Paramahansa Yogananda's poems serve to deepen yoga meditation, offering devotees new ways of grasping the spiritual nature of all things.
Introduction and Excerpt from "Thou in Me"
Paramahansa Yogananda' s "Thou in Me" consists of four unrimed stanzas. The first and second stanzas each contain four lines. The third stanza contains three lines, and the fourth stanza has six lines.
The speaker is celebrating the unity that exists between the Divine Reality and the individual human soul. Ralph Waldo Emerson, the great American transcendentalist philosopher, employed the term "Over-Soul" to refer to the Ultimate Reality or God.
(Please note: The spelling, "rhyme," was introduced into English by Dr. Samuel Johnson through an etymological error. For my explanation for using only the original form, please see "Rime vs Rhyme: An Unfortunate Error.")
Excerpt from "Thou in Me"
When I smile,
Thou dost smile through me;
When I cry,
In me Thou dost weep. . . .
(Please note: The poem in its entirety may be found in Paramahansa Yogananda's Songs of the Soul, published by Self-Realization Fellowship, Los Angeles, CA, 1983 and 2014 printings.)
Paramahansa Yogananda’s “Thou in Me” celebrates the union of the individual soul with Divinity or the Over-Soul, as Ralph Waldo Emerson called it.
First Stanza: The Smile of the Divine
In the opening stanza of Paramahansa Yogananda’s "Thou in Me" from Songs of the Soul, the speaker recognizes that his own smiles are essentially the smile of the Divine; therefore, the Divine also does "weep" as the individual cries.
The speaker is dramatizing the unity between his own soul and the Ultimate Intelligence. If the soul is a reflection of a Supreme Spirit, which is made in the image of God, then it logically follows that everything the individual soul does is irrevocably tied to what the Supreme Spirit does. This concept in no way implies that the speaker thinks he is God; he correctly recognizes that God has become himself and he therefore exists as a part of God.
Second Stanza: Welcome Everywhere
The speaker then avers that during his waking hours, the Divine "greet[s]" him. The speaker's awareness of his closeness with his Creator makes him feel welcome everywhere he goes. He cannot escape the warm feelings that accompany him as he goes about his work throughout the day.
As the speaker walks, he is aware that the Lord is also walking by his side. This great Comfort walks not only as a close friend but also as infallible guide. The speaker cannot make a misstep with such Blessed Assurance keeping him steady on his path.
Third Stanza: Made in the Image
In the third stanza, the speaker reiterates his earlier claims that the Lord both smiles and weeps through him, and that the Lord does "wake and walk, like me."
The speaker alludes again to the scriptural claim that man is made in the Divine image: "My likeness, Thou." If man is made in the image of the Divine, then the Divine is also the image of man. The speaker takes his claim as his own guiding star, and it makes him strong and sure and allows him to perform his worldly tasks with heavenly perfection.
Fourth Stanza: Ever Awake
In the fourth stanza, the speaker celebrates the superiority of his Creator recognizing that even though he is made in the Creator’s image, he is ever aware that the Creator’s power dwarfs his own worldly powers.
Thus while the speaker may dream, the Lord is ever awake. And though the speaker may stumble in humanly imperfection, the Lord is ever perfect and "sure." But again, the speaker asserts the beautiful realization that the Lord is, in fact, the speaker’s very life, even after the death of the physical frame.
Life Sketch of Paramahansa Yogananda
The great guru/poet Paramahansa Yogananda was born on January 5, 1893, in Gorakhpur, India. His name at birth was Mukunda Lal Ghosh. Always a spiritually advanced child, at age 17, he met his guru, Swami Sri Yukteswar, under whose guidance he flourished and became the spiritual giant and sacred engine that leads souls back to their eternal abode in the arms of the Divine Creator.
Paramahansa Yogananda came to the United States in 1920 to speak in Boston at the International Congress of Religious Liberals. His speech was so well received that he quickly gathered a following. By 1925, his organization, Self-Realization Fellowship (SRF), was well established with the purpose of disseminating and maintaining the purity of his teachings of yoga. He has come to be known as the “Father of Yoga in the West.”
The following is an excerpt from the introduction to Paramahansa Yogananda’s biography on the Self-Realization Fellowship Web site:
In the hundred years since the birth of Paramahansa Yogananda, this beloved world teacher has come to be recognized as one of the greatest emissaries to the West of India’s ancient wisdom. His life and teachings continue to be a source of light and inspiration to people of all races, cultures and creeds.
Paramahansa Yogananda's in-depth work, Autobiography of a Yogi, has become a spiritual classic worldwide. Many devotees have been drawn to the teachings of this yogi through that autobiography, and many of their stories about how they came to find that work include some of the most inspiring "miracles" of modern American culture.
Such world-renowned figures as Dennis Weaver, Steve Jobs, George Harrison, and Elvis Presley were influenced by the Autobiography of a Yogi and the teachings of the great guru. Weaver even became a lay minister and spoke often at many of the SRF temples in California.
