Book of Genesis for Beginners: Chapters 38-42
Potiphar’s Wife Grabs Joseph
Genesis Chapter 38
Judah Sleeps With Tamar
- Israel’s son Judah went away in Canaan, where the Adullamites were and found a woman named Shua. Judah and Shua had three children named Er, Onan, and Shelah. Judah’s sons grew and Er married Tamar. Er was a bad man and God killed him. Judah told Onan to take Tamar as his wife to fill Er’s position. Onan was also a bad man and God killed him. Shelah was too young to marry, so Judah told Tamar to be a widow until Shelah was old enough to marry.
- Tamar knew that Shelah would be too afraid to marry her for fear of death from God so she set Judah up to sleep with her. Judah went to his sheep shearer’s place and was about to enter the gate when Tamar, who was dressed as a prostitute, came to Judah. Judah wanted to sleep with Tamar thinking she was a prostitute. They made a payment arrangement consisting of Judah’s signet, cord, and staff as collateral until he got her a young goat from his flock. Judah and Tamar slept together. Judah and Tamar went their own ways after that. Judah came back with a young goat, but Tamar never came back.
- Three months later, Judah was told that Tamar was immoral and was pregnant. Judah ordered Tamar to be burned for her immorality. Tamar told Judah to identify the items that she had in her possessions. Tamar showed Judah the signet, cord, and staff. Judah recognized that the signet, cord, and staff as his and realized that Tamar was pregnant with his baby. Judah called off Tamar’s burning. Tamar had twins named Perez and Zerah.
Genesis Chapter 39
Joseph Runs From Potiphar’s Wife
- Joseph was sold to an officer of Pharaoh’s guards named Potiphar. Potiphar was the captain of the guards in Egypt and wealthy because of it. Joseph prospered as Potiphar’s slave and quickly became a servant in Potiphar’s house. Potiphar knew that Joseph was blessed by God because everything that Joseph did prosper. Potiphar made Joseph the overseer of the house shortly after.
- Potiphar’s wife wanted to sleep with Joseph, but he refused to do so on the grounds that it would displease Potiphar and God. Day after day, Potiphar’s wife would try to get Joseph to sleep with her, but he kept refusing to do so. One day Joseph went in the house to clean and Potiphar’s wife grabbed him by his garment and tried to pull him close to her. Joseph took his garment off of him and ran out of the house to avoid problems.
- Potiphar’s wife wanted revenge on Joseph so she gathered the men of the house and showed them Joseph’s robe as proof that Joseph wanted to sleep with her. Potiphar’s wife told the men and then Potiphar that Joseph made an advance on her until she screamed for help. Then she said that Joseph ran away, leaving his garment behind. Potiphar captured Joseph and put him in the king’s prison.
- While in the king’s prison, Joseph found favor with the keeper of the prison and was put in charge of all the other prisoners. God was with Joseph while he was in prison and Joseph prospered in the king’s prison as a result.
Joseph Interprets Dreams in Prison
Genesis Chapter 40
Joseph Interprets the Prisoners Dreams
- The Pharaoh’s head cupbearer and head baker committed a crime and wes sent to the king’s prison where Joseph was in charge of. One night the cupbearer and baker dreamed each a separate dream and then woke up the next day troubled by them. Joseph came to the cupbearer and the baker and asked what was troubling them so much. They said that they each had a dream and could not interpret them. Joseph said that interpretations of dreams were for God to interpret and then prayed about it.
- The cupbearer told Joseph the dream and God interpreted the dream to Joseph. Joseph told the cupbearer that in three days Pharaoh would put him back at his cupbearer position. Joseph asked the cupbearer to remember him and to speak highly of him to Pharaoh, so Pharaoh will get him out of prison.
- The baker told Joseph his dream and God interpreted the dream to Joseph. Joseph told the baker that in three days Pharaoh would kill him by hanging him on a tree. Three days passed and Pharaoh had a birthday. The Pharaoh gave the cupbearer back his position and hanged the baker. The cupbearer did not remember Joseph and Joseph stayed in prison.
Joseph Meets Pharaoh
Genesis Chapter 41
Joseph Interprets Pharaoh's Dreams
- Pharaoh had two dreams one night and woke up the next day troubled by what he dreamt. Pharaohs gathered all his magicians and wise men. Pharaoh told them to interpret the dreams, but they couldn't.
- Pharaoh was not pleased with his people. The cupbearer remembered that Joseph successfully interpreted his dream and the bakers dream while he was in prison. The cupbearer told Pharaoh what Joseph did concerning his dream and the baker's dream.
- Pharaoh had Joseph come to him and told Joseph to interpret the two dreams that he dreamt. Joseph told Pharaoh that God was the one who interprets the dreams and then he prayed. Pharaoh told the two dreams to Joseph.
- Joseph told to Pharaoh that the two dreams were actually one dream. Joseph told Pharaoh that the land of Egypt would prosper for seven years and then there would be seven years of famine in Pharaoh's land of Egypt.
- Joseph suggested that Pharaoh find a wise man and set him in charge over the land. The wise man would be head over overseers that would be in charge of gathering one fifth of all the harvest for seven years. The harvest that would be collected would be stored for the seven years of famine.
- Pharaoh believed what Joseph told him and put Joseph in charge over all the land concerning the harvest gathering. Pharaoh gave Joseph fine clothes, a chariot, the priest's daughter in marriage, and changed his name to Zaphenath-paneah. Pharaoh told all his people that there was no one higher in the land of Egypt than Joseph except Pharaoh and told everyone to bow down to Joseph.
- Just as God told Joseph what would happen, Egypt prospered for seven years and Joseph had the people gather one-fifth of their harvest. Then seven years of famine hit and Joseph sold the stored harvest to all who came. Soon, people from all over the world came to buy the harvest from Joseph.
- During the seven prosperous years in Egypt, Joseph and the priest's daughter, Asenath, had two children named Manasseh and Ephraim.
Genesis Chapter 42
Joseph's Brothers go to Egypt
- Israel heard that there was grain for sell in Egypt, so he sent all of his sons to Egypt to buy grain except for his son Benjamin in case something was to happen to his sons along the way.
- Joseph's Brothers came to Egypt and waited in line to buy some Grain from Joseph. Joseph recognized his brothers, but they did not recognize him. Joseph met his brothers and wanted to keep his identity from them.
- Joseph asked his brothers why they came and then accused them of spying on his land. Joseph held his brothers captive and told them the only way they could prove their innocence was to bring their youngest brother to testify on their behalf or they would die.
- Joseph told his brothers that one of them had to stay captive while they went to bring their youngest brother back. The brothers chose Simeon to stay captive on their behalf. The brothers were given provisions for their journey from Joseph. On the way back, the brothers noticed that the money they gave for the provisions were given back to them - it confused them.
- Israel's sons came back to Israel and they told him what took place. Israel’s sons told Israel that Simeon was taken captive until they brought their youngest brother. The brothers asked Israel to let Benjamin go to prove their innocence, but Israel refused to let Benjamin go because he could not bear to lose all of his sons in case they were killed on their journey to Egypt.
Dreamcoat Part 16 — Brothers Come to Egypt/Grovel
What do You Think?
Do you think Joseph should have not hidden his identity from his brothers in Egypt?
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