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Top 10 Longest and Bridges in India

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The Bandra-Worli Sealink is the third largest and the most famous among all.

The Bandra-Worli Sealink is the third largest and the most famous among all.

India's Longest Bridges

It is rightly said that bridges are the roads to success. In India, bridges are an important factor in assessing the infrastructure health of the country. The primary purpose of a bridge is to connect unconnected places. The secondary purpose of building bridges is to decongest roads and ease traffic. Whenever a bridge is built, in India or anywhere else, it brings more business avenues, reduces travel time, and increases job opportunities.

In this article, you will find the biggest bridges ever made in India!

List of Longest Bridges in India (Combined Road and Rail)

If we closely analyze the below table, we find that Bihar has the most number of longest bridges. As South India is better developed compared to the North, it comes as a pleasant surprise to see this domination. There are 5 bridges out of 10 from Bihar, 2 from Assam, 1 each from Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Kerala.

Serial no.NameDistance OpenedTypeConnectingPlace

1

Dr. Bhupen Hazarika Bridge

9.15 KM

2017

Road

Assam and Arunachal Pradesh

Lohit River, Tinsukia, Assam

2

Mahatma Gandhi Setu

5.75 KM

1982

Road

South Patna to Hajipur

Ganga, Patna, Bihar

3

Bandra-Worli Sea Link (BWSL)

5.57 KM

2009

Road

Bandra to Worli (South Mumbai)

Mahim Bay, Mumbai

4

Bogibeel Bridge

4.94 KM

2018

Rail-cum-road

Dhemaji to Dibrugarh

Brahmaputra River, Assam

5

Vikramshila Setu

4.70 KM

2001

Road

Bhagalpur to Naugachia

Ganga, Bhagalpur, Bihar

6

Vembanad Rail Bridge

4.62 KM

2011

Rail-cum-road

Edappally to Vallarpadam

Vembanad Lake, Kochi, Kerala

7

Digha–Sonpur Bridge

4.55 KM

2016

Rail-cum-Road

Digha, Patna to Sonpur, Saran

Ganga, Patna, Bihar

8

Arrah–Chhapra Bridge

4.35 KM

2017

Road

Arrah to Chhapra

Ganga, Saran, Bihar

9

Godavari Bridge

4.13 KM

2015

Rail-cum-Road

Kovvur to Rajahmundry

Godavari river, Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh

10

Munger–Ganga Bridge

3.69 KM

2016

Rail-cum-Road

Munger to Jamalpur

Ganga, Munger, Bihar

longest-bridges-of-india

1. Dr. Bhupen Hazarika Bridge (9.15 KM), Assam

This is designed as a beam bridge. Beam bridges are the simplest form when it comes to designing these type of structures.

Also known as Dhola-Sadiya bridge, the recently opened bridge is the longest bridge in India. This connects the states of Assam and Arunachal Pradesh. With much fanfare, PM Narendra Modi inaugurated this stating that a dream is fulfilled. The idea of this was first conceived by the then Chief Minister Mukut Mithi of Arunachal Pradesh in 2003. It took 14 long years to complete and the work was fast-tracked only in 2011.

longest-bridges-of-india

2. Mahatma Gandhi Setu, Bihar

Gandhi Setu, or Ganga Setu, is an engineering marvel. Like the first one, this was as well thrown open by the then PM Indira Gandhi. This reminds us the importance of the construction of these bridges. By the alternate name, you'd have gotten a fair idea that this is built over river Ganga. Like many infrastructure projects in India, this also saw tremendous delay and bureaucratic hurdles before completion.

The work on this started in 1972 when the initial cost was pegged at Rs. 23.50 crore and scheduled for completion by 1978. When it finally saw the day of the light in 1982 the cost to the exchequer was Rs. 87 crore which is close to 4 times of the initial estimate.

longest-bridges-of-india

3. Bandra-Worli Sea Link (5.57 KM), Maharashtra

In my opinion, this is the most beautiful bridge in India. This connects Bandra suburb to Worli in Mumbai. After completion, the travel time reduced to 10 minutes from the earlier 60 minutes. The overall construction cost of this is Rs. 750 crore which makes this as one of the costliest bridge in India.

The ride through this amazing man-made wonder is astonishing. Apart from offering connectivity, this has become a go-to place for tourist and locals alike.

longest-bridges-of-india

4. Bogibeel Bridge (4.94 KM), Assam

Bogibeel bridge is the longest rail-cum-road bridge in India. This connects the districts of Dibrugarh and Dhemaji. This is built over the Brahmaputra river and provides connectivity to the whole of upper Assam and Arunachal Pradesh.

The upper deck of the bridge is a 3-lane roadway and the lower deck is a 2-line broad gauge railway. The engineering design format is known as truss bridges. This type of bridge is fairly economical to construct and maintain. The Ikutsuki bridge in Nagasaki, Japan is the longest continuous truss bridge in the world.

longest-bridges-of-india

5. Vikramshila Setu (4.7 KM), Bihar

Another one from Bihar named after the ancient learning center of Pala Empire. Nalanda, the more famous ancient educational institute is Vikramshila's contemporary. In the modern day context, this bridge connects NH80 and NH31. This provides connectivity to many districts of Bihar namely Naugachia, Purnia, and Kathiar.