In addition to the autobiography, the great guru has published many collections of his talks, in both written and oral forms. His audio collector's series of ten of his informal talks includes the following titles:
1. Beholding the One in All
2. Awake in the Cosmic Dream
3. Be a Smile Millionaire
4. The Great Light of God
5. To Make Heaven on Earth
6. One Life Versus Reincarnation
7. Removing All Sorrow and Suffering
8. In the Glory of the Spirit
9. Follow the Path of Christ, Krishna, and the Masters
10. Self-Realization: The Inner and the Outer Path
These inspirational talks reveal much information about the great guru that appeals to his devoted followers. Just listening to a God-realized voice offers an uplifting spiritual experience.
For my commentaries on the poems of the great guru, I rely on his marvelous collection titled, Songs of the Soul, the version published in 1983 with its most current printing 2014. Two additional collections of his poems are extant, Whispers From Eternity and Metaphysical Meditations.
Because the "poems" of this great guru function on levels that ordinary poems do not, they are often used in devotional services held by groups of devotees of the SRF teachings throughout the world in the Readings Services as well as their Special Commemorative Services.
Paramahansa Yogananda's poems are more akin to prayers than to the poetry of ordinary poets, whose subject matter often dramatizes only human emotion in its relationship with creation and other human beings, instead of with the Creator; the great guru's poems always invoke the Creator's presence whether directly or indirectly.
The great guru's organization, SRF, also continues to publish collections of his works. Many of his talks have appeared in the series of essays that include Man's Eternal Quest, The Divine Romance, and Journey to Self-realization.
The guru has also bestowed on the literary world three important translations of extant perennial works that have been grossly misunderstood in some cases for centuries. His new translations along with his explanatory commentaries are correcting that misunderstanding.
In Wine of the Mystic: The Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam — A Spiritual Interpretation, he shows how that poet's God-realized effusions put on display a man in love with his Creator and not the wine sopped Epicurean that has been misapplied to the work.
In the guru's in-depth translation and commentaries on the ancient Bhagavad Gita, titled God Talks With Arjuna: The Bhagavad Gita — A New Translation and Commentary, the great spiritual leader offers not only the poetic translation of the work but also the relevance for humankind of the psychological and spiritual instruction offered in the ancient poem.
Most importantly for Western culture, Paramahansa Yogananda has offered a full explanation of the phenomenon known as the "Second Coming." Titled The Second Coming of Christ: The Resurrection of the Christ Within You — A revelatory commentary on the original teachings of Jesus, the work explains the true meaning of many of Jesus' words long misunderstood and mischaracterized, such as "The Kingdom of God is within you" and "I and my Father are one."
Of all the publications offered by SRF and the great guru, it is the Lessons that remain most vital. One could dispense with all of the other books, audio tapes, poetry, and other commentaries if one possesses those lessons.
The Lessons begin by offering physical exercises that prepare the physical encasement to sit quietly and still while performing the more advanced exercises that lead to Kriya Yoga practice.
The Lessons contains six steps that can be completed in three years, but each student is free to progress at his/her own pace. The Lessons include instruction in the following techniques: 1. Energization Exercises. 2. Hong-Sau Technique of Concentration, and 3. Aum Technique of Meditation.
After completing the first two steps, the devotee may apply for the Kriya Yoga technique.
Kriya Yoga Initiations
The Kriya Yoga technique features four initiations for a total of twenty lessons. The First Initiation, featuring lessons K1-9, includes the technique of Kriya proper, on which all of the other initiations are based. The Second Initiation contains four lessons, K10-14, and the Third and Fourth include the remaining lessons K15-20.
All of the Lessons, including the Kriya Yoga Initiations, include many explanations based of science, as well as on the life experience of Paramahansa Yogananda. These marvelous works are presented in such way to hold the student-devotees' interest with little stories, poems, affirmations, and prayers that enhance the purpose of each lesson.
In addition to all of the works mentioned above, Paramahansa Yogananda has published many others, including his Cosmic Chants, which offers musical notations as well as the lyric for each chant.
An annotated list of the works of the great guru is offered on the Self-Realization Fellowship Web site under the title, "The Complete Works of Paramahansa Yogananda."
Brief Publishing History of Songs of the Soul
The first published version of Paramahansa Yogananda's Songs of the Soul appeared in 1923. During the 1920s and 1930s, the great spiritual leader revised many of the poems. The final revisions of the poems authorized by the great guru appear in the 1983 printing of the text, which along with the revisions restored many lines that had been omitted from the original version.
I use the 1983 printing for my commentaries. The current printing year is 2014. No further revisions or additions have been made since the 1983 printing. The 1923 versions of the many of the poems may be read at Full Text of Songs of the Soul.
© 2017 Linda Sue Grimes
Linda Sue Grimes (author) from U.S.A. on August 28, 2017:
Eric, perhaps you could benefit from the useful definition and analysis at the following site, http://yogananda.com.au/pyr/pyr_meditation1.html#w...
Eric Dierker from Spring Valley, CA. U.S.A. on August 28, 2017:
I am meditating of self realization and God realization. Your writing here suggests that they truly are both and one in love. Is there something else that binds us.