Sparta and Athens

Updated on February 7, 2019

Sparta and Athens

Ancient tribes of Greece, including Sparta and Athens
Ancient tribes of Greece, including Sparta and Athens | Source

The two superpowers of ancient Greece were the city states of Sparta and Athens. What led them to prosper? Surprisingly, they came to power in extremely different ways. Athens had rich art and culture, while Sparta was training the toughest warriors in Greece. As time passed, the two would change from allies to rivals to bitter enemies.

A Map of Athens

Note: The Parthenon was built after the Persian Wars.
Note: The Parthenon was built after the Persian Wars.

Geography's Impact on the Cultures of Athens and Sparta

Athens: The Athenians were located near the sea in a region of Greece called Attica. Because the Athenians were so close to the sea, they became traders trading with other civilizations around the Mediterranean region. Proximity to the sea also encouraged Athens to build a strong naval fleet.

The constant travel of Athenians around the Mediterranean meant that they began to learn from the cultures and ideas of other countries. Athenian culture also began to spread by the same means.

Sparta: The Spartans were located on a plain, between the mountains and the sea, where they farmed on the fertile soil. The land on which they were located was called the Peloponnesus and was located a peninsula of the same name. Unlike the Athenians, Spartans lived inland, so they had no access to the sea and no use for trading ships or a naval fleet.

Near Sparta lived a group of people called the Messenians (also known as the Helots). The Spartans conquered these people and forced them into slavery. Later the Messenians revolted against the Spartans, and, because the Messenians outnumbered Spartans 20:1, the Spartans could barely subdue them. After this, all Spartan boys were trained to be soldiers for times of need—either war or another Messenian revolt. The soldiers had to be well-trained especially because they were so outnumbered by the Messenians.

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Sparta

The Different Systems of Government in Athens and Sparta

Athens: Athens operated under a democratic government. All free Athenian men over 18 years old were considered citizens, and only citizens could hold government positions. Women, children, foreigners, and slaves were not allowed government positions.

The government was split into three groups, or branches:

  • The Assembly—The Assembly, also known as the Ecclesia, included all Athenian citizens (at least 6,000 citizens). They held a meeting every 10 days to debate and vote on laws that were proposed by the council. When voting on yes-or-no issues, the assembly members used rocks to vote. A black rock would stand for "no," and a white rock would stand for "yes." An interesting fact about the assembly is that if not enough citizens showed up for a meeting, slaves would gather citizens using ropes dipped in red paint. Men considered it an embarrassment to arrive at a meeting with their clothes covered in red paint.
  • The council—The council was a group of 500 Athenian citizens above the age of 30 chosen by lottery. The council ran the daily business of the government and proposed new laws.
  • The stategoi—Lastly, the stategoi was a group of 10 citizens elected to run and command the army. Since it was crucial to be selective in choosing good military leaders, the strategoi were the only government officials to be elected.

Sparta: The Spartan government operated very differently than the Athenian government. Unlike Athens's democracy, in which every citizen had a vote, Sparta had an oligarchic government (a government ruled by a few people).

Like Athens's government, Sparta had three branches, but the roles of each branch was very different:

  • The Assembly—At the bottom of the government pyramid was the Assembly. Like in Athens, the assembly was made up of all free male citizens, but the similarities stopped there. To start off, the assembly had very little power. Also the assembly could only vote on yes-or-no laws, but could not debate issues. Also if the Assembly voted on a law and the council didn't like the ruling, the council could simply overturn the law without the consent of the Assembly.
  • The council of elders—The council of elders had more power than the Assembly. This group was composed of 28 male citizens, all of whom were older than 60 and came from noble families. The council members were elected by members of the Assembly, but the elections were very different than the polling booths you see today. Many historians believe that members of the Assembly voted simply by yelling for their favorite candidate. The candidate that received the most cheering was elected, and, once elected, the councillors served for life. The council of elders held almost all of the power in Sparta, as they made laws for the Assembly to vote on, could stop laws passed by the Assembly, and could overturn any ruling made by the Assembly.
  • The kings—At the top of the pyramid were two kings who inherited their power. One of the kings usually led the Spartan army.

