11 Greek Influences and Contributions to Today's Society

Updated on April 9, 2018
Anonemuss profile image

Langston studies international politics and is interested in ancient civilizations, international politics, and geography.

Alexander Mosaic showing Alexander the Great.
Alexander Mosaic showing Alexander the Great. | Source

What Is Greek Influence?

The culture of Greece was evolved over thousands of years, and is widely considered to be the cradle of modern Western culture. This is because political systems and procedures such as democracy, trial by jury and lawful equality originated there.

Aside from these important Greek-derived features of Western civilization, ancient Grecian thinkers and architects laid the intellectual foundations of many fields of study. Whether it be astrology, mathematics, biology, engineering, medicine or linguistics, nearly all of the information we take for granted today was first discovered by the ancient Greeks.

As if all of this wasn't enough, when it comes to the realm of art–including literature, music, architecture, design and the performing arts–the Greeks established many of the standards by which identify beauty and creative value.

In short, if you live in the West, you are more like an ancient Grecian than you may realize. This article hopes to highlight some of the many throughly-Grecian contributions we experience and benefit from everyday.

The following is a list of Greek inventions and discoveries that have had profound impacts on Western culture and society.

Greek Contributions to Western Civilization

  1. Democracy
  2. The Alphabet
  3. The Library
  4. The Olympics
  5. Science and Mathematics
  6. Architecture
  7. Mythology
  8. The Lighthouse
  9. Standardized Medicine
  10. Trial by Jury
  11. The Theater

Continue reading for more on each of these contributions by ancient Greece.

1. Democracy

According to Merriam-Webster, a democracy is a government by the people "in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised by them directly or indirectly through a system of representation usually involving periodically held free elections."

The ancient Greeks created the world’s first democracy. Athens started out with a monarchy and then advanced to an oligarchy until it finally reached a democracy. The democratic government consisted of 6,000 assembly members, all of whom were adult male citizens. The assembly voted on issues throughout Athens. In order for a law to pass, the number of votes needed to be a majority. But in order to banish or exile someone, all 6,000 votes were needed.

Today, at least in the United States, we use a democratic system. But instead of a direct democracy, we have a representative democracy in which the citizens democratically vote on who should make the decisions in the country. This is different than ancient Greece's direct democracy wherein citizens voted on the decision rather than choosing people to make the decision.

2. The Alphabet

Derived from the earlier Phoenician alphabet, the greek alphabet was the first alphabet in the western sense of the word, featuring distinct letters for vowels and consonants. It was developed after the Dark Ages and consisted of 24 letters, ordered from alpha to omega.

Believe it or not, the word "alphabet" originates from the first 2 letters of the Greek alphabet: alpha and beta. Today many letters of our modern alphabet originate from the Greek alphabet, including letters such as A, B, E, and O. The Greek originally had a single form of each letter, but created upper case and lower case versions of the letters later.

Artistic rendering of the Library of Alexandria, based on some archaeological evidence. ("The Great Library of Alexandria" by O. Von Corven)
Artistic rendering of the Library of Alexandria, based on some archaeological evidence. ("The Great Library of Alexandria" by O. Von Corven) | Source

3. The Library

The first library in the world, the library of Alexandria, was actually built in Egypt. During during this time Egypt was under Greek control after submitting to Alexander’s rule. The Macedonians started spreading the Greek way of life to all of the conquered lands, including Egypt. After Alexander’s death, there was a power struggle and the Kingdom of Egypt came under the rule of Alexander’s general, Ptolemy.

Ptolemy ordered the construction of a library which would contain over 700,000 scrolls of work. There was also a rule that all ships passing through the Alexandrian harbor had to declare if they had any works of science or philosophy. If they did, the work was copied and placed in the library, and the original copy would be returned to the captain. Because of this accumulation of knowledge, many great discoveries took place in the library. For example, Eratosthenes calculated the circumference of the earth and drew up plans for steam power. Today we have many libraries all over the world with billions of works of literature, but the first library in the world was the library of Alexandria.

4. The Olympics

The Olympic Games started in ancient Greece, specifically in the city of Olympia. The participants were the city-states of Ancient Greece and its colonies. The Olympic Games were held every four years in honor of Zeus, the king god. The prizes for winning were fame and glory. Statues of the winners were erected and sometimes the winners' faces were even put on coins. Today we still celebrate the Olympic Games and continue some of the old traditions, such as the olive leaf crowns, the lighting of the flame, and the opening and closing celebrations.

