I am the author of three middle-grade children's books, and I blog on the side. My favorite topics are movies, writing, and pop culture.
Laura Ingalls Wilder Signing Her Books
When you first learn to read, the books you're reading are typically fiction. And when you reread them as an adult, they seldom have the same impact as when you first read them. I have always been drawn to books that are set in the real world with little or no fantasy elements. I like to read about real people in situations that can really happen.
One book series that I reread every few years is the Little House series. This collection of stories along with its spinoff books are just as enjoyable to read now as it was when I was a kid.
They have become timeless classics as beloved today as they were when they were first published beginning in 1932. Laura Ingalls Wilder tells her story from the point of view of a young, free-spirited pioneer girl. It's this first person, mostly autobiographical account that has contributed to its longevity. Below I explore Laura Ingalls Wilder's Little House series and the impact that they have made in the literary world.
Laura Ingalls Wilder's Background
Laura Ingalls Wilder was an old woman in her 60’s, writing for farming publications when her daughter, Rose Wilder Lane, convinced her to write a book about her life growing up on the American frontier in the second half of the 19th century. Wilder had never kept a formal diary or journal but had done a lot of writing, documenting her past and personal feelings. She had a lifetime of stories under her belt and years of practice describing her world to her blind older sister. So, she got to work writing her memoirs.
However, her manuscript, titled Pioneer Girl, was rejected by publishers. So, she spent the next several years reworking her manuscript from an adult autobiography to a historical fiction series for children, switching from first to third person and filling in the holes and gaps in her memory with family stories and a more literary-friendly sequence of events.
Rose helped a lot, even ghost writing for her according to some sources. And by the end of the series, Rose was introduced in the Little House series and would go on to star in her own spinoff book series, Little House on Rocky Ridge.
Wilder's first book, Little House in the Big Woods was published in 1932, and she continued to publish until 1943. There are eight books in the original Little House series. Throughout the years, Wilder’s prose has been researched, and historians have found embellishments and untold stories hidden between her famous chapters.
Many of her darker tales were omitted to maintain a kid-friendly story, and timelines do not always coincide, but the general tone and sequence of events is generally accurate and authentic. Below is a synopsis of each book for those who haven’t read the series or those who need a refresher.
Rose Wilder Lane
Little House in the Big Woods
Little House in the Big Woods is the book that kicks off the series. In it, Laura is just five years old, living with her mother, father, and two sisters in a log cabin within the big woods of Pepin, WI.
Her “Ma” is a beautiful woman and hard worker, teaching her daughters to be well-mannered young ladies. Her “Pa” is a skilled hunter, craftsman, and fiddler who is fun-loving, tells exciting, stories and provides for his family by hunting regularly.
Laura's older sister, Mary, is the perfect, well-mannered, fair-haired sister who Laura both admires and envies. Her baby sister, Carrie, is too young to do much of everything but sit and stare at her family bustling around her day after day.
Laura is a tomboy, always struggling to keep her bonnet strings tied and her manners in check. She can be brave, frisky, jealous, and disobedient, despite the reiterating of rules and order that are set in the Ingalls household.
Read More From Owlcation
There is a real sense of isolation and independence in this book. The log cabin sits miles from the nearest town or neighbor. They rarely venture from their home except to visit relatives or take a trip to town.
However, the family is never lonely. Their days are filled with survivalist chores: prepping meats, harvesting the garden, churning butter, and sewing as well as more familiar tasks like sweeping the floors, making the beds, and washing the dishes.
Life is about hard work and productivity. But it’s also about playing with dolls and her bulldog named Jack, visiting with relatives, and listening to her Pa play the fiddle each night.
Besides music, storytelling is a beloved nighttime activity in the Ingalls home. Scattered throughout the book are short stories told by Pa to the girls about adventures that both as a boy and on more recent hunting excursions. They don’t have much, but there is always a story to tell or retell, tasks to be done, and lessons to learn.
There is no central conflict, just little mishaps, moments of jealousy, and new experiences to have along the way. The story ends as quietly and good-spirited as is begins. Laura falls asleep, grateful for her warm home, loving family, and good life.
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Little House on the Prairie
Little House on the Prairie picks up right where Big Woods left off and starts off with a journey. The Ingalls family leaves their log cabin in search of a new home in Indian country after the woods become too crowded and hunting becomes scarce. The first section of the book is about the journey, living in their covered wagon and living as civilly as possible under the circumstances.
