The Bizarre Story of Dr. Henry Howard Holmes: America's First Serial Killer

Updated on November 3, 2017
Readmikenow profile image

Readmikenow enjoys writing about unique and interesting people. He likes to learn about individuals who live or have lived unusual lives.

H.H. Holmes
H.H. Holmes

He was born Herman Webster Mudgett on May 16, 1861, in Gilmanton, New Hampshire. He is commonly referred to as Dr. Henry Howard Holmes or H. H. Holmes. This person is known as one of the first serial killers in American history. Holmes purchased a building with a pharmacy in Chicago. He then reconstructed it into a sophisticated maze of death traps. It also had apartments on the second floor as well as retail spaces and a drugstore. When he was put on trial, Holmes confessed to committing 27 murders in various places including Toronto, Indianapolis as well as Chicago. The exact number of people he murdered isn't accurate. Some of the people he confessed to killing were actually still alive. There have been estimates the number of murders committed by Holmes could be as high as 200.


Early Life and Education

Holmes was the third born child in his family. He had a younger brother and sister. His parents were devout Methodists. Holmes had a privileged childhood as his family was wealthy. As a child, he had an interest in medicine. He shocked people by performing surgery on numerous animals. Holmes graduated from high school at the age of 16. He soon began studying at the Department of Medicine and Surgery at the University of Michigan. He graduated in 1884 and was a certified physician once he passed the required examinations. Holmes apprenticed under physicians noted for developing different methods of human dissection.


Insurance Scams

When a medical school student, Holmes would steal cadavers from the lab, disfigure them and then submit an insurance claim. He would tell the insurance companies these individuals died in a terrible accident. Holmes became very good at these scams and received tens of thousands of dollars in insurance payouts.

Marriage

Holmes got married in 1878 to a woman named Clara and had a son in 1880. He abandoned them in 1887 and married Myrta Belknap. Holmes then left Myrta and moved to Denver. There he married Georgiana Yoke.


Building Known as Murder Castle
Building Known as Murder Castle

Chicago

H.H. Holmes took up residence in Chicago, Illinois in 1886. Holmes was still married to more than one woman at the time and had various clashes with law enforcement. He also had scammed a number of insurance companies and people for money. In order to avoid being discovered, he changed his name from Herman Webster Mudgett to Henry Howard Holmes. His decision was influenced by his admiration for the fictional character Sherlock Holmes. Holmes was able to find work in a pharmacy. He eventually took over the business when the owner mysteriously disappeared. The next thing he did was have a three-story building constructed that eventually became known as the Murder Castle.


Murder Castle

The construction of it started in 1889. Holmes would hire and then fire numerous construction crews. He did this so nobody would be able to figure out exactly what he was planning for the structure. The construction of the building was completed in 1891. Holmes immediately put an advertisement in local newspapers offering jobs for young women that also came with lodging. He ran other advertisements saying he was a wealthy man who wanted a wife. All guest of the hotel, employees, and others were required to have life insurance policies. Holmes offered to pay the insurance premiums if the policyholders listed him as a beneficiary. There were several reports from people in the local neighborhood about women going into the building and never leaving.


Inside Murder Castle
Inside Murder Castle

Murder Castle Features

The first floor of the Murder Castle has numerous stores. The two upper levels are where 100 rooms were used for living quarters, and Holmes office was located. Some of the rooms on this floor were soundproof and contained gas lines. This made it possible for Holmes to asphyxiate a person locked in the room with the flick of a switch. The building also had various peepholes, trap doors, stairways that led nowhere. Numerous chutes to the basement were located in several places on the upper floors.


Basement of Murder Castle
Basement of Murder Castle

Basement

This was designed to be a laboratory. There was a stretching rack, dissecting table as well as a crematory. Holmes would send bodies down the basement using one of the many chutes. He would dissect the bodies and remove the flesh from them. The remaining skeleton models were then sold to medical schools around the country. Some bodies he would place in pits of acid and other he would cremate.


Early Murder Castle Victims

One of the first victims of Holmes was a woman named Julia Smythe. A married woman who was his mistress. When Smythe's husband left her, Holmes lived with her and her daughter. They both mysteriously disappeared during Christmas of 1891. Emeline Cigrande began working for Holmes in 1892 and also disappeared. Shortly after that an employee known as Edna Van tassel also mysteriously disappeared.


