James Monroe - 5th President
James Monroe, Last Cocked Hat
James Monroe Biography
James Monroe was our fifth President and the last of the founding fathers. He was born on April 28, 1758, in Westmoreland County, Virginia to his father Spencer Monroe, and his mother Elizabeth Jones Monroe.
Above all else, Monroe valued his family. On February 16, 1786, he married Elizabeth (Eliza) Kortright and had three children; their eldest daughter Eliza Kortright Monroe, their son James Spence Monroe, and their youngest daughter Maria Hester Monroe. He was very close to his children. His oldest daughter Eliza actually became the first bride to ever live in the White House. Monroe's wife became sick while he was in office; therefore, his daughter Eliza and her husband lived there right after they were married in order to act as hostess.
After his presidency, his wife Elizabeth died, which caused him to move in with his youngest daughter Maria and her husband. Part of the strong bond he had with his daughter's may have been as a result of Monroe's belief that women and men should be equal in their education. They gave just as much attention to their girls as their son in educational matters.
James Monroe Picture
Pictures of James Monroe
List of Presidents In Order
2. John Adams
5. James Monroe
10. John Tyler
11. James K. Polk
12. Zachary Taylor
13. Millard Fillmore
14. Franklin Pierce
15. James Buchanan
16. Abraham Lincoln
17. Andrew Johnson
18. Ulysses S. Grant
19. Rutherford B. Hayes
20. James Garfield
21. Chester A. Arthur
22. Grover Cleveland
23. Benjamin Harrison
24. Grover Cleveland
25. William McKinley
28. Woodrow Wilson
30. Calvin Coolidge
31. Herbert Hoover
33. Harry S. Truman
34. Dwight D. Eisenhower
35. John F. Kennedy
36. Lyndon B. Johnson
37. Richard M. Nixon
38. Gerald R. Ford
39. James Carter
40. Ronald Reagan
41. George H. W. Bush
42. William J. Clinton
43. George W. Bush
44. Barack Obama
The Era of Good Feelings!
Shortly after the victory in the War of 1812, James Monroe was elected as President of the United States. Monroe served two terms, which became known as the "Era of Good Feelings." His term was labeled this for many reasons. First of all, everyone was very elated at Monroe's success as Secretary of War during the War of 1812, which gave everyone confidence in his ability as President. Their confidence was confirmed due to his very personable demeanor and their respect only grew since the economy was really booming at the beginning of his term.
It was not all good feelings though. In 1819, the US started a small depression. Unemployment rates increased, bankruptcies increased, and foreclosures increased. Many believed that this was just a result of starting a new government, and this was its natural course. Fortunately for Monroe, there was not much backlash towards him.
That same year, the Missouri Compromise which stated that slavery was not allowed above the 36 degree 30 minute latitude, caused distress amongst the American people. It was enacted when Missouri joined the union as a slave state, disrupting the unity between the north and south.
Even the worst moment during the era of Good Feelings were overlooked, since Monroe did so much more for our country. In 1819 towards the end of his first term, he agreed to purchase Florida from Spain. This among other things made him very popular. When he ran for his second term, Monroe actually received all but one electoral vote. The one he did not receive was because a New Hampshire delegate wanted George Washington to be the only one to win unanimously.
The most well known change that President James Monroe did while in office was entitled after himself; the Monroe Doctrine. John Quincy Adams, who would later become his successor, helped him write it. At the time, Adams served as his Secretary of State. Once they had completed the writing of the Monroe Doctrine, it stopped European intervention within the United States. Part of its intention was to buy Florida from Spain. When Adams became president, he was able to finish what Monroe stated and Florida became officially part of the United States.
April 28, 1758 - Viriginia
Continental Army (major) Virginia Militia (colonel)
American Revolutionary War • Battle of Trenton
Age at Beginning of Presidency
59 years old
Term of Office
March 4, 1817 - March 3, 1825
How Long President
Daniel D. Tompkins
Age and Year of Death
July 4, 1831 (aged 73)
Cause of Death
heart failure and tuberculosis
James Monroe's Presidency
Despite Monroe's great presidency, he was relieved to leave his Presidential duties behind him. This allowed him to focus on his family and spend more time on his farm. He also had a lot of financial issues, and wanted to be able to pay off much of his debt. Unfortunately, he spent a life of high profile, but low pay. He eventually was able to get paid for some of his services, which enabled him to pay off much of his debt. This allowed him to leave his children an inheritance after he died. Like two of his predecessors, he died on Independence Day in 1831, in New York City, New York. He was buried at Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond, Virginia.
James Monroe left a legacy behind as one of the most qualified presidents to hold the position. He served in the Revolutionary War, served in the US Senate, as well as the Continental Congress. He also served during a time when we became more independent, finally getting away from European direction.
- One of three presidents to die on the Fourth of July. He died five years after his predecessors Thomas Jefferson and John Adams.
- First president to have also been a senator.
- When elected, he almost voted in unanimously for his second term. He won 231 to 1 in electoral votes. One delegate in New Hampshire wanted George Washington to be the only President to ever be voted in unanimously, and was his only reason for voting against him.
- During the Revolutionary War he was shot in the arm. The bullet remained in his shoulder for his entire life.
- Five states joined the United States while he was in office: Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Maine, and Missouri.
President James Monroe Biography Video
- American Presidents | Series | C-SPAN.org. (n.d.). Retrieved April 21, 2016, from http://www.americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=5
- Miller Center of Public Affairs, University of Virginia. “James Monroe: Family Life.” Accessed April 21, 2016. http://millercenter.org/president/biography/monroe-family-life.
- Profiles of U.S. Presidents. (n.d.). Retrieved April 21, 2016, from http://www.presidentprofiles.com/Washington-Johnson/James-Monroe-Foundations-of-the-monroe-doctrine.html
- Sullivan, George. Mr. President: A Book of U.S. Presidents. New York: Scholastic, 2001. Print.
- Summers, R. S. (n.d.). Presidents of the United States (POTUS). Retrieved April 21, 2016, from http://www.ipl.org/div/potus/jmonroe.html
- What are some interesting facts about presidents and first ladies? (n.d.). Retrieved April 20, 2016, from https://www.whitehousehistory.org/questions/what-are-some-interesting-facts-about-presidents-first-ladies
© 2012 Angela Michelle
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