They finally settle on a prairie field, and Pa builds another log house using timber from the nearby river. A wild, young bachelor named Mr. Edwards helps out with them and settles nearby on the prairie as their lovable neighbor.
Once they settle in, they discover many dangers on the prairie, including prairie fires, wolves, and Indian tribes. Laura is obsessed with seeing a young Indian baby, called a “papoose” but at the same time fears running into an adult Indian. They run into both “good” and “bad” Indians on the prairie.
Just when the Indian tribe moves on, and the Ingalls begin to farm the land to raise crops for the winter, the government sends soldiers in to drive out the settlers. So, the Ingalls family packs up and moves on, the story ending as it began.
Map of Almanzo Wilder's Home
Wilder’s third book actually does not feature the Ingalls family at all. The farmer boy referenced is actually a young Almanzo Wilder, Laura’s eventual husband.
Almanzo is a young boy living in New York with his mother, father, brother Royal, and sisters, Eliza Jane and Alice. Almanzo is the youngest in his family. When the story begins, he is on his way to school for the first time at the age of eight-years-old. His father is a successful farmer, and Almanzo is more interested in farming than going to school.
There are many tense moments in this story from his father helping Almanzo’s new teacher from being pummeled by a gang of unruly, older pupils, the family almost being robbed by a con-artist, and Almanzo falling through thin ice while sawing ice blocks on the lake to name a few. Almanzo is also a determined little boy, anxious to prove that he is a young man. He’s desperate to own and break in his own horses, just like his father’s, but his father thinks he is too young.
As luck would have it, Almanzo acquires the money after he retrieves a missing wallet from the town miser who is bullied into giving Almanzo a reward for his good deed. Almanzo decides to use his money to finally buy his desired horses. His father, upon hearing his plans, tells him to keep his money in the bank and gives him two colts of his own to for his son to break in.
Laura Ingalls Wilder Tour
On The Banks of Plum Creek
The fourth installment in the series, On the Banks of Plum Creek, brings the reader back to the Ingalls family as they journey from the prairie to Plum Creek in Minnesota. They find a temporary home in a dugout built into a hillside.
Their home is made of dirt and grass, and the family lives there by the spring until Pa builds them a more permanent home. They also live just a few miles from a town. They buy a cow and decide to become wheat farmers, buying seeds and planting on their land.
Laura and Mary attend school for the first time and meet Nellie Oleson, a bratty girl whose father is a shop keeper in town who looks down on the Ingalls girls for not wearing store bought dresses and moving from place to place all the time. The girls also attend church for the first time. They make new friends and both host and attend parties.
Their wheat crop appears to be doing well until what is described as a “cloud” of grasshoppers descends on the land and eats all of the growing wheat, ruining their crop. The land is covered in grasshoppers, and they consume everything in sight before moving on.
The same thing happens the next year when the grasshopper eggs hatch and the young grasshoppers devour the newly growing crop before moving on. Grass fires contribute to their misfortune.
Desperate for money, Pa is forced to travel far from home looking for work. He earns enough money to send home to the girls and returns just in time for a harsh winter to hit.
On his way home from town a few days before Christmas, he gets trapped in a cave for three days while a blizzard rages on outside. Ma and the girls are worried sick about him until he comes home, tired and hungry when the blizzard ends. Although there are no Christmas presents or a great feast, they are grateful to have him home.
The Ingalls Family
By The Shores of Silver Lake
The next book, By the Shores of Silver Lake, starts out considerably darker from the others in tone. Laura, almost a teenager, is more aware of the world around her and the worries that daily life brings. After a few hard years accruing considerable debt, the family leaves Plum Creek and takes a train to the Dakota territory where Pa has gone ahead of them to find work and a new home.
Much has happened between books. After contracting scarlet fever, Mary has gone blind. There is a new baby sister named Grace, and her baby brother, Charles, has died in infancy.
These dark times are all glossed over as the family looks to get out of their debt and find work in their new town. They first settle in a shanty near the developing Silver Lake. There, Pa finds work with the railroad.
When winter hits, the family is able to live in town at the surveyors’ house which is stocked with food and supplies. They befriend Mr. and Mrs. Boast who celebrate Christmas with the Ingalls family and spend the winter with them.
In the spring, Pa fights to claim a piece of land for his family. A few months later, the family moves back to the shanty which Pa turns into their permanent home, and the story ends with the hope that they will thrive in the Dakota territory.
Old copies of "The Long Winter"
The Long Winter
In The Long Winter, the Ingalls family is still living on their claim by Silver Lake and preparing for a long, harsh winter. The town has been warned that a winter like this hits only once every several years, and these claims hold true when the first blizzard of the year hits in October.
