The Duke of Windsor’s Betrayal

Updated on March 4, 2018
Rupert Taylor profile image

I've spent half a century writing for radio and print—mostly print. I hope to be still tapping the keys as I take my last breath.

Edward VIII was given the honourific title of Duke of Windsor and a generous tax-free allowance. He settled in France and in May 1937, he married the American Wallis Warfield Simpson. She was allowed to use the title "Duchess of Windsor," but was forbidden from the styling of “her royal highness.” The duke took this as a snub, as indeed it was, and he never got over it. Edward’s abdication was the source of acrimony among the rest of Britain’s royal family, but there was worse—much worse—to come.

King (briefly) Edward VIII.
King (briefly) Edward VIII. | Source

German Connections

The Duke of Windsor’s paternal bloodlines were with the Saxe-Coburg and Gotha family of Germany, as have all British monarchs since Edward VII in 1901. The connection comes through Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Queen Victoria’s husband, as well as her first cousin.

During World War I, when all things German were deeply unpopular in Britain, the family changed its name to Windsor.

The Duke of Windsor (at the time, he was the Prince of Wales) had many relatives in Germany and he spoke fluent German. As noted by The Daily Beast “The duke had always been close to his German cousins. Influenced by them he had been an early admirer of Hitler - as were many members of the British aristocracy that he moved among.”

The duke had other views in common with the British blue bloods, notably their anti-Semitism.

Prince Albert, seen here with Queen Victoria and their many children, was the source of the German bloodline inherited by Edward VIII.
Prince Albert, seen here with Queen Victoria and their many children, was the source of the German bloodline inherited by Edward VIII. | Source

Controversial Visit

After they were unceremoniously booted out of England, the Duke and Duchess of Windsor enjoyed a lavish lifestyle among the rich and famous of European society.

In October 1937, they travelled to Berlin at the invitation of the German government. The couple was given a lavish welcome with crowds lining the streets and chanting “Heil Edward” and “Heil Windsor.”

The duke and duchess visited a military college where they inspected the Death’s Head Division of the SS. So impressed was Edward that he gave this murderous group a full-on Nazi salute.

Inspection of the SS guard of honour.
Inspection of the SS guard of honour. | Source

Then, it was off to the small town of Berchtesgaden, Bavaria, in Germany, where Adolf Hitler liked to relax at his mountain retreat, the Berghof. There, they had a two-hour audience with the Führer, and the duke made no secret of his admiration of Hitler.

The British government and the royal family were very much against the visit.

Those who supported the Duke of Windsor said he was trying to open channels of peace with the German dictator. As with some British politicians, there was a hope that diplomacy would succeed in averting war; by appeasing Hitler in his modest territorial ambitions there would be “Peace in our time.”

Of course, we all know it didn’t work out that way.

Smiles all around as the Windsors meet Hitler.
Smiles all around as the Windsors meet Hitler. | Source

The Unstate Visit

The duke also said he wanted his wife to experience the pomp and ceremony of a royal tour. Even though the trip was not an official state visit, the Germans smothered the Windsors with all the trappings of one.

Royal biographer Andrew Morton says Wallis was treated like a royal princess: “In Germany members of the aristocracy would bow and curtsy towards her, and she was treated with all the dignity and status that the duke always wanted.”

She and her husband were given the adulation the pair thought they deserved but were never given in Britain.

The Abduction Plot

Before her marriage to Edward, Wallis Simpson had been visited frequently in her London apartment by the German Ambassador to Britain, Joachim von Ribbentrop. It was rumoured, but never proven, that these visits were part of a long-running affair.

The British secret service suspected that Wallis was peaking into Edward’s briefing papers while he was still king and passing secrets on to the Germans.

In 1940, the Nazis invaded France and the Windsors fled their Paris mansion, first to the French Riviera, then Madrid and Lisbon. While in Madrid, the duchess was in communication with von Ribbentrop.

Happier times.
Happier times. | Source

In Portugal, they stayed with Ricardo Espirito Santo Silva, a pro-Nazi fundraiser. There the duke sniped at Britain, calling the king, his brother, “stupid,” and predicting the country was facing a crushing defeat.

German agents sounded out the Windsors on the possibility of coming over to their side. As an added inducement they claimed, falsely, the British secret service was planning to kill them.

Von Ribbentrop was now Hitler’s foreign minister and he and his people hatched a plan to seize the duke and duchess in case persuasion failed. They would be put on ice until Britain was defeated and occupied and then they would be installed as puppet king and queen.

