Learn Spanish: 100 Most Common Verbs and Expressions

Updated on January 12, 2018
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Cynthia is a writer, artist, and teacher. She loves studying language, arts, and culture, and sharing that knowledge.

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Studying Spanish Verbs

When you're learning a language, especially as an adult, it pays to know the most common verbs you'll encounter. This can help with travel and basic communication.

Of course, the list I've compiled below are verbs that I feel, from years of teaching Spanish, are the most beneficial to know.

This is not an alphabetical list.

  • Simple, regular -AR verbs are first.
  • Other verbs are grouped as opposites.
  • Still, others are grouped according to whether they stem-change or have interesting forms.

This is all an effort to help you memorize and assimilate these verbs into your vocabulary.

Included with many verb are common expressions and meanings that you might hear people say in Spanish.

Of course, these words and phrases can vary from country to country.

Furthermore, this is just a small sampling of an entire language - it's impossible to capture everything.

Learning More Verbs

As you learn more verbs and vocabulary, you can help yourself to learn and memorize them in several ways:

  • reading them out loud and repeating to yourself several times
  • writing down the verbs
  • acting them out
  • learning them in "clusters" - such as the way a particular group of verbs follow a pattern, or if they're opposites, etc.
  • watching television in Spanish and listening for some of these verbs so you can hear them in context
  • putting the verb into a sentence in the target (Spanish) language

Regular Verbs vs. Irregular Verbs

Before diving right into the verbs, it's helpful to know if they're regular or not.

If you know a verb follows a regular pattern, that's part of the battle.

If it doesn't, then you can memorize those verbs separately.

Breaking down all the verbs into their specific parts is beyond the scope of this article, but you'll have a good feel for lots of common verbs after reading and studying them.

Regular Verbs All Follow a Pattern

For -AR, -ER, and -IR verbs, when you break a verb down (conjugate) it, the endings of those verbs follow a predictable pattern:

Irregular Verbs Do Not Follow Typical Patterns

They are separated into different groups in this article.

Regular Verb Ending Patterns

-AR
Hablar
-ER
Comer
-IR
Sacudir
-O
hablo
-O
como
-O
sacudo
-AS
hablas
-ES
comes
-ES
sacudes
-A
habla
-E
come
-E
sacude
-AMOS
hablamos
-EMOS
comemos
-IMOS
sacudimos
-AN
hablan
-EN
comen
-EN
sacuden

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Common Spanish Verbs Ending in -AR

Most textbooks you'll see start with the regular verbs in Spanish, and for good reason: they follow a pattern.

Here is a group of regular verbs that end in -AR, plus some common expressions that go with them:

  • Bailar - to dance

-un baile - a dance

-un bailador, una bailadora - a dancer

  • Mirar - to look

-¡Mira! - Look! (informal)

-miremos - let's look

  • Necesitar - to need

-es necesario - it's necessary

-la necesidad - necessity

  • Escuchar - to listen to

-escucho la radio - I listen to the radio

-escúchame - listen to me (informal)

  • Tomar - to take (something to eat/drink)

-¿Algo de tomar? - Something to drink? (Waiters will often ask this in restaurants.)

-tomar en cuenta - to consider

  • Desear - to want, desire

-deseable - desirable

-es poco deseable - it's not desirable

  • Estudiar - to study

-el estudiante, la estudiante - student

-estudioso, estudiosa - studious

  • Aceptar - to accept, to agree to

-¿Acepta el trato? - Do you agree to the deal?

  • Cantar - to sing

-la canción - the song

-el cantador, la cantadora - singer

  • Limpiar - to clean

-estoy limpio - I'm broke (Used in Latin America; literally: I'm clean)

-la limpieza - the cleaning or cleanliness

  • Enseñar - to teach

-la enseñanza - teaching

-enseñaba - I used to teach; he (or she) used to teach

Various Spanish Verbs
Various Spanish Verbs | Source

More Common Verbs Ending in -AR

Here are a few more of regular -AR verbs that people frequently use in Spanish.