Greece also held other games such as the Ptythian Games, which were held in honor of Apollo, the sun god, and the Isthmian Games, which were held in honor of Poseidon, the sea god.

What Are the Origins of the Modern Olympic Games?

Inspired by the Olympics of ancient Greece, the Olympic Games as we know them were the brainchild of Baron Pierre de Coubertin.

The Olympics of ancient Greece lasted from the 8th century BCE to the 4th century BCE before dying out. Coubertin, seeing an opportunity to bring the world together through sport, revived the Olympics by founding the International Olympic Committee (IOC) on June 23, 1894, and the modern Olympic Games were born.

The first games put on by the IOC were held in Athens during the summer of 1896. The 1896 Summer Olympics brought together 14 nations and 241 athletes who competed in 43 events.

What Is the Meaning of the Olympic Rings?

The symbol of the rings, which are interlocked and colored yellow, black, green and red with a white background, were designed by Baron Pierre de Coubertin in 1912. The colors of the rings along with the white background were intended to represent the five participating continents: Africa, Asia, America, Oceania and Europe. They also composed the colors of the flags of all the participating countries at the time. Upon releasing the design, Coubertin said:

"The six colors [including the flag's white background] combined in this way reproduce the colors of every country without exception. The blue and yellow of Sweden, the blue and white of Greece, the tricolor flags of France, England, the United States, Germany, Belgium, Italy and Hungary, and the yellow and red of Spain are included, as are the innovative flags of Brazil and Australia, and those of ancient Japan and modern China. This, truly, is an international emblem."

What Does the Olympic Flame Symbolize?

Another common symbol of the Olympic Games is the flame. The tradition of the torch relay and lighting of the Olympic flame to start the games began with the Berlin Games in 1936. The flame symbolizes beginning of the Olympic Games. The idea came from ancient Greece, where a sacred fire was kept burning throughout the celebration of the ancient Olympics on the altar of the sanctuary of Hestia.

"Death of Archimedes" by Thomas Degeorge (1815)
"Death of Archimedes" by Thomas Degeorge (1815) | Source

5. Science and Mathematics

Along with being the birthplace of many great mathematicians, Greece was also the mother country of many famous scientists.

What Greek Thinkers Influenced Science and Mathematics?

Eratosthenes

This mathematician was the first to calculate the circumference of the Earth. He did this by comparing the altitudes of the mid-day sun at two different locations. Eratosthenes also calculated the tilt of the Earth's axis, and eventually became the chief librarian of the Library of Alexandria.

Aristarchus

This astronomer and mathematician was the first to create a model with a sun at the center of the known universe with the Earth revolving around it. He also placed the planets of the solar system around the sun in the right order, and thought stars to be other bodies like the sun. Nicolaus Copernicus attributed the heliocentric theory to Aristarchus.

Archimedes

Archimedes is generally considered the greatest mathematician of antiquity and of all time. He anticipated modern calculus, geometrical theorems, and learned to calculate the area geometric shapes, including the circle and sphere. Some of Archimedes other achievements include coming up with an accurate approximation of pi and designing effective levers and pulleys. One of his famous quotes was, "Give me a lever long enough and I will move the Earth!"

Hipparchus

Hipparchus is generally known as the greatest astronomer of antiquity. He developed the first models depicting the movement of the sun and the moon, and may have been the first to predict solar eclipses.

The Parthenon in Athens
The Parthenon in Athens | Source

6. Architecture

One of the most common examples of Greek architecture in the modern world is the column or pillar. The most famous example of Greek architecture is the Parthenon, a grand building with pillars located in Athens. Today, pillars are used in many public buildings such as churches and libraries. There are also pillars in many buildings in Washington D.C., including the White House.

What Inspired Greek Architecture?

The ancient Greeks being an extremely religious people, many of the architectural structures erected in Greece were designed with the gods in mind. The Parthenon and the Erechtheum are two examples of great and thoroughly Greek structures. Some characteristics of Greek design are precision, adornment, largess and synergy. Each aspect and characteristic of Greek architecture was designed to compliment and relate to one another. Because each Greek structure was inspired by the story and unique abilities of a specific god, there is irony in the fact that most buildings that mimic Greek style in the modern world are secular, government centers.

