The Need for a Jewish Haven After World War II

Updated on October 28, 2017
RGraf profile image

Rebecca Graf is a seasoned writer with nearly a decade of experience and degrees in accounting, history, and creative writing.

Looking Back in Time

Tension existed, and still exists today, over the twentieth century creation of a new Jewish nation. The Jewish people longed for the homeland of their ancestors, though many did not care where the nation was created as long as there was a place for any Jew to call home without persecution. Through primary sources beginning in the late 1800s, the desire and need of a safe Jewish haven was at the forefront of many displaced Jewish nations thoughts.

Source

Old Issue

The issue of Jewish displacement is not a new issue. For thousands of years, the Jews have been without a homeland and moved throughout the world seeking a peaceful life. Theodor Herzl acknowledges the problem of finding that peace by pointing out that “the Jewish question persists” whenever a large number of Jews find a home. A few Jews living in communities were historically ignored. Very few times were such small numbers persecuted.

Persecution arose as the numbers grew and the surrounding community began to fear them. Ironically, it was the areas of peace for the Jews that would become the areas of hell for them. It did not take specific actions for persecution to be called on against the Jews. It only needed their “appearance” to bring it on. Herzl points out how this is not limited to the ‘uncivilized’ world. Even the most civilized cultures would eventually turn against the Jews present in their society and the issue of their presence was rarely resolved “on the political level”.

Source

Far Reaching Fear of Jews

Anti-Semitism became a disease that plowed through all levels of every society. It attacked through political, religious, and societal areas of life. The disease permeated even the more open-minded nations of England and America making this a “national question” and ultimately an “international political problem.” Herzl states with intensity how this disease “increases day by day and hour by hour among the nations” and will become “ineradicable.”

Source

Homeland Would Give Safety

In Herzl’s own writings in the late 1800s, he saw the past and the future of Jews that was dark and bleak. Without establishing a safe homeland for them, there would only be disaster and continued persecution. He saw the land of Palestine as their “unforgettable historic homeland” that all Jews looked at as their home.

Herzl’s words were driven home as World War II closed and the truth of the Nazi plan of Jewish extermination came to light. One could originally dismiss Herzl’s writings as completely biased and without merit until the account of Dr. Wilhelm Hoettl’s conversation with Nazi leader, Adolf Eichmann. Only then can a researcher see how valuable Herzl’s words are.

He Killed Them

Eichmann admitted that he was responsible for “millions of Jewish lives” he took during the intentional persecution and extermination of all Jews. He could easily have lied at this point as he was facing war criminal charges, but he took it upon himself to confess that the concentration camps established by the Nazi regime killed four million Jews with another two million killed outside the camps. Eichmann’s words give extreme credibility to Herzl’s which might have been easily dismissed in 1896 but could no longer be ignored in the 1940s.

Need More Urgent

The need for a Jewish homeland was now more of an international crisis than ever before, and the depth of Anti-Semitism was revealed to the horror of the world. Yet the establishment of the nation of Israel was only the beginning of more problems as the new nation was carved out of the Middle East to the resentment of Arabs who had called Palestine their home for many years.

Israel had to struggle to maintain the integrity of a nation while battling the deep seeded resentment and hatred in its neighboring countries. Golda Meir brought to the United Nations’ attention in 1957 how it had to battle to travel in international waters where other nations, such as Egypt, would block the use from the nation of Israel. Her speech stated how unjust it was to have the Gulf of Aqaba as international waters restricted. She proclaimed that no nation on earth had “the right to prevent free and innocent passage” through international waters. Israel was still struggling to be seen as a valid nation.

Source

Fight for Their Future

Due to the high level of contention with neighboring Middle Eastern nations, Israel stated to the United Nations that they were would not be adverse to military action to push their rights to travel where all nations should. Ms. Meir announced that Israel would not take it lying down and would “take all such measures as are necessary” to use the right of international water use. Her words show how even after having a homeland, the Jews were still fighting for the rights of everyone else in the world.

Though each of these sources came from the 1890s, 1940s, and the 1950s, they all have a common thread of Jewish displacement and struggle to find a place they belong in the world they live in. They moved from country to country trying to find a peaceful home to call their own. Persecution followed them everywhere emphasizing to them the need for a homeland. It took extreme actions of one political party to shake the world’s foundations and bring to mind Theodor Herzl’s warning how Anti-Semitism would not end but would follow the Jews wherever they went and would only increase since “its causes for its growth continue to exist.”

Source

Bibliography

Herzl, Theodor. “The Jewish State.” in Palestine and the Arab-Israeli Conflict: A History with Documents. Boston: Bedford/St. Martins, 2010.

Hoettl, Wilhelm, “The ‘Final Solution’: Nazi Extermination of European Jewry.” in Palestine and the Arab-Israeli Conflict: A History with Documents. Boston: Bedford/St. Martins, 2010.

Meir, Golda. “Speech to the United Nations General Assembly.” in Palestine and the Arab-Israeli Conflict: A History with Documents. Boston: Bedford/St. Martins, 2010.


Questions & Answers

    Comments

      0 of 8192 characters used
      Post Comment

      • MsDora profile image

        Dora Weithers 7 months ago from The Caribbean

        Some people simply ignore this "international political problem", while others make it a cause. Thanks for bringing it into focus especially for those in between. Helpful information and explanations. Good objective reporting too.

      working

      This website uses cookies

      As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, owlcation.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

      For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: "https://owlcation.com/privacy-policy#gdpr"

      Show Details
      Necessary
      HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
      LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
      Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
      AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
      HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
      HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
      Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
      CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
      Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
      Features
      Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
      Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
      Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
      Marketing
      Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
      Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
      Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
      Statistics
      Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
      ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
      Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)