21st Century Architecture in Manchester, UK
Once known as 'Cottonopolis', the City of Manchester in Northern England was, during the 19th century, the largest producer of cotton garments in the world. Manchester was at the very heart of the international cotton and textile trade and a considerable number of advances in industrial technology were developed in the city. The City of Manchester was built on industry and this was reflected in the architecture of Manchester. Huge mills and warehouses dominated the Manchester architecture scene. These mills and warehouses formed the city centre with a donut of Victorian terraced housing forming a dense inner-city area.
Classic Architecture in Manchester
By the mid-19th century Manchester architecture was exemplified by cotton mills. There were over one hundred cotton mills in Manchester, many good examples of this fine period of architecture in Manchester still stand today and have been converted for more modern uses such as apartments, hotels, offices and restaurants etc. Even a cinema and bowling alley. However, by the early part of the 20th century the industry had fallen into decline. Cotton production had started to move to other parts of the world. The mills became empty and fell into disrepair. Before any attempt at the regeneration of Manchester could be attempted however, further damage was inflicted during the second war, followed by a period of intense destruction and clearing of land for new development.
Architectural Styles in Manchester
Huge new social housing projects were created - many of which would not even see out the end of the century for failing so badly - and new offices and hotels were built to the then-fashionable architectural designs of the 1960's and 70's British architecture scene. But, investment and employment was lacking. Whole families and generations found themselves out of work and unable to get back into the workplace. Social problems deepened and the city found itself labouring and destitute. Architecture in Manchester and much of British architecture went into a black hole for the next few decades.
Where is Manchester
A New Dawn for Architecture in Manchester
As the 21st century approached a new generation started to rise from the rubble and drag Manchester into the future with vision and ambition and enthusiasm. Modern Manchester architects like Ian Simpson and Roger Stephenson were the architects modern Manchester needed to demonstrate its intentions. After an IRA bomb destroyed part of Manchester City Centre in 1996 the city was united in thrusting Manchester into the 21st century, and for the first time in years there was architecture in Manchester that people were proud of.
Manchester Architecture Poll
Do you prefer modern architecture or more traditional architecture?
Architecture in Manchester Today
Today, Manchester City Centre is modern, cosmopolitan, safe, vibrant and still distinctly Mancunian, and the architecture in the city aptly reflects this new confidence. Below are just a few of the new building projects which have been built within the last few years that represent Manchesters ambition and success. Of course, the city also attracts a lot of international attention through the continued success of Manchester United and Manchester City football clubs.
The Beetham Tower
Completed in 2006 at a height of 157 metres and 50 floors this was, for a short time, the tallest residential building in Europe and is the tallest building in the UK outside of London. The building has won many architecture and design awards and is possibly the best example of the new wave of bold architecture in Manchester. The lower half of the building is a 285 bed Hilton hotel with a spectacular cocktail bar on the 23rd floor offering awesome views over Manchester and the surrounding area. The upper floors feature 219 residential apartments including a stunning duplex apartment on the top floors bought by the architect, Ian Simpson, for three million pounds. This has apartment has the largest floor plan of any apartment outside of London.
Manchester Beetham Tower (Hilton Tower)
The Civil Justice Centre
This 17 floor, 80 metre shining example of modern architecture in Manchester was completed in 2007 as part of the Spinningfields development in Central Manchester. It house 46 court rooms and is the largest purpose built law courts to be built in the UK since the Royal Courts of Justice were built in London in 1882. At the time of completion the building had the largest glass wall in Europe, but many agree that the most interesting feature of the architecture is the way in which the buildings' floors cantilever at the sides. Some of these floors cantilever out of the building to 15 metres. It's this feature that has given it the nickname of the 'filing cabinet'. The architectural design of this stunning building was done by the Australian architect, Denton Corker Marshall. This building has also won numerous architecture and design awards.
Manchester Civil Justice Centre
Completed in 2002 it was the glass-clad Urbis that really signalled Manchesters growing ambition and intent upon entering the 21st century and is an iconic example of modern Manchester architecture. At only 6 floors high it's not the tallest building but it's striking aesthetic certainly draws the eye of all passing visitors. Here the architect designed a stunningly simple, yet very elegant glass building that slopes it's way down from a height of 35 metres. For the first 10 years of it's life the Urbis building contained a permanent museum dedicated to the modern city. It also had temporary exhibits but many felt that the space inside was never effectively utilised. Since 2012 Urbis has become home to the National Football Museum which moved from it's former home in Preston. As with the Beetham Tower, Urbis was also designed by local Manchester architect, Ian Simpson who is responsible for much of the 21st architecture in Manchester.
Urbis (National Football Museum)
One Angel Square
In 2008 the Cooperative Group, a company founded and based in Manchester, announced plans for a new HQ and the redevelopment of several million square foot of land in the northern part of Central Manchester.
Completed in 2013 the new Cooperative Group headquarters, One Angel Square, set the bar at a very high architectural level for other new developments to come in this part of the city. The double-skinned building is one of the most environmentally friendly office buildings in the world and is ultra low carbon. One Angel Square is 72.5 metres tall with 17 floors and holds 3000 staff. The building was designed by architects 3DReid and demonstrates that architecture in Manchester continues to excel.
The new building is the centrepiece of a large new public square that highlights quality architecture in Manchester and also quality landscape architecture.
Classic Manchester Architecture
- Classic Architecture in Manchester, UK
A look at some of the more classic Manchester architecture, and the influence of gothic in architecture in Manchester that form an interesting juxtaposition with the citys' more modern architecture.
The Imperial War Museum North
Berlin-based Polish architect Daniel Libeskind won an international competition held in 1997 for the design of this iconic building. Situated just over a mile outside of the centre of Manchester at The Quays, the Imperial War Museum North (or IWMN) was officially opened to the public in July 2002, the same summer in which Manchester hosted the Commonwealth Games. Being given the opportunity to design the building was something very close to the heart of Libeskind as, hailing from Poland, he had lost dozens of family members during the second world war. In his words Libeskind says of his design, 'I wanted to create a building that people will find interesting and wish to visit, yet reflects the serious nature of a war museum. I have imagined the globe broken into fragments and taken the pieces to form a building, three shards that together represent conflict on land, in the air and on water.' This is a great addition to the architecture in Manchester.
Manchester Architecture Poll 2
Which is your Favourite Example of Manchester Architecture?
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