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Are Karma and Christianity Compatible?

I am a Christian pastor who wishes to bring glory to God in all that I do, and to help people through my writing to know Him better.

Is karma in the Bible as a meaningful concept, or are they incompatible?

Is karma in the Bible as a meaningful concept, or are they incompatible?

Do Christians Believe in Karma?

I recently talked with someone who believes in karma and also identified as Christian. Basically, the person was discussing a friend who lived an immoral lifestyle and said that karma would eventually catch up with them. When I told him that I didn't believe in karma, he looked a bit puzzled. Then I told him that the Bible does teach that you reap what you sow in Galatians 6:7.

The person said: "Exactly! It's the same thing!" But my question to him and to you as well is: Are they the same? My answer to that is an unqualified: No! Though on the surface they may appear to be equal, the idea of karma is totally incompatible with Christianity and the teachings of Christ.

I. What Is Karma?

Let's first discuss the concept of karma in religions around the world.

1. Definition of Karma

According to Wikipedia: "In non-theistic religions such as Buddhism, Jainism and the Mimamsa school of Hinduism, karma theory is used to explain the cause of evil as well as to offer distinct ways to avoid or be unaffected by evil in the world."

Karma, which literally means "action, work or deed", is the law of cause and effect. If you do evil, then you'll reap evil or suffering. If you do good then you'll reap inner joy and peace. Those who teach karma believe that every action or thought has a corresponding reward. Human suffering, therefore, is not explained as being caused by God's anger but as a result of ignorance of the divine law.

2. The Centrality of Reincarnation

Reincarnation is taught by true believers in karma. Reincarnation is the rebirth of the soul in a new body. Depending on the religion or the particular philosophy, the soul can make an appearance as another person, animal or plant as it makes its way to an eventual escape from the cycle of birth, death, and rebirth.

Since every action must be rewarded and most do not get fully compensated in this lifetime, it makes it a necessity for a person to return again and again to satisfy the karma that is coming to them. And, of course, they create more good and bad karma in each lifetime so the cycle can go on indefinitely.

3. No Personal God

There is no belief in a personal god in this religious system. It is more like a consciousness that pervades everything and everyone. And you cannot really define the term in the sense that different religious traditions have varied beliefs in who or what God is or whether he even exists at all.

For instance, Hinduism teaches that there is one true god, the supreme spirit that is called Brahman. Brahman has many forms and pervades the entire universe. Most would say that Brahman is present in every person as the eternal spirit called the Atman.

While saying this, we need to note that a Buddhist would say that they don't believe in any god. One Buddhist put it this way:

"We don't believe in a god because we believe in humanity. We believe that each human being is precious and important, that all have the potential to develop into a Buddha - a perfected human being. We believe that humans can outgrow ignorance and irrationality and see things as they really are. We believe that hatred, anger, spite, and jealousy can be replaced by love, patience, generosity, and kindness. We believe that all this is within the grasp of each person if they make the effort, guided and supported by fellow Buddhists and inspired by the example of the Buddha. As the Buddha says:

"No one saves us but ourselves, No one can and no one may. We ourselves must walk the path, but Buddhas clearly show the way."

When talking about Buddhas, the followers of this religion could be referring to the historical figure called the Buddha (awakened one), or they could be referring to anyone who has attained full enlightenment. They supposedly have awakened from the sleep of ignorance and are able to see things as they truly are.

In Buddhist teachings, these men are free from faults and mental obstructions. So, in order to escape the cycle of karma, a person would do well to follow these fully enlightened persons.


II. Christian Reaping and Sowing

Now let's assess the teachings of Christianity and what the Bible teaches.

1. A Personal God and Judge

By comparing the biblical idea of reaping and sowing with karma, it becomes immediately clear that they are not the least bit compatible. The Christian worldview begins with a holy God, who is creator and sustainer of the universe. It is ultimately to him that all men and women must give an account for the things done in this life. Scripture explicitly states in many places that there are no other gods except one. As an example, there is Deuteronomy 6:4 which tells Israel:

"Hear, O Israel: The LORD thy God is one LORD."

Another passage from the Old Testament which teaches this truth is Deuteronomy 4:35,39. It states:

"Unto thee, it was shown, that thou mightest know that the LORD he is God; there is none else beside him. Know therefore this day, and consider it in thine heart, that the LORD he is God in heaven above, and upon the earth beneath: there is none else."

Of course, we see that the New Testament follows suit that there is only one God and he is a personal deity. For instance, Paul tells Timothy:

"For there is one God and one mediator between God and man, the man Christ Jesus." (I Timothy 2:5).