Are You a Spartan or Athenian?

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Differences between Spartan and Athenian Economies

Athens: The Athenian economy was primarily based on trade. The land surrounding Athens could not provide enough food for all of the city's citizens; however Athens was near the sea and had a good harbor. As a result, the Athenians traded with other city-states along with a few other civilizations in the Mediterranean region. Examples of the resources the Athenians required were wood from Italy and grain from Egypt. In exchange, the Athenians often gave items such as honey, olive oil, silver, and pottery.

The Athenians bought and sold their goods at a public marketplace called the Agora. At the Agora people could buy household items, clothes, pottery, furniture, jewelry, slaves, and foods such as lettuce, onions, wine, and olive oil.

Athens, like some other city states, also made its own coins. Coins made it easier to trade and were made of gold, silver, and bronze and reflected their actual value through the valuable metals. On the front of the coins was a picture of Athena, the patron goddess Athens; on the back was Athena's representative bird, an owl.

Sparta: The Spartan economy ran quite a bit differently than the Athenian economy. Instead of relying on trade, the Spartans relied on farming and conquering. All the Spartan men were soldiers, so the Spartans got other people to do the resource production for them.

When Sparta was first founded, the Spartans conquered the nearby region of Messenia and enslaved the natives, which the Spartans called helots. The helots farmed for the Spartans and sent most of their goods to Sparta while keeping the extras for themselves.

Non-citizens, called perioikoi, manufactured goods for them. The perioikoi made garments, tools, weapons, and pottery for the Spartans. The perioikoi also ran some of the city's trade. However the Spartans discouraged trade—they believed the new ideas that would result from travel and communication would lead to corruption and weaken the government.

Also, even if the Spartans wanted to trade, it would have been difficult since Spartans did not use coins. Instead, Spartans used huge iron bars, a system a Spartan leader thought would prevent theft—to steal any valuable amount, a thief would need a wagon to carry the iron away. However, this also dampened trade, as other city-states were not excited to receive iron bars in exchange for their goods.

Growing up in Athens and Sparta

 
Athenian Male
Spartan Male
Athenian Female
Spartan Female
Birth
Olive leaf used to represent birth.
Tested at birth for signs of weakness. Would be left to die if he had any weaknesses.
Represented birth with sheep wool.
Checked to see if she was strong. Would be left to die if she was weak.
Early Childhood
Raised by his mother or a slave until age six.
Would be raised by parents until the age of seven.
Taught by mother until the age of 13.
Received physical training to have strong children.
Education
Received a well-rounded education in school from the ages of 6-14. Learned academics along with physical training.
Would go to the barracks at the age of seven and begin military training.
Did not go to school, learned to do housework.
Exercised to stay fit.
13-17
After the age of 14, there was no formal education. Could learn a trade from his father.
Would continue to train at the barracks.
Would have an arranged marriage with an older man.
Would participate in Hereia festival in honor of Hera. Festival would consist of varied athletic events.
18
Would begin military training and service.
Would be elected into a mess.
Would live with her husband.
Would marry a husband, often in secret.
30
Would marry a younger woman.
Could live at home with his family.
Live the rest of her life with her husband.
Would live with her family.

Education

Athens: Male Athenians received a very well-rounded education. Due to the fact only boys would grow up to become citizens, male and females in Athens were educated very differently.

Athenian boys would be taught at home either by slaves or their mothers until the age of six or seven. Then the boys would go to school and learn reading, writing, literature, and arithmetic until they turned 14. During this time, the boys also learned wrestling and gymnastics and how to play the lyre and sing. When the boy turned 18, he began his military training. After serving in the military, the boy, who was now a man, would study with private teachers before starting work in a trade of the boys choice.

