English Grammar: Types of Nouns - Owlcation - Education
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English Grammar: Types of Nouns

Author:

L. Sarhan has a B.A. in English and Creative Writing. She working toward an M.A. in Marketing Communications and social media marketing.

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Nouns are all around us in our daily lives. There is no escaping them. However, there are many types of nouns and grammar rules to go with them. A noun is a word that is used to name a person, place, thing, or idea. Understanding how nouns are classified doesn’t have to be as difficult as you might think. First, you will need to understand exactly what a noun is before examining the different types of nouns.

Examples of nouns:

person - child, teacher, parents, lawyer, tourist, quarterback, Mr. Lee

place - Egypt, school, restaurant, desert, house, city, store

thing - desk, pencil, apple, bridge, pet, boats, planes, computer

idea - beliefs, freedom, happiness, dreams, education

Exercise 1: Identifying Nouns

For each question, choose the best answer. The answer key is below.

  1. Identify the noun(s) in the following sentence. The cat jumped over the chair.
    • cat, chair
    • cat
    • jumped
    • chair
  2. Identify the noun(s) in the following sentence. The dog played with a ball.
    • dog
    • played
    • ball
    • dog, ball
  3. Identify the noun(s) in the following sentence. The kite is stuck in the tree.
    • kite
    • tree
    • kite, tree
    • stuck
  4. Identify the noun(s) in the following sentence. The car is blue.
    • car
    • is
    • blue
    • car, blue
  5. Identify the noun(s) in the following sentence. Tammy carries a crystal for good luck.
    • Tammy
    • crystal
    • luck
    • Tammy, crystal, luck
    • Tammy, crystal
  6. Identify the noun(s) in the following sentence. John tripped over the skateboard.
    • John, skateboard
    • John
    • tripped
    • skateboard
  7. Identify the noun(s) in the following sentence. Some religious leaders are known for their wisdom and courage.
    • leaders
    • leaders, wisdom, courage
    • wisdom, courage
    • Some, leaders, wisdom, courage
  8. Identify the noun(s) in the following sentence. Ali handed Nadeem two figs.
    • Ali
    • Nadeem
    • figs
    • Ali, Nadeem
    • Ali, Nadeem, figs
  9. Identify the noun(s) in the following sentence. The desk is messy.
    • desk
    • is
    • messy
    • desk, messy
  10. Identify the noun(s) in the following sentence. The book hit the floor loudly.
    • book
    • floor
    • book, floor
    • loudly

Answer Key

  1. cat, chair
  2. dog, ball
  3. kite, tree
  4. car
  5. Tammy, crystal, luck
  6. John, skateboard
  7. leaders, wisdom, courage
  8. Ali, Nadeem, figs
  9. desk
  10. book, floor

Proper Nouns

Proper nouns name a specific name of a person, place, thing, or idea. All proper nouns are capitalized because it specifying the name of something or someone. Examples of proper nouns include Mr. Scott, Sophie Johnson, Iraq, Ohio, Cairo, and Charlotte’s Web.

For every proper noun there is always a common noun that coincides with it. However, not all common nouns have a proper noun equivalent. One common example of this is the word dust. Dust is a common noun but because there is no specific kind of dust there is not a proper nouns equivalent.

Examples:

Jamie bought a book. [Jamie is a proper noun because it is the name of a girl.]

Dubai is a beautiful city. [Dubai is a proper noun because it is the name of a city.]

Common Nouns

Common nouns name a type of person, place, thing, or idea. Because common nouns usually don’t name anything specific they are not capitalized unless it is at the start of a sentence. Common nouns are often subdivided as either countable or uncountable nouns and classified as either abstract nouns or concrete nouns. Examples of common nouns include woman, man, country, state, city, book, language.

Examples:

The table is covered in dust. [The words table and dust are both common nouns.]

The woman sat down. [The word woman is a common noun.]

Exercise 2: Proper Nouns vs. Common Nouns

For each question, choose the best answer. The answer key is below.

