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History and Tradition of the Dream Catcher

The nations indigenous to the United States have legends and traditions dating back thousands of years. These legends, much like any other culture, tell stories of how the world was created, detail the purposes of plants and vegetation, explain how men and women came to be, and address other aspects of history and geological changes.

There were also legends of the spirit world and the deepest recesses of the mind—which were thought by some to play out in a person's dreams. These dreams, while believed to be revealing in nature, could be affected by the energy in the area that was slept in. The Ojibwe, (sometimes spelled Ojibwa) nation created what are now known as "dream catchers".

This tribe is also known as the Chippewa. These hoops entwined with thin rope or netting into a web or "snare", were thought to change the very energy of a room by trapping everything negative within the weaving.

history-and-tradition-of-the-dream-catcher

In the last fifty years, the tradition of the dream catcher has been adopted by many Native American tribes, however the first ones were exclusive to the Ojibwe. They were indigenous as far north as Ontario Canada, and states such as Michigan, Wisconsin, North Dakota and Minnesota.

The popular "spider web" dream catcher is very close to the designs of the first ones. They can be as small as 3 1/2 inches across and are best made with the brightly colored red willow that is collected from the first days of spring or dogwood. Sinew (animal tissue) was used by many for the thread in the original dream catchers, as well as nettle-stalk fiber.

Original Spider Web Dream Catcher

In the original spider web dream catcher, the willow is made into a circle. The willow from early spring is softer and more pliable, and can easily be formed. Once the circle is dried, sinew or nettle fibers are tied at seven points of the circle, representing the seven prophecies attributed to Asibikaashi, or "the great spider".

These seven rays meet in the center where, in some of the early dream catchers, a stone is placed representing Asibikaashi. Within the seven rays, eight strands are interwoven that represent the eight legs of the spider. The result looks very much like a spider web.

These were hung over people's beds, with special care given to the dream catchers of infants.

history-and-tradition-of-the-dream-catcher

Legends and Stories of Dream Catchers

In time, as other Native American tribes adopted the tradition of dream catchers, the legends and stories behind their origin would vary. In the Ojibwe legends, the dream catchers served to catch any negative energies that were in the room and the dreams of those who slept there would be good ones.

In other nations, the legends would say that the good dreams passed through the weaving uninhibited while the bad dreams were caught in the snares. The designs would change as well, and the more common dream catcher patterns that are seen today were actually based on a children's game involving a hoop with weaving similar to the dream catchers. This game would have one person roll the hoop on the ground while another tried to throw a wooden stick or spear through the hole while it was moving.

Dream Catchers Should Be Handcrafted

Dream catchers became especially popular in the later sixties and seventies when many "new age" groups outside of the Native American cultures began designing them for mass profit. Because of this, many indigenous people as well as their supporters, object to the popular image of dream catchers, believing that the culture that originated them is being ignored.

They're simply made and sold out of products that are not part of the circle of life—rather they are produced from metal and man-made textiles. The story that is supposed to come from each individual dream catcher doesn't have the same meaning without the time and care it takes to handcraft each individual one.

The Dream Catcher

The Dream Catcher

Frances Densmore

Few have worked as tirelessly as Frances Densmore (May 21, 1867 – June 5, 1957) to preserve the culture and history of the people native to what is now the United States. Born in Redwing, Minnesota, she grew up listening to the distant drum beats of the nearby villages. Her mother encouraged her love and appreciation for the purity of Native American music.

She was a student at both the Oberlin Conservatory of Music and Harvard University in the later 19th century, and studied for many years under Alice Cunningham Fletcher, the author of "A Study Of Omaha Music" (1893). She then spent much of her life preserving the history of Native American customs and cultures.

Her first hands-on education into the life of Native Americans began when she made a visit in 1905 to an Ojibwe village in Minnesota. It was due to her urging that the Smithsonian Institute's Bureau of Ethnology would provide financial backing for her to continue Native American studies. This forged an alliance between these nations and the institute until her death in 1957.

Frances Densmore and Native American

Frances Densmore and Native American

The Dream Catcher and Chippewa Customs

In Densmore's 1979 book "Chippewa Customs", she addressed the subject of dream catchers by saying that they represented spider webs. Everything that was potentially harmful was snared in the web, protecting the energies of those sleeping there, especially young children.

The Ojibwe made many crafts from the resources available to them, most of which had meaning that needed to be understood while weaving the dream catchers. Some of these, including the original dream catchers had to do with legends of ancient prophecies. One of these was the Seven Fires Prophecy of the Anishinabe.

Dream Catcher

Courtesy of  the artist Gordon Sage http://fineartamerica.com/profiles/gordon-sage.html

Courtesy of the artist Gordon Sage http://fineartamerica.com/profiles/gordon-sage.html

Dream Catchers & the Spirit World

Seven Fires Prophecy and the Making of the Dream Catcher

According to Ojibwe custom, as dream catchers are being made, the story of the Seven Fires should be told and pondered upon. The story itself involves the Seven Prophets coming to the Atlantic coast of North America to the Anishinabe, or the first people.

When the Seven Prophets arrived many years ago, all was well with the land. The prophets then gave the people seven prophecies which came to be known as the Seven Fires. These prophecies included the changes that would happen to the land in the coming years, the many moves that would be required to continue sustaining life, and most importantly, the coming of a race of people that would diminish the Anishinabe. The prophets said they should be looked at with caution.

The prophecies went on to say that the people would be driven from their lands and homes by the light-skinned race, and went on to describe the eventual destruction that would come to the land. Out of this destruction, the New People would be born and would seek to continue the voice of the ancestors.