Girls, on the other hand, had a very different training. Their mothers would teach the girls to clean, cook, weave cloth, and spin thread. A few girls also learned ancient secret songs and dances for religious festivals. Around the age of 15, girls married much older men. Girls from wealthy families often had arranged marriages with men of a higher class, while girls from poorer families usually had more choice.

Sparta: The Spartan education revolved around the one thing that the Spartans valued above all else: war. In Sparta, male and female children also went through different educations.

A boy would be taught a home until the age of seven. At that point, Spartan boys went to the barracks to receive military training, which included fighting skills such as running, boxing, wrestling, and racing. While the Spartan boys also learned to read and write, such skills were not considered important. During their training, the Spartans were subjected to harsh conditions such as going barefoot and having very little to eat. The Spartan boys in fact were given so little to eat that they were encouraged to steal. However, if they were caught stealing, they would be punished. This was not because the boys were caught stealing—but because they were careless enough to get caught! At the age of 18, a few boys who excelled in training were selected to be trained as part of the "secret service brigade." This select group trained in the wild with no support, which was supposed to make them especially tough. When the boys turned 20, they were considered men and elected into groups called messes. In a mess, men ate together to encourage them to grow close to one another, which would help them be united in battle. The men would then fight in the army until the age of 60, when they could retire.

Girls in Sparta received no education, but had physical training to stay fit. They were not married until their twenties—much older than in other cultures.

A Spartan Hoplite Versus an Athenian Trireme

Women, Slaves, and Other Non-Citizens in Athens and Sparta

Athens: In Athens, non-citizens, which included women and slaves, had few rights. Non-citizens could not hold government positions or own property in any way.

Usually women in Athens stayed at home, did housework, and supervised slaves. A few women could become priestesses, but that was as far as she could go professionally.

Slaves lived various different lives in Athens. Some slaves were trained as craftsmen, while others worked in factories or farms. A few slaves worked as clerks, and the unluckiest had to work in silver mines. People could become slaves by being born into slavery, being prisoners of war, or having to sell themselves into slavery due to farm debts.

Sparta: In Sparta non-citizens were women, slaves (called the helots), and Perioikoi (free men, usually foreigners).

Spartan women were very different from women in other parts of Greece because they received tough physical training. This was because the women were expected to look after their husbands property during times of war against invaders or a slave revolt. They also did not wear jewelry or perfume, since those items were seen as corrupting. Another way Spartan women differed from women from the other city-states was that the Spartan women had many rights women from other city-states did not have. The Spartan women could own property, speak with their husband's friends, and even marry another man if their husbands had been away at war for too long.

Spartan slaves, called, helots, did all the farming for the Spartans. The helots had the right to choose who they married, to sell extra crops after filling their quotas, and to buy their freedom if they had saved up enough money from the surplus crops. However, even with these rights, a helot’s life was not pleasant. Because the helots outnumbered the Spartans 20 to one, the Spartans feared the helots would revolt against them one day. Because of this, the Spartans treated the helots harshly. Once a year the Spartans declared war on the helots and freely killed them, so the helots would be scared of the Spartans and wouldn't rebel.

The final non-citizen class in Sparta was the periokoi, who were free men who were not citizens of Sparta. The periokoi might serve in the army, but they could not hold government posts. The perioikoi primarily manufactured goods for the Spartans including cloaks, shoes, weapons, and pottery. The periokoi also conducted some of Sparta’s trade.

Conclusion: The Primary Similarities and Differences between Athens and Sparta

The Spartans and Athenians were very different groups of people. The Spartans were militaristic people who valued strength and simplicity. They ran under an oligarchic government, were the military superpower of Greece, and relied on farming and conquering.

The Athenians, on the other hand, had a strong culture and a well-rounded society. They ran the first democracy in the world, were proud of their art and culture, and relied on trade. These two city-states were great civilizations, and working together they could possibly have achieved more than we can imagine. However this would never happen because greed and jealousy pitted the two superpowers of ancient Greece head-to-head in ferocious civil war and led to the end of Greece as it once was.

