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The Human Body: External and Internal Body Parts in Filipino

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Precy enjoys helping others learn to speak and appreciate the Filipino and Ilocano language. She also writes about Filipino culture.

Learn the body parts in Filipino/Tagalog.

Learn the body parts in Filipino/Tagalog.

As I ponder on what to write next, of all the articles I've written sharing the Filipino language from verbs, affixes to adjectives and more, it suddenly dawned on me that there's one topic I haven't thought of yet of writing: the body parts. They're an area I haven't tackled yet that need to be covered, since there isn't much about them online. Although it's probably one of the easiest areas to start with in learning Filipino that a language learner, both kids and adults alike, will want to start with when learning the language.

If you already know some of the body parts, that's great. But I want to share more, so let's cover both the external and internal body parts in Filipino/Tagalog in this article. Learn more vocabulary words using the tables below as we go through the body parts.

EnglishFilipino/Tagalog

head

ulo

scalp

anit

hair

buhok

forehead

noo

face

mukha

ears

tainga/tenga

eyes

mata

eyebrow

kilay

eyelid and eyelasses

pilik mata

nose

ilong

cheeks

mga pisngi

lips

mga labi

mouth

bibig

nape

batok

neck

leeg

arm

braso

shoulder

balikat

elbow

siko

hands

mga kamay

palm

palad

fingers

mga daliri

chest

dibdib

breasts

mga suso

nipples

mga utong

armpit

kili-kili

back

likod

navel

pusod

fingernail

kuko

skin

balat

body hair

balahibo

gray hair

uban

Some of the body parts above are pluralized. Two examples from the table are mga kamay, hands and mga pisngi for cheeks. In Filipino, mga is added before nouns to indicate the plural form.

Let's continue on the table below with more external body parts, from the waist down.

Body parts from the waist down.

EnglishFilipino/Tagalog

hip

baywang/bewang

groin

singit

butt

puwet/pwet

butt cheek

pisngi ng puwet

penis

titi

testicle

bayag/itlog

vagina

puki/pekpek

thigh

hita

legs

mga binti

feet

mga paa

heel

sakong

calf muscle

alak-alakan

knees

mga tuhod

ankle

bukong bukong

pubic hair

bulbol

nails

mga kuko

sole of the foot

talampakan

The Fingers and Toes in Filipino

Let's do the fingers and toes with the photo below from thumb to the little finger. Not only that the names of the fingers also apply to the toes, the word daliri which means finger is also the word used when referring to the toes.

To specify that it is the toes and not the fingers, sa paa is added for clarification. Paa means foot/feet. Hinlalaki sa paa for example means the big toe. To be more specific whether it is the left or the right big toe, the Filipino word for left, kaliwa and kanan for right is placed after the sa. Hinlalaki sa kanang paa means the big toe on the right foot. Hinliliit sa kaliwang paa means the little toe on the left foot.

body-parts-in-tagalog-the-complete-guide

The names of the five fingers in Filipino.

EnglishFilipino/Tagalog

thumb

hinlalaki

index finger

hintuturo

middle finger

hinlalato

ring finger

palasingsingan

pinky/little finger

hinliliit

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Internal Body Parts

Let's now start with internal body parts from the head down. There are many internal body parts with no Filipino/Tagalog counterparts, reason why often Filipino healthcare professionals such as doctors for example use English words while speaking mostly in Filipino.

The Filipino/Tagalog word for the skull is bungo, while utak means brain which you can also find on the next table below after we tackle next the parts of the mouth. I wouldn't be discussing some in more details such as the parts of the skull tackling the cranial bones for instance since those are the perfect example of the internal body parts that don't have Filipino words.

Parts of the Mouth

Parts of the mouth (bibig).

Parts of the mouth (bibig).

The parts of the mouth in Filipino.

EnglishFilipino/Tagalog

mouth

bibig

gum

gilagid

palate

ngalangala

tongue

dila

teeth

mga ngipin

tonsil

tonsil

saliva

laway

lip

labi

Let's continue with more internal body parts on the table below. Some of them are pluralized which I already mentioned earlier, by placing mga before the body part.

EnglishFilipino

skull

bungo

brain

utak

teeth

mga ngipin

throat

lalamunan

muscle

kalamnan

vein

ugat

heart

puso

lungs

mga baga

liver

atay

intestines

mga bituka

liver

apdo

blood

dugo

stomach

tiyan/tyan

bones

mga buto

ovary

obaryo

gallbladder

pantog

pancreas

lapay

anus

tumbong

cartilage

kartilago

uterus

bahay-bata

Malaking bituka is the large intestines and maliit na bituka is when referring to the small intestines. With the lungs, kanang baga is when referring to the right lung. Kaliwang baga for the left lung.

The Bodily Excretions

The excretory organs are responsible for removing the wastes out of the body through excretion. Luckily, there are Filipino words for these. From urine, sweat, to boogers, ear wax and more bodily excretions, you can find these all on the table below.

Excretions of the Body

Nine bodily excretions in Filipino.

EnglishFilipino/Tagalog

ear wax

tutuli

eye gunk

muta

tears

luha

mucus

sipon

booger

kulangot

phlegm

plema

sweat

pawis

urine

ihi

poop/feces

tae

mentruation

regla

Popo is another word which means poop. Wewe for urine. These words are nonstandard, often used and heard from young kids.

This is most likely an almost complete list of body parts, but like I said earlier, there are a lot of body parts with no Filipino words.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

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