What Are the Three Orders of Classical Greek Architecture?

An order of architecture is any of several styles of classical architecture defined by the particular type of column of entablature they use as a basic unit. The three orders of classical Greek architecture are Doric, Ionic and Corinthian.

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Doric OrderIonic OrderCorinthian Order
Doric Order
Doric Order | Source
Ionic Order
Ionic Order | Source
Corinthian Order
Corinthian Order | Source

Doric Order

Originating on the mainland and western Greece, the Doric order is the simplest of the orders and is characterized by short, faceted columns with unembellished, round capitals (tops) and no base. The columns are the smallest of the orders and are channelled with 20 flutes.

Ionic Order

Originating in eastern Greece, the ionic order is characterized by long and slender fluted pillars with a large base and two opposing scrolls built into the capital. The scrolls are often engraved with an egg-and-dart motif, and the pillars feature four more flutes than doric columns.

Corinthian Order

Considered the most elegant of the three orders, the Corinthian order features ornate fluted columns and capitals studded with two rows of acanthus leaves and four scrolls. The shaft of the Corinthian column has 24 flutes. The oldest known building designed in the Corinthian order is the Choragic Monument of Lysicrates in Athens, which was constructed from 335 to 334 BCE.

7. Mythology

Many of us still read Greek myths today. Others read Greek myths without knowing it, the godly characters being replaced by humans. Some of the most famous myths include the tales of Peruses, Theseus, and, of course, Heracles. The Greeks often used these myths to explain things that science couldn't prove, but today, we mostly enjoy the Greek myths for entertainment purposes.

Greek mythology has pervaded nearly every form of popular culture imaginable. Many Greek myths have been adapted into modern novels, movies, TV shows, video games and even brands. Some well-known instances of Greek mythology in pop culture are:

  • Disney’s Hercules
  • The bestselling novel Percy Jackson and the Olympians
  • The God of War video game franchise
  • The TV show Battlestar Galactica
  • Mary Shelley's Gothic novel Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus
  • The brand Nike (Nike was the Greek goddess of victory)
  • The use of the term "Achilles' heel" to describe a weak spot

The Lighthouse of Alexandria, built under the rule of Ptolemy.
The Lighthouse of Alexandria, built under the rule of Ptolemy. | Source

8. The Lighthouse

Like the first library, the first lighthouse in the world was located in the Greek-controlled Egyptian kingdom of Alexandria. The structure was called the Lighthouse of Alexandria, or the Pharos of Alexandria. Taller than the Statue of Liberty, it was the second tallest structure of its day (only the Great Pyramid of Giza was taller than it).

The lighthouse had three layers:

  • A square-shaped base
  • An octagonal mid section
  • A round beacon on top

The lighthouse could be seen by fire at night, and by the smoke of the fire by day. Sadly, the lighthouse was destroyed by earthquakes, but it set the model for all future lighthouses.

9. Standardized Medicine

While medicine had been practiced in Babylon, China, India and Egypt, the Greeks were the first to create a standardized system of medicine including medical diagnosis, prognosis, and medical ethics. The manner in which the medical practice is carried out today, in terms of diagnosis and sometimes of treatment, is very similar to that of the ancient Greeks. These ancient advancements in medicine were largely instituted by Hippocrates, who is often called the "father of medicine."

What Did Hippocrates Invent?

Aside from theories and ethics about how physicians should practice medicine, Hippocrates also made direct contributions to the application of medicine. He taught that all ailments had natural causes in a time when people believed that illnesses were punishments from the gods. Some of Hippocrates' contributions include:

Hippocratic Oath

A Hippocratic Oath is a historical sworn statement by physicians in which they swear by the names of a number of healing gods to uphold specific ethical standards. These include principles such as medical confidentiality and non-maleficence. Below is a excerpt from the full text of the Hippocratic Oath, which remains a rite of passage for some medical graduates.

"I will use treatment to help the sick according to my ability and judgment, but never with a view to injury and wrong-doing. Neither will I administer a poison to anybody when asked to do so, nor will I suggest such a course. Similarly I will not give to a woman a pessary to cause abortion. But I will keep pure and holy both my life and my art. I will not use the knife, not even, verily, on sufferers from stone, but I will give place to such as are craftsmen therein."

