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James Monroe - 5th President

James Monroe, Last Cocked Hat

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James Monroe Biography

James Monroe was our fifth President and the last of the founding fathers. He was born on April 28, 1758, in Westmoreland County, Virginia to his father Spencer Monroe, and his mother Elizabeth Jones Monroe.

Above all else, Monroe valued his family. On February 16, 1786, he married Elizabeth (Eliza) Kortright and had three children; their eldest daughter Eliza Kortright Monroe, their son James Spence Monroe, and their youngest daughter Maria Hester Monroe. He was very close to his children. His oldest daughter Eliza actually became the first bride to ever live in the White House. Monroe's wife became sick while he was in office; therefore, his daughter Eliza and her husband lived there right after they were married in order to act as hostess.

After his presidency, his wife Elizabeth died, which caused him to move in with his youngest daughter Maria and her husband. Part of the strong bond he had with his daughter's may have been as a result of Monroe's belief that women and men should be equal in their education. They gave just as much attention to their girls as their son in educational matters.

James Monroe Picture

James Monroe agreed to purchase Florida.
James Monroe agreed to purchase Florida. | Source
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Pictures of James Monroe

President James Monroe nominated John Quincy Adams for president!
President James Monroe nominated John Quincy Adams for president! | Source

List of Presidents In Order

1. George Washington

2. John Adams

3. Thomas Jefferson

4. James Madison

5. James Monroe

6. John Quincy Adams

7. Andrew Jackson

8. Martin Van Buren

9. William Henry Harrison

10. John Tyler

11. James K. Polk

12. Zachary Taylor

13. Millard Fillmore

14. Franklin Pierce

15. James Buchanan

16. Abraham Lincoln

17. Andrew Johnson

18. Ulysses S. Grant

19. Rutherford B. Hayes

20. James Garfield

21. Chester A. Arthur

22. Grover Cleveland

23. Benjamin Harrison

24. Grover Cleveland

25. William McKinley

26. Theodore Roosevelt

27. William Howard Taft

28. Woodrow Wilson

29. Warren G. Harding

30. Calvin Coolidge

31. Herbert Hoover

32. Franklin D. Roosevelt

33. Harry S. Truman

34. Dwight D. Eisenhower

35. John F. Kennedy

36. Lyndon B. Johnson

37. Richard M. Nixon

38. Gerald R. Ford

39. James Carter

40. Ronald Reagan

41. George H. W. Bush

42. William J. Clinton

43. George W. Bush

44. Barack Obama

The Era of Good Feelings!

Shortly after the victory in the War of 1812, James Monroe was elected as President of the United States. Monroe served two terms, which became known as the "Era of Good Feelings." His term was labeled this for many reasons. First of all, everyone was very elated at Monroe's success as Secretary of War during the War of 1812, which gave everyone confidence in his ability as President. Their confidence was confirmed due to his very personable demeanor and their respect only grew since the economy was really booming at the beginning of his term.

It was not all good feelings though. In 1819, the US started a small depression. Unemployment rates increased, bankruptcies increased, and foreclosures increased. Many believed that this was just a result of starting a new government, and this was its natural course. Fortunately for Monroe, there was not much backlash towards him.

That same year, the Missouri Compromise which stated that slavery was not allowed above the 36 degree 30 minute latitude, caused distress amongst the American people. It was enacted when Missouri joined the union as a slave state, disrupting the unity between the north and south.

Even the worst moment during the era of Good Feelings were overlooked, since Monroe did so much more for our country. In 1819 towards the end of his first term, he agreed to purchase Florida from Spain. This among other things made him very popular. When he ran for his second term, Monroe actually received all but one electoral vote. The one he did not receive was because a New Hampshire delegate wanted George Washington to be the only one to win unanimously.

The most well known change that President James Monroe did while in office was entitled after himself; the Monroe Doctrine. John Quincy Adams, who would later become his successor, helped him write it. At the time, Adams served as his Secretary of State. Once they had completed the writing of the Monroe Doctrine, it stopped European intervention within the United States. Part of its intention was to buy Florida from Spain. When Adams became president, he was able to finish what Monroe stated and Florida became officially part of the United States.