Also, as we've stated earlier, it is to this one God that we are to give an account. Peter tells us:

"For we have spent enough of our past lifetime in doing the will of the Gentiles—when we walked in lewdness, lusts, drunkenness, revelries, drinking parties, and abominable idolatries. In regard to these, they think it strange that you do not run with them in the same flood of dissipation, speaking evil of you. They will give an account to Him who is ready to judge the living and the dead. For this reason, the gospel was preached also to those who are dead, that they might be judged according to men in the flesh, but live according to God in the spirit." (I Peter 4:3-6).

2. No Reincarnation but Resurrection

Further, Christianity knows nothing of reincarnation. We don't have multiple chances to get it right if we don't do it in this life. And when we die, we don't come back as an insect or a cow. Nor do we become a different person. In other words, I was never an Egyptian Pharaoh in a previous life. And no one else was either.

The writer of Hebrews informs us:

"And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment." (Hebrews 9:27).

It also should be noted that the body is at least as important in the Christian worldview as the soul. Karma teaches that we have to be released eventually from this physical world, which would include the physical body. Scripture does, in fact, teach that when we die we are absent from the body. And if we are Christians it says we are present with the Lord (II Corinthians 5:8).

However, it also just as plainly states that we will not be absent forever from our bodies. They will be resurrected and we will live eternally in a new body that will not die again. (I Corinthians 15:35-58). And we will do so on a New Heaven and a New Earth (Revelation 21:1).

To get a better understanding of what these bodies will be like, we need only look at the resurrected Christ. With the exception of his appearance on the road to Emmaus to some of his followers in which his identity was briefly hidden, he was recognized by those he met after his resurrection. So he must have had the same appearance or they couldn't have recognized him. He wasn't someone else entirely. He was the same Jesus that had been on the earth for over thirty years. People could touch him and interact with him just as they had before. He also talked about eating and drinking in his future Kingdom (Matthew 26:29). It was a glorified body he had but a body nonetheless.

Scripture tells us that our bodies will be similar. The apostle John informs us:

"Beloved, we are now the children of God, and what we will be has not been revealed. We know that when Christ appears, we will be like him, for we will see Him as is. And everyone who has this hope in Him purifies himself, just as He is pure.…" (I John 3:2,3).

All of this is a far cry from other religions with their seemingly endless cycles of souls going into one body after another with various identities.

3. The Law of the Harvest

It is with the understanding of the law of the harvest that most people equate the Christian worldview with karma. There is indeed an idea of reaping and sowing in both. However, that is where it ends.

The Christian teaching is that God created all things and that he placed within nature and the spiritual realm a law that cannot be broken without consequences. That law is the law of the harvest.

The Old Testament nation of Israel was an agrarian people. They lived off the land and relied upon crops for survival. From the very beginning, in the book of Genesis, God promised that:

"As long as the earth endures, seedtime and harvest, cold and heat, summer and winter, day and night will never cease." (Genesis 8:22).

God placed patterns within nature that allowed for people to harvest what is sown. There are several aspects of this law which need to be emphasized. The first is that you reap what you sow. If you sow apples, you won't get pears. You will get apples. Negatively, if you plant thorns and thistles, that is what you will get as well.

Secondly, you reap more than what you sow. You plant one apple seed and you will receive multiple apples.

Thirdly, sowing and reaping are proportional. If you sow sparingly you reap sparingly. If you sow bountifully you will reap bountifully.

Finally, you reap later than you sow. A farmer cannot expect to get a crop a day after he plants the seed. It takes time and cultivation in order to reap an abundant harvest.

3a. The Law of the Harvest and the Spiritual Life

The Apostle Paul applies this law to the spiritual life in Galatians 6:7-9. He warns:

"Do not be deceived: God cannot be mocked. Whatever a man sows, he will reap in return. The one who sows to please his flesh, from the flesh will reap destruction; but the one who sows to please the Spirit, from the Spirit will reap eternal life. Let us not grow weary in well-doing, for in due time we will reap a harvest if we do not give up."

The truth is that if you sow lies, deceit, theft and other things that pertain to the fleshly nature, you will eventually reap the just desserts for the evil that you've sown, either in this life or the one to come. And the same is true for goodness, kindness, generosity and the like.

3b. Admonitions Regarding the Law of the Harvest

Two things need to be pointed out here. First, the Apostle was talking with Christians in this passage. Those who don't know Jesus Christ as Savior can do nothing to please God for they don't have the Spirit of God living in them. And the Bible says that there is none that does good or seeks after God on their own. All that they do will be sown to the flesh. (Romans 3:10-12). They reap nothing but eternal damnation and separation from God forever. However, with the help of the Holy Spirit, Christians can sow spiritual seeds that will be rewarded.

The other thing we need to remember is that we are not promised all of our rewards in this life. In fact, we are told we will have tribulation (John 16:33). We have to realize that we always reap later than we sow. Doing good will not necessarily bring riches and prosperity in this present age, contrary to what some preachers are telling their congregations. Sometimes bad things happen to believers. And, at times, it seems that unbelievers are better off, even if they are sinning. That is never the case, however. It is by God's grace that their punishment is delayed.

