Paramahansa Yogananda's poems serve to deepen yoga meditation, offering devotees new ways of grasping the spiritual nature of all things.
Introduction and Excerpt From "Evasion"
In Paramahansa Yogananda’s “Evasion,” from Songs of the Soul, all but two of the couplets rime. The second and third couplets break the rime pattern and emphasize the separation from the Divine, which breaks the heart of the devotee.
(Please note: The spelling, "rhyme," was introduced into English by Dr. Samuel Johnson through an etymological error. For my explanation for using only the original form, please see "Rime vs Rhyme: An Unfortunate Error.")
Excerpt From "Evasion"
Whene'er I almost see Thee,
Thou dost vanish suddenly.
When Thou art nearly trapped in me,
I look, and find Thee gone. . . .
(Please note: The poem in its entirety may be found in Paramahansa Yogananda's Songs of the Soul, published by Self-Realization Fellowship, Los Angeles, CA, 1983 and 2014 printings.)
The six couplets in Paramahansa Yogananda’s “Evasion” testify to the difficulty of capturing the Divine.
First Couplet: Continuing to Lament and Strive
In the first couplet, the speaker/devotee addresses the Divine, lamenting that every time he thinks he is about to “see Thee,” the Blessed One just quickly disappears. This sudden loss causes consternation for the devotee.
However, because the devotee continues to lament, he also continues to strive. He does not give up, but instead he redoubles his efforts again and again.
Second Couplet: Trapping the Divine Belovèd
The speaker then metaphorically refers to capturing the Divine, or realizing God through his own soul, as trapping that Blessed Being. And yet again as in the opening of his report, as soon as he thinks he has “trapped” the Great Spirit, “I look, and find Thee gone.”
The little rabbit-God has avoided the trap again. The goal moves farther from the devotee's sight, it seems. The devotee’s heart is breaking from his near misses.
Third Couplet: Evading the Trap
There are even times when the devotee is sure he has attained the Divine Goal, and yet again like the little rabbit-God evading the trap, the Divine does “e’er escape.”
The second non-riming couplet reveals the devotee’s even stronger sorrow for losing the grasp on his goal, because this time he thought he had actually “seized Thee.” Having such a strong thought thwarted causes great pain.
Fourth Couplet: Intense Longing
The speaker in sheer exhaustion and exasperation poses a question to his Divine Belovèd: “How long this hide-and-seek and play?” The striving devotee is getting really perplexed and talks to God as if He were a fellow human being.
Such God-intimacy reveals the devotee’s intense longing as well as the perfect faith that God can be known and perceived even more directly than a human friend ever could be.
The speaker then admits that his efforts in the world make him tired: “I’m weary with the toil of the day.” The worldly striving just to keep body and soul together are enough to make an individual weary.
However, this determined devotee adds the further effort to reach his spiritual goal of finding God. And when God does not seem to be cooperating, the devotee feels even more “weary.”
Fifth Couplet: Playing Hide and Seek with God
The devotee reaches a turning point in the fifth couplet. Even though he has to contend with a situation not to his liking, he determines that he will continue.
The demanding devotee will continue to “brook this game—evasion Thine.” He will put up with God’s playing hide and seek with him and enjoy even the “tiny flash of time” that he perceives occasionally.
Sixth Couplet: Freedom Worth Renewed Effort
And finally, the speaker’s determination is again emphasized because he knows that, “in the end,” the devotee will see “Thy face.”
And when the devotee has reached his spiritual goal, even if, at first, it is in fits and starts, his joy will double and his mind will be free. And that freedom will have been well worth all the effort and the failures that the devotee has had to endure.
Life Sketch of Paramahansa Yogananda
The great guru/poet Paramahansa Yogananda was born on January 5, 1893, in Gorakhpur, India. His name at birth was Mukunda Lal Ghosh. Always a spiritually advanced child, at age 17, he met his guru, Swami Sri Yukteswar, under whose guidance he flourished and became the spiritual giant and sacred engine that leads souls back to their eternal abode in the arms of the Divine Creator.
Paramahansa Yogananda came to the United States in 1920 to speak in Boston at the International Congress of Religious Liberals. His speech was so well received that he quickly gathered a following. By 1925, his organization, Self-Realization Fellowship (SRF), was well established with the purpose of disseminating and maintaining the purity of his teachings of yoga. He has come to be known as the “Father of Yoga in the West.”
The following is an excerpt from the introduction to Paramahansa Yogananda’s biography on the Self-Realization Fellowship Web site:
In the hundred years since the birth of Paramahansa Yogananda, this beloved world teacher has come to be recognized as one of the greatest emissaries to the West of India’s ancient wisdom. His life and teachings continue to be a source of light and inspiration to people of all races, cultures and creeds.
Paramahansa Yogananda's in-depth work, Autobiography of a Yogi, has become a spiritual classic worldwide. Many devotees have been drawn to the teachings of this yogi through that autobiography, and many of their stories about how they came to find that work include some of the most inspiring "miracles" of modern American culture.
