Timeline of Jesus' Death, Burial and Resurrection

Updated on April 15, 2019
revmjm profile image

Rev. Margaret Minnicks is an ordained Bible teacher. She writes many articles that are Bible lessons.

Jesus on the Cross
Jesus on the Cross | Source

It is amazing that people who have been going to church for many years still do not understand what happened to Jesus before, during and after He was crucified on the cross between two thieves.

One reason people might not understand all the details is that no single gospel gives an inclusive account of Jesus' death, burial and resurrection even though all four gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John cover a particular part of the event. Each author wrote from his own perspective to a particular audience. However, in order to get a more accurate timeline, one must take pieces from all four gospels.

The following timeline is according to the Bible, and it is simplified in a way that anyone can understand it.

Jesus' Final Hours

Jesus' final hours on the cross lasted a total of six hours, according to the sequence of events recorded in the four canonical gospels.

Pay attention to the events leading up to the crucifixion, the crucifixion itself and what happened immediately after the crucifixion.

The Last Supper Jesus had with His disciples before His death.
The Last Supper Jesus had with His disciples before His death. | Source

Before the Crucifixion

Spy Wednesday

Judas promised the Roman soldiers that he would betray Jesus for 30 pieces of silver. On Wednesday during Jesus' final week on earth, Judas told the soldiers where to find Jesus.

Maundy Thursday Night

  • Jesus had a Passover meal with His disciples in the upper room. We have come to know that as the Last Supper when He said the bread was His body and the wine was His blood. He told them that one of them would betray Him. All of them asked, "Is it I?" Also, Jesus washed the disciples' feet as a symbol of Him not coming to earth to be served but to serve.
  • Later, Jesus prayed three times in the Garden of Gethsemane while His disciples fell asleep. He woke them up each time because they were supposed to keep watch.
  • Roman soldiers came to arrest Jesus and turned Him over to the religious leaders.

Friday Morning, 6 a.m.

  • Jesus stands trial before Pontius Pilate who was the governor at that time.
  • Jesus is sent to Herod.

7 a.m.

  • Herod returns Jesus to Pilate.
  • It was a custom during a religious holiday to set a prisoner free. Barabbas was guilty, but He was set free. Jesus was not guilty, but He was sentenced to death.

8 a.m.

  • Jesus is led away to Calvary carrying a heavy cross.

The Crucifixion

The Crucifixion

9 a.m. - "The Third Hour"

  • The soldiers cast lots for Jesus' clothing leaving him to wear only a loincloth.

10 a.m.

  • Jesus' feet and hands were nailed to a wooden cross before He was lifted up.
  • The crowd mocked Jesus by putting a crown of thorns on His head and a sign above His head that read: King of the Jews. They told Him to come down and save Himself. Jesus could have called down a legion of angels, but He suffered, bled and died to save humanity.

11 a.m.

  • Jesus was between two thieves on the cross. Dying by crucifixion on the cross was not just for Jesus. It was the capital punishment at that time.
  • One thief mocked Jesus while the other one didn't. Jesus told him, "Today, you will be with me in paradise."
  • Jesus spoke His seven last expressions from the cross. The first three expressions were for the people. Jesus turned the attention to Himself only at the fourth statement.

"I thirst' and "It is finished" in the Gospel of John.
"I thirst' and "It is finished" in the Gospel of John.

Noon - "The Sixth Hour"

  • Darkness covered the land. When Jesus was born at night, it became light. When He died during the day, it became dark for three hours from the sixth to the ninth hour. In other words, it was from noon to mid-afternoon around 3 p.m.
  • Jesus cried out to the Father.
  • Jesus said, "I thirst."

2 p.m.

  • Jesus said, "It is finished."

3 p.m. - "The Ninth Hour"

  • Jesus died.

Jesus' final hours on the cross lasted six hours.

After the Crucifixion

Events Following Jesus' Death

  • The earthquake happened.
  • A soldier pierced Jesus' side with a spear to be certain that he had died. The centurion said, "Surely, he was the Son of God!" because blood and water flowed out of his body.
  • The soldiers broke the thieves' legs. Usually, the legs of those on the cross were broken to speed up death. The legs of the thieves were broken so they would die. Jesus died on the cross without His legs being broken. That was to fulfill the prophecy that His bones would not be broken.
  • A Pharisee, Joseph of Arimathea, asked for Jesus' body. It was taken down from the cross and laid in the tomb of that Pharisee.
  • A large stone was laid in front of the tomb and soldiers guarded the entrance.