After a short-lived warm snap, the family decides to move to town for the winter. They are not happy about it, but it turns out to be a decision that saves their lives.
Blizzard after blizzard hits, and the snow piles up to the point where the trains cannot get through to bring supplies to the town. The townsmen spend every clear day they can digging out the railroad tracks, hoping that the weather will hold off long enough for the trains to pass through.
The girls stop going to school after getting caught in a blizzard on the way home one day. The stores run out of food, and the family’s own food supply begins to run low.
The girls grow thin and sickly, and soon they only have potatoes for dinner. They burn sticks of straw and grind wheat in the coffee grinder to keep warm and fed. They sleep in most days and work on their lessons for as long as there is daylight in an attempt to save lamp oil.
The town begins to grow desperate. Almanzo Wilder, living in town with his brother Royal, begins to see how desperate the town is getting for food, and he and his friend, Cap Garland, set out to find a supply for the town.
Almanzo convinces a farmer to sell him some wheat and returns with a supply for everyone. The Ingalls family, along with the others in town, are grateful for the supply which helps them make it through until spring.
It is a relief when May hits, the snow melts, and the trains finally make it to the town. The Ingalls receive much needed supplies along with a Christmas barrel sent to them from their friend, Reverend Alden, and the family has a Christmas celebration in May.
Laura Ingalls Wilder Q&A
Little Town on the Prairie
The Ingalls family is still living in town at the beginning of Little Town on the Prairie. Laura is offered a job sewing in town and uses it to help save money to send Mary to a school for the blind.
The money helps, and Mary is put on a train for college. Meanwhile, Laura works on finishing school so that she can earn her teaching degree. She has a new teacher, Miss Wilder, Almanzo’s sister, who does not get along with Laura.
Nellie Oleson also returns, continuing to regularly insult Laura and her family. Laura attends sociables, gatherings, and parties in town. She also catches the attention of Almanzo Wilder, who accompanies her to a school exhibition where Laura gives a well-received speech about U.S. History. At the end of the book, she takes her teaching exams early and receives a certificate to teach at the third grade level.
Laura Ingalls Wilder De Smet Home
These Happy Golden Years
These Happy Golden Years chronicles Laura’s short-lived teaching career and courtship with Almanzo Wilder up until their marriage. At the beginning of the book, Pa finds Laura a job teaching a small group of children in a school house several towns away. She must live away from home for a semester but is determined to help keep Mary enrolled at the school for the blind.
Laura hates the job. The children are disinterested in learning, and she is forced to live with a miserable woman and her employer, the woman’s timid, worn down husband.
Laura is not sure that she continue on after that first week until Almanzo picks her up and takes her home for the weekend. She is then able to spend the weekend at home, working on her own lessons and spending time with her family before Almanzo drives her back to work before the start of Monday classes. She starts to get through to her students by the end of the semester and begins to like the job but is grateful to be home after the semester ends.
Mary comes home that summer very much changed for the better. Laura is rewarded for her hard work upon seeing the ease with which Mary maneuvers in her dark world.
Almanzo takes her on rides out into the country quite often, despite Nellie trying to steal him away from Laura. Laura is confused about her feelings for Almanzo at first. Eventually, he proposes to her, and after she accepts, they rush to get married in a small ceremony before Almanzo’s family can plan a large wedding for them.
Laura wears a black dress that she had been making for herself, and the family has cake at the Ingalls’ house after a small service at the church. Laura and Almanzo then drive nearby to their new home which Almanzo hastily built for them to live in, and the book ends with her settling into married Life.
The First Four Years
The final book in the series, The First Four Years, is significantly shorter than the others and covers Laura and Almanzo’s first four years of marriage. Almanzo decides to try his hand at farming and asks Laura to give him four years to succeed. She agrees and quits her teaching career to help him on the farm.
It is a difficult four years full of both good and bad times. Laura gives birth to her only daughter, Rose, as well as a son, who dies a few days after he is born.
Almanzo comes down with diphtheria which leaves him permanently paralyzed for the rest of his life, making farm work difficult. As a wife and mother, Laura finds herself in tense situations, dealing with thieving Indians, cooking for threshers, and helping to raise sheep.
Almanzo’s attempts at farming prove unsuccessful, and they lose their house in a fire, barely managing to escape the flames, but in the end, they decide to keep at it and continue to live as farmers, agreeing that they are happy with their lives, no matter how difficult.
