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Brave American Airmen. Tony Keeps Their Memory Alive

Travel and history are favorite interests of Liz and her husband. In her writing she often likes to delve into the history behind the sites.

The memorial to the 'Mi Amigo' air crew.

The memorial to the 'Mi Amigo' air crew.

Picture The Scene

Young boys are scuffling on the grass in Endcliffe Park, Sheffield, northern England. It is 22nd February 1944. A plane circles overhead. The noise of the engines increases as the plane gets lower. The boys can see the crew waving at them. They wave back. Something is wrong. Black smoke is belching from the plane. The engines are making a sputtering sound. The boys run, as the crew wave frantically for them to get out of the way. The pilot maneuvers the plane to avoid the boys. The plane is struggling to gain height. There is a big explosion as it crashes into trees at the base of a hill on the other side of the park. All 10 crew members are dead.

The Facts

Earlier that day, 'Mi Amigo', a B-17 bomber with 10 crew members on board, had been part of a U.S. bomber group that had taken off from Chelveston Airfield, Northamptonshire. Their mission was to carry out a daylight raid on a Luftwaffe military airbase at Aalborg in occupied Denmark.

The military airbase at Aalborg was shrouded in fog and they were unable to locate it. German enemy fighters set upon the formation of American bombers. Three B-17s were shot down and the remainder fled back across the North Sea, jettisoning their bombs en route.

'Mi Amigo' had been badly damaged. The plane emerged from the clouds over the city of Sheffield. The engines were failing. when the pilot spotted the green of Endcliffe Park and descended to attempt a landing. The ten crew members who died that day were:

  • First Lieutenant John Kriegshauser (pilot)
  • Second Lieutenant Lyle Curtis (co-pilot)
  • Second Lieutenant John Humphrey (navigator)
  • Staff Sergeant Harry Estabrooks (flight engineer/top turret gunner)
  • Second Lieutenant Melchor Hernandez (bombardier)
  • Staff Sergeant Robert Mayfield (radio operator)
  • Sergeant Charles Tuttle (ball turret gunner)
  • Sergeant Vito Ambrosio (waist gunner)
  • Sergeant George Williams (waist gunner)
  • Sergeant Maurice Robbins (tail gunner)

'Mi Amigo's' Last Flight

The Years Roll On

Three of the crew members, Harry Estabrooks, Charles Tuttle, and Maurice Robbins were laid to rest at the American Cemetery, Cambridge UK. The remains of the others were returned home after the war.

In 1969 a memorial stone was placed at the crash site and 10 oak trees were planted in memory of the 10 American airmen. There has been a memorial service and an annual commemoration since, apart from February 2021, when it was canceled due to COVID-19.

The memorial to the 'Mi Amigo' crew.

The memorial to the 'Mi Amigo' crew.

Tony's Story

Tony Foulds was one of the boys who had gathered at Endcliffe Park on Tuesday 22nd February 1944. He was 8 years old. He never forgot the events he had witnessed that day. The memory of the American airmen who lost their lives remained with him.

Tony felt in some way guilty for their deaths and he made it his mission in life to tend the crash site in memory of the dead airmen. He planted flowers there, which he tended and he diligently swept the leaves away and kept the site in good order.

Tony's devotion continues to this day. Several times a week he makes the journey on three buses from his home to tend the memorial site.

A Chance Meeting

BBC Breakfast presenter, Dan Walker sometimes walks his dog in Endcliffe Park. One day he took a slightly different route and came across a man sweeping leaves up by a memorial. Offering to help, Dan got into a conversation with Tony, who told him the story of the crash and his devotion to maintaining the site in memory of the dead airmen.

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Tony told Dan how he wanted the council to tarmac the path and that he would dearly love a flypast to mark the 75th anniversary of the crash. Saying "Leave it with me", Dan left, wondering how he could help Tony achieve his dream.

Dreams Start to Come True

Dan was true to his word. After leaving Tony, he quickly verified the story and then contacted the US Embassy and RAF Lakenheath (hosting base for United States Air Force units and personnel). He also asked his Twitter followers for help. The feedback he received was very positive. High-ranking members of the RAF and US Air Force offered to help. The story took off globally.

Several days later, a group of people turned up to paint the fences around the memorial. The local council arranged for a contractor to tarmac the path and steps to the memorial. A local school crowdfunded a flagpole. A flypast was even being talked about in the House of Commons.

Everything was coming together. Dan invited Tony to come into the BBC Breakfast studio on 22nd January 2019 to meet Woody Johnson, the US ambassador to the UK. Emotions ran high as a live link to RAF Lakenheath confirmed that Tony would get the 75th-anniversary flypast he so much wanted.


Despite the concern that weather conditions might cause problems for the flypast, all was well on 22nd February. Thousands of people gathered with Tony at Endcliffe Park to witness the historic occasion of US Air Force and RAF planes flying over in honor of the 10 men who lost their lives when 'Mi Amigo' crashed 75 years before.

One person was absent on the day. Dan Walker was in Africa to climb Mount Kilimanjaro in aid of charity.

Looking down on the memorial with the plants tended by Tony.

Looking down on the memorial with the plants tended by Tony.

