The Current 7 Man-Made Wonders of the World
Here is a list of the current seven man-made wonders of the world. These seven wonders were announced as the results to a poll held by the Canadian/Swiss Bernard Weber in Zurich, Switzerland. Bernard is a member of the New7Wonders Foundation which is regulated by the Swiss Federal Foundation Authority. Below are the seven wonders as they currently stand.
I have organised them below in alphabetical order; they are not and do not get ranked. All wonders are of equal merit.
- Located in Yukatan, Mexico.
- Remains of the Mayan civilization who lived around 600 - 900 AD.
- The site is made of hundreds of paved roads and dozens of stone buildings.
- Several of the buildings have been restored.
- The stone buildings have a large variety of archaeological styles, indicating that the city may have had the most diverse Mayan population in the world.
- The site covers an area of at least 5 sq. km.
Christ the Redeemer
- Located in Tijuca Forest National Park in Rio de Jeniero.
- It stands atop Corcovado mountain.
- The tallest part stands at 130 feet tall.
- It weighs 635 tonnes.
- The statue is made of reinforced concrete and soapstone.
- Construction too place from 1922 to 1931.
- Restoration has had to be carried out several times due to weather and occasional vandalism. In 2008 the fingers, head, and eyebrows were damaged after being struck by lightening during a ferocious lightning storm.
- Located in the center of Rome, Italy.
- It is an elliptical amphitheater and is the largest ever built in the Roman empire.
- Construction started in 72 AD and was completed in 80 AD.
- When opened it could seat 50,000 people.
- It hosted gladiatorial contests and public spectacles such as mock sea battles, animal hunts, executions, re-enactments of famous battles, and dramas based on classical mythology.
- The majority of damage that has happened to the Colosseum is from earthquakes, however some is due to stone robbers.
The Great Wall of China
- Located, as you may have thought, in China.
- Has been around for nearly 2500 years.
- The wall is around 3,460 km long, with 2,860 km of branches and spurs.
- It is the longest man made structure in the world.
- The wall was built by several Chinese dynasties to protect China's northern boundary.
- The wall ranges from 15 - 30 m wide.
- The highest point of the wall is in Beijing, at Heita mountain reaching 5,033 feet.
- Located in the mountain range of the Urubamba Valley in Peru, 70 km northwest of Cuzco, the former capital of the Inca civilization.
- It rests over 8,000 feet above sea level.
- Believed to have been made in the 15th century. It was then rediscovered by Hiram Bingham in 1911.
- When Bingham rediscovered it, the jungle had literally swallowed it up, hence the nickname, the lost city.
- Some of the building blocks weigh up to 50 tonnes.
- Despite the weight, the blocks are precisely slotted together with such precision that the mortarless joints will not even permit the insertion of a thin knife blade.
- Located on the slopes of Mt. Hor, in the Arabah section of Jordan.
- Petra means ''rock'' in Greek and Arabic.
- It was discovered by a Swiss explorer, Johann Ludwig Burckhardt, in 1812.
- It's said to have been around from before 106 AD.
- Being made mostly of red sandstone, and with its beauty and age, Petra earned the title ''a rose red city half as old as time."
- Petra was once a thriving trading center and capital of the Nabataean empire.
- Several scenes from Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade were filmed here.
- Located in Agra, India.
- It was built as a mausoleum where the Mughal Emperor known as Shah Jahan was to bury his wife Mumtaz Mahal.
- Construction began in 1632 and it was completed in 1653.
- The architectural style is a combination of Persian, Islamic, and Indian.
- 20,000 workers helped in the build.
- 28 varieties of semi-precious and precious stones were used to adorn the Taj for an exquisite finish.
- During the Indian Rebellion of 1857, many of these stones were ripped off its wall by the British.
The Honorary Candidate
The Great Pyramid is considered a classic wonder, so when the Egyptian government heard that it would have to compete with modern man-made objects such as the Sydney Opera House (even though it didn't make the cut), a compromise was met and it was named as the honorary candidate after the seven (relatively) modern wonders of the world.
The Great Pyramid of Giza
- This particular pyramid is the the Great Pyramid of Giza, the largest of the three in the Giza Necropolis.
- It is located in what is now El Giza, Egypt.
- The pyramid is estimated to have some 2,300,000 stone blocks.
- The blocks range in weight with most generally being 2 - 30 tonnes, however a few weigh upwards of 70 tonnes.
- The base of the pyramid cover 592,000 square feet.
- The average stone on the lowest level is 5 feet high, long, and deep.
- The four sides are indented to a very precise degree and was the only pyramid built this way, making it the only 8 sided pyramid. This effect is only visible from the air.