Nat Turner: Quick Facts
Birth Name: Nathaniel “Nat” Turner
Date of Birth: 2 October 1800
Birth Place: Southampton, Virginia
Death: 11 November 1831 (31 Years of Age)
Cause of Death: Executed by Hanging
Occupation: Slave (Owned by Benjamin and Samuel Turner)
Best Known For: Leader of the Southampton Slave Insurrection (1831)
Fact #1: Nathaniel “Nat” Turner was born into slavery on 2 October 1800. Although little is known about Turner’s parents, his mother also served as a slave on Benjamin and Samuel Turner’s plantation in Southampton County, Virginia. Turner’s grandmother, known as “Old Bridget,” reportedly came to the United States aboard at slave ship at the age of 13 from Ghana.
Fact #2: Historical records indicate that Nat Turner was extremely intelligent, even at a young age. Unwittingly, Turner’s plantation owners helped cultivate this aspect further; allowing Turner to learn how to read and write.
Fact #3: According to primary source materials, Nat Turner spent a great deal of his time reading the Bible, as well as preaching to slaves around Southampton. Following the death of his original master, Benjamin, Turner escaped from his plantation for nearly a month, before deciding to willingly come back. Upon returning, Turner claimed to have been given visions by God to lead a slave rebellion; believing himself to be a true prophet of God.
Fact #4: Turner used a solar eclipse (12 February 1831) as an opportunity to rouse his fellow slaves to rebellion; claiming that the eclipse was a divine sign from God. Several months later, the Sun once again took on a different shape and color, providing Turner with another “sign” of his divine mission. Numerous newspapers from this time describe how the Sun gave off “a grayish-blue light on the earth” (www.history.com). Scientists attribute this to an “atmospheric disturbance” caused by the eruption of Mt. Saint Helens in 1831, nearly 3,000 miles away from Virginia (www.history.com). Turner interpreted the solar event, however, as a divine miracle. In response, on the twenty-first of August, Turner and his slaves began their revolt with the slaying of numerous white individuals, including the Travis family of Southampton. Within just a few days, the rebels managed to kill over 60 men, women, and children before being put down by local militia groups.
Fact #5: Following the insurrection, Turner managed to slip away for nearly two months before being discovered by Benjamin Phipps. At his trial, Turner pleaded “not guilty” to the crime of slave-insurrection; claiming that the rebellion was part of a divine act of God.
Fact #6: On 11 November, 1831, Turner was publicly hanged after being found guilty for the slave rebellion. He was hanged, along with several fellow slaves in Jerusalem, Virginia.
Fact #7: Turner’s slave rebellion prompted many changes across the South. Newer (and harsher) laws were quickly passed to prevent the radicalization of slaves, such as prohibitions on black education. Moreover, organized efforts at emancipation in the South were quickly outlawed as well. As a result, public discord and tension between the North and South became even more pronounced in the days, months, and years that followed as the northern abolitionist movement ramped up attacks on slavery; citing the Nat Turner rebellion in their denunciation of slavery and its effects on slaves. Turner also became a central figure in the 1960s “black power” movement.
Fact #8: Turner originally planned to take over the county seat of Jerusalem, Virginia during the slave insurrection. In doing so, Turner hoped to acquire possession of the local armory there. However, Turner and his men were severely outgunned by a local militia in the area.
Fact #9: Although only 40-50 slaves participated in the revolt, white mobs avenged the death of their fellow plantation owners by killing nearly 200 African Americans.
"Good communication is the bridge between confusion and clarity."— Nat Turner
Quotes by Turner
Quote #1: “I had a vision – and I saw white spirits and black spirits engaged in battle, and the sun was darkened – the thunder rolled in the Heavens, and blood flowed in streams. And I heard a voice saying, ‘Such is your luck, such are you called to see, and let it come rough or smooth, you must surely bear it.” -- Nat Turner
Quote #2: “Having soon discovered to be great, I must appear so, and therefore studiously avoided mixing in society, and wrapped myself in mystery, devoting my time to fasting and prayer.” -- Nat Turner
Quote #3: “Good communication is the bridge between confusion and clarity.” -- Nat Turner
Quote #4: “It was unexpected. That’s just how it was. I don’t believe they were faster than us. I don’t believe they had more heart or dedication. It just fell on their side. That’s the reality of it.” -- Nat Turner
In his short lifespan, Nat Turner forever changed American history; setting the stage for violent confrontation between the North and South only thirty years later during the American Civil War. Through this brutal uprising, Turner managed to forever change the American psyche, as abolitionists and slaveholders, alike, used the rebellion as a means to further their own agendas. To this day, scholars continue to explore the life of Turner; unraveling new clues and facts about the famous slave leader. Only time will tell what new information can be learned about the life of Nat Turner and his followers.
Were you surprised by any of these facts?
Suggestions for Further Reading
Baker, Kyle. Nat Turner. New York, New York: Harry N. Abrams, 2008.
Gray, Thomas Ruffin. The Confessions of Nat Turner. 1831.
Greenberg, Kenneth S. Nat Turner: A Slave Rebellion in History and Memory. New York, New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.
Oates, Stephen B. The Fires of Jubilee: Nat Turner's Fierce Rebellion. New York, New York: Harper Perennial, 2016.
Articles / Books:
History.com Staff. "Nat Turner." History.com. 2009. Accessed August 18, 2018. https://www.history.com/topics/black-history/nat-turner.
"Nat Turner." Wikipedia. August 18, 2018. Accessed August 18, 2018. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nat_Turner.
Questions & Answers
What was the name of Nat Turner's child?
Scholars have been unable to determine (with certainty) whether or not Nat Turner had children. However, it is believed that Turner and his wife, Cherry Turner, may have had 1-3 kids throughout their marriage. Historians believe that one of these children was a slave named Riddick. Again though, this is only speculation and cannot be confirmed due to the lack of primary sources on this matter.Helpful 7
© 2018 Larry Slawson