  1. Nancy Stevenson
    • common noun
    • proper noun
  2. table
    • common noun
    • proper noun
  3. cat
    • common noun
    • proper noun
  4. Mr. Cuddles
    • common noun
    • proper noun
  5. Egypt
    • common noun
    • proper noun
  6. airplane
    • common noun
    • proper noun
  7. camel
    • common noun
    • proper noun
  8. car
    • common noun
    • proper noun
  9. Chrysler
    • common noun
    • proper noun
  10. New York City
    • common noun
    • proper noun

Answer Key

  1. proper noun
  2. common noun
  3. common noun
  4. proper noun
  5. proper noun
  6. common noun
  7. common noun
  8. common noun
  9. proper noun
  10. proper noun

Countable Nouns

Countable nouns are nouns in which we can count. Countable nouns can be either singular or plural. When a countable noun is plural it signifies more than one of something. Examples of countable nouns include man, woman, cat, dog, cup, plate, table, chair, book, box.

Examples singular and plural nouns:

Jamie’s cat is playful. [singular]

Timothy’s cats are hungry. [plural]

When a countable noun is singular, you should use one of the following words with it, such as a, an, the, this, or my.

Examples:

I want to eat a banana.

Where are my keys?

Please hand me the newspaper.

In most cases when a countable noun is plural, it can be used alone. However sometimes you can use words such as some, any, a few, these, or many with the countable noun.

Examples:

I like milkshakes.

Milkshakes are cold.

I have many friends.

Uncountable Nouns

Uncountable nouns, also called mass nouns, are nouns in which we cannot divide individually. In other words, we cannot count them. Examples of uncountable nouns include love, music, advice, money, happiness, sugar, water, news, furniture. Uncountable nouns are typically treated as if they are singular, therefore you should use a singular verb.

Examples:

This advice is very valuable.

Your artwork looks beautiful.

You also shouldn’t use an indefinite article (a/an) in front of an uncountable noun. For example, you wouldn’t say “an advice” or “a sugar”. However you can say “a something of” before an uncountable noun. You can also use the words some, any, a little, or much in front of an uncountable noun.

Examples:

a piece of advice

a grain of sand

a bottle of milk

Do you have any sugar?

Stanley gave us some news.

I only have a little money left.

I can’t find any information on the topic.

Some nouns can be countable and uncountable depending on their usage, which often changes their meaning. For example, drinks, such as water, coffee, and juice, are typically considered to be uncountable nouns but when referring to a cup of coffee or a glass of something to drink then it becomes a countable noun.

Exercise 3: Countable vs. Uncountable Nouns

For each question, choose the best answer. The answer key is below.

  1. rice
    • countable noun
    • uncountable noun
    • depends on usage in the sentence
  2. cookie(s)
    • countable noun
    • uncountable noun
    • depends on usage in the sentence
  3. milk
    • countable noun
    • uncountable noun
    • depends on usage in the sentence
  4. room(s)
    • countable noun
    • uncountable noun
    • depends on usage in the sentence
  5. dog(s)
    • countable noun
    • uncountable noun
    • depends on usage in the sentence
  6. hair
    • countable noun
    • uncountable noun
    • depends on usage in the sentence
  7. paper(s)
    • countable noun
    • uncountable noun
    • depends on usage in the sentence
  8. box(es)
    • countable noun
    • uncountable noun
    • depends on usage in the sentence
  9. time(s)
    • countable noun
    • uncountable noun
    • depends on usage in the sentence
  10. chair(s)
    • countable noun
    • uncountable noun
    • depends on usage in the sentence

Answer Key

  1. uncountable noun
  2. countable noun
  3. uncountable noun
  4. depends on usage in the sentence
  5. countable noun
  6. uncountable noun
  7. depends on usage in the sentence
  8. countable noun
  9. depends on usage in the sentence
  10. countable noun

Exercise 4: Concrete vs. Abstract Nouns

For each question, choose the best answer. The answer key is below.

