Paramahansa Yogananda's poems serve to deepen yoga meditation, offering devotees new ways of grasping the spiritual nature of all things.
Introduction and Excerpt From "Oceanic Presence"
The speaker first creates a drama of sailing away from the Divine Presence on the "river of desire." But his speaker is merely dramatizing a situation in which only a very advance yogic devotee can muse. No matter what the speaker does in his little drama, he encounters the Divine Beloved.
The speaker is suggesting that humankind is constantly concocting ways to avoid seeking the presence of the Divine Reality. Seeking God requires strict concentration in the posture of complete stillness. It is a difficult position for the fidgety, undisciplined human mind and body to accomplish.
Thus the speaker has created a little drama that may uplift even the most restless heart and mind: no matter where the little boat of the restless mind tries to take one, the soul is always at rest on the bosom of the Oceanic Presence of the Blessed Creator.
Excerpt From "Oceanic Presence"
As I sailed away from You on the river of desire,
Suddenly I found myself launched on Your oceanic presence.
Though I ran away from You through the fog of incarnations,
I arrived at the threshold of Your all-pervading temple . . . .
(Please note: The poem in its entirety may be found in Paramahansa Yogananda's Songs of the Soul, published by Self-Realization Fellowship, Los Angeles, CA, 1983 and 2014 printings.)
The speaker is creating a drama of adventure, using the ocean as a metaphor for the Divine Belovèd.
First Movement: The River of Desire
The speaker begins his dramatic journey by describing in sailing terms that he "sailed away" from the Divine Beloved on the "river of desire." But instead of remaining on the tiny river, he finds himself suddenly confronted with the boundless presence of the Lord, and it is vast like the ocean. The immeasurable, vastness of the Omnipresent Creator now "launche[s]" the speaker on His ocean. The next couplet offers an expression that interprets the first couple: during his many incarnations down through the centuries, he has been attempting to escape his Divine Beloved. Those foggy periods of time, however, only led him to find out the Lord's house of worship extends everywhere, for His is an "all-pervading temple."
Second Movement: Relationship with the Divine Reality
The speaker now offers another set of images to communicate his relationship with the Divine Reality. The speaker has found that his thoughts have been flying off in all directions. But the "net of [the Lord's] omnipresence" kept him in bounds. Still his many thoughts carried the speaker like "wings of swiftest electrons" into "the bowels of eternity." But as the speaker continued to dive, all he found was the Blessed One. The omnipresence of the Creator kept the speaker in tow despite all of his attempting to flee on wings of desires.
Third Movement: Continuing His Journey
The speaker continues his little, dramatic journey, as he "zoom[s]" upward "into eternity's heart." But try as he might to flee that Oceanic Presence, as he roamed farther and farther, he still found that the Divine Reality "stood always ahead of me." The speaker has discovered that he is unable to flee from Omnipresence, yet he made further attempts, as he "plunged" eastward and westward "in eternity's chasms."
The speaker then finds that he has fallen in the lap of the Divine. He then employs the "dynamite of [his] will," exploding "the airship" of his very soul, including all of his "thoughts" and his "love." The speaker's thoughts, feelings, his very soul, and his love all seemed to explode into "countless dust specks of fading life." These specks "float[ed] everywhere." They move into "all things." The speaker then finds that he is sleeping in the bosom of the Lord.
Fourth Movement: Confession of Confusion
The speaker now confesses his confusion. He simply thought he was hiding from his Creator, the Divine Reality, but he had only been keeping his eyes closed to the Reality of the Ever-Living Over-Soul. He now admits that in the eyes of the ever-watchful Lord, the speaker exists eternally: "ever-present am I." The speaker breaks into prayer asking the Divine Beloved to keep the speaker's eye open so that he may "behold" the Divine everywhere. He knows that the Divine remains looking at him "from all sides, everywhere."
The speaker finally realizes that he cannot hide from the omnipresent, omniscient One. Even when the speaker thinks he is trying to hide from his Creator, he knows that he can never accomplish that act because "Wherever I am, there are You." The speaker will always remain a tiny soul surrounded by the Ocean of Omnipresence; thus he will throughout eternity be blessed with this "Oceanic Presence."
Life Sketch of Paramahansa Yogananda
The great guru/poet Paramahansa Yogananda was born on January 5, 1893, in Gorakhpur, India. His name at birth was Mukunda Lal Ghosh. Always a spiritually advanced child, at age 17, he met his guru, Swami Sri Yukteswar, under whose guidance he flourished and became the spiritual giant and sacred engine that leads souls back to their eternal abode in the arms of the Divine Creator.
Paramahansa Yogananda came to the United States in 1920 to speak in Boston at the International Congress of Religious Liberals. His speech was so well received that he quickly gathered a following. By 1925, his organization, Self-Realization Fellowship (SRF), was well established with the purpose of disseminating and maintaining the purity of his teachings of yoga. He has come to be known as the “Father of Yoga in the West.”
The following is an excerpt from the introduction to Paramahansa Yogananda’s biography on the Self-Realization Fellowship Web site:
In the hundred years since the birth of Paramahansa Yogananda, this beloved world teacher has come to be recognized as one of the greatest emissaries to the West of India’s ancient wisdom. His life and teachings continue to be a source of light and inspiration to people of all races, cultures and creeds.