Diagnosis of Medical Conditions

Hippocrates was the first medical practitioner to categorize illnesses as acute, chronic, endemic, and epidemic. He was also the first to introduce terms such as exacerbation, relapse, resolution, crisis, paroxysm, peak and convalescence.

Treatment

When it came to broken bones, hemorrhoids or other ailments, Hippocrates and his followers came up with advanced treatments that would reduce pain and speed up recovery. He employed the use of cautery and excision to treat hemorrhoids, and in some cases these methods are still used today.

10. Trial by Jury

The democratic people of ancient Greece, specifically Athens, were the first to employ trial by jury as we know it today. Jurors were required to be male citizens of Athens, and a mechanism by the name of dikastaí ensured that no person could select jurors for their own trial.

Normal cases would summon a jury of up to 500 jurors. For more serious cases, like those involving death, up to 1,501 jurors could be summoned. With so many jurors, the unanimity rule employed in today's courts could not work, so the verdicts of the courts of ancient Athens were reached by majority. Jurors were compensated one day's wages for sitting in court.

How Does Trial by Jury Work?

A trial by jury today works much the same as it did in the time of ancient Greece. After hearing the final arguments of the defendant or their legal representative, the jury–which consists of 12 citizens in the United States–leaves the courtroom and enters deliberation. In most states the jury begins by electing a foreperson or presiding juror. The presiding juror facilitates the discussion and often delivers the verdict. The bailiff serves as the intermediary between the judge and the jury, and also ensures that no one communicates with the jury during deliberation.

In nearly all cases, the jury must come to a unanimous decision of either guilty or not guilty. If the jury cannot come to a unanimous decision by the end of the day, the jurors may be sequestered, which is to be given room and board and cutoff from any outside influence such as other people, television or newspapers. However, most of the time, the court will allow jurors to return to their homes at night before returning the next day to resume deliberation.

If the jurors cannot agree on a verdict in a reasonable amount of time the result is called a hung jury, which leads to a mistrial. In the event of a mistrial, the case is not decided and must be tried again at a later date and before a new jury.

What Determines a Jury Trial?

Not every case is tried before a jury. Many states have a threshold that the alleged damages must meet in order for a plaintiff to have the right to request a jury. On average, the "amount in controversy" must be at least $50,000.

When the damages meet this threshold, the plaintiff has the right to request a jury but is not required to. If the plaintiff does not request a jury, the case may proceed to trial before the judge, or the defense may request a trial by jury.

A jury trail is determined by many factors, including:

  • Damages
  • Background of the plaintiff
  • Background of the defense
  • Philosophical and political background of the judge
  • Demographics of the jurisdiction in which the case is pending
  • Evidence and witnesses

The ancient theater of Delphi.
The ancient theater of Delphi. | Source

11. The Theater

If you've ever gone to a concert, play or movie, you've benefited from one of the ancient Greeks' most obvious contributions to the modern world: the theater.

The word "theater" is derived from the Greek word "theatron," meaning the seating section of outdoor arenas where people watched plays. The first western theater originated in Athens, and was, like many other ancient Greek theaters, a semi-circular structure cut into a hillside that was capable of seating 10,000 to 20,000 people.

The standard Greek theater consisted of three parts: a dancing floor, dressing room and scene-building area. The acoustics of the theater were one of its most important features, allowing the words of the exclusively male actors to be heard by everyone within. The ancient Greeks loved plays and each town had its own performing company which would compete against that of neighboring towns.

When Did "Theater" Begin?

Beside creating the physical structure of a theater, the ancient Greeks also created "theater," the art form which employs actors, stage setting and sometimes music to create a story–usually a comedy, tragedy or satyr play–in the 6th century BCE. The first playwrights (as we use the word today) originated in Greece with men like Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides. These men deserve the credit for theater as we know it, and have had no small impact on the methods by which storytellers throughout the ages have chosen to deliver their narratives.

Greek Influence

Which Greek influence do you think has the biggest impact on our lives today?

See results

© 2010 Anonemuss

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      [○・`Д´・○] 

      3 weeks ago

      wHY? why'd they make geometry? why couldn't they stick with gods and pluming?

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      thanks it really helped me in my sst assignment :)

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      Helped me a lot in my Social Studies assignment.

