Famous Poets: Top 10 Indian Poets of All Time
Famous Indian Poets
The history of Indian literature can be traced to the sixth century B.C., when the great epics were composed in verse. The most significant feature of Indian literature is its diversity, which is due to the country's variety of languages and sub-cultures. Poetry is one of the greatest genres. Indian poets have been writing in English since the early 19th century and their work is widely read all over the world. Here are the ten most famous Indian English poets.
Rabindra Nath Tagore (1861- 1941) was one of the greatest writers in the history of Indian literature. He won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1913. Though he wrote in almost all literature genres, it is as a poet he was internationally recognized. The Irish poet W.B. Yeats introduced Tagore to western readers. Tagore was the first Indian poet to gain a permanent place in the canon of world literature. His poems express intense romantic and mystic sensibilities and can be compared to those of William Wordsworth and William Blake for their mystic and romantic spirit. Gitanjali is considered as his masterpiece and his most famous collection is The Gardener, Fruit Gathering, Fugitive, and other poems.
Jayanta Mahapatra is an outstanding Indian poet of post-independence India. His poems explore intricate human relationships. A major source for his poetry's vivid imagery is the landscape of Orissa and surroundings. Mahapatra's acute and ironic observations of life make his poetry appeal to all types of readers.
Sarojini Naidu (1829 – 1949) was one of India's most famous female poets. Her work is noted for is expression of various shades of romantic sensibilities and fervor. Her poems combine elements of Indian culture and civilization and serve as mirrors to the time in which she lived. The major themes of Sarojini Naidu's poems are search for pure love, seeking comfort in natural beauty, and everyday experiences of life. Sarojini Naidu was known as “the Nightingale of India."
Nissim Ezekiel is one of the India's most famous English poets. His poems integrate the complexities and anxieties of urban life and depict ordinary human situations and relationships.The role of religion, the clash of opposites in various forms, and search for identity are his major concerns as a poet.
Sri Aurobindo Ghosh
Aurobindo Gosh is one of the few Indian poets who could blend both western and eastern poetic sensibilities. He was master of all poetry genres. His poems, which touch on metaphysical themes, express his ardent philosophy of life and mystic thoughts. They are not only pleasing and moving, but inspiring and elevating. Aurobindo showed excellent narrative and lyrical poetic skills. His most famous works are “The Life Divine,” "Savitri,” Six Poems, and Collected Poems and Plays.
A.K. Ramaujan is a well known bilingual poet who writes both in English and Kannada. His poetry expresses “an Indian sensibility sharpened and conditioned by western education.” He is considered a "perfect poet," as he uses language, images, and varied themes effortlessly. Irony is his forte. His most acclaimed works are “The Striders,” “Relations," and ”Poems.”
Keki N. Daruwalla
Keki.N Daruwalla is a front-ranking modern Indian English poet who depicts his life and time in realistic poems. He is a expert in the use of perfect poetic language, using almost all poetic tools better than any other Indian poet. Daruwalla's poems are full of images drawn from urban landscapes and environment.
Kamala Das (Kamala Surayya) is the most famous female English-language poet in India. Her poems appear in the syllabi of literary studies courses at many international universities. Her work is the ardent expression of a very sensitive soul always on the search for pure and intense love without restrictions. Many critics have observed that her writing can be termed "confessional" and "feminist to the core," but others say her work is above any classification.
Gieve Patel depicts contemporary reality with pungent humour and a crude sense of irony. He is noted for his ability to transform ordinary events into heart stirring poems. A number of Gieve Patel's poems deal with issues of the downtrodden and their search for identity. His well known works are How Do You Withstand, Body and Mirrored, Mirroring.
A. K. Mehrotra is one of the best-known poet in India. His poems are ironical depictions of modern reality with a touch of surrealism. His fame rests in the use of conversational tone, transparent imagery, and geographical description. A. K. Mehrotra's noted works are "Nine Enclosures," and "Middle Earth."
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This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.
© 2013 Kumar Paral