ASME Standards for the Revision of Engineering Drawings
American Society of Mechanical Engineers standard ASME Y14.35M was issued in 1997 to describe the ASME approved format for tracking revisions and other changes to engineering drawings. ASME Y14.35M was reaffirmed in 2003, and no changes were made at that time. It updated to the name ASME Y14.35 in 2014.
What does ASME Std Y14.35 mandate?
ASME Y14.35M Standard
ASME Y14.35M and the later ASME Y14.35 standard allows for changes to be made to drawings by adding and crossing out information on a drawing or by creating a new drawing revision.
The ASME drawing standards state that new drawings can be recorded as a new revision letter or as a new drawing number that supersedes the old one. The replaced drawing will be modified to note “replaced with change by drawing 1234567”. This ensures configuration management and product verification is handled correctly.
The first version of a drawing is identified by a revision dash “-“. After that, revision letters are used. Revision letters can be a single letter up to multiple letters.
All letters can be used as revision letters except I, O, Q, S, X and Z. These letters are not allowed because they can be mistaken for numbers or for other letters. For example, a revision letter I can be mistaken for a 1 while an S can be mistaken for a 5. Revision letters must also be uppercase, to minimize confusion between a lowercase "l" and "1" and "I".
After the end of the revision letter sequence is used up, the next letter is added to the end. Revision letter Y is followed by revision AA. Revision AY is followed by BA. Revision DY is followed EA.
However, revision letters are not allowed to exceed two characters, so there is no revision greater than YY. At this point, you should issue a new drawing number.
Revision columns are located in the upper right corner or next to drawing the title block. Revision columns include the revision letter of the drawing, a short description of the changes made between this revision and the prior one, and the date the revision was made or the revised drawing was approved. Revision columns frequently include the drafter who made the latest revisions.
ASME standard Y14.24 gives readers a list of when ASME engineering drawing standards like ASME Y14.35 apply. ASME Y14.1 defines the acceptable form of the revision history block.
ASME Y14.1 gives the ASME standard size and format used in engineering drawings.
ASME Y14.2 outlines the accepted line conventions and lettering used on engineering drawings. ASME Y14.3M describes the accepted forms of single, multiple and sectional views used on engineering drawings.
ASME Y14.100 provides a list of standard engineering drawing practices recommended by the ASME. Depending on the customer or project, other ASME or ISO standards may also be required. And ASME drawing standards do not cover documentation control or configuration management at all.
Questions & Answers
- Helpful 1
When a new revision is made, am I supposed to delete the old rev symbols? Say it’s rev C and I still have the rev a & b symbols on the drawing to show where the changes were made?
It is fine to leave several prior revisions along with the associated changes on the drawing so that people holding an older product know what it means.Helpful 2
What names go on an engineering drawing?
It is standard to list the name of the company so that anyone who sees the drawing knows who owns the intellectual property, the design. That typically goes in the title block. The names of the drafter and the person who approved the drawing also go in the drawing block.Helpful 1
When should we use status IFC, IFA? Can we write IFC status on an already issued drawing for which construction has been already completed and some modifications done down the line?
AFC is approved for construction. That's the one you should build to. IFC is in review and not finalized. It shouldn't be used if not formally approved. Not sure what IFA is.
You should not be altering the approval status of documents when you have a drawing control process to maintain control of the documents; this ensures that no one builds to unapproved specs. And in construction, that's expensive.
Do not modify formally approved documents and switch the status. If you need to issue a new drawing revision to reflect changes, go through the drawing control status.
Should engineering drawings be numbered as Rev 1 or Rev 01?
01, because you can end up with 28 revisions.Helpful 8