Native American Nations and 360 Degree Migration Around the Arctic Circle
Native American DNA is Found in Denmark and Iceland
DNA Evidence is Solid
Portions of the public and some ethnologists have fought hard in the last century to prove that Native North American DNA never landed in Iceland and probably not in Greenland. However, these claims have been disproved by archeologists who have uncovered the exact DNA that detractors tried to deny.
Indigenous Nations at the Top of the World
One human migration theory holds that the Thules on the west coast of Greenland became the Inuit that live across the northern parts of the North American Continent.
At the same time, DNA research shows that indigenous peoples migrated in the other direction, West to East.
Together, the data shows that the Thules would need to have traveled from Greenland around the Arctic Circle clockwise to end up in Iceland.
While certain evidence links the Thules to the Inuit, no evidence yet links them to the Koreans; whereas Inuit peoples are genetically related in some degree to all other circumpolar/subpolar peoples, including northern Asians that encompass Koreans.
Therefore, the Thules did not give rise to the Inuits.
I think the People of the North in the Eastern Hemisphere must be the originals - not of all humankind perhaps, but of Northern Europe and Asia, from where they migrated to have commanded the Arctic Circle.
Interestingly, most People of the North and Native American Nations use names for their own tribes that mean "the people", "the first people", "the real people", etc.
The Korean term "han" translates as "the people", but with an additional sense or shading to suggest "the first and only people."
The People of the North in the Eastern Hemisphere number at least 41 separate nations or tribes. These nations migrated in order to find additional sources of food and habitation, just as other First Nations around the world have done over millennia of recorded history (6,000 years). The difference is that they began their migrations along the Arctic Circle and seemed not to have ventured southward until they reached Alaska.
From Alaska, they fanned out in separate groups and finally reached the tip of South America, migrated back up into the Ohio Valley and met the Europeans that drove them back. One exception were the Mohawk Nation and other Iroquois, who assimilated large numbers of themselves into European-American society and became successful in business.
The People of the North that became Canada's First Nations seem to have journeyed all the way to the east coast and then further to Greenland and finally to Iceland, where they intermarried with the Northern Europeans/Scandinavians. The Saami of Norway, pictured above, are an indigenous people that that are ancestors to some Native Americans and they may have migrated north east and west.
What is certain is that the ancestral nation-tribes of today's Native American Nations live completely around the Arctic Circle. This is borne out by DNA evidence that also shows shared DNA between Iroquois (e.g. Mohawk) and Zulu nations, which also in some locales share the same word for "cousin." Another certainty is that Native Americans and Asians such as the Japanese metabolize alcohol similarly to one another, but differently from Europeans. This is a further genetic link.
Foundation stories and myths are similar all around the Arctic Circle. For example, the reindeer that pulls the sun up in the east in Scandinavia and Siberia becomes a dragon in Korea and once again a reindeer, elk, or bison in North America. The turtle is prominent in helping to form the earth in both some Asian as was as some Native American histories. Linguisitics is another tacker of relatedness and we find similarities in various language elements among the various related People.
Native American Nations' DNA Tracked Across the Globe
- The Arctic Council
Native Peoples completely cover the Arctic Circle.
- DNA Ancestry Maps
We see (for just one example) that DNA from Mohawk Nation ("Apache"/"Cheyene" and other markers) is indeed found also in the Zulu inhabitants in Congo, Africa. This matches the existence of the same word for "cousin."
- Inuit Circumpolar Council - Home
The Inuit Circumpolar Council (ICC) representing Inuit in Greenland/ Denmark, Canada, Alaska/USA and Chukotka/Russia
Arctic Peoples Are Similar
Arctic Circle Origins
In summation, the Arctic Circle gave us our Native American Nations spread all around the globe through the ancestry lines of the indigenous peoples that include at least:
- The People of the North
- Canadian First Nations
- Native American and South American Nations
- Intermarriage with Pacific Islanders
- Intermarriage with Europeans
- Small migrations into and intermarriage in Africa
As DNA Mapping is pursued further by Universities in Illinois and by the Smithsonian Institute, we are gaining more usable information day by day.
Questions that arise include:
- Where is the information about a New Zealand tribe that is unrelated to the rest of current humans?
- Are the Basque people significantly different genetically than any other group of humans on earth?
- Are the Native Americans correct in saying "All My Relations" - all people and all living things are related genetically? This becomes increasingly interesting in light of the fact that scientists have determined that humans share a common ancestor not only with the ape world but with the SEA ANENOME. That would be quite an ancestor.
Other Similarities Among Indigenous Peoples
Notice the similarities in the accompanying pictures of different cultures. An additional link is the fact that an Iroquois word for "cousin" was found to appear in a Zulu language dialect as well, with the same meaning, in the mid-1990s.
See the similarities of dress between the Zulu and the Mohawk shown below. There are other similarities as well.
Both nations also often used a ball of short feathers with 1-3 long feathers sticking straight up out of it at the crown of the head.
Dr. Steve Silverheels: Mohawk and Seneca
While many Native Americans took and have recently taken Caucasian names, they have retained their own as well.
Chief and Dr. Steve Silverheels is a Seneca and Mohawk Native American that operates a healing ministry and he comes from a famous line of Ingidenous descendants:
Chief Silverheels's father, Jay Silverheels, portrayed Tonto in the Lone Ranger series on radio and television. Another relative, Chief Trainer Halftown, starred in Pony Express .
Chief Corn Planter was a Seneca War Chief, and the ancestor of Prophet Handsome Lake, who accepted Christ.
- Ebenesersdóttir, S.S. et. al. A new subclade of mtDNA haplogroup C1 found in icelanders: Evidence of pre‐columbian contact? American Journal of Physical Anthropology, Volume 144, Issue 1, pp 92 - 99; 2010.
- Perego, U.A., PhD. A Native American lineage in Iceland?; 2011. www.josephsmithdna.com/blog/a-native-american-lineage-in-Iceland Retrieved March 10, 2011.
Questions & Answers
© 2008 Patty Inglish MS