Ultimately Christians can be sure of the rewards for faithfulness that the Lord has promised us in the life to come. Paul tells the Galatian believers:

"Let us not grow weary in well-doing, for in due time we will reap a harvest if we do not give up. Therefore, as we have an opportunity, let us do good to everyone, and especially to the family of faith." (Galatians 6:9).


When all is said and done, it is God who is the perfect and holy judge of all the earth. He will see that righteousness is rewarded and that sin is punished. When we cite karma as the force that will do these things, we are taking the glory away from the one who alone deserves our fear and our praise.

Karma is not real. It is a pagan concept that promotes a form of salvation by works and the believer in Jesus Christ must remove it from his or her vocabulary. Let us give God his proper place in the universe—for in the end he will not be denied!

This content reflects the personal opinions of the author. It is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and should not be substituted for impartial fact or advice in legal, political, or personal matters.

© 2018 Jeff Shirley


Jay C OBrien from Houston, TX USA on April 17, 2019:

God is Good, completely Good and always has been. The fault lies in Man, Not God. The Justice of God is Mercy. It is Man who commits violence and revenge. All stories which depict God as Violent, Vengeful or Jealous are BLASPHEME.

Dialectic758 on April 16, 2019:

Birth defects happen because "The Lord...visits the iniquity of the fathers on the children and the children’s children, to the third and the fourth generation. (Exodus 34:6-7 = Deuteronomy 5:8-10)." So if you're a dirty scoundrel in this life, your innocent children, grandchildren and even great grandchildren may suffer terribly because of this. So, if you want healthy descendants, be a decent person and don't commit grave sins. Remember, God sickened and killed David's innocent son because David murdered Uriah so he could marry Bathsheba.

Vai on January 07, 2019:


I have read both Hindu , as well as Christian scriptures. My doubt is as given below..

Karma is a law made by God for man. And Hindus believe in this law.

Bible clearly states that not to all the written word is given. And God also accepts the worship of nature worshippers and people who seek him? And that to them he gave intuition to know the difference between right and wrong. And yoga philosophy does believe in intuitive intelligence?

While Christianity does look to be a more holier religious on the outside, you will surely appreciate that that today's pollution of Earth, air , water and sky which is a major cause of concern has been initiated by the Christian countries and today even the third world is facing the brunt of this. Hinduism Buddhism Sikhism have never harmed the environment, the trees and the planet as much as Christianity did. I do feel that they are more harmless people than Christian prople.

In India , Portuguese forced Hindus to convert to Christianity and beat them if they didn't. How would you explain forgiveness of these s called holy devoid Christian's from God. Will they be appreciated for their sins by God and forgiven because they converted so many people or they will be questioned on whtly they forced pagans to convert? Will karma cycle play a role here or will God judge them with Grace and forgiveness?

Ernest Johns on November 18, 2018:

Thanks for this well explained topics that a lot of people do believe in Karma and forgot the blessed assurance of the Lord that once we face him face to face, we will received an en corruptible body which is eternal and no more sickness, pains, sorrows and etc. and truly what we sow we reap and do believe in that. That Jesus Christ came to earth send by his Father to save us all from the wrath of God cause we are all sinners and was separated from him and now we are his children and co-heirs of Christ Jesus and we will also be Resurrected when he came back for his groom. MARANATHA . . . . . . .

Jeff Shirley (author) from Hesperia, Michigan on June 29, 2018:

Thanks for being concerned about my writing and my opinions of these deep subjects Mr. OBrien. I guess we could ask the same question about every disease out there. Why doesn't everyone get cancer, for instance? I can't answer that but am glad that not everyone does. I do know that God is ultimately in control and all that happens will one day work together for good for those who love the Lord and that eternity is much longer than the short period of time that we have on this sin-cursed earth. And birth defects and cancer will one day be a thing of the past.

I don't know what your theological beliefs are or if you have any belief at all in God but I hope one day that you will come to know the God that I know and serve because to know him is greater than anything or anyone you can know on this earth. Take care and God bless.

Jeff Shirley (author) from Hesperia, Michigan on June 29, 2018:

Thanks Jack for your concern and for reading.

Jay C OBrien from Houston, TX USA on June 29, 2018:

OK, birth defects are due to original sin. Do I have that right?

Why are only some children affected and not all?

Jack Jenn from Living in hope on planet earth. on June 28, 2018:

Hi Jeff,

I agree with your first and second responses to Mr. OBrien.

This may be your first encounter with him but I have had several as he well knows if he should consult his memory.

Unfortunately for him he has a somewhat twisted view of scripture and I see that he hasn't learnt as he still continues to to show disrespect. But perhaps he will eventually learn.