Demands for building another parallel bridge alongside this is on the rise. The bridge experiences severe traffic congestion at times. Considering this, Nitish Kumar, Chief Minister of Bihar gave his go-ahead to prepare a feasibility report in 2016.

longest-bridges-of-india

6. Vembanad Rail Bridge (4.62 KM), Kerala

This is built on the picturesque Vembanad Lake. Also called Edappally - Vallarpadam bridge as it connects both these places. The bridge was opened for public in 2011 and is the biggest one in Kerala. The bridge was constructed by Shapoorji Pallonji Group which is one of the major infrastructure companies based in India.

Strategically built and is immensely important as Vallarpadam is a Catholic pilgrim center. Vallarpadam also has an international transshipment container terminal which helps in facilitating trade from this region.

longest-bridges-of-india

7. Digha–Sonpur Bridge (4.55 KM), Bihar

The geography of Bihar is such that river Ganges divides it into two parts. That brings forward a major hurdle for transportation. Hence building these types of bridges is a long-term solution.

This is the fourth largest in Bihar and seventh largest in India. The rail-cum-road bridge provides connectivity to north and south of this eastern state. To make full use of this bridge, railway station of Patliputra and Bharpura have been built on either side of it.

longest-bridges-of-india

8. Arrah–Chhapra Bridge (4.65 KM), Bihar

This is a four-way road bridge connecting two major cities of Bihar. The cities of Arrah and Chapra are connected via this link. Arrah is a historically important place whereas Chapra has a frequently visited Ambika temple. According to estimates, this bridge reduced the distance of traveling from 120 km to 21 km. Now people have the option of the direct route rather than taking a detour towards Patna.

Officially named as Veer Kunwar Singh bridge and cost more than 800 crores.

longest-bridges-of-india

9. Godavari Bridge (4.13 KM), Andhra Pradesh

This is one of the three bridges built here above Godavari river. The oldest one was decommissioned in 1997 to replace the Godavari arch bridge which is a single line rail bridge. With most of the surrounding area developed the construction of a roadway was inevitable. So, to supplement the growth a new rail-cum-road link was built.

This bridge's image is often shown to represent Rajahmundry which is the cultural capital of Andhra Pradesh.

longest-bridges-of-india

10. Munger Ganga Bridge (3.69 KM), Bihar

The tenth largest bridge is also built above the mythologically important river of India, the Ganga. The construction of this took a whole circle when it was opened by PM Modi in 2016. I say that because it was Mr. A.B. Vajpayee who inaugurated the construction in 2002 when he was the prime minister.

As with many others on this list, there were several delays resulting in cost overruns. Even after many days of the completion, the road bridge is not opened as the government is still in talks to acquire land on both sides of the bridge.

Most Common Types of Bridges in India

My analysis of all the major bridges in India brings forward the findings that beam, truss, cable-stayed, and girder bridges are the most common designs. The stream of architectural studies also mentions these and suspension bridges as the basic types. The Dhola-Sadiya is an awesome example of beam bridge whereas the Bandra-Worli sea link is designed as a cable-stayed bridge.

Longest Road Bridges in India

Serial no.NameDistance OpenedConnectingPlace

1

Dr. Bhupen Hazarika Bridge

9.15 KM

2017

Assam and Arunachal Pradesh

Lohit River, Tinsukia, Assam

2

Mahatma Gandhi Setu

5.75 KM

1982

South Patna to Hajipur

Ganga, Patna, Bihar

3

Bandra-Worli Sea Link

5.57 KM

2009

Bandra to Worli (South Mumbai)

Mahim Bay, Mumbai

4

Vikramshila Setu

4.7 KM

2001

Bhagalpur to Naugachia

Ganga, Bhagalpur, Bihar

5

Arrah–Chhapra Bridge

4.35 KM

2017

Arrah to Chhapra

Ganga, Saran, Bihar

6

Godavari Bridge

4.13 KM

2015

Kovvur to Rajahmundry

Godavari river, Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh

7

Chahlari Ghat Bridge

3.26 KM

2017

Bahraich to Sitapur

Ghaghra River, Uttar Pradesh

8

Jawahar Setu

3.06 KM

1965

Dehri to Son Nagar

Son River, Bihar

9

Kolia Bhomora Setu

3.01 KM

1987

Tezpur to Kaliabor

Brahmaputra River, Assam

10

Korthi-Kolhar Bridge

3.00 KM

2006

Bijapur to Hubli

Krishna River, Bijapur, Karnataka

Indian States With Most Number of Bridges

Here I am counting only the ones which are above 1 km. And the Indian state which tops the list is Bihar with 11 followed by Uttar Pradesh and Assam with 9 each. The state of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh come a close third with 7, and West Bengal fourth with the count of 5. Karnataka and Odisha also have 4 each of which falls into this category.

The most number of bridges are built on river Ganga with 11 major ones and Brahmaputra comes a distant second with 5 above its waters.