Such world-renowned figures as Dennis Weaver, Steve Jobs, George Harrison, and Elvis Presley were influenced by the Autobiography of a Yogi and the teachings of the great guru. Weaver even became a lay minister and spoke often at many of the SRF temples in California.
In addition to the autobiography, the great guru has published many collections of his talks, in both written and oral forms. His audio collector's series of ten of his informal talks includes the following titles:
1. Beholding the One in All
2. Awake in the Cosmic Dream
3. Be a Smile Millionaire
4. The Great Light of God
5. To Make Heaven on Earth
6. One Life Versus Reincarnation
7. Removing All Sorrow and Suffering
8. In the Glory of the Spirit
9. Follow the Path of Christ, Krishna, and the Masters
10. Self-Realization: The Inner and the Outer Path
These inspirational talks reveal much information about the great guru that appeals to his devoted followers. Just listening to a God-realized voice offers an uplifting spiritual experience.
For my commentaries on the poems of the great guru, I rely on his marvelous collection titled, Songs of the Soul, the version published in 1983 with its most current printing 2014. Two additional collections of his poems are extant, Whispers From Eternity and Metaphysical Meditations.
Because the "poems" of this great guru function on levels that ordinary poems do not, they are often used in devotional services held by groups of devotees of the SRF teachings throughout the world in the Readings Services as well as their Special Commemorative Services.
Paramahansa Yogananda's poems are more akin to prayers than to the poetry of ordinary poets, whose subject matter often dramatizes only human emotion in its relationship with creation and other human beings, instead of with the Creator; the great guru's poems always invoke the Creator's presence whether directly or indirectly.
The great guru's organization, SRF, also continues to publish collections of his works. Many of his talks have appeared in the series of essays that include Man's Eternal Quest, The Divine Romance, and Journey to Self-realization.
The guru has also bestowed on the literary world three important translations of extant perennial works that have been grossly misunderstood in some cases for centuries. His new translations along with his explanatory commentaries are correcting that misunderstanding.
In Wine of the Mystic: The Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam — A Spiritual Interpretation, he shows how that poet's God-realized effusions put on display a man in love with his Creator and not the wine sopped Epicurean that has been misapplied to the work.
In the guru's in-depth translation and commentaries on the ancient Bhagavad Gita, titled God Talks With Arjuna: The Bhagavad Gita — A New Translation and Commentary, the great spiritual leader offers not only the poetic translation of the work but also the relevance for humankind of the psychological and spiritual instruction offered in the ancient poem.
Most importantly for Western culture, Paramahansa Yogananda has offered a full explanation of the phenomenon known as the "Second Coming." Titled The Second Coming of Christ: The Resurrection of the Christ Within You — A revelatory commentary on the original teachings of Jesus, the work explains the true meaning of many of Jesus' words long misunderstood and mischaracterized, such as "The Kingdom of God is within you" and "I and my Father are one."
Of all the publications offered by SRF and the great guru, it is the Lessons that remain most vital. One could dispense with all of the other books, audio tapes, poetry, and other commentaries if one possesses those lessons.
The Lessons begin by offering physical exercises that prepare the physical encasement to sit quietly and still while performing the more advanced exercises that lead to Kriya Yoga practice.
The Lessons contains six steps that can be completed in three years, but each student is free to progress at his/her own pace. The Lessons include instruction in the following techniques: 1. Energization Exercises. 2. Hong-Sau Technique of Concentration, and 3. Aum Technique of Meditation.
After completing the first two steps, the devotee may apply for the Kriya Yoga technique.
Kriya Yoga Initiations
The Kriya Yoga technique features four initiations for a total of twenty lessons. The First Initiation, featuring lessons K1-9, includes the technique of Kriya proper, on which all of the other initiations are based. The Second Initiation contains four lessons, K10-14, and the Third and Fourth include the remaining lessons K15-20.
All of the Lessons, including the Kriya Yoga Initiations, include many explanations based of science, as well as on the life experience of Paramahansa Yogananda. These marvelous works are presented in such way to hold the student-devotees' interest with little stories, poems, affirmations, and prayers that enhance the purpose of each lesson.
In addition to all of the works mentioned above, Paramahansa Yogananda has published many others, including his Cosmic Chants, which offers musical notations as well as the lyric for each chant.
An annotated list of the works of the great guru is offered on the Self-Realization Fellowship Web site under the title, "The Complete Works of Paramahansa Yogananda."
Brief Publishing History of Songs of the Soul
The first published version of Paramahansa Yogananda's Songs of the Soul appeared in 1923. During the 1920s and 1930s, the great spiritual leader revised many of the poems. The final revisions of the poems authorized by the great guru appear in the 1983 printing of the text, which along with the revisions restored many lines that had been omitted from the original version.
I use the 1983 printing for my commentaries. The current printing year is 2014. No further revisions or additions have been made since the 1983 printing. The 1923 versions of the many of the poems may be read at Full Text of Songs of the Soul.
© 2017 Linda Sue Grimes