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    • profile image

      PLEASE ANSWER 

      2 days ago

      i was asking about what contact with foreighners

    • profile image

      Zeus 

      5 days ago

      There is no how were visitors treated

    • profile image

      : ))))))) 

      6 days ago

      Im a spartan:)))))

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      jesse 

      2 weeks ago

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      joe 

      2 weeks ago

      succ

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      3 weeks ago

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      Christopher 

      4 weeks ago

      If anyone sees this comment, congratulations on successfully wasting 5 seconds of your life. :)

    • profile image

      Jiblet Neutron 

      4 weeks ago

      Existence is pain.

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      GetRektLoL 

      5 weeks ago

      Spartans for life!!

    • profile image

      Lala 

      6 weeks ago

      Umm good study

    • profile image

      not gay 

      6 weeks ago

      Sparta's better

    • profile image

      athens 

      6 weeks ago

      athens is better.

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      Jo Mamma 

      7 weeks ago

      The best way to hide a dead body is to dig a 7 foot deep hole. Then insert the body into the hole, and cover it with 4 feet of sand. Then take a dead animal corpse and put it on top of the sand. Then finish covering the rest of the hole. When anyone digs where you put the body, they will run into the animal bones and stop digging because they think it's a pet's grave.

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      Area 51 

      8 weeks ago

      Ya'll some corny kids

    • profile image

      Scarlet 

      2 months ago

      i hope Sparta dies

    • profile image

      Scarlet 

      2 months ago

      hi i think Athens is better because there is Euducation and a navy

    • profile image

      hi 

      2 months ago

      this is great bro

    • profile image

      mick 

      2 months ago

      area 51?

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      Mike 

      2 months ago

      you won't see me there i know where the aliens are they are at the alien that way none would get suspitious

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      Mike 

      2 months ago

      who wants to join the raid on area 51

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      YA mama 

      2 months ago

      join the raid on area 51

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      bruce wayne 

      2 months ago

      It begins on a street.

      I do not know why.

      Indeed I have no idea where this is going except that the street is wet from the rain and cold from the wind and in front of me someone lies bleeding. The whole thing has an air of not being real until their hand grabs my ankle then I can feel their stickiness seeping through my sock. There is someone bleeding at my feet, dying perhaps and all I am doing is standing here. My brain slips into gear.

      I bend down to get a closer look at the stranger. He is bearded and familiar although I cannot place him. Perhaps I have seen him in the coffee shop or possibly at the station? He murmurs something but I cannot understand him. The blood is coming from his chest, he appears to have been stabbed but by what I’m not sure and I am reluctant to pull his other hand – the one not holding my ankle – from the wound. He is pale, skin the colour of gone off milk, and his breath is coming in long wet gasps that suggest the tearing of something important. He is not in a good way.

      I look up to call for help but the street is a wasteland: no one emerging from the office behind me, no one ambling down the street and no one looking up from the main road. Not even the rubbish, travelling on the gusts, is willing to stop for me. I cannot find my mobile. I must have left it in the office. Typical. And so I call for help. Shout, actually. Yet no one comes. I am concerned now.

      The man is still breathing when I help him to his feet and thank god he isn’t bigger than me, I never realised how heavy a person can be when they’re a dead weight. And that’s when I feel his wallet. Propped up against the wall as I try to help the man onto Oxford Street where we can catch a cab. It’s in his inside pocket and so full at first I think he’s armed and I’ve stumbled into a gang fight but this man doesn’t look like a gangster. Not that I know what a gangster looks like.

      In any case, he is barely conscious and there is no one else around. I glance briefly back at my office block but I know I am the last to leave just as well as I know my own wallet is empty. There would be no one to know.

