, contended, defended, disposed, encouraged, entreated, held, hinted, implied, implored, importuned, inclined, indicated, insisted, pleaded, postulated, premised, presupposed, protested, stressed, suggested, touted, urged, vouched for, wheedled.

Pride

Chimed in, circulated, disseminated, distributed, expressed, grinned, made public, passed on, publicized, published, put forth, put out, quipped, quizzed, quoted, reckoned that, required, requisitioned, taunted, teased.

Provocation

Exposed, imitated, joked, leered, lied, mimicked, mocked, provoked.

Sadness

Agonized, bawled, blubbered, grieved, groaned, lamented, mewled, mourned, puled, sobbed, wept.

Storytelling

Announced, answered, began, called, commented, continued, denoted, disclosed, divulged, explained, imparted, noted, observed, proposed, rejoined, replied, revealed, shared, solicited, sought, testified, transferred, transmitted, went on.

Uncertainty

Asked, doubted, faltered, fretted, guessed, hesitated, hypothesized, inquired, lilted, quavered, queried, questioned, shrugged, speculated, stammered, stuttered, supposed, trailed off, wondered.

Words That Indicate Sound

Breathed, choked, croaked, drawled, echoed, grunted, keened, moaned, mumbled, murmured, panted, sang, sniffled, sniveled, snorted, spluttered, squeaked, uttered, voiced, whimpered, whined, whispered.

Other Words for "Asked"

When writing an inquisitive character, sometimes the standard "asked" can become a bit stale. Try using these alternatives when you want to add some variety to your dialogue.

Appealed
Begged
Beseeched
Contended
Entreated
Inclined
Insisted
Pleaded
Probed
Prodded
Protested
Cajoled
Stressed
Doubted
Faltered
Guessed
Hesitated
Hypothesized
Inquired
Lilted
Quavered
Queried
Questioned
Wondered

Other Words for "Stated"

Instead of repeatedly using stated to express the way in which a character delivers their words, try using one of these more descriptive alternatives.

Asserted
Concluded
Explained
Noted
Remarked
Reported
Specified
Told

Adverbs and Phrases to Explain How Something Was Said

Okay, so despite the warning, you’ve decided you really need to use one of the words above for "said." In order to make your writing absolutely zing, you might want to go whole hog and add an adverb or a phrase to convey or emphasize exactly how the line of dialogue was said.

An adverb is a word ending in -ly and modifies a verb.

The way it works is you choose whichever word for "said" you fancy from the list above, then add a adverb or phrase after it from the list below. For example, "She promised, with a controlled smile," or "He remarked, with a gloomy sigh." But do not overdo it. Be very careful not to end up sounding amateurish.

List of Adverbs for Dialogue

  • Abruptly, Absently, Acidly, Angrily, Apologetically, Approvingly, Artfully
  • Bemusedly
  • Calmly, Caustically, Cheerfully, Complacently, Crossly
  • Depressingly, Dryly
  • Earnestly, Enthusiastically
  • Gently, Gruffly
  • Happily, Hotly
  • Impatiently, Indulgently, Informed sassily, Innocently, Inquired doubtfully, Irritably
  • Loftily, Loudly
  • Mentally shrugged
  • Naturally, Nodded agreeably, Not wanting to sound pushy, Noncommittally
  • Offhandedly, Optimistically
  • Pleasantly, Politely, Politely smooth, Promised in a motherly/fatherly way, Prompted gently Promptly,
  • Quietly
  • Reflectively, Roughly
  • Sadly, Sympathetically, Sarcastically, Sincerely, Smiled faintly, Smugly, Soberly, Softly, Sparingly, Sternly,
  • Tartly, Tautly, Teased softly, Tightly, Truthfully, Thoughtfully,
  • Uncertainly, Unexpectedly, Urgently
  • Vaguely
  • Went on loyally, Wilfully misunderstood, Without sounding unduly curious, Wryly
  • Xenophobically
  • Yearningly
  • Zealously

List of Phrases for Dialogue

"She said in a..."