The Resurrection

Jesus was in the grave only three days. He rose on the third day just as He said He would.

Christians celebrate the resurrection of Jesus on Easter Sunday that comes after His death on Good Friday.

The resurrection account appears in all four of the gospels and in the book of Acts.

References

The Holy Bible

Crucifixion of Jesus

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    • profile image

      Dustin002 

      3 months ago

      Where’s the garden of gethsemane

    • profile image

      Rebecca Ellis 

      4 months ago

      Appreciate your article - will keep for future reference.

    • revmjm profile imageAUTHOR

      Margaret Minnicks 

      4 months ago from Richmond, VA

      He was crucified on Friday, in the grave on Saturday and rose on Sunday. That's three days. God did not raise Jesus from the dead on a Wednesday as you have stated.

    • profile image

      Kaliha 

      4 months ago

      If he was in the tomb three days then he Rose on a Wednesday based on the Jewish time scale not a Sunday. The time doesn't add up using the Hebrew calenders, why was it changed

    • profile image

      Stacie 

      4 months ago

      Im so glad I read this timeline. Ive always known the generals of what happened, but not down to the specific timeline. I want to our Easter celebration to be a full experience at our home, and this has helped. Thankyou.

    • profile image

      Jim W 

      4 months ago

      Wasn't Thursday a high sabbath ? He should be dead by then.

    • revmjm profile imageAUTHOR

      Margaret Minnicks 

      4 months ago from Richmond, VA

      Jared, thanks for reading and commenting on my article. Your comments added a lot to the article.

    • revmjm profile imageAUTHOR

      Margaret Minnicks 

      4 months ago from Richmond, VA

      Andrea Allen, thanks for reading and commenting on my article. I am glad you let me know that it was helpful. I'm inspired to continue doing what I do!

    • profile image

      Andrea Allen 

      4 months ago

      This article was "Awesome". I have never seen it in such detail.

      Thank you Pastor Minnicks, for sharing these daily readings. They are very uplifting and educating. May God Bless you continuously.

    • profile image

      Jared Dettmer 

      4 months ago

      Thank you Margaret.

      Good to know the timeline of Jesus' 6 hours on the cross, but the timeline of "all" his suffering from Thursday night to the cross is what I want to know because I believe that was the real pain for Jesus. The beatings and the flogging, because it was the beginning. The beginning is always the hardest.

      Yes, suffering on the cross...but Jesus knew that was the end of his journey and no more pain awaited him, welcomed him. That understanding, at the time...well...only Jesus knew the presence of the Holy Spirit.

    • revmjm profile imageAUTHOR

      Margaret Minnicks 

      4 months ago from Richmond, VA

      Elijah A Alexander Jr., thanks for reading and sharing.

    • The0NatureBoy profile image

      Elijah A Alexander Jr 

      4 months ago from Washington DC

      Margaret, Jesus spoke specifically about his death and resurrection in John 2:19-21...

      "19 Jesus answered and said unto them, Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up. 20 Then said the Jews, Forty and six years was this temple in building, and wilt thou rear it up in three days? 21 But he spake of the temple of his body."

      ...but in Matthew 12:40 the words "three days and three nights" is proof He was talking about the second messiah Revelation 5:12 indicates he does not obtain "riches, power, wisdom" and four other things until after his resurrection when Jesus had the three I named before his.

    • revmjm profile imageAUTHOR

      Margaret Minnicks 

      4 months ago from Richmond, VA

      Kaptain Cirk, any part of a day was considered a whole day. Hence, part of Friday, all day Saturday and part of Sunday.

    • profile image

      Kaptain Cirk 

      4 months ago

      So, How do you get 3 days and 3 nights from Friday afternoon to Sunday Morning (Matthew 12:40)

    • profile image

      olana 

      9 months ago

      Hi Thank you great work. But where is the flogining

    • revmjm profile imageAUTHOR

      Margaret Minnicks 

      16 months ago from Richmond, VA

      Elijah, thanks for reading and commenting on my article about the timeline of Jesus' death, burial and resurrection.

    • The0NatureBoy profile image

      Elijah A Alexander Jr 

      16 months ago from Washington DC

      Thank you for making it clear although I already knew that but most people don't.

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