      I pull the wallet out and sure enough it is stuffed with cash. Fumbling, I stuff it into my own inside pocket, ignoring the blood it leaves on my top and leave the man propped up against an alleyway wall. His breathing is shallow now and he no longer looks at me or holds onto me. He really does look familiar but a momentary glimpse of guilt is lost in the feel of the money in my pocket. I am struck by the sense I should feel something and I don’t – in fact I feel nothing. It won’t be long now.

      I walk away. I pause at the corner of the street just long enough to check in the reflection of a shop window if I still have blood on my chest but the worst of it is gone. I muse that I should shave again because my beard is looking as untidy as that poor bastard’s. Then I’m on my way again, no one paying me any attention, nothing out of the ordinary, and I’d be whistling if it wasn’t for the twinge in my chest

      It begins on a street.

      I do not know why.

      Indeed I have no idea where this is going except that the street is wet from the rain and cold from the wind and in front of me someone lies bleeding. The whole thing has an air of not being real until their hand grabs my ankle then I can feel their stickiness seeping through my sock. There is someone bleeding at my feet, dying perhaps and all I am doing is standing here. My brain slips into gear.

      I bend down to get a closer look at the stranger. He is bearded and familiar although I cannot place him. Perhaps I have seen him in the coffee shop or possibly at the station? He murmurs something but I cannot understand him. The blood is coming from his chest, he appears to have been stabbed but by what I’m not sure and I am reluctant to pull his other hand – the one not holding my ankle – from the wound. He is pale, skin the colour of gone off milk, and his breath is coming in long wet gasps that suggest the tearing of something important. He is not in a good way.

      I look up to call for help but the street is a wasteland: no one emerging from the office behind me, no one ambling down the street and no one looking up from the main road. Not even the rubbish, travelling on the gusts, is willing to stop for me. I cannot find my mobile. I must have left it in the office. Typical. And so I call for help. Shout, actually. Yet no one comes. I am concerned now.

      The man is still breathing when I help him to his feet and thank god he isn’t bigger than me, I never realised how heavy a person can be when they’re a dead weight. And that’s when I feel his wallet. Propped up against the wall as I try to help the man onto Oxford Street where we can catch a cab. It’s in his inside pocket and so full at first I think he’s armed and I’ve stumbled into a gang fight but this man doesn’t look like a gangster. Not that I know what a gangster looks like.

      In any case, he is barely conscious and there is no one else around. I glance briefly back at my office block but I know I am the last to leave just as well as I know my own wallet is empty. There would be no one to know.

      I pull the wallet out and sure enough it is stuffed with cash. Fumbling, I stuff it into my own inside pocket, ignoring the blood it leaves on my top and leave the man propped up against an alleyway wall. His breathing is shallow now and he no longer looks at me or holds onto me. He really does look familiar but a momentary glimpse of guilt is lost in the feel of the money in my pocket. I am struck by the sense I should feel something and I don’t – in fact I feel nothing. It won’t be long now.

      I walk away. I pause at the corner of the street just long enough to check in the reflection of a shop window if I still have blood on my chest but the worst of it is gone. I muse that I should shave again because my beard is looking as untidy as that poor bastard’s. Then I’m on my way again, no one paying me any attention, nothing out of the ordinary, and I’d be whistling if it wasn’t for the twinge in my chest

      It begins on a street.

      I do not know why.

      Indeed I have no idea where this is going except that the street is wet from the rain and cold from the wind and in front of me someone lies bleeding. The whole thing has an air of not being real until their hand grabs my ankle then I can feel their stickiness seeping through my sock. There is someone bleeding at my feet, dying perhaps and all I am doing is standing here. My brain slips into gear.

      I bend down to get a closer look at the stranger. He is bearded and familiar although I cannot place him. Perhaps I have seen him in the coffee shop or possibly at the station? He murmurs something but I cannot understand him. The blood is coming from his chest, he appears to have been stabbed but by what I’m not sure and I am reluctant to pull his other hand – the one not holding my ankle – from the wound. He is pale, skin the colour of gone off milk, and his breath is coming in long wet gasps that suggest the tearing of something important. He is not in a good way.