  • Buscar - to look for (this verb really does include the "for" part: "busco un papel" means I'm looking for a paper)
  • Ayudar - to help; ayúdeme means "help me"
  • Cambiar - to change; "en cambio" means "on the other hand"
  • Llegar - to arrive; "la llegada" means "arrival" and its opposite, "la salida" is "departure."
  • Llorar - to cry; "no llores" means "don't cry"
  • Pasar - to pass, happen; "¿Qué pasa?" means "What's up?" or "What's happening?"
  • Lavar - to wash; "lávese las manos" means "wash your hands"
  • Amar - to love; "te amo" means "I love you"
  • Gritar - to scream; "el grito" is "a scream"
  • Entrar - to enter
  • Cortar - to cut; "corto" is something that is "short" as in "pelo corto" or "short hair"

Verbs that Reflect Physical Movement or Tasks

These verbs should be easier to memorize together because they all involve some sort of "action:" The only one of these that is irregular is "andar," in the past tense.

Caminar - to walk

Andar - to walk, stroll, hike

Correr - to run

Nadar - to swim

Marchar - to march, to leave

Hablar - to speak, talk

Escribir - to write

Cocinar - to cook

Comer - to eat

Beber - to drink

Preparar - to prepare

Festejar = to party
Festejar = to party | Source

Other Regular -ER and -IR Verbs

These are regular verbs for the most part. "Recoger" is a little irregular. If you're looking for more regular -ER and -IR verbs, check the section on opposites. You can also look in the section of stem-changing verbs for more -ER and -IR verbs that are irregular.

Comprender - to understand, comprehend

Aprender - to learn

Sacudir - to shake

Recoger - to gather, to collect, to get

The Verbs "To Like" and "To Be Important To" in Spanish

These two verbs are a little different than most verbs.

When you express that you like something, you use the verb "gustar" - but it's not formulated in the same way as the typical verb.

Me gusta - I like; Te gusta - you like; Le gusta - he/she/it likes

It literally means "to be pleasing to" - thus "me gusta" literally means "it is pleasing to me."

Quite a few verbs take on this format in Spanish, but to keep things simple, here's one more:

Importar - to be important to, to matter to

Me importa - it's important to me; Te importa - it matters to you; Le importa - it's important to her (him, it).

Opposites

Sometimes it's helpful to learn and understand verbs if you can pair them with the opposite meaning. The verbs with an asterisk (*) next to them are irregular verbs.

Sentarse* / levantarse* - to sit / to stand up, lift up; "levántese" - stand up; "siéntese" - sit down

Perder* / encontrar* - to lose / to find; "no pierda mi tiempo" - don't waste my time

Olvidar / recordar* - to forget / to remember; "olvídelo" - forget it

Gastar / ahorrar - to spend / to save

Cerrar* / abrir - to close / to open; "cerrado" - closed; "abierto" - open

Vivir / morir* - to live / to die; "murió" - he, she or it died

Vender / comprar - to sell / to buy; "ir de compras" - to go shopping

Apagar / encender* - to turn off, extinguish / to turn on; "el apagafuegos" means "fire extinguisher"

Empezar* / terminar - to begin / to finish, terminate; "el término" is "term" (when talking about vocabulary words)

Dormirse* / despertarse* - to fall asleep / to wake up; "Me dormí en el sofá" - I fell asleep on the couch.

Source

"GO" verbs

The next group of verbs have "go" in their first person, present tense form to help make them easier to remember.

Most of these are irregular verbs, meaning they have different forms, especially in different tenses, with different subjects (I, you, Tom, Dick, Jane, we, etc.). Some of them are a little more regular.

Tener - to have / tengo - I have

Hacer - to do, to make / hago - I do, I make

Decir - to say / digo - I say

r - to hear / oigo - I hear

Venir - to come / vengo - I come

Poner - to put / pongo - I put

Caer - to fall / caigo - I fall

Jugar - to play / juego - I play

Pagar - to pay / pago - I pay

Salir - to leave, to go out / salgo - I leave, I go out

Traer - to bring / traigo - I carry

"OY" Verbs

The following group of verbs have "oy" in the first person present tense. These are all irregular verbs.

Estar - to be (not permanent) / estoy - I am

Ser - to be (permanent) / soy - I am

Ir - to go / voy - I go

Dar - to give / doy - I give

"O" to "UE" Verbs

These particular verbs are grouped together because the middle part changes from the letter O to UE when the verb is conjugated, or broken down by subject. They are all at least somewhat irregular, too.