Reference: The government of India (india.gov.in), "Infrastructure/Bridges", retrieved from the web on 14th March 2018.

Longest Rail Bridges in India

Serial no.NameDistanceOpenedConnectingPlace

1

Vembanad Rail Bridge

4.60 KM

2011

Edappally to Vallarpadam

Vembanad Lake, Kochi, Kerala

2

Nehru Setu

3.05 KM

1900

Dehri to Son Nagar

Dehri, Bihar

3

Godavari Arch Bridge

2.74 KM

1997

Kovvur to Rajahmundry

Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh

4

Second Mahanadi Rail Bridge

2.10 KM

2008

Mahanadi towards Cuttack

Cuttack, Odisha

5

Pamban Bridge

2.06 KM

1913

Pamban to Rameshwaram

Rameshwaram, Tamil Nadu

6

Sharavathi Bridge

2.06 KM

1994

Sharavathi towards Honnavar

Honnavar, Karnataka

7

Mahanadi Bridge, Boudh

1.95 KM

2002

Kiakata to Boudh

Boudh, Odisha

8

Silver Jubilee Railway Bridge Bharuch

1.40 KM

1935

Ankleshwar to Bharuch

Narmada River, Gujarat

9

Elgin Bridge

1.12 KM

1896

Barabanki to Gonda

Ghaghra River, Barabanki, Gujarat

10

Subansiri Railway Bridge

0.80 KM

1966

Gogamukh to North Lakhimpur

Subansiri River, Assam

Major Companies Building Bridges in India

Hindustan Construction Company (HCC) is one of the major companies in this sector. Larsen and Toubro, Gammon India, Simplex Infrastructures, and Ramky Infrastructure are some other major companies which actively bid on these type of projects.

Longest Rail-Cum-Road Bridges in India

Serial no.NameDistance OpenedConnectingPlace

1

Bogibeel Bridge

4.94 KM

2018

Dhemaji to Dibrugarh

Brahmaputra River, Assam

2

Digha–Sonpur Bridge

4.55 KM

2016

Digha, Patna to Sonpur, Saran

Ganga, Patna, Bihar

3

Munger Ganga Bridge

3.69 KM

2016

Munger to Jamalpur

Ganga, Munger, Bihar

4

Godavari Arch Bridge

2.79 KM

1974

Kovvur to Rajahmundry

Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh

5

Naranarayan Setu

2.79 KM

1998

Jogighopa to Panchratna

Jogighopa, Assam

6

Rajendra Setu

2.0 KM

1959

Barauni to Hathidah

Ganga, Mokama, Bihar

7

Abdul Bari Bridge

1.44 KM

1862

Koilwar to Kulharia

River Sone, Koilwar, Bihar

8

Saraighat Bridge

1.3 KM

1962

Saraighat to Kamakhya Railway Station

Brahmaputra River, Saraighat, Assam

9

Malviya Bridge

1.04 KM

1887

Kashi to Mughalsarai

Ganga, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh

10

Old Naini Bridge

1.0 KM

1865

Naini to Allahabad

Yamuna River, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh

Where Is the Oldest Bridge in India?

I put in more than 100 hours of research in getting this article on paper. All this while, a question which always came to mind was about India's oldest surviving bridge.

The answer to this is Abdul Bari bridge also known as Koilwar bridge built in 1862. It is impressive that the bridge is still in usable condition even after 150 years.

Below are the 6 oldest bridges in India:

  1. Abdul Bari Bridge - Bihar - Opened in 1862
  2. Old Naini Bridge - Uttar Pradesh - Opened in 1865
  3. Malviya Bridge - Uttar Pradesh - Opened in 1887
  4. Elgin Bridge - Uttar Pradesh - Opened in 1896
  5. Nehru Setu - Bihar - Opened in 1900
  6. Pamban Bridge - Tamil Nadu - Opened in 1913

Abdul Bari Bridge on Sone River

References

  • Indian Railway Year Book, "Track and Bridges," retrieved from the web on 8th March 2018.
  • Wikipedia, "longest bridges above water in India", retrieved from the web on 10th March 2018.
  • Construction Week India, "Top 30 Infrastructure Companies", retrieved from the web on 18th March 2018.

© 2018 Aarav

Comments

RANGARAJAN on March 24, 2020:

IN THIS THE KOLKATTA HOWRA ROAD BRIDGE AND THE CUDDALUR RAIL BRIDGES ARE MISSING --I THINK THESE BRIDGES LENGTH NEARLY ONE KILOMETRE///???/

md shahid afridi on January 01, 2020:

it is very interstated knowledge.

Mohan Babu from Chennai, India on December 03, 2019:

Such a nice compilation on long bridges in India. I think i have visited only two, the Bandra Worli Sea Link and the Godavari Bridge.

Vikas Gautam on May 05, 2019:

nice article sir

Cheryl E Preston from Roanoke on April 15, 2019:

Very detailed and informative. Perhaps I can visit one day and see the bridges for myself.

Frank ram on March 03, 2019:

It took india 14 years to build their longest bridge. I wonder how long the chinese to do it?