On the Way Home Cover
Dozens of books have spawned from the success of the original Little House series. On The Way Home, published in 1962, chronicles the Wilder family’s trip to Mansfield Missouri where they settled on Rock Ridge Farm. The book contains diary entries and real pictures of the family’s experience creating a less literary but more realistic tone.
A second book, West From Home, published in 1974, is told through letters written to Almanzo when Laura went to visit Rose in her husband in San Francisco in 1915. It is interesting to see how Laura’s awed perspective of the world has changed very little when visiting an unfamiliar and more modern city.
There are also series featuring Laura’s mother’s side of the family, Martha, Charlotte and Caroline as well as a series of books featuring Rose growing up with her parents on Rocky Ridge Farm. The Little House books have also been developed into easy readers and theme books featuring chapters from the original series to get new readers acquainted with the Little House characters and events.
Other books feature recipes, sewing samplers, and other Little House-themed activities. There are also dozens of biographies written about Laura Ingalls Wilder and other characters from her books.
From 1974 to 1982, a TV show was developed around the Ingalls Family titled Little House on the Prairie. While it strayed from the original content, many events from the book were incorporated into series. The show was nominated for 38 awards and won 16 including three People’s Choice Awards and a Primetime Emmy award.
Today, fans of the books can tour the real life settings of the towns and homes where Laura Ingalls and Almanzo Wilder grew up. The Laura Ingalls Wilder Museum can be found in Mansfield, MO and features many surviving belongings mentioned in the series including Pa’s fiddle and a bread plate that survived the fire chronicled in The First Four Years. Almanzo’s childhood home in New York has also become a museum with annual events and regular tours.
West From Home Cover
Leaving a Legacy
The success of the Little House book series along with its lasting nature proves that a life doesn’t have to be particularly large to be memorable. Sometimes simply telling everyday stories can be just as meaningful as relaying epic fantasy tales.
What’s great about the Little House series is that they, for the most part, actually happened. Laura Ingalls is a real human being with a lasting legacy that she left behind in her books.
She is extraordinary just by living her life and telling compelling, descriptive tales that fascinated her readers, both young and old. Even before her death, Laura Ingalls was a successful writer, using her remaining years to write to her fans, and while the Ingalls bloodline ended at Rose, her legacy lives on through her books.
Links to Some Interesting Laura Ingalls Wilder Websites
Below are the sites that were used in researching this article.
Laura Smith (author) from Pittsburgh, PA on September 24, 2019:
They're a good fall/winter read, especially if you read them in order.
Tori Leumas on September 24, 2019:
I love the little house books. It's been a long time since I've read any of them.
michellekidwell32 from Columbia, California on April 04, 2019:
I have always found her life fascinating, I’ll have to find those!
Laura Smith (author) from Pittsburgh, PA on April 04, 2019:
Thanks for reading! I have found so many books written by or about Wilder since posting this article. There's always something new to discover.
michellekidwell32 from Columbia, California on April 04, 2019:
I’ve read most of the series, except for the one’s published after her death I believe! I really need to get to reading those. Thank you for posting such an informative article!
Laura Smith (author) from Pittsburgh, PA on February 18, 2018:
Thanks for the comment and the catch on the date of birth. I'm glad that there are so many fans still out there.
S Maree on February 18, 2018:
A very nice overview, especially for those who never heard of LIW or only watched the TV series!
May I suggest that you include errata on Almanzo's date of birth? It shows 1957, which would have had him being born over a decade after his death. Just a little oopsie!
I really appreciate the work you put into bringing LIW back to today's readers! Bravo! She deserves it!
Laura Smith (author) from Pittsburgh, PA on March 08, 2015:
Thanks for the comment! Yes, that part of the book series and the TV series was devastating. I can't imagine.
Stargrrl on March 08, 2015:
I read this whole series! And I watched the show! I felt so bad for Mary when she became blind. Ingalls Wilder was a part of my childhood. Thanks for bringing me back.
Laura Smith (author) from Pittsburgh, PA on December 10, 2014:
Oh wow. I saw that while doing my research. I'll have to pick up a copy.
William Leverne Smith from Hollister, MO on December 10, 2014:
We just got our copy of "Pioneer Girl" today. An amazing volume on Laura and her family! ;-)
Laura Smith (author) from Pittsburgh, PA on December 09, 2014:
Thanks! I'm glad you liked it.
William Leverne Smith from Hollister, MO on December 09, 2014:
Very nice presentation on a wonderful series of family saga stories. Thank you for sharing here! ;-)