Paramahansa Yogananda's "Nature's Nature"
Introduction and Excerpt from "Nature’s Nature"
Paramahansa Yogananda’s “Nature’s Nature” features ten cluster-and scatter-rimed stanzas. The note accompanying this poem, which explicates the first four lines of the second stanza, reveals the poem’s explicit purpose: “Reference to the interiorization of the mind during deep yoga meditation, in which the attention is disconnected from sensory distraction and focused on the Spirit within.”
(Please note: The spelling, "rhyme," was introduced into English by Dr. Samuel Johnson through an etymological error. For my explanation for using only the original form, please see "Rime vs Rhyme: An Unfortunate Error.")
Excerpt from "Nature’s Nature"
The Final Stanza
. . . Away, away
With all the lightsome lays!
Oh, now will I portray
In humble way,
And try to lisp, if only in half-truths,
Of wordless charms of Thee Unseen,
To whom Dame Nature owes her nature and her sheen.
(Please note: The poem in its entirety may be found in Paramahansa Yogananda's Songs of the Soul, published by Self-Realization Fellowship, Los Angeles, CA, 1983 and 2014 printings.)
The state of consciousness, or Divine Awareness, known as samadhi in yogic parlance, remains the goal of all who choose the yogic path. The great guru's poem, "Nature’s Nature,” dramatizes the bliss of samadhi.
First Stanza: The Desireless State
As the meditating yogi/speaker ascends into the samadhic state of consciousness, he has no desire to contend with any physical or mental phenomena; therefore, he bids the “muses” that empower the mind and the “songs of the finch” that delight the ear to flee.
The glory of such earthly delights cannot compare to the bliss of the soul in union with the Divine, transcending all physical and mental consciousness.
In ordinary consciousness, sense awareness “sit[s] above / Her Maker,” but in deep meditation with consciousness raised above sense consciousness, the meditating yogi then gathers the rewards of his efforts.
Second Stanza: Closing All Doors of Attention
The speaker announces that he is closing the doors of his attention to all earthly things that he may “pore / Upon the things behind, ahead, / In the darkness round me spread.”
Behind the closed “eyelid doors,” the speaker will see marvels with which earthly, physical and mental awareness, cannot compete.
Third Stanza: The Call of the Divine
The speaker clarifies that he will journey in places that the uninitiated misunderstand to be “darkness drear.”
However, this speaker will continue “in the path” that all are truly seeking because he knows that the call of the Divine to Bliss is a “magnet call.”
Fourth Stanza – Seventh Stanza: A Pristine Heaven
In stanzas four through seven, the speaker repeats a refrain to drive home the point that the bliss he is seeking is not here in the physical/mental world.
Even the mythological characters such as Apollo and Diana cannot intrude into the territory where the meditating yogi finds his peace and bliss.
In this transcendent place beyond all secular avenues, nothing can hurt the yogi nor interfere with his elevated state of consciousness: nothing can “[e]’er make me full of fear,” “Not Nature’s murderous mutiny, / Nor man’s exploding destiny / Can touch me here.”
Nothing can enter this pristine heaven: “Through mind’s strong iron bars, / Not gods or goblins, men or nature, / Without my pass dare enter.”
Eighth Stanza: Soul-Burning Darkness
The speaker then describes how his soul is cutting through the darkness and finding “The darkness burns / With a million tongues.”
The ineffable nature of the samadhic experience forces the poet into metaphors which can only allure but never fully compare the knowledge to anything experienced through sense awareness, on which language always relies.
Ninth Stanza: Seen Emerges from the Unseen
The speaker reveals that it makes him “smile serene” as he comprehends “wisdom’s brilliant blaze.” He realizes that the origin of Nature is the “Hidden Home Unseen.”
The “seen” arises from the “Unseen.” This soul-perceived milieu is the “factory whence all forms or fairies start, / The bards, colossal minds, and hearts, / The gods and all, / And all, and all!”
Tenth Stanza: All Sense Impressions Must Cease
Finally, the speaker bids all surface songs and poetry from sense knowledge cease their singing, while he “portray[s] / In humble way, / And try to lisp, if only in half truths,” something about the “wordless charms of Thee Unseen, / To whom Dame Nature owes her nature and her sheen.”
The speaker will use all of his powers of language and perception to simulate his experiences in samadhi for his readers, listeners, and devotees, who are struggling on the path to self-realization.
This devoted speaker feels that if he can reveal the nature of the bliss he experiences, he will encourage those seekers to strive with ever more zeal in order to reach those blessed shores upon which the yogi enjoys that sea of Bliss.
Life Sketch of Paramahansa Yogananda
The great guru/poet Paramahansa Yogananda was born on January 5, 1893, in Gorakhpur, India. His name at birth was Mukunda Lal Ghosh. Always a spiritually advanced child, at age 17, he met his guru, Swami Sri Yukteswar, under whose guidance he flourished and became the spiritual giant and sacred engine that leads souls back to their eternal abode in the arms of the Divine Creator.
Paramahansa Yogananda came to the United States in 1920 to speak in Boston at the International Congress of Religious Liberals. His speech was so well received that he quickly gathered a following. By 1925, his organization, Self-Realization Fellowship (SRF), was well established with the purpose of disseminating and maintaining the purity of his teachings of yoga. He has come to be known as the “Father of Yoga in the West.”
