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Facets of God Displayed in the Hebrew Aleph-Bet: Dalet, Hey, and Vav

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Understanding God Through Hebrew Letters

My favorite area of Biblical studies centers around the ancient Hebraic roots of our Christian faith. Hebrew word studies, and the letters that they contain, can sometimes give us a more detailed and in-depth view of Biblical concepts.

There are a total of 22 letters in the Hebrew Aleph-Bet (alphabet). In this article, I would like to look at the second set of three letters and show how each one amazingly portrays a facet of God's character.

An interesting observation about these three letters is that they are all materials of a home, which was the main topic of the first three letters in building a home and family through a son.

Lord, You have been our dwelling place in all generations.

— Psalm 90:1

Before we continue, please note that Hebrew is read from right to left. Knowing Hebrew won't be necessary, but it is helpful to know the directional aspect when describing the position of the letter within the word. When I mention the first letter, it will be the letter beginning on the right, and the last letter will be on the left.

It is also important to note that the letters I am using in this article are modern Hebrew ones developed during the Babylonian captivity and are used in Israel today. In their most ancient form, these letters were actual images of the pictographs we will be studying.

Additionally, at the end of each section, there will be a video that furthers the lesson about each letter. These videos are produced by Jewish Jewels Ministries and hosted by Dr. Danny Ben-Gigi, a former Hebrew professor at Arizona State University.


Dalet: A Doorway to Transformation

"Dalet" (ד) is the fourth letter of the Hebrew alphabet. Visually, the letter looks like a doorway.

Jesus revealed Himself as "the door" in John, chapter 10. This revelation refers to Himself being the point of entrance, the only "true" path to the spiritual sheepfold of salvation protection and provision.

I am the door. If anyone enters by Me, he will be saved, and will go in and out and find pasture.

— John 10:9

The concept of a door, concerning this letter, suggests a specific path or way into the Father's presence.

Jesus said to him, “I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through Me.

— John 14:6

Jesus in being "the way" shows us that "the way" is through death, burial, and resurrection to a new life with Him that ushers us into the life of salvation.

Therefore we were buried with Him through baptism into death, that just as Christ was raised from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life.

— Romans 6:4

Peter offers us a further application in his second epistle.

Therefore, brethren, be even more diligent to make your call and election sure, for if you do these things you will never stumble; for so an entrance will be supplied to you abundantly into the everlasting kingdom of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ.

— II Peter 1:10-11


Hey: A Window of Light and Revelation

"Hey" (ה) is thought to be an image of a window indicating revelation and illumination.

Twice in the Scriptures, Jesus reveals Himself as "the light of the world." First, in the story of the woman caught in adultery.

Then Jesus spoke to them again, saying, I am the light of the world. He who follows Me shall not walk in darkness, but have the light of life.”

— John 8:12

He speaks this to the Pharisees, who are attempting to entrap Him through this incident.

The second time Jesus reveals Himself as "the light of the world" is just following the previous example in the story of the man who was born blind.

Now as Jesus passed by, He saw a man who was blind from birth. And His disciples asked Him, saying, “Rabbi, who sinned, this man or his parents, that he was born blind?”Jesus answered, “Neither this man nor his parents sinned, but that the works of God should be revealed in him.I must work the works of Him who sent Me while it is day; the night is coming when no one can work. As long as I am in the world, I am the light of the world.”

— John 9:1-5

The larger revelation of this story can be seen if we view both stories together. From a spiritual application point of view, we might see that Jesus's true purpose in coming was to "reveal" and shed light on the problem that we were born blind as a result of an act of spiritual adultery committed in a garden long ago. He also came to "reveal" the solution to this problem, namely, Himself.

A final note that is worth observing is that "hey" (ה) is used twice in the covenant name of God "Yahweh" (יְהֹוָה). This possibly shows us God's desire to reveal Himself to us.

I appeared to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, as God Almighty, but by My name Lord (Yahweh-יְהֹוָה) I was not known to them . . . But indeed for this purpose I have raised you (Moses-type of Jesus) up, that I may show My power in you, and that My name may be declared in all the earth.

— Exodus 6:3, 9:16

If we look at the first five letters as a whole, noting that five is the biblical number for grace, we see that the grace of God is the Father (Aleph), in the Son (Bet), by the Holy Spirit (Gimel) and the path to Him (Dalet) revealed (Hey).


Vav: The Nail in a Sure Place

"Vav " (ו), the sixth letter of the Hebrew alphabet, is an image of a tent peg or nail that would have been used to secure an ancient tent or home.

"Vav" carries a strong covenant theme, which makes sense, in that, a covenant is what secures and binds together.

I will fasten him (Eliakim-meaning God will raise up or establish) as a peg in a secure place, And he will become a glorious throne to his father’s house.

— Isaiah 22:2

We can see, in the Old Testament, king Eliakim, being a type of Jesus, as the "peg" that was raised upon the cross to secure a place for us, who became "a glorious throne to His Father's house.


Jesus: The Nail in a Sure Place

It was the nail-pierced hands and feet of Jesus that secured our eternal futures in Him.

This particular letter also reminds us to stay connected to "The Word" and hope that anchors our souls.

The words of the wise are like goads, and the words of scholars are like well-driven nails, given by one Shepherd.

— Ecclesiastes 12:11

Liberty Bible commentary follows this same thought as it concerns this Scripture.

"These stakes furnish man with mental and spiritual anchorage. All of these collected sayings . . . are given by one Shepherd who through His Words is an anchor to the people whom He loves . . . Life is totally profitless without God-connectedness."