  1. They say money can't buy happiness. What type of noun is the word "happiness"?
    • concrete noun
    • abstract noun
  2. Jane sat in the red velvet chair. What type of noun is the word "chair"?
    • concrete noun
    • abstract noun
  3. Ted enjoys his freedom to travel. What type of noun is the word "freedom"?
    • concrete noun
    • abstract noun
  4. It takes time to learn a new language. What type of noun is the word "time"?
    • concrete noun
    • abstract noun
  5. Scott bought a new car. What type of noun is the word "car"?
    • concrete noun
    • abstract noun
  6. Abed dropped his phone in the pool. What type of noun is the word "phone"?
    • concrete noun
    • abstract noun
  7. Amira makes her bed every morning. What type of noun is the word "bed"?
    • concrete noun
    • abstract noun
  8. The criminals were brought to justice. What type of noun is the word "justice"?
    • concrete noun
    • abstract noun
  9. Cammie received an award for her creativity. What type of noun is the word "creativity"?
    • concrete noun
    • abstract noun
  10. Harry took a cookie from the jar. What type of noun is the word "cookie"?
    • concrete noun
    • abstract noun

Answer Key

  1. abstract noun
  2. concrete noun
  3. abstract noun
  4. abstract noun
  5. concrete noun
  6. concrete noun
  7. concrete noun
  8. abstract noun
  9. abstract noun
  10. concrete noun

Concrete Nouns

A concrete noun is a noun that is perceived by one of the senses. This simply means that if you can touch it, see it, hear it, smell it, or taste it, then the noun is a concrete noun. For example, clocks and be physically seen. You can even touch them to set the correct time. However, time has no physical existence. It is merely a concept so it is considered an abstract noun instead of a concrete noun.

Examples of concrete nouns:

cats, mug, food, flower, water, lamp, television, telephone, clock.

Abstract Nouns

An abstract noun names a characteristic, a quality, or an idea. So basically, it includes nouns that you cannot touch, see, hear, smell, or taste physically.

Examples of abstract nouns:

strength, confidence, ambition, joy, beauty, time

Collective Nouns

Collective nouns are nouns that name a group of people, places, things, or ideas. They can be used as both singular and plural. Collective nouns are often used to describe groups of animals or groups of people. They are also used to describe groups within business and governmental organizations.

Examples of collective nouns:

family, team, dancers, fleet, flock, herd, staff, department

Exercise 5: Identifying Collective Nouns

For each question, choose the best answer. The answer key is below.

  1. Which word is considered to be a collective noun?
    • daughter
    • family
    • mother
  2. Which word is considered to be a collective noun?
    • class
    • students
    • teacher
  3. Which word is considered to be a collective noun?
    • bats
    • beavers
    • colony
  4. Which word is considered to be a collective noun?
    • flock
    • birds
    • eagles
  5. Which word is considered to be a collective noun?
    • band
    • students
    • musicians
  6. Which word is considered to be a collective noun?
    • trucks
    • caravan
    • tents
  7. Which word is considered to be a collective noun?
    • congregation
    • preacher
    • book
  8. Which word is considered to be a collective noun?
    • wolves
    • coyotes
    • pack
  9. Which word is considered to be a collective noun?
    • whales
    • pod
    • dolphins
  10. Which word is considered to be a collective noun?
    • bouquet
    • tulips
    • roses

Answer Key

  1. family
  2. class
  3. colony
  4. flock
  5. band
  6. caravan
  7. congregation
  8. pack
  9. pod
  10. bouquet

Compound Nouns

Compound nouns are made up of two or more words that are used together to signify a single noun. Sometimes these nouns are written as one word (a compound word) or separated into two words. Some compound nouns can be written as hyphenated words, as well.

Examples of compound nouns:

one word - newspaper, sidewalk, driveway

separate words - prime minister, fire drill, telephone pole

hyphenated words - son-in-law, great-grandmother, jack-o’-lantern

Exercise 6: Identifying Adjectival Nouns

For each question, choose the best answer. The answer key is below.

  1. Which sentence uses the noun "ticket" as an adjective?
    • Adam bought a ticket to the show.
    • Amy works in the ticket office.
  2. Which sentence uses the noun "tennis" as an adjective?
    • Robbie's favorite sport is tennis.
    • Kevin left his tennis shoes in his locker.
  3. Which sentence uses the noun "shoe" as an adjective?
    • Nancy walked into the shoe shop.
    • Betty bought a new pair of shoes.
  4. Which sentence uses the noun "football" as an adjective?
    • Jared plays football after school.
    • Mr. Harrison is a great football coach.
  5. Which sentence uses the noun "cookie" as an adjective?
    • Tim broke the cookie jar.
    • Tom likes to have a cookie after lunch.