The following is an excerpt from the introduction to Paramahansa Yogananda’s biography on the Self-Realization Fellowship Web site:
In the hundred years since the birth of Paramahansa Yogananda, this beloved world teacher has come to be recognized as one of the greatest emissaries to the West of India’s ancient wisdom. His life and teachings continue to be a source of light and inspiration to people of all races, cultures and creeds.
Paramahansa Yogananda's in-depth work, Autobiography of a Yogi, has become a spiritual classic worldwide. Many devotees have been drawn to the teachings of this yogi through that autobiography, and many of their stories about how they came to find that work include some of the most inspiring "miracles" of modern American culture.
Such world-renowned figures as Dennis Weaver, Steve Jobs, George Harrison, and Elvis Presley were influenced by the Autobiography of a Yogi and the teachings of the great guru. Weaver even became a lay minister and spoke often at many of the SRF temples in California.
In addition to the autobiography, the great guru has published many collections of his talks, in both written and oral forms. His audio collector's series of ten of his informal talks includes the following titles:
1. Beholding the One in All
2. Awake in the Cosmic Dream
3. Be a Smile Millionaire
4. The Great Light of God
5. To Make Heaven on Earth
6. One Life Versus Reincarnation
7. Removing All Sorrow and Suffering
8. In the Glory of the Spirit
9. Follow the Path of Christ, Krishna, and the Masters
10. Self-Realization: The Inner and the Outer Path
These inspirational talks reveal much information about the great guru that appeals to his devoted followers. Just listening to a God-realized voice offers an uplifting spiritual experience.
For my commentaries on the poems of the great guru, I rely on his marvelous collection titled, Songs of the Soul, the version published in 1983 with its most current printing 2014. Two additional collections of his poems are extant, Whispers From Eternity and Metaphysical Meditations.
Because the "poems" of this great guru function on levels that ordinary poems do not, they are often used in devotional services held by groups of devotees of the SRF teachings throughout the world in the Readings Services as well as their Special Commemorative Services.
Paramahansa Yogananda's poems are more akin to prayers than to the poetry of ordinary poets, whose subject matter often dramatizes only human emotion in its relationship with creation and other human beings, instead of with the Creator; the great guru's poems always invoke the Creator's presence whether directly or indirectly.
The great guru's organization, SRF, also continues to publish collections of his works. Many of his talks have appeared in the series of essays that include Man's Eternal Quest, The Divine Romance, and Journey to Self-realization.
The guru has also bestowed on the literary world three important translations of extant perennial works that have been grossly misunderstood in some cases for centuries. His new translations along with his explanatory commentaries are correcting that misunderstanding.
In Wine of the Mystic: The Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam — A Spiritual Interpretation, he shows how that poet's God-realized effusions put on display a man in love with his Creator and not the wine sopped Epicurean that has been misapplied to the work.
In the guru's in-depth translation and commentaries on the ancient Bhagavad Gita, titled God Talks With Arjuna: The Bhagavad Gita — A New Translation and Commentary, the great spiritual leader offers not only the poetic translation of the work but also the relevance for humankind of the psychological and spiritual instruction offered in the ancient poem.
Most importantly for Western culture, Paramahansa Yogananda has offered a full explanation of the phenomenon known as the "Second Coming." Titled The Second Coming of Christ: The Resurrection of the Christ Within You — A revelatory commentary on the original teachings of Jesus, the work explains the true meaning of many of Jesus' words long misunderstood and mischaracterized, such as "The Kingdom of God is within you" and "I and my Father are one."
Of all the publications offered by SRF and the great guru, it is the Lessons that remain most vital. One could dispense with all of the other books, audio tapes, poetry, and other commentaries if one possesses those lessons.
The Lessons begin by offering physical exercises that prepare the physical encasement to sit quietly and still while performing the more advanced exercises that lead to Kriya Yoga practice.
The Lessons contains six steps that can be completed in three years, but each student is free to progress at his/her own pace. The Lessons include instruction in the following techniques: 1. Energization Exercises. 2. Hong-Sau Technique of Concentration, and 3. Aum Technique of Meditation.
After completing the first two steps, the devotee may apply for the Kriya Yoga technique.
Kriya Yoga Initiations
The Kriya Yoga technique features four initiations for a total of twenty lessons. The First Initiation, featuring lessons K1-9, includes the technique of Kriya proper, on which all of the other initiations are based. The Second Initiation contains four lessons, K10-14, and the Third and Fourth include the remaining lessons K15-20.
All of the Lessons, including the Kriya Yoga Initiations, include many explanations based of science, as well as on the life experience of Paramahansa Yogananda. These marvelous works are presented in such way to hold the student-devotees' interest with little stories, poems, affirmations, and prayers that enhance the purpose of each lesson.
In addition to all of the works mentioned above, Paramahansa Yogananda has published many others, including his Cosmic Chants, which offers musical notations as well as the lyric for each chant.
An annotated list of the works of the great guru is offered on the Self-Realization Fellowship Web site under the title, "The Complete Works of Paramahansa Yogananda."
Brief Publishing History of Songs of the Soul
The first published version of Paramahansa Yogananda's Songs of the Soul appeared in 1923. During the 1920s and 1930s, the great spiritual leader revised many of the poems. The final revisions of the poems authorized by the great guru appear in the 1983 printing of the text, which along with the revisions restored many lines that had been omitted from the original version.
I use the 1983 printing for my commentaries. The current printing year is 2014. No further revisions or additions have been made since the 1983 printing. The 1923 versions of the many of the poems may be read at Full Text of Songs of the Soul.
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© 2017 Linda Sue Grimes