Casual tone, chiding tone, courteous manner, curious tone, dry tone, flirtatious way, level tone, level way, perpetually tired voice, rasping tone, small panicky voice, soothing tone, voice soft with affection.

"She said with a..."

Controlled smile, fond look, gloomy sigh, note of relief, sad grimace, sad smile, sense of guilt, sigh of irritation, burgeoning excitement.

"She said with..."

Conviction, determination, fire, firm persistence, gentle remonstrance, graceful simplicity, mock astonishment, pleasure, quiet empathy, simple directness.

Other Phrases to Modify "Said"

  • After a moment's reflection
  • False cheerfulness
  • Friendly fashion
  • In quiet amazement
  • Made the effort to sound reassuring
  • Meaning the words more seriously than they sounded
  • Sounded slightly brittle

Stephen King on Adverbs for Dialogue Attribution

Below is Stephen King's take on the use of adverbs. His advice is to use adverbs very conservatively in order to keep the integrity of your writing intact.

"Someone out there is now accusing me of being tiresome and anal-retentive. I deny it. I believe the road to hell is paved with adverbs, and I will shout it from the rooftops. To put it another way, they’re like dandelions. If you have one on your lawn, it looks pretty and unique. If you fail to root it out, however, you find five the next day . . . fifty the day after that . . . and then, my brothers and sisters, your lawn is totally, completely, and profligately covered with dandelions. By then you see them for the weeds they really are, but by then it’s — GASP!! — too late.

I can be a good sport about adverbs, though. Yes I can. With one exception: dialogue attribution. I insist that you use the adverb in dialogue attribution only in the rarest and most special of occasions ... and not even then, if you can avoid it. Just to make sure we all know what we’re talking about, examine these three sentences:

‘Put it down!’ she shouted.
‘Give it back,’ he pleaded, ‘it’s mine.’
‘Don’t be such a fool, Jekyll,’ Utterson said.

In these sentences, shouted, pleaded, and said are verbs of dialogue attribution. Now look at these dubious revisions:

‘Put it down! she shouted menacingly.
‘Give it back,’ he pleaded abjectly, ‘it’s mine.’
‘Don’t be such a fool, Jekyll,’ Utterson said contemptuously.

The three latter sentences are all weaker than the three former ones, and most readers will see why immediately."

— Stephen King, On Writing: A Memoir on the Craft

How to Show Emotion Through Actions Instead of Adverbs

Since the use of adverbs can often make a writer look amateurish, many choose to use actions instead of adverbs to express emotion. Take, for example, the scenario below, in which a man is feeling frustrated and angry upon learning that his girlfriend has been unfaithful. In the first example, adverbs are used. In the second, actions.

"Where were you all night?" he asked.

"I was with someone else," she mumbled nervously.

"Someone else?" he boomed violently. "Someone else?"

or

"Where were you all night?" he asked.

"I was with someone else," she replied with her eyes downcast. She was fiddling with her fingernails.

"Someone else?" he said, slamming the table with his fist. "Someone else?"

It's easy to see that in most exchanges of dialogue, less is more. Let your reader imagine the actions the characters are making and infer the emotions those actions suggest, rather than telling them the emotion outright.

How do you feel about using alternative words for 'said' and descriptive phrases and adverbs?

See results

Questions & Answers

    © 2009 ajbarnett

    Comments

      0 of 8192 characters used
      Post Comment
      • profile image

        You don't need to know my name. 

        8 days ago

        This is so helpful for my writing. Even though im very good at writing. I got the strangest grade ever for this test.......... i got an 12/10 like OMG

      • profile image

        Search the word porn and do it 

        9 days ago

        UGHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH I CANT FIND SAID YOU STUPID THING!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

      • profile image

        120 

        10 days ago

        ah yes. tis a useful webbysite

      • profile image

        N0R5K1 

        10 days ago

        Thank you this has helped me through my writing so much.

