What the Bible Says About Wine

Updated on November 17, 2017
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Betty Frein has been studying the Bible for over 12 years. She has been sharing her personal studies since 2012.


Natural Wine and Spiritual Wine

There are many different references to wine in the scriptures. From seeds being sown, to grapes maturing and being pressed to draw out the grape juice, and finally the grape juice fermenting and producing wine.

The scriptures give a full picture of wine production as well as the consumption of wine both physically and spiritually.

The bible not only warns against drinking too much, but also speaks of wine in a spiritual sense, referring to drinking from the cup of the Lord as well as drinking the "wine of wrath."

Scriptural Examples That Speak of Physically Drinking Wine

Wine is a mocker, strong drink is raging: and whosoever is deceived thereby is not wise. Proverbs 20:1

And be not drunk with wine, wherein is excess; but be filled with the Spirit; Ephesians 5:18

Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind, Nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners, shall inherit the kingdom of God. 1 Corinthians 6:9

The Prophet Isaiah said:

But they also have erred through wine, and through strong drink are out of the way; the priest and the prophet have erred through strong drink, they are swallowed up of wine, they are out of the way through strong drink; they err in vision, they stumble in judgment. Isaiah 28:7

After making the above statement, Isaiah said:

For all tables are full of vomit and filthiness, so that there is no place clean. Isaiah 28:8

The Wine of Wrath

The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of his indignation; and he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb: Revelation 14:10

For thus saith the LORD God of Israel unto me; Take the wine cup of this fury at my hand, and cause all the nations, to whom I send thee, to drink it. And they shall drink, and be moved, and be mad, because of the sword that I will send among them. Jeremiah 25:15

Babylon hath been a golden cup in the LORD's hand, that made all the earth drunken: the nations have drunken of her wine; therefore the nations are mad. Jeremiah 51:7

I believe that the above verse is tied to the "strong delusion" that the Apostle Paul warned us about. If we've watched even ten minutes of the nightly news, it certainly seems as though "the nations are mad."

And for this cause God shall send them strong delusion, that they should believe a lie: 2 Thessalonians 2:11

Before Paul made the above statement, he spoke about the mystery of iniquity.

For the mystery of iniquity doth already work: only he who now letteth will let, until he be taken out of the way. 2 Thessalonians 2:7

This statement says that those who "letteth," iniquity rule have a willful unfaithfulness to God. This is like a fermentation process. Wickedness is planted, and it springs up, and as a person continues in it iniquity matures and even ferments until there is a "drunkenness" of sorts.

And then shall that Wicked be revealed, whom the Lord shall consume with the spirit of his mouth, and shall destroy with the brightness of his coming: 2 Thessalonians 2:8

For some, wine is usually included with a meal. The Bible has a way of taking us through each stage that produces the good wine, or even not-so-good wine. God's word is truly amazing. As we prayerfully study, we find that God doesn't leave anything out. He covers the entirety of any subject from Genesis to Revelation.

Everything starts somewhere, and to know where something is going, it's good to know how it began. So lets take a look at how the general process of wine-making is described in the Bible.

From Seed To Vine

Before there are any grapes in-which to make wine, there has to be grape seeds planted.

Jesus spoke about the good seed when He said:

Now the parable is this: The seed is the word of God. Luke 8:11

There are many different kinds of seeds mentioned in the Bible that have natural and spiritual implications.

Isaiah Prophesied to Israel and said:

And he fenced it, and gathered out the stones thereof, and planted it with the choicest vine, and built a tower in the midst of it, and also made a winepress therein: and he looked that it should bring forth grapes, and it brought forth wild grapes. What could have been done more to my vineyard, that I have not done in it? wherefore, when I looked that it should bring forth grapes, brought it forth wild grapes? Isaiah 5:2-3

God can plant a seed, and if it does not abide in Him, it will grow up and produce wild grapes. He planted Israel, He set everything in order, His instruction was written out, yet only a few actually walked in it.

Perhaps this is the reason Jesus said, "Narrow is the way that leads to life, and few there be that find it." When we consider the the old testament examples of those who "walked with God," even then there were few.

God doesn't plant "bad seeds." However, the enemy does. Just as God uses men to plant good seeds, the enemy does the same.

Jesus explained this in the Parable of the Seed Sower:

The field is the world; the good seed are the children of the kingdom; but the tares are the children of the wicked one; Matthew 13:38

The Prophet Isaiah also spoke of corrupt seeds:

Ah sinful nation, a people laden with iniquity, a seed of evildoers, children that are corrupters: they have forsaken the LORD, they have provoked the Holy One of Israel unto anger, they are gone away backward. Isaiah 1:4

The world is filled with these types of seeds, and I believe that there are more corrupt seeds in this earth than there are good.

When tares spring up from seeds they look very similar to wheat. They grow the same way, and produce seeds the same way. Just as we can not physically tell the difference between wheat and tares, we can't always tell the difference when this precept is applied to people. The only way that we can escape corruption of this world is by turning to Christ Jesus, and the only way to know His truth is to seek It out prayerfully in Him. When we do this, being His sheep that "hear His voice," becomes part of our lives.