      I look up to call for help but the street is a wasteland: no one emerging from the office behind me, no one ambling down the street and no one looking up from the main road. Not even the rubbish, travelling on the gusts, is willing to stop for me. I cannot find my mobile. I must have left it in the office. Typical. And so I call for help. Shout, actually. Yet no one comes. I am concerned now.

      The man is still breathing when I help him to his feet and thank god he isn’t bigger than me, I never realised how heavy a person can be when they’re a dead weight. And that’s when I feel his wallet. Propped up against the wall as I try to help the man onto Oxford Street where we can catch a cab. It’s in his inside pocket and so full at first I think he’s armed and I’ve stumbled into a gang fight but this man doesn’t look like a gangster. Not that I know what a gangster looks like.

      In any case, he is barely conscious and there is no one else around. I glance briefly back at my office block but I know I am the last to leave just as well as I know my own wallet is empty. There would be no one to kn

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      Janine David 

      2 months ago

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      5 months ago

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      5 months ago

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      5 months ago

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      5 months ago

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      5 months ago

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      5 months ago

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      5 months ago

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      5 months ago

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      5 months ago

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      6 months ago

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      6 months ago

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      6 months ago

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      6 months ago

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      A person 

      6 months ago

      This helped me with homework :Dp

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      A...... 

      6 months ago

      This was very helpful

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      Jonathan 

      6 months ago

      Athens are so much better then spatans

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      Sharadda 

      6 months ago

      So very useful thank you for helping me with my essay.

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      suzie 

      6 months ago

      good wedsite

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      Sophia 

      6 months ago

      This was very helpful for my homework. Thanks! :)

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      Rainy 

      7 months ago

      This is very helpful

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      Hi 

      7 months ago

      Athens: In Athens, non-citizens, which included women and slaves, had few rights. Non-citizens could not hold government positions or own property in any way.

      Usually women in Athens stayed at home, did housework, and supervised slaves. A few women could become priestesses, but that was as far as she could go professionally.

      Slaves lived various different lives in Athens. Some slaves were trained as craftsmen, while others worked in factories or farms. A few slaves worked as clerks, and the unluckiest had to work in silver mines. People could become slaves by being born into slavery, being prisoners of war, or having to sell themselves into slavery due to farm debts.

      Sparta: In Sparta non-citizens were women, slaves (called the helots), and Perioikoi (free men, usually foreigners).

      Spartan women were very different from women in other parts of Greece because they received tough physical training. This was because the women were expected to look after their husbands property during times of war against invaders or a slave revolt. They also did not wear jewelry or perfume, since those items were seen as corrupting. Another way Spartan women differed from women from the other city-states was that the Spartan women had many rights women from other city-states did not have. The Spartan women could own property, speak with their husband's friends, and even marry another man if their husbands had been away at war for too long.

      Spartan slaves, called, helots, did all the farming for the Spartans. The helots had the right to choose who they married, to sell extra crops after filling their quotas, and to buy their freedom if they had saved up enough money from the surplus crops. However, even with these rights, a helot’s life was not pleasant. Because the helots outnumbered the Spartans 20 to one, the Spartans feared the helots would revolt against them one day. Because of this, the Spartans treated the helots harshly. Once a year the Spartans declared war on the helots and freely killed them, so the helots would be scared of the Spartans and wouldn't rebel.

      The final non-citizen class in Sparta was the periokoi, who were free men who were not citizens of Sparta. The periokoi might serve in the army, but they could not hold government posts. The perioikoi primarily manufactured goods for the Spartans including cloaks, shoes, weapons, and pottery. The periokoi also conducted some of Sparta’s trade.

      Conclusion: The Primary Similarities and Differences between Athens and Sparta

      The Spartans and Athenians were very different groups of people. The Spartans were militaristic people who valued strength and simplicity. They ran under an oligarchic government, were the military superpower of Greece, and relied on farming and conquering.