      • profile image

        Doug 

        10 days ago

        Well a major cheat sheet and because of this i got a free a in english

      • profile image

        brad 

        2 weeks ago

        you helped with a said challenge thanx for the cheat sheet dude

      • profile image

        Pewdiepie Lover 

        2 weeks ago

        there is so many, I can't pick one!

      • profile image

        Purple Chan27 

        2 weeks ago

        It's such a great website! :)

      • profile image

        PERCY JACKSON BETCH 

        3 weeks ago

        this is good stuff mr or ms author person

        thAnks

      • profile image

        Kind-sir 

        3 weeks ago

        Many thanks... Just glanced through, and I must say, not only did you have a comprehensive list of words, you also group them so well that even I was impressed.

        I knew it after all that I came to the right place... Now I can completely edit my light novel effortlessly.

      • profile image

        Z00LD 

        3 weeks ago

        awesome! You helped me with my stories I'm making!

      • profile image

        BYE Falisha 

        4 weeks ago

        Cool stuff dude

      • profile image

        josephina 

        4 weeks ago

        it helped a lot i recommend it

      • profile image

        Ballshaq 

        4 weeks ago

        cool

      • profile image

        hello 

        4 weeks ago

        awesome

      • profile image

        Reggie 

        5 weeks ago

        I'm currently writing a novel and everytime i sit down to write this is one of the tabs i reliably always have open. This list is so amazingly helpful

      • profile image

        The Guy Who killed XXTENTACION 

        6 weeks ago

        Very helpful!!!!

        Its very helpful for writing books.etc, and helped me a lot

        I highly recommend this app

      • profile image

        boi 

        6 weeks ago

        thx soooooo much this will help me tell my report.

      • profile image

        jennifer 

        7 weeks ago

        this was so helpful for my school essay!! :)

      • profile image

        jeff 

        7 weeks ago

        this helps a lot

      • profile image

        A fangurl 

        7 weeks ago

        This helps so much! (I may or may not be writing a fanfic.)

      • profile image

        HubPages 

        8 weeks ago

        This was so so so vary helpful, I don't even think I could say thank you enough. It just WOWed me, because of all the absolutely wonderful words. I couldn't believe when my Teacher said she used a (this one, to be specific) website for herself too, but now I do :)

      • profile image

        Human Being 

        2 months ago

        This was extremely helpful for the story I'm writing and I thank you for organizing the website the way you did.

      • profile image

        kremit de frog 

        2 months ago

        this really helped me alot

      • profile image

        ??? 

        2 months ago

        I love writing but I find it hard to express what I mean while not using 'said'. his helped so much!

      • profile image

        Kermit da frog 

        2 months ago

        Okay website

      • profile image

        Willow 

        3 months ago

        "Very helpful, with a great array of words. I wish other websites organised their words like this!" She joyfully reported. "Beats scrolling down a long list for ages, desperately searching for the right word."

        "Are you sure?" Her friend queried. "I prefer just using the word 'said'."

        "Yeah, well that's why you got D in writing you numbskull." She retorted.

      • profile image

        A young writer 

        3 months ago

        I'm fifteen and am attempting to write my own novel. This helped immensely.

      • profile image

        no u 

        3 months ago

        thank u

      • profile image

        im traser 

        3 months ago

        this helped

      • profile image

        Said is dead 

        3 months ago

        Very Useful, thank you!

      • profile image

        it helped a lot 

        3 months ago

        this helped a lot

      • profile image

        Visitor 

        3 months ago

        Very helpful.

      • profile image

        the guy who burnt down bill gates house 

        3 months ago

        I personally find this site extremely useful

        Peace out homie

      • profile image

        Ray Pond 

        4 months ago

        THANK YOU SOOOOOOOOOO MUCH ! ! ! !

        You don't know how helpful this was.

        Thanks again!

      • profile image

        a fanfic writer 

        4 months ago

        Wow! helped me so much in my writing!

        "Wow! I cant even... This is amazing!" I beamed with a cheerful grin.

      • profile image

        A confused writer 

        4 months ago

        This helps a lot, thanks!