Meeting Tony

We visited Endcliffe Park a few months after the flypast. Staying in the area and having heard the story, we were interested to see the memorial. Parking on the road opposite the park, we were very aware of the cluster of pre-war housing nearby and how much worse the tragedy could have been. We could see the grassy area, a cafe, and a wooded hill behind it, but there were no signs to point us towards the memorial. Spotting the top of a flagpole through the trees, we headed towards it, crossing a stream with stepping stones.

Ahead of us, we saw a flagpole with an information board below it and some wreaths. To the side, there were steps up to a fenced area, which surrounded the memorial. There were plants, flowers, and wreaths around it. People were gathered below the memorial. Some had American accents. Photographs were being taken and a man introduced himself to us as the Chairman of Sheffield Rotarians. They were apparently hosting a group of US Rotarians.

After a while, we noticed that they were crowding around a man, who was wearing a cap with 'Mi Amigo' on it. There were shouts of 'Tony, look this way' and 'Tony, over here'. Somebody appeared with a pendant, which was presented to Tony to mark the occasion. He was invited to join them for a meal in the evening and then they were gone, off to the next location on their trip.

The three of us were left. Tony still proudly clutching his pendant. We struck up a conversation and ended up joining him for a cup of tea in the nearby cafe.

A Fascinating Conversation

Tony was very pleased with his newly acquired pendant. He showed us a new memorial bench which he had received the previous day. It seemed that a visit to America was being lined up for him by the Rotarians. He told us of his busy calendar. He would be seeing the American Ambassador, going to the American cemetery near Cambridge, visiting Bomber Command in Lincolnshire, collecting plaques made for him and Dan Walker by prisoners in Leicester prison and he had been invited to speak at a school in Portsmouth.

Going into schools and speaking to 8-year-olds about his experience is especially close to Tony's heart. He was 8 years old himself when he witnessed the crash of 'Mi Amigo'.

Tony spoke of his regret that there was no memorial to the US airmen until 1969. Recent events have made up for this omission.

When we expressed surprise that the US flag is not on the flagpole. Tony explained that this would require a bugler morning and night to raise and lower the flag. A special 'Mi Amigo' flag has been made instead.

I said that I had been concerned about weather conditions affecting the flypast. Tony's response was "I knew it would be alright. They (the crew of Mi Amigo) told me." Twice a year he sleeps in the park. It is very dark and he hears the wonderful noises of the animals in the park.

Tony spoke highly of Dan Walker the BBC Breakfast presenter who did so much to break his story and help him achieve his dream.

Much has changed for Tony Foulds. He now has the status of a local celebrity. He has been given a Sheffield Legend Award and a plaque on Sheffield Town Hall Walk of Fame. In April he was awarded the True Englishman Award 2019 by the St. George's Day Club.

Please, Mr. President

There is just one more wish that Tony has to fulfill. He would love to shake hands with the American President. To his mind, shaking hands with "the most powerful man in the world" would be amazing.

He regretted not remembering to ask the US Rotarians about his chances of meeting the President. We reminded him that he could always ask when he met them for a meal later. We also suggested he mention it to the US Ambassador when he next sees him.

Further Information

The memorial to the crew of 'Mi Amigo'.

The memorial to the crew of 'Mi Amigo'.

An Update

Sorrow Turns to Joy

In the early hours of Saturday, July 10th, 2021, the memorial was targeted by vandals. They smashed plant pots and ripped up flags. Tony Foulds was devastated. When BBC presenter Dan Walker highlighted the damage, RAF Mildenhall in Suffolk donated a flag. The American flag is treasured by Tony. It is especially significant, as on 6th June 2021 it was flown over Omaha beach in Normandy, France to commemorate the 77th anniversary of D-Day.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2019 Liz Westwood


Liz Westwood (author) from UK on June 11, 2020:

Thanks for dropping by, Peggy. I heard that Tony's son had agreed to continue tending the site in the future.

Peggy Woods from Houston, Texas on June 11, 2020:

I pray that Tony is doing well during this pandemic. Hopefully, someone younger is caring for this memorial, and he is sheltering in place. It would be nice if some younger people would start tending it in any case, given Tony's age. He would then know that his efforts will be continued long into the future.

greg cain from Moscow, Idaho, USA on May 22, 2020:

Yes, and yes.

Fingers crossed for a vaccine so reliance on other processes can decrease or terminate altogether.

I understand Bentwaters closed down in the early 90s, and I was sad to learn of it. Would like to have gone there one day to see my birthplace. I may still do that now you say there's a museum there. I was very much a Cold War warrior myself, and the history of that interests me greatly.

Liz Westwood (author) from UK on May 22, 2020:

Our situation is the reverse. I have not been across the Atlantic, but hope to one day. I had not heard of RAF Bentwaters before. Apparently it is no longer used as an airbase and has been sold off. It seems that there's a business park on the site and also a Cold War museum, which sounds interesting.