      The Athenians, on the other hand, had a strong culture and a well-rounded society. They ran the first democracy in the world, were proud of their art and culture, and relied on trade. These two city-states were great civilizations, and working together they could possibly have achieved more than we can imagine. However this would never happen because greed and jealousy pitted the two superpowers of ancient Greece head-to-head in ferocious civil war and led to the end of Greece as it once was.

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      ij0ikok[koko 

      8 months ago

      i love lo

    • profile image

      Lindsay 

      8 months ago

      I have a huge assignment due on Monday and it can't be late. I have a packet of notes to fill out all about Athens and Sparta!!

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      p e e p e e m a n 

      8 months ago

      pee pee is love

      pee pee is life

      im an african grapefruit

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      Fortnite Pers0n 

      8 months ago

      I can now play fortnite because I finished my homework in Athens and Sparta lol.

    • profile image

      dominic.jones 

      8 months ago

      sparta!!!

    • profile image

      student 

      8 months ago

      It helped me so much with my essay, but it didn't say who the author was so I can't give them credit

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      starlyn 

      8 months ago

      ducks are an amazing source of protein!!!

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      Athennnnnnnnns!! 

      8 months ago

      Athens 4 life! :D

    • profile image

      Apex Legends or Fortnite 

      9 months ago

      who wants to play apex.

    • profile image

      /beef Wellington 

      9 months ago

      Spartans for life dude

    • profile image

      athenian boy 

      9 months ago

      what about your christian server

    • profile image

      spartaaaaaaaa 

      11 months ago

      this is Sparta

      no this is Patrick

    • profile image

      Phil Swift 

      11 months ago

      Why are you ruining my christian server

    • profile image

      billy bob 

      11 months ago

      im not smart to know this stuff:)

    • profile image

      fortnite sux 

      11 months ago

      shoot dood im like 5 years late on this website

    • profile image

      sportacus for life 

      11 months ago

      heres a little lesson in trickert

      this is gong down in histork

      this is how you be a villain number 1

      youll have to chase a superhero on the run

      ***no what are you doing***

    • profile image

      hunter.mum 

      12 months ago

      hello jonas im in 2 or athens to be exact

    • Rigby Ellenore profile image

      Rigby Ellenore 

      12 months ago

      Hi im a athens

    • profile image

      jonas price 

      12 months ago

      hi natalie

    • Chickin nugget profile image

      Natalie Duggan 

      12 months ago from Okc, OK

      Athens 4 life

    • Chickin nugget profile image

      Natalie Duggan 

      12 months ago from Okc, OK

      peeps need help

    • profile image

      Sparta boy 

      13 months ago

      This is wrong in some parts, and if you really know Greece you'll know Spartans is way better than Greece. Dur.

    • profile image

      fornite 

      13 months ago

      fortnut for life

    • profile image

      jimmy 

      13 months ago

      I am a spartan for life

      # spartan life

    • profile image

      jimmy 

      13 months ago

      my name is jimmy and I play fortnut

    • profile image

      Memes4Saltyteens 

      13 months ago

      Wow this is very informative and good but... 8.5 out of 10 to much water.

    • profile image

      xdOptomisticBOI 

      13 months ago

      ALL hail fortnite

    • profile image

      koolkid 

      13 months ago

      fantastic cite!

    • profile image

      fat niggs 

      13 months ago

      you guys are weird

    • profile image

      Fortnite God 

      13 months ago

      Its fortnite you all ready know

    • profile image

      Izumi 

      17 months ago

      Athens is the BEEEEESSSSSSSSTTTTT you

    • profile image

      Aaryan 

      17 months ago

      Sparta rules

    • profile image

      hi 

      17 months ago

      hi,Athens: In Athens, non-citizens, which included women and slaves, had few rights. Non-citizens could not hold government positions or own property in any way.

      Usually women in Athens stayed at home, did housework, and supervised slaves. A few women could become priestesses, but that was as far as she could go professionally.