      • profile image

        mrmeme 

        4 months ago

        this helped a lot, will be referencing it more

      • profile image

        lol i need this dawg 

        4 months ago

        im writing a cool story and this help me

      • profile image

        Tracer 

        4 months ago

        This helped a lot

      • profile image

        Idk 

        5 months ago

        Amazing

      • profile image

        Brianna 

        5 months ago

        I am writing a book and needed some inspiration. This is a great resource for writers!

      • profile image

        :D 

        5 months ago

        gr8 words man, thanks

      • profile image

        yo 

        5 months ago

        yo yo yo this helped alot

      • profile image

        im already genji 

        5 months ago

        this helped alot

      • profile image

        fortnite 

        5 months ago

        help me a lot thanks

      • profile image

        bob 

        5 months ago

        "very good, helped a lot," babbled Bob

      • profile image

        wonderfulworkoutdotweeblydotcom 

        5 months ago

        Thanks

      • profile image

        hi 

        5 months ago

        yasssssssssss this helped alot

      • profile image

        Unknown 

        5 months ago

        This helped alot

      • profile image

        angela 

        5 months ago

        ya it helped alot

      • profile image

        Good Student 

        5 months ago

        This helps but needs the definitions.

      • profile image

        THICC_QUEEN 

        5 months ago

        This helped me alot thanks to who ever made this site!!!

      • profile image

        Kayla 

        5 months ago

        I'm all about using other words instead of "said" but I restrain from using adverbs too freely. I keep them to a minimum because I think they interrupt the flow and sound lazy. Kind of breaks the number one rule of show, don't tell.

        "I don't know what to do," he said tearfully.

        "Things will get better," she said comfortingly, "Just give it time."

        vs

        "I don't know what to do," he choked, wiping his eyes.

        "Things will get better," she assured, rubbing his shoulder, "Just give it time."

      • profile image

        llama boy 

        6 months ago

        it helped alot thanks

      • profile image

        Boyo 

        6 months ago

        Ya this helps! ths so much! I think i m gonna get an A on this! thx!

      • profile image

        genji 

        6 months ago

        This was great and helped me though my homework

      • profile image

        M8 

        6 months ago

        Helped me a lot!

      • profile image

        Thiccbaby 

        6 months ago

        this helps

      • profile image

        Deppy 

        6 months ago

        This was so helpful! Im writing an essay that invovles evidence from a text, My teacher kept yelling at me for always using the word "said" since it is "so basic" this website helped lots and helped me manage a A- Thanks!

      • profile image

        gg sy yeet 

        6 months ago

        i like this app on my computer

      • profile image

        AtlasTheSpaceCat 

        6 months ago

        Lol I've been writing to the point where I forgot all my vocab. As soon as I stumbled onto this website and saw these words divided into sections, I was jumping in joy and showing my cat on what I have discovered.

      • profile image

        asian jesus 

        6 months ago

        this website very useful indeed

      • profile image

        Arshdeep 

        6 months ago

        Thank you, this site has helped me on my 8th grade ELA HW. For " UNIQUE SPEAKER TAGS"

      • profile image

        7 months ago

        nice

      • profile image

        Kayleigh Rush 

        7 months ago

        Amazing, helped with my stories!

      • profile image

        Eminem 

        7 months ago

        Lol I love how the comments take up 70% of the website page.

      • profile image

        Bandit 

        7 months ago

        Really good post op!!!!

      • profile image

        Goth 

        7 months ago

        This was really helpful!!

      • profile image

        Jordan 

        7 months ago

        Awesome

      • profile image

        Chris wright 

        7 months ago

        Im writing a story and well I always used the same word until I found this website, this website is amazing.

      • profile image

        dsfsdds 

        7 months ago

        Very useful...

      • profile image

        maddie 

        7 months ago

        cool

      • profile image

        ann onymous 

        7 months ago

        really good

      • profile image

        MysticalBreeze 

        7 months ago

        ``Good morning`` The girl said with a cheerful smile to start the day off with. ``Good morning, Kirumei.`` He glared at the ceiling, avoiding eye contact with Kirumei. ``How are you, Today?`` He questioned her. ``I'm good, What about you, Big brother Kei?`` She replied, smiling like a idiot. ``I'm fine.. I guess.`` He said with a sigh of irritation, getting up. ``Lets get ready for school, Or else we'll be late.`` Kei would say, getting up.