Dream Catchers of Today

The tradition of the dream catcher spread to other nations, such as the Cherokee and the Lakota. Each had their own variation on the legend and their own unique designs. Cherokee dream catchers have a more elaborate design, and the importance of numerology is represented by the interlocking circles. These later dream catchers would often have many beads and feathers adorning them, and were as wide as six-twelve inches across.

It is important to mention that if you are going to make your own dream catcher to respect the history that goes into making them, the legends of the original ones, and to choose materials such as the willow and sinew or nettle that were used in the beginning. Dream catchers should be made with a person's unique imprint and should never be represented as a true Native American artifact. A law passed in 1990 protects Native Americans from others using their influence to claim an artifact is authentic.

Dream catchers are beautiful pieces of art that have an even deeper meaning of prophecy combined with healing energies. The history behind them is one that has often gotten misinterpreted or lost to time. It is only by learning the stories that they will continue—one dream at a time.

Native American Websites and Information

  • Cherokee Nation Home
    The Cherokee Nation continually provides its citizens with access to information about the tribes growth, successes and annual budgets. The Cherokee Nation is also required through so federal grants to provide annual reports of specific programs.
  • Native American Rights Fund (NARF)
    Providing legal representation to Native American tribes and villages, organizations and individuals to help untangle the maze of laws impacting their ...
  • NativeWeb
    The Indigenous Research Center of the Americas (IRCA) was founded in 1994 as an affiliated center of the Department of Native American Studies at the ...

Comments

Richard Boyd on January 15, 2020:

The dream catchers that i make they are. Made from the heart

Jackie Mosley on December 30, 2019:

I have dream catcher, given to me by St. Joseph Indian School, which I donate monies.

I have gave them to other people.

My great mother was Native American.

I have learned a lot about the history of Africans and Native Americans. Unity and conflict. 5 tribes were slave owners, trying to be like Caucasians, buying, selling and impregnating them.

Sandy Melaga on December 29, 2019:

I love my dream catcher! Thanks for this great article. My grandmother is from the Cherokee Indian reservation.

Evelyn on January 23, 2018:

I really liked all of that info on dreamcatchers , and Native Americans . It will really help me on my oral presentation in class , so thanks.

-Evelyn

Linda king on December 26, 2017:

I'm Cherokee Indian I love my dream catchers there is a lot of meaning to each and every one I have

Al from Australia, Hong Kong, USA on March 25, 2016:

Very interesting hub on dream catchers, thanks for sharing.

Kristen Howe from Northeast Ohio on October 27, 2015:

I've had my dream catcher for many years that one of my cousins gave me. Until I threw it last year, since it had a broken branch. But I've always been fascinated by them and the history behind it. Thanks for sharing this. I would love to have a new one someday.

ashley on July 04, 2015:

thank you for this, kentuckyslone! my family is of Native American blood. they've taught me how to make dreamcatchers. my mother and I enjoy giving them to friends and family as gifts. I appreciate someone taking the time to look into the origins and writing them up so beautifully. I'm not sure that you'll see this but I'm wondering if I might use a part of this article?

Ana Maria Orantes from Miami Florida on August 04, 2014:

I like dream catchers. They are beautiful. The meaning of having a dream catcher. It is good. No more nigthmares for people. You know. It is true. Thank you for writing an spitual hub Mr kentokyslone.

Kukata Kali on December 03, 2013:

Lovely expression! I enjoyed reading this so much. I've had a dream catcher (one way or another) my whole life. First one was given to me by my grandmother. Voted up~

kentuckyslone (author) on November 14, 2013:

Perhaps, but if you follow that logic you will discover that there is no such thing as "native"

Truth Teller on November 13, 2013:

The so-called 'native' Americans were not any more native than the Europeans as they came from Siberia across the Bering Land Bridge. They were not even the first people in North America, Proto-Europeans known as Solutreans were here long before the so-called natives.

mike on September 21, 2011:

welcome the fifth cycle embrace it without fear

Sue B. on May 31, 2011:

Great hub. I find native american culture and dream catchers fascinating.

kentuckyslone (author) on May 17, 2011:

Thanks to every one of you for the kind comments and for rating this hub. I appreciate that a lot.

Amy DeMarco from Chicago on May 17, 2011:

This is such a great hub. I always loved dream catchers. It's cool to know about the history and how they came to be. Voted up & useful.

christiansister on May 15, 2011:

This is a good article too. You are very diverse and inquisitive. That is very rare in the world today.

There is one thing I would like to say about the majority of the Native Americans is that they lived a much more pure life than any other group that I have studied.

They definitly had an outstanding concept of brotherhood, community, care for your fellow man, and stewardship of the earth that is sorely lacking in the world.

What happened and to some still happening to these people is truly a gross atrocity.

fucsia on May 05, 2011:

Very interesting! Thanks for sharing.

Fucsia

John MacNab from the banks of the St. Lawrence on April 28, 2011:

An excellent hub, kentuckyslone. Very interesting.

Tony McGregor from South Africa on April 21, 2011:

Wonderful stuff - I really enjoyed this. I also object to the exploitation of the cultural heritage of people by others who have no real connection.

Thanks for sharing.

Love and peace

Tony

Mrs. J. B. from Southern California on April 18, 2011:

Oh absolutely. Your hub showed me though that although dream catcher's are very pretty they have meaning and for many different reasons. Your hub was so fascinating. I really enjoyed it.

kentuckyslone (author) on April 18, 2011:

Thank you J.B. I do like the dream catchers for their beauty but it is really cool that there is more to them than that. I like all types of "Native American" crafts and lore.

Mrs. J. B. from Southern California on April 18, 2011:

You held my attention from the get go. I enjoy topics hardly talked about