Given his frequently expressed fondness for the Nazis, the Germans had good reason to believe the Duke of Windsor would be happy to go along with such a plot.

The British government wanted the duke squirreled away in an outpost and not close to the action in Europe. But Edward resisted the pressure to leave Europe. It has been suggested that he had difficulty mulling over the German offer to restore him to the throne and wanted to hang around to see how things played out.

Finally, the British patience ran out and they were whisked off to the Bahamas where he was given the post of Governor-General. The duke and duchess passed the war in comfort surrounded by a crowd of wealthy, boozy, and somewhat shady admirers. Among them, no doubt, were a few American and British secret agents who had the job of making sure the duke did not get up to any mischief.

“Germany’s internal affairs are its own business. Dictators are very popular these days, and we might want one in England before long.”

Duke of Windsor in 1933.

The Marburg Files

A huge hoard of German diplomatic papers, all 400 tons of them, was discovered at Marburg Castle as the war ended.

Among them, was a file relating to Nazi contacts with the Duke of Windsor. However, historians have had trouble accessing these documents. The royal family, with the help of the British secret service, have suppressed these files. Some have been destroyed.

It's important for the royal brand that the more sordid aspects of the Duke of Windsor's behaviour be hidden from public view.

Marburg Castle.
Marburg Castle. | Source

Bonus Factoids

In 2016, a series of photographs of the Duke and Duchess of Windsor meeting with the Nazi leadership in 1937 were put up for auction. The 60 images sold for £6,830 (about $9,200).

According to FBI and British intelligence documents, Wallis Simpson was helping the Nazis. The source is a Franciscan monk in the United States who had once been the Duke of Wurttenberg and was close to the British royal family. The monk said Wallis Simpson had engaged in an affair with Joachim von Ribbentrop who sent her 17 carnations every day. This was, apparently, in remembrance of the number of times they made love.

When the Duke of Windsor met Hitler, the German leader insisted Edward speak in English although he was perfectly able to hold a conversation in German. Edward complained afterwards that the translation of what he said was not accurate.

The duke's father, George V, once said about his son and heir "After I am dead, the boy will ruin himself in 12 months.:

Sources

  • “When the Duke of Windsor Met Adolf Hitler.” BBC News, March 10 2016.
  • “Netflix’s ‘The Crown’ Whitewashes the Nazi-Loving Royal.” Clive Irving, The Daily Beast, December 31, 2016.
  • “The Duke and Duchess of Windsor: A Dark Royal Secret?” Peter Kross, Warfare History Network, August 8, 2016.

Questions & Answers

    Comments

      0 of 8192 characters used
      Post Comment

      • Kenna McHugh profile image

        Kenna McHugh 

        6 months ago from Northern California

        Just saw The Crown S2-6, which covcers this time in history - a very serious matter.

      • Rupert Taylor profile imageAUTHOR

        Rupert Taylor 

        6 months ago from Waterloo, Ontario, Canada

        The duke's side of the story, often repeated, was that he wanted nothing but peace. However, he clearly played footsie with Nazis in hope of personal gain. And, could peace ever be achieved with Hitler's insatiable thirst for conquest?

        The duchess was also always looking for personal gain in everything she did. I'm of the opinion she had no redeemable features.

        Bit harsh, but that's the way I see it.

      • Kenna McHugh profile image

        Kenna McHugh 

        6 months ago from Northern California

        Interesting take on the German background and influence of Prince Albert on the Britsh monarchy. If only the Duke and Duchess of Windsor could give their side of the story. That would be an interesting read, indeed.

        For someone to give up the throne and not produce any true value for the common folk, I am intrigued.

      • Rupert Taylor profile imageAUTHOR

        Rupert Taylor 

        6 months ago from Waterloo, Ontario, Canada

        Louise - I'm always on the alert when someone is described as "colourful." It's usually used as a polite way of saying "scoundrel."

        There are plenty of other far more salacious accusations about the duke and duchess. I restricted myself to those that could be recounted in polite company.

      • Coffeequeeen profile image

        Louise Powles 

        6 months ago from Norfolk, England

        I love reading your articles. I always learn something. The Duke of Windsor was certainly a colourful character!

      working

      This website uses cookies

      As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, owlcation.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

      For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://owlcation.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

      Show Details
      Necessary
      HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
      LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
      Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
      AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
      HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
      HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
      Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
      CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
      Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
      Features
      Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
      Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
      Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
      Marketing
      Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
      Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
      Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
      Statistics
      Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
      ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
      Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)