The Fall of the Throckmorton Arms

Updated on July 30, 2016
Coughton Court, Warwickshire
Coughton Court, Warwickshire | Source

Located in Warwickshire between Studley and Alcester, Coughton Court (pronounced coh-tun) is a familiar sight for anyone travelling along the A435. Built with warm ashlar of Cotswold stone, the frontage glows a golden hue when the sun touches it. At its centre, the Tudor gatehouse is one of the finest in the country, and the Court's gardens have received many prestigious awards.

Famed for its association with the Gunpowder Plot and Guy Fawkes, it also houses some treasures from the days when Catholics were persecuted in Tudor England, including the execution gown of Mary, Queen of Scots.

Folklore in the area has told of a tragedy that befell the estate, and like so many stories, it turns out that this story speaks of an actual historical event.

The local folklore and Throckmorton family tradition claims that at the moment of the estate's heir's death, the stone shield fell from the Tudor gatehouse; an omen that Lt. Col. Throckmorton had fallen in battle.

Source
The crestfallen Tudor gatehouse.
The crestfallen Tudor gatehouse. | Source

The Tudor gatehouse stands at a central focal point, around which the rest of Coughton Court has been built. Dating from a short time after 1536, it was built from stones from nearby Bordesley Abbey and Evesham Abbey, following the Dissolution of the Monasteries Act of 1536, whereby Henry VIII ordered their demolition. As the Church of England was established, Catholics were persecuted by the new church, as Henry forged his independence from the papal church of Rome. Coughton Court became a safe place and centre for rebellion as it opposed the Reformation.

A stone carving of the Throckmorton coat of arms once decorated the gatehouse, above the door to the Court. Unlike the more recent crest which is decorated with an elephant's head and chevron, this shield bore three gates, a hand, and chevron.

It would be a terrible omen should anything happen to it.

Portrait of Lt. Col. Throckmorton, housed in Coughton Court.
Portrait of Lt. Col. Throckmorton, housed in Coughton Court.

War in Europe

In 1914, war broke out in Europe. Known as 'The Great War', and later the 'First World War', it has been remembered as one of the most distressing conflicts of modern times. Rural Britain in particular was hit hard as men from villages previously used to plough and harrow, would sign up to fight and die together in the same regiment. Some villages lot all of their men, and many of those who were lucky enough return suffered from terrible injuries both physical and psychological, and were unfit to return to their agricultural lives. Many became homeless vagrants.

Lieutenant-Colonel Richard 'Courtenay' Brabazon Throckmorton was heir to the estate, and a veteran of combat. Son of the 10th Baronet, Sir Richard Throckmorton, he served as a career soldier for twenty years before retiring in 1907.

The call of duty was answered by Lt. Col. Throckmorton, who signed up to serve with his old battalion, the Royal Welch Fusiliers. Like so many, he and the brave men of Coughton answered the call to defend King and country, and paid the ultimate price.

The damaged crest rests within the gatehouse.
The damaged crest rests within the gatehouse. | Source

A brave man, his commanding officer said of him as being 'as brave as a lion, and his contempt for bullets was supreme'. He fought in the battle of Gallipoli, and then took lead of a battalion which was sent in to Mesopotamia (modern Iraq).

It was at this point that a sniper's bullet found its mark, and Lt. Col. Throckmorton was shot. He died aged 49 on 9th April, 1916.

The local folklore and Throckmorton family tradition claims that at the moment of the estate's heir's death, the stone shield fell from the Tudor gatehouse; an omen that Lt. Col. Throckmorton had fallen in battle.

The crest has never been put back up. Instead, it sits within the gatehouse next to an old grandfather clock, as a reminder of this terrible time of war and loss.

The table is laid for men who never came home.
The table is laid for men who never came home. | Source
Source

A Farewell to Arms

2016 marks 100 years since the death of Lieutenant-Colonel Richard 'Courtenay' Brabazon Throckmorton, heir to the Coughton Court estate, during the First World War.

To mark the centenary, the House wanted to mark the occasion and remember the men who didn't make it home. A dining table has been laid as if for a dinner party, with stories of Lt. Col. Throckmorton, along with four other men from the estate whose names are found on the war memorial in Coughton.