Poder - to be able / puedo - I am able, I can

Volar - to fly / vuelo - I fly

Volver - to return / vuelvo - I return

Contar - to tell, to count / cuento - I tell, I count

Dormir - to sleep / duermo - I sleep

Stem-Changing Verbs Types

Stem Letter:
Changes To:
Example
E
I
pedir: pido
U
UE
jugar: juego
O
UE
dormir: duermo

"E" to "IE" Verbs

Some verbs in Spanish have a change from the letter E in the center of the verb (or in its "root") to include the letters IE. For this reason, all of these are irregular.

Pensar - to think / pienso - I think

Entender - to understand / entiendo - I understand

Querer - to want / quiero - I want

Sentir - to feel / siento - I feel

Preferir - to prefer / prefiero - I prefer

"E" to "I" Verbs

A few verbs change from the letter "E" in the center to the letter "I":

Pedir - to ask for / pido - I ask for

Seguir - to follow, to continue / sigo - I follow, I continue

Verbs With Lots of Vowels

In Spanish, some words seem to have a lot of vowels. They really aren't that different from most other verbs when you break them down.

Leer - to read / leo - I read; tú lees - you read

Creer - to believe / creo - I believe; tú crees - you believe

Ver - to see / veo - I see; tú ves - you see

"C" to "Z" Verbs

Some verbs in Spanish end with -cer. In that case, when you break it down in the first person form, that "C" has a "Z" that gets added to it:

Parecer - to seem / parezco - I seem

Conocer - to know (a person), to be familiar with / conozco - I know

Merecer - to deserve / merezco - I deserve

"J" Verbs

These verbs have a "J" in their formulations.

Dibujar - to draw / dibujo - I draw

Trabajar - to work / trabajo - I work

Festejar - to party / festejo - I party

Viajar - to travel / viajo - I travel

Manejar - to drive, to manage / manejo - I drive, I manage

Exigir - to demand / exijo - I demand

Questions & Answers

    © 2014 Cynthia Calhoun

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      • cclitgirl profile imageAUTHOR

        Cynthia Calhoun 

        3 years ago from Western NC

        poetryman- thank you so much! I hope you have a muy buen día. :)

      • poetryman6969 profile image

        poetryman6969 

        3 years ago

        I have spoken in Spanish in a long time so it's nice to see a refresher.

      • Kristen Howe profile image

        Kristen Howe 

        3 years ago from Northeast Ohio

        Cynthia, you're very welcome. No worries. Whenever you're free, I appreciate it. Good luck with everything!

      • cclitgirl profile imageAUTHOR

        Cynthia Calhoun 

        3 years ago from Western NC

        Kristen - I so appreciate your comments! I am sorry I have been busy with a new job and moving, and thus haven't been able to return the favor of your wonderful visits, but I appreciate you! Thank you for your kind words. Have a wonderful day! Will try to check out your hubs as soon as I get a chance! xo

      • Kristen Howe profile image

        Kristen Howe 

        3 years ago from Northeast Ohio

        Hola Cindy. This was a great hub on learning Spanish verbs that are most common in usage. Very useful for those who want to learn a new language. Voted up!

      • cclitgirl profile imageAUTHOR

        Cynthia Calhoun 

        3 years ago from Western NC

        JaneA - awesome! Barcelona is definitely more difficult: more people there also speak Catalán. But have fun in Spain! :)

      • JaneA profile image

        JaneA 

        3 years ago from California

        This is a great start for my next trip to Spain! (I must admit that language in Barcelona confused me last time - it was hard to know when words were Spanish or French inflected - Madrid was much more straight forward.) Thanks!

      • cclitgirl profile imageAUTHOR

        Cynthia Calhoun 

        3 years ago from Western NC

        Torrilynn - haha, tienes razón! :)

        also, sorry for the delay in responding: it's my last semester of grad school and working full time. Whewee! Can't wait to get back to writing more!! :D

      • torrilynn profile image

        torrilynn 

        3 years ago

        These are some really common Spanish words. Hopefully, I learn Spanish completely, one day.