        This is a piece I wrote, Not that bad. Technically you can use 'Said' Sometimes, but it'll get boring and the character wont have any emotions.

        Use this advice wisely.

      • profile image

        Anne Onymous 

        8 months ago

        This website is fantastic!

      • profile image

        Harmony1022 

        8 months ago

        this really helps with school work. I had to write a narrative story with a lot of dialogue and needed variation. it practically saved my life : )

      • profile image

        Ai no Starshine! 

        8 months ago

        Used to write "Said" all the time. Here. A piece.

        “And you healed too!” SAID a young, pink haired bunhead who fell out of the roof.

        “CHIBIUSAAA!! YOU CAME BACK!!” SAID Usagi hugging her tight.

        “Chibiusa…” I SAID mysteriously.

        TCH TCH TCH!

      • profile image

        somebody 

        8 months ago

        this is amazing i love this website it really helps me in my work

      • profile image

        N-o-b-o-d-y 

        9 months ago

        This helped me a lot I was looking for a another word for cried

      • profile image

        Takin' my time 

        9 months ago

        I've been researching, and I've found out that using said *SPARINGLY* is better than not using it at all. When you use all of these fancy words, it may not fit with the story, so don't be pressured to find the right word.

      • profile image

        ryan lee 

        10 months ago

        Thanks really help ed me

      • profile image

        Jasminn 

        10 months ago

        This is honestly so great, I use it all the time

      • profile image

        Julia 

        10 months ago

        I'm writing an actual book this helped ALOT

      • profile image

        J.K Rowling 

        10 months ago

        WOW. I just logged onto my laptop today and saw this on a notification, so I checked it out, and this is really helping me with my next story!!!! This really is great!

      • profile image

        Thunderninja 

        10 months ago

        YASS THANK YOU!! I love writing and this is just what I needed! So short and to the point!! #ninjago #miraculous #ninjacular

      • profile image

        Dan the Ice Cream Man 

        10 months ago

        Helped alot

      • profile image

        So cool 

        10 months ago

        This is great for my work sheet on better words than said and it is helping a lot with the work and I recommend other people use this site to. So try to use it as much as you can and let other people know about this site so thank you for this site.Thanks lots

      • profile image

        Chloe 

        10 months ago

        Thank you

      • profile image

        Kensingtony 

        10 months ago

        Love it

      • profile image

        Maddielynn 

        11 months ago

        hyes

      • profile image

        ihatemyself 

        11 months ago

        this is amazing for a fictional nnarrataive in 4th grade. I love hoverboards better than this cringy website

      • profile image

        Asia 

        11 months ago

        This is amazing

      • profile image

        Emma 

        11 months ago

        This was really helpful! I'm writing a story for school and my teacher said we are not aloud to use the word said for any piece of dialogue. So this has everything I need, Thanks!

      • profile image

        la 

        11 months ago

        I got an A on my assignment cuz of dis!

      • profile image

        awfl att engglis 

        11 months ago

        Awesome! This site helped me so much while I was trying to write a novel. Thank you so much!

      • profile image

        google 

        11 months ago

        thanks

      • profile image

        StreetSmart.BOOM! 

        11 months ago

        Stupendously helpful bro

      • profile image

        Kareena 

        11 months ago

        thanks so much i'm writing a story and i tend to use a lot of said lol but again thanks

      • profile image

        jeffy the puppet 

        11 months ago

        Thanks this helps a lot for school!

      working

      This website uses cookies

      As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, owlcation.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

      For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://owlcation.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

      Show Details
      Necessary
      HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
      LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
      Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
      AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
      HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
      HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
      Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
      CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
      Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
      Features
      Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
      Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
      Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
      Marketing
      Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
      Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
      Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
      Statistics
      Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
      ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
      Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)