Basic Facts

Question
Answer
Born
April 28, 1758 - Viriginia
President Number
5th
Party
Democratic-Republican
Military Service
Continental Army (major) Virginia Militia (colonel)
Wars Served
American Revolutionary War • Battle of Trenton
Age at Beginning of Presidency
59 years old
Term of Office
March 4, 1817 - March 3, 1825
How Long President
8 years
Vice-President
Daniel D. Tompkins
Age and Year of Death
July 4, 1831 (aged 73)
Cause of Death
heart failure and tuberculosis

James Monroe's Presidency

Despite Monroe's great presidency, he was relieved to leave his Presidential duties behind him. This allowed him to focus on his family and spend more time on his farm. He also had a lot of financial issues, and wanted to be able to pay off much of his debt. Unfortunately, he spent a life of high profile, but low pay. He eventually was able to get paid for some of his services, which enabled him to pay off much of his debt. This allowed him to leave his children an inheritance after he died. Like two of his predecessors, he died on Independence Day in 1831, in New York City, New York. He was buried at Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond, Virginia.

James Monroe left a legacy behind as one of the most qualified presidents to hold the position. He served in the Revolutionary War, served in the US Senate, as well as the Continental Congress. He also served during a time when we became more independent, finally getting away from European direction.

Fun Facts

  • One of three presidents to die on the Fourth of July. He died five years after his predecessors Thomas Jefferson and John Adams.
  • First president to have also been a senator.
  • When elected, he almost voted in unanimously for his second term. He won 231 to 1 in electoral votes. One delegate in New Hampshire wanted George Washington to be the only President to ever be voted in unanimously, and was his only reason for voting against him.
  • During the Revolutionary War he was shot in the arm. The bullet remained in his shoulder for his entire life.
  • Five states joined the United States while he was in office: Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Maine, and Missouri.

President James Monroe Biography Video

Sources

  • American Presidents | Series | C-SPAN.org. (n.d.). Retrieved April 21, 2016, from http://www.americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=5
  • Miller Center of Public Affairs, University of Virginia. “James Monroe: Family Life.” Accessed April 21, 2016. http://millercenter.org­/president/biography/monroe-family-life.
  • Profiles of U.S. Presidents. (n.d.). Retrieved April 21, 2016, from http://www.presidentprofiles.com/Washington-Johnson/James-Monroe-Foundations-of-the-monroe-doctrine.html
  • Sullivan, George. Mr. President: A Book of U.S. Presidents. New York: Scholastic, 2001. Print.
  • Summers, R. S. (n.d.). Presidents of the United States (POTUS). Retrieved April 21, 2016, from http://www.ipl.org/div/potus/jmonroe.html
  • What are some interesting facts about presidents and first ladies? (n.d.). Retrieved April 20, 2016, from https://www.whitehousehistory.org/questions/what-are-some-interesting-facts-about-presidents-first-ladies

© 2012 Angela Michelle

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Comments 9 comments

Dennis AuBuchon profile image

Dennis AuBuchon 3 years ago

Great hub with excellent content. It is great to learn more about individuals who served as President along with some history not only of them but the country. I voted up, useful, awesome and interesting along with liking, pinning and tweeting.


angela_michelle profile image

angela_michelle 4 years ago from United States Author

Thank you!


kmkellum profile image

kmkellum 4 years ago

Great hub! I'm very interested in U.S. Presidential history.


angela_michelle profile image

angela_michelle 4 years ago from United States Author

I'm glad you enjoyed it! I am actually working on articles about all of the presidents. I have a list of them to the right of the articles. The ones in blue are the ones I have written them about.


John Sarkis profile image

John Sarkis 4 years ago from Los Angeles, CA

This is a great hub - I love history and found this interesting and voted as such.

Florida is my favorite of all the USA States, so I'm glad about the Monroe doctrine...

Take care

John


angela_michelle profile image

angela_michelle 4 years ago from United States Author

Your welcome. I am working on writing some for every president. Slowly but surely I will do it.


CreateHubpages profile image

CreateHubpages 4 years ago

Thank you very much for posting an information about James Monroe.


angela_michelle profile image

angela_michelle 4 years ago from United States Author

Thank you!


dahoglund profile image

dahoglund 4 years ago from Wisconsin Rapids

Nice summary of a good president.I'll share with followers.

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    angela_michelle profile image

    Angela Michelle (angela_michelle)939 Followers
    190 Articles

    Angela loves history and feels it is essential to our future to know the past. Without it, we as a country are destined to repeat the past.



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