An Analysis of the Poem 'Silver' (1913) by Walter De La Mare
'Silver' (1913) by Walter de la Mare
Slowly, silently, now the moon
Walks the night in her silver shoon;
This way, and that, she peers and sees
Silver fruit upon silver trees;
One by one the casements catch
Her beams beneath the silvery thatch;
Couched in his kennel, like a log,
With paws of silver sleeps the dog;
From their shadowy cote the white breasts peep
Of doves in a silver-feathered sleep;
A harvest mouse goes scampering by,
With silver claws, and silver eye;
A moveless fish in the water gleams
By silver reeds in a silver stream.
"Peacock Pie"—a Book of Children’s Rhymes
Walter de la Mare (1873 to 1956) was an English writer of fiction and poetry for both adult and children. In a poll conducted by The Bookworm programme in 1995 to find the Nation's favourite poem, his poem Silver was voted number 63 out of the top 100 poems. The poem was first published In a book of delightful children’s rhymes titled Peacock Pie, in 1913. This anthology has been republished several times, most recently by Faber and Faber in 2015.
Imagery in the Poem 'Silver'
One of the delights of poetry is finding a particularly powerful image. Many early 20th-century poets prioritised this aspect of their creative writing by finding powerful images to stimulate the senses and imagination of their readers. The poem 'Silver' is notable for the exquisite visual imagery within the lines.
The moon is personified and characterised as female (note the use of the word she). The moon is slowly peering into every nook and cranny almost like a slow-moving searchlight. Nothing escapes her beam—the fruit on the trees, the casement lights of the buildings, the dog in the kennel and the doves in the dovecote.
The poem is subtly located in time and place - the 'harvest mouse' suggests the season and the implied location is rural - there are fruit trees, a dovecote, and a stream with fish. The ambience of the location is quiet and hushed - the dog and doves are sleeping, and the fish are 'moveless'.
Techniques used to create imagery in the poem include -
- The repeated use of the word 'silver' - nine repetitions plus one 'silvery'. All has been transformed to silver by the moon - the fruit on the trees, the windows, the dogs paws, the doves feathers, the eyes and claws of the field mouse, the fish, the reeds and the water in the stream.
- The literary stylistics device of the alliterated sibilant letter 's', which makes a hissing sound, encouraging the use of a hushed voice, consistent with the location of the poem at night. The effect that is produced emphasises the mysterious, almost uncanny, nature of the effect of a silver moon on all that falls under her light.
- The extended metaphors. In lines 1-6; the moon is a female wearing silver shoes (shoon) to walk through the night, inspecting all in her path. In the lines that follow, the features of the animals and the fruit are not like silver - they have been transformed into silver by the moonlight.
Other Poetic Devices in 'Silver'
- Enjambment - used at the end of lines 1,3,5 and 13. In this poem the technique of enjambment prevents emphasis from being placed on the end rhymes of the lines, because the lack of punctuation means that there is no pause between the end of the line and the start of the line that follows it.Tip - read the poem out loud paying attention the enjambment. You will find that the sound and rhythm are quite different than if you allow the lines to rhyme.
- Similie - the dog sleeps like a log (lines 7/8). Creates an image in the mind of the reader of both the physical shape and the immobility of the sleeping dog .
The Form of the Poem 'Silver'
- Fourteen lines, comprised of seven rhyming couplets. This structure is very loosely based on a traditional sonnet form but note that this is where the similarity to the sonnet form ends - the poem does not fulfil the requirements for the line length, rhythm or rhyme of a sonnet.
- End rhyme pattern:- aabbccddeeffgghh
- Line lengths in syllables - 8/8/8/8/7/8/8/8/10/9/9/8/9/9
The poem 'Silver' was first published in 1913 in Walter de la Mare's book of children's rhymes 'Peacock Pie'. The collection has been described in The Times as 'surely one of the greatest children's books of the century'.
Romanticism in Poetry
The heyday of the romantic period in literature had drawn to a close by the mid nineteenth century, before Walter de la Mare was born (1873). Nevertheless, he is regarded by many as an exemplar of romanticism in the literary form. Nowadays, there is a tendency to associate 'romanticism' with love but in literary terms it is associated with the imagination and the way in which we perceive the world around us. Within these parameters, I would argue that Silver is a romantic poem. De la Mare has closely observed the transformative phenomenon of a silver moon on the natural world, the creatures that inhabit it, and on inanimate objects. Silver is an example of the extraordinary power, ascribed to him in the Encyclopaedia Britannica, to evoke the evanescent moments in life.
His greatest concern was the creation of a dreamlike tone implying a tangible but nonspecific transcendent reality.— Poetry Foundation
Awards Given to Walter de la Mare OM CH
James Tait Black Memorial Prize (1921)
Carnegie Medal (1947)
Companion of Honour (1948)
Order of Merit (1953)
- Walter de la Mare | British author | Britannica.com
Walter de la Mare: Walter de la Mare, British poet and novelist with an unusual power to evoke the ghostly, evanescent moments in life. De la Mare was educated at St. Paul’s Cathedral Choir School in London, and from 1890 to 1908 he worked in the Lon
- Walter de La Mare | Poetry Foundation
Walter de la Mare is considered one of modern literature's chief exemplars of the romantic imagination. His complete works form a sustained treatment of romantic themes: dreams, death, rare states of mind and emotion, fantasy worlds of childhood, and
Questions & Answers
Have you ever been accused of plagiarism when writing about a poem?
No. But I don’t write about poems that are protected by copyright. If you want to include the full text of a poem that is copyrighted you should seek permission via the publisher. Nor do I copy text from articles by other writers. If I draw on the work of other writers I give appropriate credit in a bibliography, using the Harvard format.Helpful 22
Why is the cote shadowy while the doves are white and silvery?
In his poem Silver, Walter de la Mare is describing the visual effects created by a full moon - which is sometimes called a silver moon. Some features of the landscape when the moon is full will be dark and in shadow, whereas light colours, such as white doves, are thrown into relief by the effect of the moon. Describing the doves as silver continues the theme of the magical silvery effect created by the moonlight.Helpful 25
Why are there so many words beginning with 's' in the poem Silver?
The letter 's' is a soft consonant that is alliterated throughout the poem 'Silver'. Alliterated consonants emphasize the alliterated words in a line.
A sibilance is a special form of alliteration that is used with soft consonants, most commonly with the letter 's' - which produces a hissing sound when spoken aloud by someone who speaks Standard, aka Received, English.
In the poem 'Silver' the sounds produced by the technique enhances the pervasive mood of secrecy and mystery, as it encourages the reader to speak in a hushed voice. I encourage you to read 'Silver' aloud to get the full effect of the sibilance.Helpful 16
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