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      efrefbewewbdedjgfv3fbg4vfg3bfg3b 

      6 weeks ago

      The use of Latin words is not the only way the ancient Romans have influenced the Western justice system. Although the Roman justice system was extremely harsh in its punishments, it did serve as a rough outline of how court proceedings happen today. For example, there was a preliminary hearing, much like there is today, where the magistrate decided whether or not there was actually a case. If there were grounds for a case, a prominent Roman citizen would try the case, and witnesses and evidence would be presented. Roman laws and their court system have served as the foundation for many countries’ justice systems, such as the United States and much of Europe.

      The ancient Romans helped lay the groundwork for many aspects of the modern world. It is no surprise that a once-booming empire was able to impact the world in so many ways and leave a lasting legacy behind.

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      ;D 

      2 months ago

      this lighthouse artical is lit...!!!!

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      VOOT 

      2 months ago

      Thanks

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      Jonathan Lankford 

      3 months ago

      The first library was built in the Assyrian capital city of Nineveh.

      The first alphabet was used by Hebrew slaves in Egyptian copper mines of the Sinai Peninsula between 1800 and 1500 BC. They assigned an Egyptian hieroglyph to each Hebrew sound. As Israel left Egypt after the fall of the Middle Kingdom, they setup life in Canaan. The Phoenicians then standardized this alphabet. The Greek alphabet is Semitic in origin.

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      Jonathan 

      3 months ago

      The first library was 1000 years earlier in Mesopotamia, in the Assyrian capital city of Nineveh.

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      sweet cheese and crackers 

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      yo bro

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      Do you guys know the name of the author for this? I want to cite from the article but don't know if there is one.

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      hey gus welcome to another episode of alli a today we will be playing fortnite

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      I cant read go to chive

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      Miakim 

      4 months ago

      This is a very interesting article. Thanks for making this because I’m learning about Greece right now and it really helped me study.

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      Very Healpful

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      this aricle is weird

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      this article is LITTTTT!!!

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      when was this pub

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      guys where the heck are the contributors listed??

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      Yes 

      4 months ago

      ;)

      Ancient Rome had a large influence on the modern world. Though it has been thousands of years since the Roman Empire flourished, we can still see evidence of it in our art, architecture, technology, literature, language, and law. From bridges and stadiums to books and the words we hear every day, the ancient Romans have left their mark on our world.

      Art and Architecture

      Ancient Romans have had a tremendous impact on art and architecture. We can find traces of Roman influence in forms and structures throughout the development of Western culture.

      Although the Romans were heavily influenced by ancient Greece, they were able to make improvements to certain borrowed Greek designs and inventions. For example, they continued the use of columns, but the form became more decorative and less structural in Roman buildings. Ancient Romans created curved roofs and large-scale arches, which were able to support more weight than the post-and-beam construction the Greeks used. These arches served as the foundation for the massive bridges and aqueducts the Romans created. The game-loving ancients also built large amphitheaters, including the Colosseum. The sports stadiums we see today, with their oval shapes and tiered seating, derive from the basic idea the Romans developed.

      The arches of the Colosseum are made out of cement, a remarkably strong building material the Romans made with what they had at hand: volcanic ash and volcanic rock. Modern scientists believe that the use of this ash is the reason that structures like the Colosseum still stand today. Roman underwater structures proved to be even sturdier. Seawater reacting with the volcanic ash created crystals that filled in the cracks in the concrete. To make a concrete this durable, modern builders must reinforce it with steel. So today, scientists study Roman concrete, hoping to match the success of the ancient master builders.

      Sculptural art of the period has proven to be fairly durable, too. Romans made their statues out of marble, fashioning monuments to great human achievements and achievers. You can still see thousands of Roman artifacts today in museums all over the world.

      Technology and Science

      Ancient Romans pioneered advances in many areas of science and technology, establishing tools and methods that have ultimately shaped the way the world does certain things.

      The Romans were extremely adept engineers. They understood the laws of physics well enough to develop aqueducts and better ways to aid water flow. They harnessed water as energy for powering mines and mills. They also built an expansive road network, a great achievement at the time. Their roads were built by laying gravel and then paving with rock slabs. The Roman road system was so large, it was said that “all roads lead to Rome.”

      Along with large-scale engineering projects, the Romans also developed tools and methods for use in agriculture. The Romans became successful farmers due to their knowledge of climate, soil, and other planting-related subjects. They developed or refined ways to effectively plant crops and to irrigate and drain fields. Their techniques are still used by modern farmers, such as crop rotation, pruning, grafting, seed selection, and manuring. The Romans also used mills to process their grains from farming, which improved their efficiency and employed many people.