      • cclitgirl profile imageAUTHOR

        Cynthia Calhoun 

        3 years ago from Western NC

        Ha, tillsontitan, grrrreat to see you! My apologies for my delay in responding: I'm finishing my last semester of grad school...in Spanish!

        Thank you so much for your comments and for stopping by! HUGS

      • tillsontitan profile image

        Mary Craig 

        3 years ago from New York

        Hmmm, looks like I need Estudiar! I took French in high school and that was a long, long time ago. My children took Spanish and my youngest, from spending a lot of time in NYC following 9-11, has learned the language very well.

        Great hub to be read over and over!

        Voted up, useful, awesome, and interesting.

      • cclitgirl profile imageAUTHOR

        Cynthia Calhoun 

        4 years ago from Western NC

        Imtii- that's great! Glad I could help. :)

        Languages are such fun. I definitely hope to write more hubs like these. Have a great day!

      • imtii profile image

        Imtiaz Ahmed 

        4 years ago from Dhaka, Bangladesh

        cclitgirl a very nice hub. I know about english and my own local language. I was totally unaware of Spanish from your hub I learned a much. Hope to find more quality hubs from you. Thank you :)

      • cclitgirl profile imageAUTHOR

        Cynthia Calhoun 

        4 years ago from Western NC

        Aviannovice - hehe, there are always exceptions, no matter what you do. :)

        Thank you so much for stopping by! Always good to see you.

      • aviannovice profile image

        Deb Hirt 

        4 years ago from Stillwater, OK

        You make the regular verbs sound so simple. Like French and English, there are always exceptions, but that's where memory comes in. Thanks, Cindy!

      • cclitgirl profile imageAUTHOR

        Cynthia Calhoun 

        4 years ago from Western NC

        Faith - aw, thank you so much! Thank you for your feedback and kind words! Yes, I'm definitely passionate about helping others to learn. :) Happy Fourth to you!

      • Faith Reaper profile image

        Faith Reaper 

        4 years ago from southern USA

        Another excellent article. So true, learning verbs in a language is most beneficial in advancing in speaking the language.

        As I have stated before, you are a great teacher!

        Voted up and more and away

        Happy Fourth!

      • cclitgirl profile imageAUTHOR

        Cynthia Calhoun 

        4 years ago from Western NC

        Larry - thanks for your feedback. :) I completely agree: Spanish television is incredibly beneficial. I appreciate your words and thanks for liking my language hubs! Have a great day.

      • Larry Rankin profile image

        Larry Rankin 

        4 years ago from Oklahoma

        I know a bit of Spanish, but I wish I knew more. I think that after getting a little bit of a background in a language through book study, the best next step is submersion in the language. For a lot of us, Spanish television is one of the best ways to do this.

        Thank you for your articles on language. I really enjoy them.

      • cclitgirl profile imageAUTHOR

        Cynthia Calhoun 

        4 years ago from Western NC

        Sí, cierto, amigo. Espero que todo esté bien con usted. :) Que se vaya bien. :)

      • Lord De Cross profile image

        Joseph De Cross 

        4 years ago from New York

        Muy bien dicho cclitgirl! Es cuestion de practica.

      • cclitgirl profile imageAUTHOR

        Cynthia Calhoun 

        4 years ago from Western NC

        Dianna - muchas gracias a tí, amiga! Te mando un abracito! Yes, the verbs are one of the most complicated parts of speech in Spanish (unlike in English) - if you can get a handle on those, you're well on your way to being able to communicate. :)

      • cclitgirl profile imageAUTHOR

        Cynthia Calhoun 

        4 years ago from Western NC

        BB - life is good here, too! Thank you for the support. :) I love summer because I have a *little* more time to fuel my writing and creative addictions. :D

        Glad you're having warmer weather - my summer is *wonderful* - have a wonderful day!

      • teaches12345 profile image

        Dianna Mendez 

        4 years ago

        This is excellent teaching! If one knows these basic verbs they can communicate well in spanish. Hasta Luego, Amiga!

      • billybuc profile image

        Bill Holland 

        4 years ago from Olympia, WA

        Obviously there is nothing intelligent that I can say about this topic. I just stopped by to wish you a great week of creativity. I hope you are enjoyed your summer so far. The weather is warming up here and life is good lil Sis!

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