Grover Cleveland: 22nd and 24th President: Served Twice

Updated on April 7, 2018
angela_michelle profile image

Angela loves history and feels it is essential to our future to know the past or else be destined to repeat it.

Official Portrait of Grover Cleveland

Source

Early Years and the Mugwumps

Grover Cleveland, the 22nd and 24th United States President, was the only President to serve two nonconsecutive terms in office.

In 1837, he was born as one of nine children to a Presbyterian minster in New Jersey. He was later raised in New York, where he became a lawyer in Buffalo. Later he served Erie County's sheriff in New York where he exposed many dishonest people. This got him recognition and in 1881 became the Mayor of Buffalo; then eventually a New York governor.

Many felt he was a man of great integrity, due to his honesty and willingness to say "no" to politicians, although it also caused him to gain many enemies. Fortunately, both Democrats and reform Republicans, known as the "Mugwumps," backed him in the candidacy. He won against his opponent James G. Blaine from Maine, and became the first Democratic President in 25 years since the Civil War.

Should a United States President be allowed to serve two terms that are separated by a term?

See results

His First Term As the 22nd President

He began his Presidency as a bachelor. In 1886, during his first term, he married Frances Folsom, who was the 22-year old daughter of his former law partner. The event was greatly celebrated and was believed to have softened his rough image. He still remains the only President to have gotten married in the White House.

Cleveland was noted for his work ethic, as he often stayed up working until 2:00 in the morning. If he felt things were dishonest, he fought against them. He even denied Civil War pensions that he suspected to be fraudulent. After Congress was pressured by the Grand Army of the Republic to pass a bill that gave pensions to veterans that had disabilities unrelated to their military service, Cleveland vetoed it, since he felt that this was not just use of the money.

He even ordered an investigation of railroads that were held by Government grant. When he learned that things were not legitimate, he forced the railroad companies to give back 81 million acres of Western land. As a result, he signed the Interstate Commerce Act, which attempted to federally regulate the railroads.

Cleveland was strongly opposed to the government financially supporting any economic group. This was made clear when he vetoed a bill that would have have given Texan farmers, who were suffering due to a severe drought, $10,000 in seed grain. In response, he wrote, "Federal aid in such cases encourages the expectation of paternal care on the part of the Government and weakens the sturdiness of our national character... "

Congress became tired of his constant conflicts with them. At one point, when he pressed Congress to decrease the high protective tariffs, they told him that he was giving the Republicans a very effective campaign for the next election. He argued, "What is the use of being elected or re-elected unless you stand for something?" A year later, during the 1888 election, the Republican candidate Benjamin Harrison gained more electoral votes, despite Cleveland receiving the larger popular vote.Unfortunately, he lost the election. His wife is rumored to tell the White House staff to "Take care of the furniture... We'll be coming back in four years." Sure enough, they did.

His Second Term As the 24th President

His second term, was not as successful as the first term, due to the Panic of 1897, where hundreds of banks and businesses failed, leaving millions unemployed. Although he was able to maintain the gold reserve, because he repealed the Sherman Silver Purchase Act that caused a mild inflation. Unfortunately, he did not address the unemployment issues, farm mortgage foreclosures, nor business failures.

His policies became very unpopular, even within his own political party, but he did boost the American morale with a few powerful moves. Cleveland sent Federal troops to address railroad strikers in Chicago that violated a direct order. To make his point more clear, he declared "If it takes the entire army and navy of the United States to deliver a post card in Chicago that card will be delivered." With the same enthusiasm, he compelled Great Britain to accept an agreement of where the Venezuelan boundary should be, despite Great Britain's strong defiance.

When he left office, he retired to Princeton, New Jersey. It is reported that his last words were, "I have tried so hard to do right." He died in 1908.

First Lady; Mrs. Frances Cleveland

Source

Fun Facts

  • The only president to serve two terms four years apart from one another.
  • Was a bachelor when he became president, and was the first and only president to have a White House ceremony to his bride Frances Folsom on June 2, 1886.
  • He was known for staying up as late as 2:00 in the morning working as president.
  • Nicknamed "Uncle Jumbo" because of his large stature. He weighed 260 pounds.

Exerpt from History Channel

Basic Facts

Question
Answer
Born
March 18, 1837 - New Jersey
President Number
22nd and 24th
Party
Democratic
Military Service
none
Wars Served
none
Age at Beginning of Presidency
48 years old (first term) 56 years old (second term)
Term of Office
March 4, 1885 - March 3, 1889 (first term) March 4, 1893 - March 3, 1897 (second term)
How Long Served as President
8 years
Vice-President
Adlai Stevenson I
Age and Year of Death
June 24, 1908 (aged 71)
Cause of Death
heart attack

Caricature "I'm Going to Paint the Town Red"

Democracy is portrayed as the devil, holding a can of paint called, "Bourbon Principles," the paintbrush is a caricature of Grover Cleveland. The devil is standing over a wall facing Washington D.C.
Democracy is portrayed as the devil, holding a can of paint called, "Bourbon Principles," the paintbrush is a caricature of Grover Cleveland. The devil is standing over a wall facing Washington D.C. | Source

List of the United States Presidents

1. George Washington
16. Abraham Lincoln
31. Herbert Hoover
2. John Adams
17. Andrew Johnson
32. Franklin D. Roosevelt
3. Thomas Jefferson
18. Ulysses S. Grant
33. Harry S. Truman
4. James Madison
19. Rutherford B. Hayes
34. Dwight D. Eisenhower
5. James Monroe
20. James Garfield
35. John F. Kennedy
6. John Quincy Adams
21. Chester A. Arthur
36. Lyndon B. Johnson
7. Andrew Jackson
22. Grover Cleveland
37. Richard M. Nixon
8. Martin Van Buren
23. Benjamin Harrison
38. Gerald R. Ford
9. William Henry Harrison
24. Grover Cleveland
39. James Carter
10. John Tyler
25. William McKinley
40. Ronald Reagan
11. James K. Polk
26. Theodore Roosevelt
41. George H. W. Bush
12. Zachary Taylor
27. William Howard Taft
42. William J. Clinton
13. Millard Fillmore
28. Woodrow Wilson
43. George W. Bush
14. Franklin Pierce
29. Warren G. Harding
44. Barack Obama
15. James Buchanan
30. Calvin Coolidge
45. Donald Trump

Sources

  • Freidel, F., & Sidey, H. (2009). Grover Cleveland 22. Retrieved April 22, 2016, from https://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/presidents/grovercleveland22
  • Sullivan, George. Mr. President: A Book of U.S. Presidents. New York: Scholastic, 2001. Print.
  • What are some interesting facts about presidents and first ladies? (n.d.). Retrieved April 22, 2016, from https://www.whitehousehistory.org/questions/what-are-some-interesting-facts-about-presidents-first-ladies

Questions & Answers

    © 2017 Angela Michelle Schultz

    Comments

      0 of 8192 characters used
      Post Comment

      No comments yet.

      working

      This website uses cookies

      As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, owlcation.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

      For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://owlcation.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

      Show Details
      Necessary
      HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
      LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
      Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
      AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
      HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
      HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
      Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
      CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
      Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
      Features
      Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
      Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
      Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
      Marketing
      Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
      Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
      Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
      Statistics
      Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
      ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
      Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)