      Literature and Language

      Much of the literature of the world has been greatly influenced by the literature of the ancient Romans. During what is considered the “Golden Age of Roman Poetry,” poets such as Virgil, Horace, and Ovid produced works that have had an everlasting impact. Ovid’s Metamorphoses, for example, inspired authors such as Chaucer, Milton, Dante, and Shakespeare. Shakespeare, in particular, was fascinated by the ancient Romans, who served as the inspiration for some of his plays, including Julius Caesar and Antony and Cleopatra.

      While Roman literature had a deep impact on the rest of the world, it is important to note the impact that the Roman language has had on the Western world. Ancient Romans spoke Latin, which spread throughout the world with the increase of Roman political power. Latin became the basis for a group of languages referred to as the “Romance languages.” These include French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Romanian, and Catalan. Many Latin root words are also the foundation for many English words. The English alphabet is based on the Latin alphabet. Along with that, a lot of Latin is still used in the present-day justice system.

      Law

      The use of Latin words is not the only way the ancient Romans have influenced the Western justice system. Although the Roman justice system was extremely harsh in its punishments, it did serve as a rough outline of how court proceedings happen today. For example, there was a preliminary hearing, much like there is today, where the magistrate decided whether or not there was actually a case. If there were grounds for a case, a prominent Roman citizen would try the case, and witnesses and evidence would be presented. Roman laws and their court system have served as the foundation for many countries’ justice systems, such as the United States and much of Europe.

      The ancient Romans helped lay the groundwork for many aspects of the modern world. It is no surprise that a once-booming empire was able to impact the world in so many ways and leave a lasting legacy behind.

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      PlasmaLantic 

      4 months ago

      Dear kids in the comment section,

      You guys are just commenting on here in school, this isn't meant for fun, I mean I don't really care what you do, but on here comments on supposed to be meant on questions, suggestions, needing help, etc. If you guys are gonna hang out with your friends please go somewhere else. Thank you

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      Someone whos trying to learn about history.

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      This is my essay Greek vs Rome

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      7 months ago

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      7 months ago

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      7 months ago

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      7 months ago

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      Smart Person 

      7 months ago

      OKAY LISTEN UP. THE GREEK MYTHOLOGY IS GREEK AND LATER IT WAS STOLEN BY THE ROMANS. IT'S NOT EGYPTIAN. SO IN YOUR FACE be_dum_it_safer!!! HAHAHA I WIN!!!!

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      Joe vinci 

      7 months ago

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      nikkk 

      7 months ago

      western civ got me like :(

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      7 months ago

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      7 months ago

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      8 months ago

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      8 months ago

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      is this accurate information? 

      8 months ago

      is this accurate information?

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      8 months ago

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      8 months ago

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      8 months ago

      what about ships

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      be_dum_it_safer 

      8 months ago

      Big L's to all you guys. This lame, mythology came from the eygtains not Greek. But believe what you all wanna believe, I just needed this for some dum notes so my teacher would stop yelling at me. But just making sure you all know the real facts my dudes

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      chipotle 

      8 months ago

      this is stupid cause it dont show no chipotle coupons

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      jj 

      8 months ago

      The culture of Greece was evolved over thousands of years, and is widely considered to be the cradle of modern Western culture. This is because political systems and procedures such as democracy, trial by jury and lawful equality originated there.

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      Shamani 

      8 months ago

      This was helpful but it was to hard for me and thank u

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      kkk 

      8 months ago

      no it doesnt help

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      hitler 

      8 months ago

      who's all jews? i just wanna know

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      big boy 

      9 months ago

      here comes dat boi o shoot waddop

    • profile image

      PERCE-NEIGE 

      9 months ago

      Philosophy is missing in your poll! How come?

      Greek gave us the democracy, yes, but it was a very different democracy at this time, not the same than the modern one.

