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Book Review: "Great Expectations" by Charles Dickens

A review of the famous novel 'Great Expectations' by Charles Dickens.

A review of the famous novel 'Great Expectations' by Charles Dickens.

Great Expectations is generally regarded as one of the best novels by Charles Dickens. Written in the first person with local language and grammar, Great Expectations is an account of the growth and personal development of an orphan, Philip Pirrip, or simply Pip, from about the age of 8 until his 30s.

Using an interesting and well-constructed plot with no unnecessary details, Dickens traces the psychological and moral development of Pip to maturity from the rural marshes of Kent to London during the 19th century Victorian England period. From page one, Great Expectations is filled with interesting and unusual characters who will captivate your interest.

Biography of Charles Dickens

Charles Dickens as a writer and social critic is one of the world's greatest novelists.

Dickens was born on February 7, 1812, in Portsmouth, Hampshire, England. He was the second of eight children. John and Elizabeth Dickens were his parents. The Dickens family was poor, and in 1816 they moved to Kent. Later, the family moved to a poor neighborhood in London in 1822.

After Charles Dickens' father was sent to prison for debt, Dickens went to work at a boot-blacking factory near the River Thames to help support the family. Charles Dickens was 12 at that time.

After John Dickens received an inheritance, Charles briefly went back to school, but at the age of 15, he was out of school again working as an office boy.

A few years later, Dickens worked as a freelance reporter for law courts, and then for a London newspaper.

His writing career then began with Sketches of Boz. During the period 1833-34, Dickens also published his first novel, Oliver Twist, a story about an orphan living in the streets.

In 1836 Charles Dickens married M. Colleen Hogarth and had 10 children.

After traveling to the United States and later publishing A Christmas Carol in 1843, Dickens published David Copperfield during the period 1849-50 and A Tale of Two Cities in 1859.

During 1860-61, Charles Dickens published Great Expectations which some critics claim is his best novel.

In the later years of his life, Dickens divorced and remarried a younger woman before dying of a stroke on June 9, 1870.

Setting and Characters of "Great Expectations"

Great Expectations is set among the marshes in Kent and the city of London in the early to mid-1800s of Victorian England.

The main characters in this novel are related to Philip Pirrip, Miss Havisham, and other acquaintances.

As the story begins, Philip Pirrip, or "Pip" is an eight or nine-year-old orphan living with his sister and brother-in-law. The brother-in-law, Joe Gargery, is a good-natured kind blacksmith married to Pip's much older sister who is hot-tempered and cruel to Pip. Another central character is Mr. Pumblechook, Joe Gargery's uncle, who is a pompous corn merchant.

Miss Havisham who Pip gets to know is an eccentric, wealthy spinster jilted by her fiancée on the wedding day. She has a beautiful adopted daughter, Estella, who is slightly older than Pip. Miss Havisham has a cousin, Matthew Pocket, who tutors young gentlemen in London. One of his sons, Herbert Pocket, becomes Pip's good friend and roommate.

Characters related to other acquaintances include the convict, Abel Magwitch; Mr. Jaggers, a London lawyer; John Wemmick, Jagger's clerk; and Biddy, Pip's former tutor who comes to care for Mrs. Joe, Pip's sister after she is seriously injured.

Significant minor characters in the novel include Mr. Wopsle, clerk of a church in Pip's village; Compeyson, a convict and professional swindler; Arthur Havisham, the half-brother of Miss Havisham; Orlick, a journeyman blacksmith who works for Joe Gargery; and Bentley Drummle, an uncouth, rich, brute of a man.

Plot Summary for "Great Expectations"

As the novel begins, it is Christmas Eve of probably the year 1812. Orphan Pip is visiting the graves of his parents in a Kent village churchyard. Pip suddenly encounters an escaped convict later known as Abel Magwitch who scares Pip into stealing food and a file for the convict.

On Christmas Day, soldiers capture the escaped convict while he is fighting with another convict (Compeyson) on the marshes outside of the village. Both convicts are returned to a prison ship.

A few weeks later, the wealthy spinster Miss Havisham asks Pip's Uncle Pumblechook to get Pip to visit her residence at Satis House in the village to play. When Pip gets to Satis House, he meets Havisham's adopted daughter, Estella, and falls in love with her.

Sometime later, Miss Havisham gives money for Pip to be bound as an apprentice blacksmith working for Pip's brother-in-law, Joe Gargery.

A few months pass, and one day when Joe and Pip are not at home, Pip's sister is attacked and beaten senselessly. She lives but has suffered a severe stroke. A young lady, Biddy who is Pip's former tutor, comes to live with Joe and Pip and takes care of Mrs. Joe.

Four years after the apprenticeship, a lawyer from London, Mr. Jaggers, arrives and announces that Pip has great expectations from an anonymous benefactor. The benefactor has funds in Jagger's possession for training Pip to be a gentleman in London.

Thinking that Miss Havisham is the benefactor, Pip goes to live with Herbert Pocket at Barnard's Inn in London. He then commutes to Hammersmith to be educated by Herbert's father, Matthew Pocket, who is related to Miss Havisham.

As Pip and Herbert build up debts living together lavishly, Mrs. Joe dies and Pip's disbursement from the benefactor is set at 500 pounds annually after Pip reaches 21.

A short while later, Estella comes to live in London.

Strange unexpected events then start to occur after Pip reaches his 23rd birthday, leading to the climax of the book.

Themes of "Great Expectations"

The major themes in Great Expectations include:

1. Wealth and Poverty

Pip and the immediate family of his sister and brother-in-law live in poverty compared to the wealth of Miss Havisham and that of Pip's benefactor.