— Liberty Bible Commentary

God confirmed His promise of love to us through the nail-pierced hands and feet of Christ that we might take hold and fasten ourselves to Him and that This would be an anchor of our souls through the trials and tragedies of this life with the following goal in mind.

But may the God of all grace, who called us to His eternal glory by Christ Jesus, after you have suffered a while, perfect, establish, strengthen, and settle you . . .

I Peter 5:10

As it refers to God's Hebrew covenant name Yahweh (יְהֹוָה), once again, It is noteworthy that "vav" (ו) is placed between two "heys" (ה). The first "hey" (ה) represents the open fellowship that Adam and Eve had in the garden. The "vav" (ו) that follows, and is in the middle, reveals the necessary covenant repair of Christ's death on the cross for our sins. The second "hey" (ה) after it represents the restored fellowship and revelation.

The whole gospel story (the way) is about re-connecting (covenant) and revelation of the covenant one.

This “has been understood as the dependence of all souls . . . on the Lord Jesus, as the only Saviour of all lost human spirits.”

— Adam Clark

Final Words

In combination, we see how the household is constructed with the door and the way revealed through the Lord Jesus Christ, who was hung on the cross, nailing our sinful debt to it.

. . . wiping out the handwriting of requirements that was against us, which was contrary to us. And He has taken it out of the way, having nailed it to the cross.

Colossians 2:14

© 2012 Tamarajo


Selvam on August 02, 2019:


Tamarajo (author) on October 08, 2012:

rgmg50 sorry so late with my reply. I so appreciate your input and insight that adds so much to the revelations. That makes so much about looking through the window being the prophetic. Wow. Love it.

Thanks so much for taking the time to read and comment. Blessed by your visit.

rgmg50 on September 22, 2012:

It is so beautiful and awesome. The Light shines through the window, and looking through the window is the prophetic, of seeing. Tamarajo these hubs of yours, open up so many things. What is so beautiful is that Jesus said He is the Temple - bet being house, dalet the door and hey the window, the Light that shines through and replaces darkness. You can write a book on every letter of the Hebrew alphabet. I treasures these hubs of yours.

Tamarajo (author) on August 13, 2012:

Thank you Deborrah always blessed to have you visit. Peace and Blessings to you too.

Elder DeBorrah K Ogans on August 09, 2012:

Tamarajo, Wonderful! This continues to be a most interesting series... Peace & Blessings!

shelpeare on August 07, 2012:


Tamarajo (author) on August 07, 2012:

I will make sure to credit you for the revelation shared. I may present both interpretations when I get to Tsaddi. Was thinking of Jesus being the fisher of men after you shared that.

shelpeare on August 07, 2012:

Yes you can add it. As for Tzaddi, the usual given meaning is "fishing rod." Add a "q" to tzaddi and you will get the word for "righteous" or "righteousness." That is why in the Tzaddi section in Psa. 119 it keeps using the word "righteous." It is a play on words.

Tamarajo (author) on August 07, 2012:

Shelpeare, interesting about Revelation chapter 4 beginning with the door this being consistent with Dalet being the 4th letter of the Aleph-Bet. This is significant because although the New Testament is written in Greek the text still remains consistent.

And Wow! Tau I hadn't caught that one yet. May I add that revelation to my study on Tau that is up and coming?

The Tsaddi I have understood to be a man kneeling with hands to God. Will have to look into that one. It is up and coming as well. Through studying the alphabetic Psalms I know it comes with the theme of "Righteousness" so just unsure of the symbol. There a few letters that I have seen with different interpretations of the symbols which is why I love the alphabetic portions of scriptures because they reveal at least the common theme. I do like the the Psalm 18 connection.

I so appreciate your interest and input. I am pleased as well to find another who loves to study the Hebrew language and letters.

Blessed by our visit and insight.

shelpeare on August 07, 2012:

Interesting again. I have been studying the Hebrew alphabet since I was in my twenties so I am glad to see someone else interested in it. Do you realize that the Bible is structured chapter after chapter around the Hebrew alphabet? For instance Daleth (or Greek Delta) means "door" and Rev. 4 starts by talking about a door. Tau is the 22nd letter that means "cross" and in Psa. 22 it talks about Jesus on the cross! Tzaddi is the 18th letter which means "fishing rod" and Psa. 18 says that God sent from above and drew me up from the waters!

Tamarajo (author) on July 19, 2012:

Hi lifegate, Glad you enjoyed the article. God is so infinitely fascinating isn't He? Even the letters of His language contain significance and give visuals of the truths in His written Word.

One theory I have for this is that God knew that language and word associations would always change but the pictures would not. An ox as represented by Aleph will always be strong and leading. We as a culture may change our perceptions of what a father "looks" like to us but when God uses the clear image of strength and leadership of a home the associations with the pictures do not change.

Always blessed by your visits and encouragement.

Tamarajo (author) on July 19, 2012:

Hi Nelson1805, "Beholding" the "revelation" of the nailed hand is a great message and very fitting.

It never ceases to amaze me how His truth and the Gospel is layers and dimensions deep and infinitely consistent.

I do very much appreciate and welcome the additional revelation and insight.

Blessed to have you stop by and comment.

William Kovacic from Pleasant Gap, PA on July 17, 2012:


Wow! I love your hubs. You share so much in a way that is practical and understandable. Thanks for allowing God to use your gift.

nelson1805 from Brentwood, Essex, UK on July 17, 2012:

Interesting article. I think that 'hey' can also be rendered as 'behold' in which case the tetragrammaton (yod-hey-vav-hey) looks like 'behold hand behold nail'. It might be taking liberties, but 'behold the nailed hand' seems like a great message to buried in the sacred name of God.