Artist, Jennifer Collier, produced a floral display made of copies of papers relating to the men killed in battle. As centrepiece for the dining table, the papers have been folded into delicate blooms, made from sheets detailing maps of the battles in which they fought, and medal cards.

Rich and poor fought together during one of Europe's bloodiest conflicts, and death spared none of them.

A moving and poignant tribute to their bravery and memories.

Coughton Court, Warwickshire
Coughton Court, Warwickshire | Source
A
B49 5JA:
Coughton, Alcester B49 5JA, UK

get directions

Coughton Court is located on the A435 between Studley and Alcester, in Warwickshire, England.

Visiting Coughton Court

Opening Hours:
Open Wednesday to Sunday, 11:00 - 17:00
Closed some other days, see website for details.

Admission Prices:
House and gardens £11.50 per adult wishing to Giftaid, £5.70 per child, or £28.70 for a family ticket.
Gardens only £7.80 per adult wishing to Giftaid, £3.90 per child, or £19.50 for a family ticket.
Free for National Trust members.

Facilities:

  • Gift shop.
  • Restaurant serving hot and cold meals, hot, cold, and alcoholic beverages, snacks, cream teas, and cakes.
  • Second-hand book shop.
  • Ice-cream stall.
  • Toilet facilities, including baby-changing, and disabled toilets.
  • Plant sales.
  • Free parking on site.
  • Picnic area.
  • River walk and forest walk.
  • Games for children.
  • Dogs welcome, but not in house, stableyard, or gardens.
  • Some disabled access. Please note the Tudor house has many stairs, and the stableyard is covered in gravel which may make mobility difficult.

Details are correct as of time of publishing, please check with Coughton Court's website when planning your trip to check opening hours, prices, and other information.

Questions & Answers

    © 2016 Pollyanna Jones

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      • Pollyanna Jones profile imageAUTHOR

        Pollyanna Jones 

        6 weeks ago from United Kingdom

        Thank you Lobsterthermidor, that is really interesting. As you can appreciate, I've written this in layman's terms, to tie in with the folklore around the house (and the nearby pub!). I'd assume the Baronet title was purchased from King James in order to raise funds for armies in Ireland, hence the red hand of Ulster?

      • profile image

        Lobsterthermidor 

        2 months ago

        The arms shown are those of Sir Robert Throckmorton 3rd Baronet (1662–1720), who married Mary Yate, a daughter of Sir Charles Yate, 3rd Baronet. The arms show Throckmorton ''Gules, on a chevron argent three bars gemelles sable'', with a canton of the Red Hand of Ulster for a baronet; impaling canting arms of Yate: ''Argent, a fess between 3 gates sable''. The sculpted item is of course an escutcheon, not a crest, the crest of Throckmorton (''A falcon rising proper'', sometimes shown as ''An elephant's head'') is here missing and would have been on top of the helmet.

      • profile image

        Francis Young 

        2 years ago

        Fascinating. I covered family legends of English Catholic families in my 'English Catholics and the Supernatural' (2013) but only before 1829. 'Death fetch' stories like these are not unknown amongst non-Catholic families but seem particularly prevalent amongst Catholics, probably because of their belief in purgatory and the possibility of the dead communicating with the living

      • profile image

        Brian Langston 

        2 years ago

        A great article again Polly packed with historical detail and great pictures. I learned a lot for this Hub that I didn't know about this wonderful house. It has been many years since Jen and I visited Coughton Court but we found it so atmospheric. Nice job!

      • Pollyanna Jones profile imageAUTHOR

        Pollyanna Jones 

        2 years ago from United Kingdom

        Thank you both, it is a beautiful stately home. There is more history associated with it, which I will write about some other time.

      • chezchazz profile image

        Chazz 

        2 years ago from New York

        Some of the best armchair traveling I've done! Thank you.

      • James Slaven profile image

        James Slaven 

        2 years ago from Indiana, USA

        This is wonderful, Polly! I wish the States had places with such long lasting history!

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