Jeff Shirley (author) from Hesperia, Michigan on June 28, 2018:

Mr. OBrien: Scripture doesn't teach that God causes sin. We indeed are the ones that cause it. God, being the just judge must punish sin or he wouldn't be just. And if we hadn't sinned in the first place there would be no need for the wrath of God. He told mankind what the results of sin would be even before Adam and Eve sinned. They chose to disobey willingly as do we when we sin. So we cause our own problems, not God. Thanks

Jeff Shirley (author) from Hesperia, Michigan on June 28, 2018:

Birth defects are the result of the curse of sin in the world caused by the fall of mankind. Jesus' death made it possible that in the New Heaven and the New Earth that this will no longer be a problem. We are living in a period before the return of Christ where sin has not yet been removed from the scene. And if you notice, much of the pain in the world is caused by people who refuse to follow the rules that God has made. It is obvious that birth defects are not caused by the sin of the infant and usually not by the sin of the parents, with some exceptions. I think of fetal alcohol syndrome as an example of a parent causing the problem. But the good thing is that this world is not all that there is. In eternity God will make right any injustices that are now occurring. Thanks for writing.

Jay C OBrien from Houston, TX USA on June 27, 2018:

Karma? Reincarnation? Bible Scriptures? What is the reason for birth defects? Is God angry with newborns?

ADenby on June 27, 2018:

I mostly agree - & I've always hated the idea of reincarnation; having to live/age/die over & over would be more like hell - except the 'Human suffering, therefore, is not explained as being caused by God's anger but as a result of ignorance of the divine law', the Karmic version makes more sense to me; that God doesn't cause bad things but we do, by not following God's blueprint?

Jeff Shirley (author) from Hesperia, Michigan on May 03, 2018:

You are right Lori.We need to know Scripture in order to keep from being deceived by Satan's false religions. Unfortunately, biblical literacy is becoming rare amongst Christians today. Thanks for reading and for your comments.

Lori Colbo from United States on May 02, 2018:

Outstanding article here, Jeff. It's always a bit disheartening and sad when I hear professing Christians mix Christianity with new age gobbeldy look like horoscopes, native American practices, and the other thing you mention. And of course we know Satan is behind it for he roams the earth.looking for prey to deceive them. That's why it is so important to be in the word regularly and to test what we hear from.the world with Scripture. Thanks for this very important topic.

Jeff Shirley (author) from Hesperia, Michigan on April 29, 2018:

Thanks, Jack! May God indeed shake this apathetic generation. Take Care and God bless you!

Jack Jenn from Living in hope on planet earth. on April 29, 2018:

Hi Jeff,

I very much enjoyed your analogy of the sower and I hope others may benefit from it.

Sadly though, so many are just drifting towards a lost eternity without even a thought of what is closer than most think. But that may change as this era of Laodicea draws to it's conclusion and perhaps many who are lukewarm will be shaken out of apathy.



Jeff Shirley (author) from Hesperia, Michigan on April 29, 2018:

Thanks, Eric for your words. The comment that you questioned was from the section covering Karma and the beliefs of people who follow that teaching. Certainly, not all suffering is caused directly by the specific sins of the individuals suffering. The book of Job, for instance, is proof of that as it wasn't Job's sin that caused him to suffer. It was actually a contest between God and Satan to prove Job would remain faithful. And Jesus suffered, not for his sins, but for the sins of humanity. But all sin is an offense against a Holy God and the sin of Adam that we have inherited has lead to all kinds of misery on this earth.

The Bible teaches that God is angry with the wicked every day (Psalm 7:11). And it also teaches that we are saved from God's wrath when we become Christians (Romans 5:9; John 3:36). God, in his wrath, allowed mankind to suffer the results of their sin according to Romans 1 and we suffer because we are a part of a sin-cursed earth and are living around unregenerate people. But with the Christian, God uses that suffering to help mold us and conform us to the image of Jesus Christ. So God uses that which was meant as evil to bring about his ultimate plan for the universe and for us. Thanks again for reading.

Jeff Shirley (author) from Hesperia, Michigan on April 29, 2018:

Thanks again, Bill for reading and for your comments!

Eric Dierker from Spring Valley, CA. U.S.A. on April 29, 2018:

The comparitive religious notions with that of one who loves Christ and accepts him should only be taken for the learning aspects as you have done here. Sure if we do it right it strengthens our own faith. But those who take it as equal as in equivalent are led astray.

I did have a bit of trouble with this sentiment; "Human suffering, therefore, is not explained as being caused by God's anger". I think if you speak of "long suffering" OK. But I think one full of grace and faith has an option not to suffer no matter the hardship or punishment.

Thank you this is a great Sunday read. I am glad I do not believe in Karma.

William Kovacic from Pleasant Gap, PA on April 29, 2018:

Nope, Jeff. It's not the same thing. thanks for speaking up on the matter.