Jesus said, "If you continue in My word, you are My disciples indeed, and you shall know the truth and the truth shall make you free." John 8:31

Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious promises: that by these ye might be partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust. 2 Peter 1:4

The earliest church was not immune to corruption, and neither are churches today.

For such are false apostles, deceitful workers, transforming themselves into the apostles of Christ. And no marvel; for Satan himself is transformed into an angel of light. 2 Corinthians 11:13-14

This is another reason why we should prayerfully search the scriptures, and make sure that everything that we are taught lines up with God's word.

Natural wheat and tares, are virtually indistinguishable until they are full grown. Tares are plants that look like wheat. Like counterfeit religious teachings, spiritual tares are the same. They are false, untrue, and misleading. They offer no real sustenance.

There is no way for us to distinguish the wheat from the tares, other than seeking it out in Christ Jesus, and praying always for discernment.

Grapevines and Vineyards
Grapevines and Vineyards | Source

Abiding or Not

Before good seeds can be planted, there must be an acceptance of the master gardener.

I am the vine, ye are the branches: He that abideth in me, and I in him, the same bringeth forth much fruit: for without me ye can do nothing. John 15:5

As there was in the early church, there is also the threat today that bad seeds can be planted among the wheat.

But while men slept, his enemy came and sowed tares among the wheat, and went his way. Matthew 13:25

Notice in the above verse that Jesus said, "while men slept." I believe that this is the very reason Peter said, "Be Sober, be vigilant."

1 Peter 5:8 Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour:

Jesus also said that "the enemy comes to steal, to kill and to destroy."

How better to achieve that goal than to catch a householder not watching, not being vigilant, not seeking the truth in Christ? Stealing the true word of God by planting tares of unbelief is one way that the enemy accomplishes his destructive goal.

For those abiding in Christ, a seed of the word planted in our hearts will grow up to produce only the best fruit.

And this I pray, that your love may abound yet more and more in knowledge and in all judgment; That ye may approve things that are excellent; that ye may be sincere and without offence till the day of Christ. Philippians 1:9

Grapes | Source

Mature Grapes And Making Wine

Once grapes are fully mature, they are ready to be pressed in the wine vats.

And in this mountain shall the LORD of hosts make unto all people a feast of fat things, a feast of wines on the lees, of fat things full of marrow, of wines on the lees well refined. Isaiah 25:6

Even at the point of producing the wine from the grape juice, we must remain vigilant.

And it shall come to pass at that time, that I will search Jerusalem with candles, and punish the men that are settled on their lees: that say in their heart, The LORD will not do good, neither will he do evil. Zephaniah 1:12

Being "settled on our lees," ties to slothfulness.

According to Strong's Concordance, the definition of "lees," from that very verse is:

1. Lees, Dregs

We've all heard terms such as, "these are the dregs of society." Dregs involved with wine are the sediments at the bottom of the barrel.

There are several biblical passages about laziness, and slothfulness.

Slothfulness casteth into a deep sleep; and an idle soul shall suffer hunger. Proverbs 19:15

I went by the field of the slothful, and by the vineyard of the man void of understanding; And, lo, it was all grown over with thorns, and nettles had covered the face thereof, and the stone wall thereof was broken down. Then I saw, and considered it well: I looked upon it, and received instruction. Yet a little sleep, a little slumber, a little folding of the hands to sleep: So shall thy poverty come as one that travelleth; and thy want as an armed man. Proverbs 24:30-34

Just as Jesus passed the cup to His disciples at the Last Supper, He passes the cup to us as we commune with Him. As we study His word prayerfully, we are communing.

There are different examples of those who "communed" within the scriptures. When we talk with one another, we are communing.

And he communed with them, saying, If it be your mind that I should bury my dead out of my sight; hear me, and intreat for me to Ephron the son of Zohar, Genesis 23:8

Just as people can commune over matters like Abraham did about the burial of his wife, we can also commune in matters that are not good:

They encourage themselves in an evil matter: they commune of laying snares privily; they say, Who shall see them? Psalms 64:5

We can even commune within ourselves, within our own hearts;

I communed with mine own heart, saying, Lo, I am come to great estate, and have gotten more wisdom than all they that have been before me in Jerusalem: yea, my heart had great experience of wisdom and knowledge. Ecclesiastes 1:16

God is aware of all theses types of communions. The most important and valuable communion that we can have at any time is a personal relationship with Jesus, the Son of the Living God.

Stand in awe, and sin not: commune with your own heart upon your bed, and be still. Selah. Psalms 4:4

© 2017 Betty A F


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    • Annkf profile image

      Betty A F 4 months ago from Florida

      God bless you too Charlie!

    • Annkf profile image

      Betty A F 4 months ago from Florida

      Thank you Kari, it's a joy sharing and studying these things. I intended to do an article that focused on all of the basic things that can be on our, "table," but there's so much involved with each type of food and drink that I decided to stay with one item at a time.

      I appreciate that you read them, and that you comment. It's encouraging.

      Thank you. :)

    • k@ri profile image

      Kari Poulsen 4 months ago from Ohio

      I like the way you handle these articles. It is true that we must remain vigilant. We must always be looking for God's truth. :)

    • celafoe profile image

      charlie 4 months ago from From Kingdom of God living on Planet earth. between the oceans

      another great and scriptural article. God bless you