    • profile image

      Wavy23 

      9 months ago

      yall lame and nasty cuh

    • profile image

      hmmmmmmmm 

      9 months ago

      yall all lame and need to stop writing nasty stuff on her

    • profile image

      Man 

      9 months ago

      Thanks bro

    • profile image

      big fart 

      9 months ago

      lol i farded

    • profile image

      UrMomGay 

      9 months ago

      Mason and Saul are gay don't @ me

    • profile image

      Trnne 

      9 months ago

      Creeper

    • profile image

      I.am.not.writing.my.name.for.privacy 

      9 months ago

      This website helped me sooooo much to get an A+ for HASS

    • profile image

      Lilcrrt14 

      9 months ago

      They tryna be crate

    • profile image

      Yeet 

      10 months ago

      Far far away, behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean. A small river named Duden flows by their place and supplies it with the necessary regelialia. It is a paradisematic country, in which roasted parts of sentences fly into your mouth. Even the all-powerful Pointing has no control about the blind texts it is an almost unorthographic life One day however a small line of blind text by the name of Lorem Ipsum decided to leave for the far World of Grammar. The Big Oxmox advised her not to do so, because there were thousands of bad Commas, wild Question Marks and devious Semikoli, but the Little Blind Text didn’t listen. She packed her seven versalia, put her initial into the belt and made herself on the way. When she reached the first hills of the Italic Mountains, she had a last view back on the skyline of her hometown Bookmarksgrove, the headline of Alphabet Village and the subline of her own road, the Line Lane. Pityful a rethoric question ran over her cheek, then she continued her way. On her way she met a copy. The copy warned the Little Blind Text, that where it came from it would have been rewritten a thousand times and everything that was left from its origin would be the word "and" and the Little Blind Text should turn around and return to its own, safe country. But nothing the copy said could convince her and so it didn’t take long until a few insidious Copy Writers ambushed her, made her drunk with Longe and Parole and dragged her into their agency, where they abused her for their projects again and again. And if she hasn’t been rewritten, then they are still using her. Far far away, behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean. A small river named Duden flows by their place and supplies it with the necessary regelialia. It is a paradisematic country, in which roasted parts of sentences fly into your mouth. Even the all-powerful Pointing has no control about the blind texts it is an almost unorthographic life One day however a small line of blind text by the name of Lorem Ipsum decided to leave for the far World of Grammar. The Big Oxmox advised her not to do so, because there were thousands of bad Commas, wild Question Marks and devious Semikoli, but the Little Blind Text didn’t listen. She packed her seven versalia, put her initial into the belt and made herself on the way. When she reached the first hills of the Italic Mountains, she had a last view back on the skyline of her hometown Bookmarksgrove, the headline of Alphabet Village and the subline of her own road, the Line Lane. Pityful a rethoric question ran over her cheek, then she continued her way. On her way she met a copy. The copy warned the Little Blind Text, that where it came from it would have been rewritten a thousand times and everything that was left from its origin would be the word "and" and the Little Blind Text should turn around and return to its own, safe country. But nothing the copy said could convince her and so it didn’t take long until a few insidious Copy Writers ambushed her, made her drunk with Longe and Parole and dragged her into their agency, where they abused her for their projects again and again. And if she hasn’t been rewritten, then they are still using her. Far far away, behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean. A small river named Duden flows by their place and supplies it with the necessary regelialia. It is a paradisematic country, in which roasted parts of sentences fly into your mouth. Even the all-powerful Pointing has no control about the blind texts it is an almost unorthographic life One day however a small line of blind text by the name of Lorem Ipsum decided to leave for the far World of Grammar. The Big Oxmox advised her not to do so, because there were thousands of bad Commas, wild Question Marks and devious Semikoli, but the Little Blind Text didn’t listen. She packed her seven versalia, put her initial into the belt and made herself on the way. When she reached the first hills of the Italic Mountains, she had a last view back on the skyline of her hometown Bookmarksgrove, the headline of Alphabet Village and the subline of her own road, the Line Lane. Pityful a rethoric question ran over her cheek, then she continued her way. On her way she met a copy. The copy warned the Little Blind Text, that where it came from it would have been rewritten a thousand times and everything that was left from its origin would be the word "and" and the Little Blind Text should turn around and return to its own, safe country. But nothing the copy said could convince her and so it didn’t take long until a few insidious Copy Writers ambushed her, made her drunk with Longe and Parole and dragged her into their agency, where they abused her for their projects again and again. And if she hasn’t been rewritten, then they are still using her. Far far away, behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean. A small river named Duden flows by their place and supplies it with the necessary regelialia. It is a paradisematic country, in which roasted parts of sentences fly into your mouth. Even the all-powerful Pointing has no control about the blind texts it is an almost unorthographic life One day however a small line of blind text by the name of Lorem Ipsum decided to leave for the far World of Grammar. The Big Oxmox advised her not to do so, because there were thousands of bad Commas, wild Question Marks and devious Semikoli, but the Little Blind Text didn’t listen. She packed her seven versalia, put her initial into the belt and made herself on the way. When she reached the first hills of the Italic Mountains, she had a last view back on the skyline of her hometown Bookmarksgrove, the headline of Alphabet Village and the subline of her own road, the Line Lane. Pityful a rethoric question ran over her cheek, then she continued her way. On her way she met a copy. The copy warned the Little Blind Text, that where it came from it would have been rewritten a thousand times and everything that was left from its origin would be the word "and" and the Little Blind Text should turn around and return to its own, safe country. But nothing the copy said could convince her and so it didn’t take long until a few insidious Copy Writers ambushed her, made her drunk with Longe and Parole and dragged her into their agency, where they abused her for their projects again and again. And if she hasn’t been rewritten, then they are still using her. Far far away, behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean. A small river named Duden flows by their place and supplies it with the necessary regelialia. It is a paradisematic country, in which roasted parts of sentences fly into your mouth. Even the all-powerful Pointing has no control about the blind texts it is an almost unorthographic life One day however a small line of blind text by the name of Lorem Ipsum decided to leave for the far World of Grammar. The Big Oxmox advised her not to do so, because there were thousands of bad Commas, wild Question Marks and devious Semikoli, but the Little Blind Text didn’t listen. She packed her seven versalia, put her initial into the belt and made herself on the way. When she reached the first hills of the Italic Mountains, sh