      Slaves lived various different lives in Athens. Some slaves were trained as craftsmen, while others worked in factories or farms. A few slaves worked as clerks, and the unluckiest had to work in silver mines. People could become slaves by being born into slavery, being prisoners of war, or having to sell themselves into slavery due to farm debts.

      Sparta: In Sparta non-citizens were women, slaves (called the helots), and Perioikoi (free men, usually foreigners).

      Spartan women were very different from women in other parts of Greece because they received tough physical training. This was because the women were expected to look after their husbands property during times of war against invaders or a slave revolt. They also did not wear jewelry or perfume, since those items were seen as corrupting. Another way Spartan women differed from women from the other city-states was that the Spartan women had many rights women from other city-states did not have. The Spartan women could own property, speak with their husband's friends, and even marry another man if their husbands had been away at war for too long.

      Spartan slaves, called, helots, did all the farming for the Spartans. The helots had the right to choose who they married, to sell extra crops after filling their quotas, and to buy their freedom if they had saved up enough money from the surplus crops. However, even with these rights, a helot’s life was not pleasant. Because the helots outnumbered the Spartans 20 to one, the Spartans feared the helots would revolt against them one day. Because of this, the Spartans treated the helots harshly. Once a year the Spartans declared war on the helots and freely killed them, so the helots would be scared of the Spartans and wouldn't rebel.

      The final non-citizen class in Sparta was the periokoi, who were free men who were not citizens of Sparta. The periokoi might serve in the army, but they could not hold government posts. The perioikoi primarily manufactured goods for the Spartans including cloaks, shoes, weapons, and pottery. The periokoi also conducted some of Sparta’s trade.

      Conclusion: The Primary Similarities and Differences between Athens and Sparta

      The Spartans and Athenians were very different groups of people. The Spartans were militaristic people who valued strength and simplicity. They ran under an oligarchic government, were the military superpower of Greece, and relied on farming and conquering.

      The Athenians, on the other hand, had a strong culture and a well-rounded society. They ran the first democracy in the world, were proud of their art and culture, and relied on trade. These two city-states were great civilizations, and working together they could possibly have achieved more than we can imagine. However this would never happen because greed and jealousy pitted the two superpowers of ancient Greece head-to-head in ferocious civil war and led to the end of Greece as it once was. So bye. HHEHEHEHE

    • profile image

      boii 

      18 months ago

      sparta all the way!!

    • profile image

      BrucePanda 

      18 months ago

      I'm an Athenian!

    • profile image

      JackieChan 

      19 months ago

      I'm Athenian!!!

    • profile image

      Peace 

      19 months ago

      Hi thanks alot for the differences, it help alot and easy to understand.

      Can someone please help with the similarities between spartarn and Athenian in education?

    • profile image

      Hi 

      19 months ago

      Athens will win Spartans gave us the plague

    • profile image

      Hi 

      19 months ago

      We had way better culture.

    • profile image

      hi 

      19 months ago

      no way Athens is way better

    • profile image

      Blobfish 

      19 months ago

      Hey I am from a class and I am here to say I vote for Sparta and I do government

    • profile image

      hi 

      19 months ago

      jared are you kidden me

    • profile image

      hi 

      19 months ago

      is Athens better mister editor.

    • profile image

      kewlbeansdaddy 

      19 months ago

      trump all the way

    • profile image

      hi 

      19 months ago

      I vote for Jesus

    • profile image

      lets start a riot 

      19 months ago

      Trump or Hilary

    • profile image

      hi 

      19 months ago

      Yes i do

    • profile image

      hi 

      20 months ago

      athens is supreme.

    • profile image

      20 months ago

      This really helps a lot and i had to do a essay on this and it really helps.

    • profile image

      Abby 

      22 months ago

      it helps a lot

    • profile image

      ricky 

      22 months ago

      boss

    • profile image

      ricky 

      22 months ago

      in a hole

    • profile image

      billy 

      22 months ago

      im a spartan

    • profile image

      Abby 

      22 months ago

      This help me a lot

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