Exhibition Review – Vanessa Bell at Dulwich Picture Gallery
Bohemian and Unconventional
Dulwich Picture Gallery presents Vanessa Bell 1879-1961 a major retrospective exhibition of paintings, designs, and photographs by Vanessa Bell. We often think of her as the quiet, somewhat Bohemian figure at the heart of The Bloomsbury Group and as the elder sister of the extraordinarily talented Virginia Woolf. But this exhibition invites us to consider Bell as a talented artist in her own right. Curators Sarah Milroy and Ian Dejardin explore her distinctive way of seeing the world through her pioneering work in portraiture, landscape, and still life as well as ceramics and designs for the Omega Workshops. Speaking recently Sarah Milroy said:
“Unconventional in her approach to both art and life, Bell’s art embodies many of the progressive ideas that we still are grappling with today, expressing new ideas about gender roles, sexuality, personal freedom, pacifism, social and class mores and the open embrace of non-British cultures.”
Virginia Woolf, (c. 1912)
About the Artist
Born Vanessa Stephen in London on 30th May 1879, Vanessa was the eldest of four children and sister to the well-known writer Virginia Woolf. Vanessa was encouraged from a very early age to develop her own individual talents. She attended classes at both the Royal Academy and the Slade School, studying under a number of teachers, including Arthur Cope, Henry Tonks, and John Singer Sargent.
Following the death of her father in 1904 Vanessa, together with her siblings, moved to Gordon Square, Bloomsbury. It is here that meetings with fellow artists, writers, and thinkers lead to the founding of The Bloomsbury Group.
In 1907, Vanessa married art critic Clive Bell with whom she had two children.
Bell enjoyed a number of successful exhibitions. In 1912, four of her paintings appeared alongside such eminent artists as Henri Matisse and Pablo Picasso in the Second Post-Impressionist Exhibition at the Grafton Galleries, London, organised by Roger Fry.
In 1916, Bell's first solo exhibition took place at the Omega Workshops established by Roger Fry and active between 1913 and 1919. Her work also appeared in international exhibitions in Paris, Zurich, and Venice.
An Artist in her Own Right
Approximately one hundred oil paintings, together with fabrics, photographs, works on paper and related archival material are arranged thematically.
The exhibition explores the artist's extensive career showing works from her student days in 1905 to her final self-portraits just before her death in 1961. Vanessa Bell 1879-1961 allows this artist to shine as an artist in her own right.
The display features a number of portraits, including two of Bell’s remarkable self-portraits. Also on show are portraits of her sister Virginia Woolf, the writer Lytton Strachey, the poet Iris Tree, art critic and art historian Roger Fry, and Bell’s own self-portrait from the collection of the Yale Centre for British Art. The exhibition presents key paintings such as Studland Beach (c.1912, loaned by Tate) in the context of related works such as Duncan Grant's depiction of the same scene.
We see the artist as a home-maker and mother – she had interesting and unusual ideas about how children should be brought up. We are told that her home at Charleston, East Sussex, was “a place of freedom and unbridled creativity, rather than conformity and constraint.” This was the very opposite of the repressive, controlled atmosphere of her Victorian childhood.
Nude with Poppies (1916)
Experiments with Fauvism, Cubism and Abstraction
After experimenting with Fauvism, Cubism, and Abstraction, Bell soon returned to figuration always seeking new ways of depicting the female form. One example is Nude with Poppies (1916) where we see the vibrancy and depth of colour for which she is so well-known.
Bell was very aware of, and had a deep understanding of, artistic developments in Europe. Curator Ian Dejardin tells us: “No British artist of Bell’s generation so instinctively understood and reflected the radical new artistic developments unfolding in Paris. Her resolute deskilling, her vibrant embrace of colour, the sheer brutality of her brushstrokes – as if hacking at the canvas with the brush – and her bold rejection of traditional notions of the beautiful, are truly brave and can astonish even today.”
Vanessa Bell at Dulwich Picture Gallery
Vanessa Bell 1879-1961 will be open at Dulwich Picture Gallery until 4th June 2017. Tickets and further information can be obtained from Dulwich Picture Gallery.
A luxurious full-colour catalogue by, entitled Vanessa Bell, accompanies the exhibition featuring contributions by a number of established and emerging Bell scholars. Details can be obtained from the Gallery.
Dulwich Picture Gallery
Questions & Answers
© 2017 Frances Spiegel