Easy to Learn Russian Phrases

Updated on August 3, 2019
Larry Slawson profile image

Larry Slawson received his Masters Degree in History at UNC Charlotte. He specializes in Russian and Ukrainian history.

Source

Introduction

This article is designed to aid readers in developing a knowledge of the Russian language through the memorization of seventy-five basic phrases. Prior knowledge of Russian is not required, nor is it a requirement that the reader fully understand Cyrillic.

All phrases will appear in Cyrillic script to aid individuals who already possess an advanced understanding of Russian; however, each phrase will also be followed by the English translation as well as a corresponding guide to pronunciation.

Keys to Success

As with any language, repetition is key! Spend each day reading through these phrases, one by one.

Try to incorporate these phrases into your daily life. Speaking (even if incorrect at first) is the key to properly memorizing large amounts of information. Don’t be afraid to make mistakes! Every human must crawl before we walk; and every human must fall several times before we learn to stand. Keep this image in mind as you work through the Russian language. Perseverance is key to your success!

Finally, try to learn the sounds of the Cyrillic characters as you read through these phrases. Many are surprised to find out how quickly they can learn to read the Russian language. Again though, perseverance and repetition is key.

Cyrillic Script

PRINT
PRONUNCIATION
A a
Ah
Б б
Buh
В в
Veh
Г г
Geh
Д д
Duh
Е е
Ye
Ё ё
Yo
Ж ж
Zheh
З з
Zh
И и
EE
Й й
Ooy
К к
Kuh
Л л
Lah
М м
Muh
Н н
Nuh
О о
Oh
П п
Puh
Р р
Ruh (Rolled "R")
С с
Suh
Т т
Tuh
У у
Oo
Ф ф
Fuh
Х х
Ch
Ц ц
Ts
Ч ч
Cheh
Ш ш
Sh
Щ щ
ShSh
Ъ ъ
Hard Sign
Ы ы
i
Ь ь
Soft Sign
Э э
Eh
Ю ю
Yoo
Я я
Ya

Basic Phrases

1.) да --> Yes. (Da)

2.) нет --> No. (Neeyet)

3.) Здравствуйте --> Hello (Formal) (Zdavstvooeteeye)

4.) До свидания! --> Good-bye (Dosvee Dahneyuh)

5.) спасибо --> Thank-you (Spaseeba).

6.) пожалуйста --> Please/You’re Welcome (Pozalooshta)

Interaction Phrases

1.) Как дела? --> How are you? (Kak dyela?)

2.) Я хорошо, спасибо. --> I’m fine, thank-you. (Ya harosho, spaseeba)

3.) Как вас зовут? --> What is your name? (Kak vas zovoot?)

4.) Меня зовут(Your Name). --> My name is... (Menya zovoot…)

5.) Как его зовут? --> What is his name? (Kak yevo zovoot?)

6.) Как ее зовут? --> What is her name? (Kak yeyo zovoot?)

7.) Как ваша фамилия? --> What is your last name? (Kak vasha fameeleeya?)

8.) Кто это? --> Who is that? (Kuhto eta?)

9.) Простите! --> Sorry! (Prosteeteeye)

10.) Извините. --> Excuse me! (Eezveneetye!)

11.) Доброе утро. --> Good Morning (Dobraye ootra)

12.) Добрый день --> Good afternoon! (Dobrii Dyen)

13.) Добрый вечер! --> Good evening! (Dobrii Vyecher)

14.) Спокойной ночи! --> Good night! (Spokoynoy nochee)

15.) Я знаю. --> I know. (Ya znayoo)

16.) Я не знаю. --> I don’t know. (Ya nee znayoo)

17.) Я понимаю. --> I understand. (Ya poneemayoo)

18.) Я непонимаю. --> I don’t understand. (Ya nee poneemayoo)

19.) Приятно познакомиться! --> Nice to meet you! (Preeyatna poznakomeetsya)

20.) Вы говорите по-английски? --> Do you speak English? (Vii govoreeteye puh-angleeskii?)

21.) Вы говорите по-русски? --> Do you speak Russian? (Vii govoreeteye puh-rooskii?)

22.) Повторите пожалуйста. --> Repeat Please. (Povtoreetye pozalooshta)

23.) Повторите еще раз, пожалуйста. --> Repeat one more time, please. (Povtoreetye yesho raz, pozalooshta)

24.) Переведите пожалуйста. --> Translate please. (Pyeryevyedeetye pozalooshta)

25.) Откуда вы? --> Where are you from? (Otkoodsa vii?)

26.) Вы женат? --> Are you married? (Vii jenat?)

27.) Вы слышите меня? --> Did you hear me? (Vii slisheeteyeh menya?)

28.) Добро пожаловат! --> Welcome! (Dobro pozalovat!)

29.) Где ты работаешь? --> Where do you work? (Gdye tay rabotayesh?)