    • profile image

      creeper 

      10 months ago

      Awwww man

    • profile image

      Minecraft 

      11 months ago

      Creeper

    • profile image

      Julianna Kufeldt 

      11 months ago

      This article is total bullshit. Many other civilizations contributed to these ideas and the Greeks -yes- were apart of the development too- but it is very naive to say the fully INVENTED all of these concepts. This is another way to idealize Greeks and western culture. This is not real research!

    • profile image

      danika espinoza 

      11 months ago

      thanks of all the information I need it

    • profile image

      Ndahimana Elysee 

      12 months ago

      We thank the Owlcation groupe and the Greeks for the good civilidatiin

    • profile image

      boiifyoy 

      12 months ago

      these comments are cancerless and useless

    • profile image

      gravy 

      12 months ago

      i needed it for my final

    • profile image

      James 

      12 months ago

      Thanks I needed this for my final

    • profile image

      Lina Marquez 

      13 months ago

      this is very good and accurate information.

    • profile image

      peepee man 

      13 months ago

      pee pee is love

      pee pee is life

      I am an african grapefruit

    • profile image

      13 months ago

      oooooooooooooooooooooooooof

    • profile image

      james cornett 

      13 months ago

      wow I just finished an ancient greek essay and I used this for info so thanks

    • profile image

      Cristiano Ronaldo 

      13 months ago

      gracias for the help but Alexander the great looks like peter griffin

    • profile image

      Noah 

      13 months ago

      his is awesome

      why does alexander the great look so ugly in the picture?

      ha ha ha ha! he he he he he he!!!!!

    • profile image

      Riley Baker-hall 

      13 months ago

      Thank you this was a really helpful article :)

    • profile image

      ReTro_Wooly 

      13 months ago

      subcribe to me on youtube ReTro_Wooly

    • profile image

      phil 

      13 months ago

      need a job anyone hiring

    • profile image

      bill 

      13 months ago

      apples

    • profile image

      hallo 

      14 months ago

      Who lives in a pinapple under the sea

      spongebob squarepants

      who (some some something something) spongebob squarepants

      Something something flop like a fish

      spongebob squarepants

      spongebob squarepants

      spongebob squarepants

      Spongy

      bob

      square pants

      HAHAHHAHAHHAHAH

      flute noises

    • profile image

      mister reee 

      14 months ago

      mythology was provided by egypt

    • profile image

      JackHunter4256 

      14 months ago

      R.I.P. Stan Lee

    • profile image

      mmmmmmm 

      14 months ago

      hehe good OOF in OOF fo

    • profile image

      BOB 

      14 months ago

      Hi OOOF

    working

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