Paramahansa Yogananda's in-depth work, Autobiography of a Yogi, has become a spiritual classic worldwide. Many devotees have been drawn to the teachings of this yogi through that autobiography, and many of their stories about how they came to find that work include some of the most inspiring "miracles" of modern American culture.
Such world-renowned figures as Dennis Weaver, Steve Jobs, George Harrison, and Elvis Presley were influenced by the Autobiography of a Yogi and the teachings of the great guru. Weaver even became a lay minister and spoke often at many of the SRF temples in California.
In addition to the autobiography, the great guru has published many collections of his talks, in both written and oral forms. His audio collector's series of ten of his informal talks includes the following titles:
1. Beholding the One in All
2. Awake in the Cosmic Dream
3. Be a Smile Millionaire
4. The Great Light of God
5. To Make Heaven on Earth
6. One Life Versus Reincarnation
7. Removing All Sorrow and Suffering
8. In the Glory of the Spirit
9. Follow the Path of Christ, Krishna, and the Masters
10. Self-Realization: The Inner and the Outer Path
These inspirational talks reveal much information about the great guru that appeals to his devoted followers. Just listening to a God-realized voice offers an uplifting spiritual experience.
For my commentaries on the poems of the great guru, I rely on his marvelous collection titled, Songs of the Soul, the version published in 1983 with its most current printing 2014. Two additional collections of his poems are extant, Whispers From Eternity and Metaphysical Meditations.
Because the "poems" of this great guru function on levels that ordinary poems do not, they are often used in devotional services held by groups of devotees of the SRF teachings throughout the world in the Readings Services as well as their Special Commemorative Services.
Paramahansa Yogananda's poems are more akin to prayers than to the poetry of ordinary poets, whose subject matter often dramatizes only human emotion in its relationship with creation and other human beings, instead of with the Creator; the great guru's poems always invoke the Creator's presence whether directly or indirectly.
The great guru's organization, SRF, also continues to publish collections of his works. Many of his talks have appeared in the series of essays that include Man's Eternal Quest, The Divine Romance, and Journey to Self-realization.
The guru has also bestowed on the literary world three important translations of extant perennial works that have been grossly misunderstood in some cases for centuries. His new translations along with his explanatory commentaries are correcting that misunderstanding.
In Wine of the Mystic: The Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam — A Spiritual Interpretation, he shows how that poet's God-realized effusions put on display a man in love with his Creator and not the wine sopped Epicurean that has been misapplied to the work.
In the guru's in-depth translation and commentaries on the ancient Bhagavad Gita, titled God Talks With Arjuna: The Bhagavad Gita — A New Translation and Commentary, the great spiritual leader offers not only the poetic translation of the work but also the relevance for humankind of the psychological and spiritual instruction offered in the ancient poem.
Most importantly for Western culture, Paramahansa Yogananda has offered a full explanation of the phenomenon known as the "Second Coming." Titled The Second Coming of Christ: The Resurrection of the Christ Within You — A revelatory commentary on the original teachings of Jesus, the work explains the true meaning of many of Jesus' words long misunderstood and mischaracterized, such as "The Kingdom of God is within you" and "I and my Father are one."
Of all the publications offered by SRF and the great guru, it is the Lessons that remain most vital. One could dispense with all of the other books, audio tapes, poetry, and other commentaries if one possesses those lessons.
The Lessons begin by offering physical exercises that prepare the physical encasement to sit quietly and still while performing the more advanced exercises that lead to Kriya Yoga practice.
The Lessons contains six steps that can be completed in three years, but each student is free to progress at his/her own pace. The Lessons include instruction in the following techniques: 1. Energization Exercises. 2. Hong-Sau Technique of Concentration, and 3. Aum Technique of Meditation.
After completing the first two steps, the devotee may apply for the Kriya Yoga technique.
Kriya Yoga Initiations
The Kriya Yoga technique features four initiations for a total of twenty lessons. The First Initiation, featuring lessons K1-9, includes the technique of Kriya proper, on which all of the other initiations are based. The Second Initiation contains four lessons, K10-14, and the Third and Fourth include the remaining lessons K15-20.
All of the Lessons, including the Kriya Yoga Initiations, include many explanations based of science, as well as on the life experience of Paramahansa Yogananda. These marvelous works are presented in such way to hold the student-devotees' interest with little stories, poems, affirmations, and prayers that enhance the purpose of each lesson.
In addition to all of the works mentioned above, Paramahansa Yogananda has published many others, including his Cosmic Chants, which offers musical notations as well as the lyric for each chant.
An annotated list of the works of the great guru is offered on the Self-Realization Fellowship Web site under the title, "The Complete Works of Paramahansa Yogananda."
Brief Publishing History of Songs of the Soul
The first published version of Paramahansa Yogananda's Songs of the Soul appeared in 1923. During the 1920s and 1930s, the great spiritual leader revised many of the poems. The final revisions of the poems authorized by the great guru appear in the 1983 printing of the text, which along with the revisions restored many lines that had been omitted from the original version.
I use the 1983 printing for my commentaries. The current printing year is 2014. No further revisions or additions have been made since the 1983 printing. The 1923 versions of the many of the poems may be read at Full Text of Songs of the Soul.
© 2018 Linda Sue Grimes