30.) Вы очень красивы/Вы очень красивая. --> You are very handsome/You are very beautiful (Vii ochen kraseevii/Vii ochen kraseevaya).

31.) Как по-русски [ENGLISH WORD]. --> How do you say _____ in Russian? (Kak puh-rooskii _____)

32.) Сколько это стоит? --> How much is this? (Skolko eta stoeet?)

33.) Вот ... / Это ... --> Here is…/ This is… (Vot…/ Eta…)

34.) у меня есть вопрос. --> I have a question. (Oo menya yest vopros)

Health and Well-Being Phrases

1.) Стой! --> Stop! (Stoy!)

2.) Помогите мне! --> Help me! (Pomogeeteye menye!)

3.) Мне нужен врач! --> I need a doctor! (Menye noozhen vrach!)

4.) Я болен. --> I am sick! (Ya bolyen)

5.) Я очень устал/Я очень усталa. --> I am very tired (male)/I am very tired (female) (Ya ochen oostal/Ya ochen oostala)

6.) Где больница? --> Where is the hospital? (Gdye bolneetsta?)

7.) Где аптека? --> Where is the pharmacy? (Gdye aptyeka?)

Everyday Phrases

1.) Где магазин? --> Where is the store? (Gdye magazeen?)

2.) Поздравления! --> Congratulations! (Pozdravleeneeya!)

3.) Молодец! --> Well done! (Molodeyets)

4.) Отлично! --> Excellent! (Otleechna)

5.) Правильно --> Correct! (Praveelno!)

6.) Конечно! --> Of course! (Koneshno!)

7.) Который час? --> What time is it? (Katoray chas?)

8.) Одну минуту, пожалуйста! --> One minute, please! (Odnoo meenootoo, pozalooshta!)

9.) Я студент/Я студентка… --> I am a student (male) / I am a student (female). (Ya stoodyent/Ya stoodyentka)

10.) Какой цвет? --> Which color is that? (Kakoy tsvbyet?)

11.) Мне нравится [NOUN/VERB]. --> I like _____. (Menye nraveetsya _____)

12.) Мне не нравится [NOUN/VERB]. --> I don’t like _____. (Menye nee nraveetsya _____)

Travel Phrases

1.) Где ресторан? --> Where is a restaurant? (Gdye ryestoran?)

2.) Где гостиница? --> Where is a hotel? (Gdye gosteeneetsa?)

3.) Где метро? --> Where is the subway? (Gdye myetro?)

4.) Где аэропорт? --> Where is the airport? (Gdye aeroport?)

5.) Вот мой паспорт. --> Here is my passport. (Vot moy passport)

6.) Вот мой билет. --> Here is my ticket. (Vot moy beeleyet)

7.) Где Aмериканское посольство? --> Where is the American embassy? (Gdye Amereekanskoyuh posolystvuh)

8.) у меня есть [NOUN]. --> I have a _____. (Oo menya yest _____)

9.) У него есть [NOUN]. --> He has a _____. (Oo neevo yest _____)

10.) У нее есть [NOUN]. --> She has a _____. (Oo neyo yest _____)

11.) Ладно! --> Okay! (Ladno!)

Everyday Phrases Continued...

1.) Я занят. --> I am busy. (Ya zanyat!)

2.) Спасибо за помощь. --> Thank-you for the help. (Spaseeba za pomosh)

3.) С днём рождения! --> Happy birthday! (suh denyom rozdeneeya!)

4.) С Рождество́м! --> Merry Christmas! (suh rozdyestvom!)

5.) С Но́вым го́дом! --> Happy New Year! (suh novihm gohdom!)

Were you familiar with any of these Russian phrases before reading this article?

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Conclusion

Congratulations on completing this first lesson in Russian. You have just taken a major step in learning the fundamentals of the Russian language.

After about a week of practice, you should notice many of these phrases beginning to stick within your memory. However, that doesn’t mean you should stop practicing! Russian (just like any language or skill) requires Practice! Practice! Practice!!!

Works Cited:

Images:

"Saint Basil's Cathedral." Wikipedia. September 19, 2018. Accessed September 22, 2018. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint_Basil's_Cathedral.

Questions & Answers

    © 2018 Larry Slawson

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      • RTalloni profile image

        RTalloni 

        2 months ago from the short journey

        Oi, oi...we love languages and accents but Russian has continued to be quite a mystery. The writing of it more than the speaking, but still... We have Russian friends and know a smidgeon, a mere fraction of the phrases you post here. If I practice a few new ones our friends' children, at least, would be impressed as they are in this country for a visit. Thanks.

      • Larry Slawson profile imageAUTHOR

        Larry Slawson 

        11 months ago from North Carolina

        Haha, I'm glad you enjoyed Eric. I've been studying the Russian language for nearly 4 years now. Figured it was time to share some of the easier phrases.

      • Ericdierker profile image

        Eric Dierker 

        11 months ago from Spring Valley, CA. U.S.A.

        Cool. Be back in a day for practice.

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