I hope that when the situation improves, you can get back to Europe for a visit. By all accounts, Germany has handled the pandemic crisis a little better than other countries.

greg cain from Moscow, Idaho, USA on May 22, 2020:

Wise, those words: "in the hope that it would prevent armed conflicts in the future." It's a noble endeavor, and one to which I hope we all continue to contribute. Thanks again, Liz. I hope one day to get over to Europe and see more. So rich in history, so much to explore. Though I was born in the UK (RAF Bentwaters), my father got reassigned back to the US when I was 3 months old. Hard as it is to believe, my own 30 years in service did not put me in Europe except as a passerby enroute to elsewhere, instead I did mostly CONUS and Pacific assignments. The first time I visited mainland Europe (Germany, where my son was attending university) was in November 2019, believe it or not. Can't wait to go back and visit again someday, see more of it when the world approaches something more like 'normal.'

Liz Westwood (author) from UK on May 22, 2020:

I recall trips over to France and Belgium, when occasionally we have visited nearby museums, war graves and battlefields, mainly related to World War l. We once talked to a hotel manager in Ghent, Belgium about a visit we were planning to Ypres. He recommended a museum there in the town hall, that Belgian school children visited. In his view it was important that the younger generation learnt about the war in the hope that it would prevent armed conflicts in the future.

greg cain from Moscow, Idaho, USA on May 22, 2020:

There were indeed many Americans, but then there were also many of all nationalities who died during that horrendous conflict. Too many, to be sure. It is nice to see some of them commemorated in such fashion as in the case of Tony, as in the case of an entire dedicated cemetery. That there's need for such things is the tragedy, of course.

Liz Westwood (author) from UK on May 21, 2020:

Thank you for your comment, Greg. The story was big on BBC breakfast over winter last year. It was picked up by chance as the presenter met Tony while walking his dog in the park near Sheffield. I wonder how the memorial is being tended now during the pandemic, as Tony is of the age that should be shielding at home?

I was interested to hear of your former profession. A few years before we met Tony, we visited the American cemetery outside Cambridge. It was moving to realise that the graves there represented just a fraction of American servicemen who lost their lives in World War ll.

greg cain from Moscow, Idaho, USA on May 21, 2020:

Liz - Oh, this story! Tony Foulds and Mi Amigo. As an Airman myself, a retired USAF bomber pilot, this story very literally brought a tear to my eye. I also read more about it at and was somewhat surprised that your recounting was the first I’d heard about all this. Thank you for telling the story for the rest of us. I can imagine it was an honor and a thrill to meet Tony in person. His is a wonderful story and yours is a wonderful telling of it. Bless the crew of Mi Amigo, the stricken aircraft and its crew of 10 great Americans; bless Tony and his quest; but mostly bless you greatly for covering it so eloquently, for sharing it with us. What a great tribute to Mr. Tony and all the rest. Nicely done.

Liz Westwood (author) from UK on May 18, 2020:

Thank you for your very encouraging comment, Sharon.

Sharon R Hill on May 18, 2020:

This is an expertly crafted Hub.

Liz Westwood (author) from UK on May 08, 2020:

Thank you for your comment, Sankhajit.

Sankhajit Bhattacharjee from MILWAUKEE on May 08, 2020:

beautiful pictures and elegant writings

Liz Westwood (author) from UK on May 03, 2020:

Thanks for your comment, Marcy. I think we would have heard if a meeting was going to happen with President Trump. I'm not sure how Tony is managing to look after the site during lockdown, as he falls within the age group that should be staying at home.

Marcy Bialeschki from Cerro Gordo, IL on May 03, 2020:

What a fascinating story. And what a thing for a young boy to witness. The event has obviously impacted his entire life. Do you know any more on having him meet President Trump?

Liz Westwood (author) from UK on April 28, 2020:

I was just wondering the same thing myself recently. As Tony is of an age when he should be staying at home because of vulnerability to COVID-19 I hope someone else is looking after the memorial.

Denise McGill from Fresno CA on April 27, 2020:

I hope he is able to keep it up while people are sheltering in place and not able to come out and visit the site.



Liz Westwood (author) from UK on February 20, 2020:

Thank you for dropping by again, Peggy. His is a remarkable story.

Peggy Woods from Houston, Texas on February 20, 2020:

I enjoyed reading this again. Tony is an amazing man! The memorial is lovely.

Liz Westwood (author) from UK on January 27, 2020:

Thank you for your comment, J C . Tony's has been an interesting story to follow.

JC Scull on January 27, 2020:

Very engaging article. Excellent.

Liz Westwood (author) from UK on January 08, 2020:

Thank you for your comment, Umesh. This was a departure from travel articles for me, but it was a story too good to pass by without narrating it. It was an uncanny experience, standing in the park and hearing Tony's wartime account.

Umesh Chandra Bhatt from Kharghar, Navi Mumbai, India on January 07, 2020:

Very detailed, well written and useful article. One feels as one is strolling there. Nice.

Liz Westwood (author) from UK on January 02, 2020:

Thank you for your comment, Lora. This article was a departure from the usual travel articles I like to write. It was a story well worth narrating. It's important to remember those who sacrificed their lives for the good of others.

Liz Westwood (author) from UK on January 02, 2020:

Thank you for your comment, Denise. Tony had an interesting story to tell. We were privileged to meet him.