Answer Key

  1. Amy works in the ticket office.
  2. Kevin left his tennis shoes in his locker.
  3. Nancy walked into the shoe shop.
  4. Mr. Harrison is a great football coach.
  5. Tim broke the cookie jar.

Adjectival Nouns

Adjectival nouns are nouns that function as adjective. A noun that is placed in front of another noun to help modify the noun make the modifying noun an adjective. Typically you would use an article in front of the word, such as a, an, or the.

Examples:

The young boys played outside all day. [The word young is used as an adjective]

The young are more active in the summer. [The word young is being used as a noun]

Adverbial Nouns

Adverbial nouns are adverbs that function as nouns depending on how it is used in the sentence. These types of nouns are usually used as modifiers to provide more details to the verb or adjective to give it more value. Often adverbial nouns refer to some kind of measurement such as distance or direction. They answer questions such as, “how far”, “how long”, “how much”, or “which way”.

Examples:

Samir drove east. [Samir drove which way?]

Joseph walked south for an hour. [Joseph walked which way? Joseph walked for how long?]

This candy bar is only worth a dollar. [How much is the candy bar?]

Animate Nouns

An animate noun is a noun that refers to things that are alive such as people, animals, and other living things. Some examples of animate nouns include trees, deer, squirrel, boy, girl, dog, flower.

Inanimate Nouns

An inanimate noun is a noun that refers to something that is not living, such as paper, bed, dresser, or computer. Inanimate nouns are not typically found in possessive form by adding an apostrophe and “s”. However there are a few exceptions, such as “yesterday’s news”.

Example:

the car’s tire [incorrect]

the car tire [correct]

Exercise 7: Animate Nouns vs. Inanimate Nouns

For each question, choose the best answer. The answer key is below.

  1. rock
    • animate noun
    • inanimate noun
  2. bicycle
    • animate noun
    • inanimate noun
  3. bird
    • animate noun
    • inanimate noun
  4. skateboard
    • animate noun
    • inanimate noun
  5. rose
    • animate noun
    • inanimate noun
  6. squirrel
    • animate noun
    • inanimate noun
  7. sunflower
    • animate noun
    • inanimate noun
  8. television
    • animate noun
    • inanimate noun
  9. computer
    • animate noun
    • inanimate noun
  10. woman
    • animate noun
    • inanimate noun

Answer Key

  1. inanimate noun
  2. inanimate noun
  3. animate noun
  4. inanimate noun
  5. animate noun
  6. animate noun
  7. animate noun
  8. inanimate noun
  9. inanimate noun
  10. animate noun

Extra Practice

There are many websites that provide free worksheets, games, and activities to give you extra practice when it comes to classifying and using nouns. Some of these include:

The Slouch Noun Game

© 2014 L Sarhan

Comments

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Ingna shrestha on November 23, 2018:

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Princess Ayomide on July 25, 2018:

I enjoyed the immersion of different interactive media. A good read, but also a quick exercise. I never knew noun has diverse way of explanation. Thumbs up

Swadhi Sree on May 09, 2018:

Give many more exercises to practice and thanks for teaching us in a simple way . I want to teach like you in my future. Bye . Take care

I loved your article. Am a student about to write exams and it really helped me slot. Thank you. on April 19, 2018:

I loved your article. It is a wonderful one will. really help me in my exams thanks alot.

Ms.Hood on April 12, 2018:

This is an excellent article about the nouns. I never knew there was so much to know. Thumbs up! This is very helpful.

Marlene Bertrand from USA on January 12, 2015:

This is an excellent article about nouns. I never knew there was so much to know. Thumbs up! This is very helpful.

muhammad abdullah javed on December 14, 2014:

A wonderful hub on nouns with beautiful descriptions and examples. I enjoyed reading it. Thanks for the share. Linda.

t aaron brown on December 13, 2014:

I enjoyed the immersion of different interactive media. A good read, but also a quick exercise.