2. Love and Rejection

Throughout the novel, Pip has an unconditional love for Estella. Estella, however, is very cold to Pip and doesn't accept his love.

3. Good Over Evil

In the book, good wins out over evil. This is reflected in the actions of the protagonists, Pip, Joe Gargery, and Abel Magwitch against the antagonists of Bentley Drummle, Orlick, and Compeyson.

4. Empire and Ambition

One of the themes of Great Expectations is the desire of Pip, Herbert Pocket, and Abel Magwitch to make a fortune abroad.

5. Social Class and Social Exclusion

Pip learns that as a young man of great expectations, he is readily accepted by high society but shunned when he is living in poverty.

6. Moral Development

Pip is transformed from being a selfish, proud, and ungrateful young man into a kind, generous, and humble person when older.

7. Hope

Throughout the book, Pip hopes to seek fulfillment in love, wealth, social status, and finally a return to his roots.


In my opinion, Great Expectations is an excellent book with mostly good qualities and only a few deficiencies.

Good Points

1. Plot

The plot of the novel is extremely interesting and exciting. It moves quickly with no twists or unnecessary happenings.

2. Imagery

Some of the imagery in this book includes light contrasted with darkness, crime and fighting, food, and fighting.

3. Style

Great Expectations is written in the first person with local language and grammar much like Mark Twain's novels.

4. Themes

The themes of moral development, hope, and good over evil will leave the reader with good feelings.


I found hardly any deficiencies in Great Expectations.

When Mr, Wopsle went to work in London as an actor, I think Dickens spent too much unnecessary time talking about the theater. I also was a little disappointed in the ending, because it is very vague and leaves the reader guessing.

My Recommendation

Great Expectations is the first novel by Dickens that I have read. It is certainly interesting and exciting with a plot that will captivate you throughout the book. The imagery in the book is outstanding, and all readers will be able to identify with the major themes. I strongly recommend that everyone read Great Expectations.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2015 Paul Richard Kuehn


Paul Richard Kuehn (author) from Udorn City, Thailand on September 12, 2017:

Thank you very much for your comments. I'm happy you liked my review and found it useful.

mif on September 12, 2017:

Thank you so much for the clear information. It is useful to me.first I confused with this novel. Today only I got the idea and tharow knowledge on Great expectations.Again and again thank you so much sir.

Paul Richard Kuehn (author) from Udorn City, Thailand on May 30, 2017:

I am pleased that you liked my article and found it useful.

Paul Richard Kuehn (author) from Udorn City, Thailand on May 30, 2017:

Sharmistha Das, I am very happy that you found my article informative. Good luck on your test!

Sharmistha Das on May 30, 2017:

Sir,Thanks for your informative answer,which is very useful for our exam preparation.

Sharmistha Das on May 30, 2017:

The answer is really full of content, truly appreciate able.

Paul Richard Kuehn (author) from Udorn City, Thailand on March 05, 2016:

Peggy, I am very happy that you liked this review. Thanks for sharing and pinning!

Peggy Woods from Houston, Texas on March 05, 2016:

Thanks for this review of another book that I read back in my high school days. I found the biographical information about Charles Dickens very interesting. Happy to share and pin.

Paul Richard Kuehn (author) from Udorn City, Thailand on February 10, 2016:

I'm very happy you liked this review. Yes, Dickens did write his novels in parts and I have found fluff in his novels. I'm almost finished with David Copperfield and plan to have a review of this novel.

RoadMonkey on February 10, 2016:

Great review. I read this book "as a book", I always disliked going over them looking for themes. But now that I am much older, I am happy to discover the themes included. Charles Dickens wrote most of his novels in "parts" for weekly or monthly magazines and was paid by wordcount, so he added fluff where he didn't want to give away the next chapter.

Paul Richard Kuehn (author) from Udorn City, Thailand on January 25, 2016:

Thank you for your comments. I am very happy you liked this book review!

Nell Rose from England on January 25, 2016:

I think I must have read it at school but I don't remember anything about it, lol! so this was a great reminder, and a fascinating read, nell

Paul Richard Kuehn (author) from Udorn City, Thailand on January 16, 2016:

Thank you very much for the comments. Pip certainly was a dominant character in the novel. I'm happy you liked this review.

Dora Weithers from The Caribbean on January 13, 2016:

There are so many details I do not remember about the story, but I cannot forget how difficult it was to get my thoughts off Pip while I had the book as a Literature assignment. Thanks for the reminders and the memories. I appreciate the review.

Paul Richard Kuehn (author) from Udorn City, Thailand on November 08, 2015:

&DDE Thank you very much for your comment. I'm happy you liked my review.

Mary Craig from New York on November 07, 2015:

An excellent review of an excellent novel. Certainly not an easy book to review, but you have a done a fine job. Dickens is certainly an author to be admired, both for his life and his work.

Devika Primić from Dubrovnik, Croatia on November 05, 2015:

A great story and I loved this one.

Paul Richard Kuehn (author) from Udorn City, Thailand on November 04, 2015:

Thank you very much for your comment. I am happy you liked my review!

Paul Richard Kuehn (author) from Udorn City, Thailand on November 04, 2015:

Thank so much for your great comments. I loved this novel from page one. I can't wait to read Oliver Twist or David Copperfield next!

Larry Rankin from Oklahoma on November 04, 2015:

Wonderful overview of a classic.

Patricia Scott from North Central Florida on November 04, 2015:

Great job...I love this story. It was one that was required reading in high school back in the day. How glad I am that it was. I fell completely into the story and 'lived' with the characters as I turned each page.

It is time to reread it for sure :D

Thanks for reminding me...

Angels are on the way to you this morning ps