Newspaper article about H. H. Holmes
Newspaper article about H. H. Holmes

Capture

Holmes became friends with a carpenter who had an extensive criminal past known as Benjamin Pitezel. Upon hearing about an insurance scam from Holmes, Pitezel agreed to fake his own death. The goal was to get $10,000 in a life insurance policy and split it. The scheme was scheduled to take place in Philadelphia. Rather than use a cadaver, Holmes killed Pitzel by causing him to be unconscious with chloroform. He then used benzene to set fire to the body. Holmes also ended up killing three of Pitzel's five children. He was eventually put in prison for suspected insurance fraud. Holmes told a cellmate named Hedgepeth about an insurance scam he was planning and promised to give Hedgepeth $500, if he would recommend a proper lawyer. Holmes got the information, but didn't pay Hedgepeth. His former cellmate told the authorities everything he knew about Holmes. When confronted, Holmes denied everything. The authorities told Holmes there was an outstanding warrant for theft on him in Texas. Holmes didn't want to get the punishment they have in Texas, so he confessed everything. He even told him about the Murder Castle.


Police Investigate Murder Castle

Chicago police discovered the building was a strange and efficient structure designed for committing torturous murders. Many bodies were discovered at Murder Castle. Most of them were so decomposed or dismembered; it was impossible to determine how many bodies had been found in the building. They also had no way to identify all the bodies.


Confession Paid By Newspaper

Hearst newspapers paid Holmes $7,500 when he was in jail to tell his story. Unfortunately, Holmes provided the reporters with various contradictory accounts. Doing this discredited much of what he told them. He is quoted by the newspaper as saying “I was born with the devil in me.”


Trial

H. H. Holmes was put on trial for murder in October of 1894. He was found guilty and sentenced to death. Holmes asked to be buried 10 feet under the ground and encased in concrete. He was concerned about grave robbers trying to exhume and dissect his body. The request was granted. H. H. Holmes was hanged on May 7, 1896.

Questions & Answers

    Comments

      0 of 8192 characters used
      Post Comment

      • Readmikenow profile imageAUTHOR

        Readmikenow 

        8 months ago

        Virginia, thanks. I was horrified at how emotionless he was about his murdering people. How planned it and built a building designed for it. Very shocking.

      • Virginia Allain profile image

        Virginia Allain 

        8 months ago from Central Florida

        Quite a gruesome account. People often think that serial murderers are a new phenomenon but reading old newspaper accounts disprove that. Very interesting.

      • Larry Rankin profile image

        Larry Rankin 

        16 months ago from Oklahoma

        One of the strangest serial killer stories out there. Dark and fascinating.

      • Readmikenow profile imageAUTHOR

        Readmikenow 

        16 months ago

        Kara Skinner, Thanks for stopping by. I agree with you. Nothing about this man makes any sense.

      • Kara Skinner profile image

        Kara Skinner 

        16 months ago from Maine

        Wow, that's scary. He definitely had a twisted mind. If he was willing to confess to murder to avoid theft charges in Texas, though.... what in the world was the punishment in Texas?

      • Readmikenow profile imageAUTHOR

        Readmikenow 

        16 months ago

        dohn121, thanks. I also think this man was the personification of evil. I doubt he could be Jack the Ripper since HH Holmes was in Chicago and Jack the Ripper was in London, England.

      • dohn121 profile image

        dohn121 

        16 months ago from Hudson Valley, New York

        This guy was definitely one of the most evil human beings to ever walk the earth. It wasn't bad enough that he killed people, but in addition, he desecrated their bodies and profitted from their deaths through insurance fraud as well. His real punishment came after his execution. There is some speculation that he and Jack the Ripper are one and the same. I would have to see more proof of that, were it true. Well written and researched.

      • mactavers profile image

        mactavers 

        16 months ago

        Wow. Horrible. I'm surprised that there has not been a movie about him, or is there a movie about him? Yikes!

      working

      This website uses cookies

      As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, owlcation.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

      For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://owlcation.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

      Show Details
      Necessary
      HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
      LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
      Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
      AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
      HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
      HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
      Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
      CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
      Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
      Features
      Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
      Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
      Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
      Marketing
      Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
      Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
      Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
      Statistics
      Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
      ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
      Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)