An Interpretation of 'La Scapigliata' by Leonardo da Vinci

Updated on June 13, 2016
La Scapigliata, meaning "disheveled"
La Scapigliata, meaning "disheveled"

Italian Renaissance artist Leonardo da Vinci is considered one of the greatest and most influential artists of all time. Accompanying his impressive artistic talent was a vast knowledge in the fields of mathematics, biology, anatomy, physics, engineering, and architecture - all areas in which Leonardo contributed greatly. His discoveries constantly pushed the boundaries of modern thought and paralleled the new beliefs that emerged from the Renaissance.

Among Leonardo’s many famous pieces of art, La Scapigliata (commonly referred to simply as Female Head ) is one that could be considered slightly unorthodox for its time. Critics argued that Leonardo was not simply sketching a woman with uncombed hair; instead, they suggest he was creating a work of art that depicts the natural beauty and power inherent in women. La Scapigliata maintains a sense of equality between men and women in a time when such equality did not exist.

da Vinci's self-portrait
da Vinci's self-portrait | Source

Artist Background

Leonardo was born in 1452 in the town of Vinci, Italy. His name literally means “Leonardo from the town of Vinci”. For this reason he is referred to by his first name instead of his surname. The Museum of Science in Boston, Massachusetts explains of Leonardo’s early life:

Growing up in his father's Vinci home, Leonardo had access to scholarly texts owned by family and friends. He was also exposed to Vinci's longstanding painting tradition, and when he was about 15 his father apprenticed him to the renowned workshop of Andrea del Verrochio in Florence. Even as an apprentice, Leonardo demonstrated his colossal talent.

Leonardo’s unique talent allowed him to leave his apprenticeship and move on to paint for himself.

Leonardo da Vinci's birthplace - Vinci, Italy
Leonardo da Vinci's birthplace - Vinci, Italy | Source

Social and Political Environment

Leonardo finished La Scapigliata in 1508 in Italy. This is not surprising, as the beginning of the sixteenth century in Europe was a time of extraordinary change. The discovery of the New World in the beginning of the century set the stage for further world exploration and significant economic, scientific and technological development.The Renaissance, which began in Italy roughly two centuries earlier, was beginning to expand its grasp even further into Europe.

The political scene in Italy at this time was far from unified. Italy was broken into many different provinces and states, all with a different governing chapter. This lack of unity between states most likely influenced the cultural and societal demand for change. Philosophers took the “classical” knowledge of which they had been taught for hundreds of years and completely re-evaluated it, changing it and forming new ideas and concepts that better fit their new understanding of the world.

During this time Italy was also experiencing a broader shift of power as the Roman Catholic Church’s influence was spreading more and more into Europe and across the Atlantic. The French invasion of Italy in 1494 spurred roughly four decades of wars that added to the political and social unrest in the Italian city-states. Overall, though, the economy at this time was stable enough for most people to live comfortably.

Leonardo, being a master of his time, internalized the great amount of change in the atmosphere around him and turned it in to a tangible and groundbreaking piece of art. In 1503 Leonardo reportedly began working on his famous Mona Lisa, a painting that also depicts a female in a uniquely curious light.

da Vinci's Vitruvian Man
da Vinci's Vitruvian Man | Source

Impact of La Scapigliata

Leonardo da Vinci was doing more than just painting pictures of women. He was breaking through the firm grip of prejudices and social restraints placed on women for thousands of years prior to the sixteenth century. La Scapigliata portrayed women in a sense never before seen from an artistic standpoint and foreshadowed the many feminist movements to erupt throughout the world hundreds of years after Leonardo’s death.

The Renaissance was the beginning of a change in the way women were viewed in society. Typically, women were viewed as objects - as simply wives and mothers with little to no power in the home, let alone in society. Men were the dominant social and political figures of this time period. Through La Scapigliata , Leonardo is suggesting there is much more to the female race than society understands and appreciates. His use of soft lines and gentle shading in this sketch illustrates how women are so naturally beautiful, and in doing so Leonardo challenges viewers to be appreciative of this beauty. The concept of untamed hair suggests a raw power in the female sex that is not often revealed on a day-to-day basis. The basic, innate power and magnificence of women is a concept Leonardo hoped his contemporaries and his fellow citizens would begin to embrace and respect.

As an instrumental and emotional piece of art, La Scapigliata acts as an advocate for women of sixteenth century Europe and explores the deeper psychological realm of feminism. While Leonardo was most likely unaware of the long-term implications of his artwork, he was a true visionary whose work is still highly esteemed in our modern era. While La Scapigliata is only one of Leonardo’s many masterpieces, it presents a plethora of groundbreaking ideas regarding the treatment of women in society which are still being fought for in countries throughout the world today.

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    • theactorsinger profile image

      theactorsinger 

      11 months ago

      In Your research of "La Scapigliata" did You find the name and information about the model who Leonardo had pose for the painting?

    • profile image

      Madigan 

      20 months ago

      This is an exceptional work of art and really fascinates me, as well. Despite all the research I have done I still am left pondering who the woman in this painting is? Any thoughts?

      Thanks.

    • profile image

      Bear/llama 

      2 years ago

      This page helped so much! I had to do a research paper on this painting and I cited your Hub several times! :) I don't know what I would have done without your Hub. Thank you so, so much for doing a Hub on this subject!!!

    • janesix profile image

      janesix 

      4 years ago

      I love that one. Don't think I've ever seen it before. Beautiful.

    • profile image

      Judy..Bologna 

      4 years ago

      I saw the original La Scapigliata by Leonardo in Parma's national gallery it was tucked away in a corner,a tiny portrait,but so Beautiful it gave me goose bumps..now we are planning to see Leonardo's The Last Supper in Milano.a much more grand painting but I AM SURE La Scapigliata will alway's remain my favourite of Leonardo's works

    • profile image

      berrey 

      5 years ago

      My painting analysis would have been the bane of my existence... or my grade, anyways... but then I found this, and all was right in the world.

    • Better Yourself profile image

      Better Yourself 

      6 years ago from North Carolina

      Great hub! It's been years since all my art history classes so it was nice to catch back up with the history of a great artist and the influence of his work! Thanks for sharing!

    • Rebekah  Nydam profile imageAUTHOR

      Rebekah Nydam 

      6 years ago from Massachusetts

      You're welcome! I noticed while writing this paper that there's really not much information out there about this particular piece of art. It fascinates me!

    • profile image

      rema c. (student) 

      6 years ago

      thank you so much for all this! i really needed help now i found it ;)

    • Rebekah  Nydam profile imageAUTHOR

      Rebekah Nydam 

      7 years ago from Massachusetts

      Thank you very much!

    • Obscure_Treasures profile image

      Obscure_Treasures 

      7 years ago from USA

      Very good hub! I am interested in Paintings so I have liked your hub a lot!

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