Rev. Margaret Minnicks is an ordained Bible teacher. She writes many articles that are Bible lessons.
It is amazing that people who have been going to church for many years still do not understand what happened to Jesus before, during and after He was crucified on the cross between two thieves.
One reason people might not understand all the details is that no single gospel gives an inclusive account of Jesus' death, burial and resurrection even though all four gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John cover a particular part of the event. Each author wrote from his own perspective to a particular audience. However, in order to get a more accurate timeline, one must take pieces from all four gospels.
The following timeline is according to the Bible, and it is simplified in a way that anyone can understand it.
Jesus' Final Hours
Jesus' final hours on the cross lasted a total of six hours, according to the sequence of events recorded in the four canonical gospels.
Pay attention to the events leading up to the crucifixion, the crucifixion itself and what happened immediately after the crucifixion.
Before the Crucifixion
Judas promised the Roman soldiers that he would betray Jesus for 30 pieces of silver. On Wednesday during Jesus' final week on earth, Judas told the soldiers where to find Jesus.
Maundy Thursday Night
- Jesus had a Passover meal with His disciples in the upper room. We have come to know that as the Last Supper when He said the bread was His body and the wine was His blood. He told them that one of them would betray Him. All of them asked, "Is it I?" Also, Jesus washed the disciples' feet as a symbol of Him not coming to earth to be served but to serve.
- Later, Jesus prayed three times in the Garden of Gethsemane while His disciples fell asleep. He woke them up each time because they were supposed to keep watch.
- Roman soldiers came to arrest Jesus and turned Him over to the religious leaders.
Friday Morning, 6 a.m.
- Jesus stands trial before Pontius Pilate who was the governor at that time.
- Jesus is sent to Herod.
- Herod returns Jesus to Pilate.
- It was a custom during a religious holiday to set a prisoner free. Barabbas was guilty, but He was set free. Jesus was not guilty, but He was sentenced to death.
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- Jesus is led away to Calvary carrying a heavy cross.
9 a.m. - "The Third Hour"
- The soldiers cast lots for Jesus' clothing leaving him to wear only a loincloth.
- Jesus' feet and hands were nailed to a wooden cross before He was lifted up.
- The crowd mocked Jesus by putting a crown of thorns on His head and a sign above His head that read: King of the Jews. They told Him to come down and save Himself. Jesus could have called down a legion of angels, but He suffered, bled and died to save humanity.
- Jesus was between two thieves on the cross. Dying by crucifixion on the cross was not just for Jesus. It was the capital punishment at that time.
- One thief mocked Jesus while the other one didn't. Jesus told him, "Today, you will be with me in paradise."
- Jesus spoke His seven last expressions from the cross. The first three expressions were for the people. Jesus turned the attention to Himself only at the fourth statement.
Noon - "The Sixth Hour"
- Darkness covered the land. When Jesus was born at night, it became light. When He died during the day, it became dark for three hours from the sixth to the ninth hour. In other words, it was from noon to mid-afternoon around 3 p.m.
- Jesus cried out to the Father.
- Jesus said, "I thirst."
- Jesus said, "It is finished."
3 p.m. - "The Ninth Hour"
- Jesus died.
After the Crucifixion
Events Following Jesus' Death
- The earthquake happened.
- A soldier pierced Jesus' side with a spear to be certain that he had died. The centurion said, "Surely, he was the Son of God!" because blood and water flowed out of his body.
- The soldiers broke the thieves' legs. Usually, the legs of those on the cross were broken to speed up death. The legs of the thieves were broken so they would die. Jesus died on the cross without His legs being broken. That was to fulfill the prophecy that His bones would not be broken.
- A Pharisee, Joseph of Arimathea, asked for Jesus' body. It was taken down from the cross and laid in the tomb of that Pharisee.
- A large stone was laid in front of the tomb and soldiers guarded the entrance.
Jesus was in the grave only three days. He rose on the third day just as He said He would.
Christians celebrate the resurrection of Jesus on Easter Sunday that comes after His death on Good Friday.
The resurrection account appears in all four of the gospels and in the book of Acts.
The Holy Bible
Ed Klassen on January 27, 2020:
Question I have - the Bible references that Jesus would be in the heart of the earth for 3 days and 3 nights. (Matt. 12:40). If He was buried Friday and arose on Sunday - that gives you the 3 days but only 2 nights. Can you explain where the 3rd night would be?
FV on January 10, 2020:
What happened to Jesus after his resurrection? Meaning what did Jesus do, let's say, for the next year after resurrected?
Margaret Minnicks (author) from Richmond, VA on December 27, 2019:
Yes, Matt. Any part of the day is considered an entire day. So, you are right: Friday, Saturday and Sunday = 3 days.
Matt on December 27, 2019:
Pastor, so I'm clear that I'm tracking you. The full 72 hours aren't what's necessary, it's the Friday, Saturday and Sunday that are, to the accomplishment of Jesus words to his disciples? I've never fully grasped this concept until now, if I'm properly following your teaching here? Thank you for taking time to do this. It is important. YIC
infinity on November 30, 2019:
i love this
JohnK01 on August 28, 2019:
The verse no one believes explains it all. John 19:14. Pilate turned the Messiah over to the soldiers at 12 noon Tuesday. The soldiers took him to their base and beat him all night nearly to death. The next morning, Wednesday, they nailed him to the tree.
Dustin002 on May 01, 2019:
Where’s the garden of gethsemane
Rebecca Ellis on April 22, 2019:
Appreciate your article - will keep for future reference.
Margaret Minnicks (author) from Richmond, VA on April 22, 2019:
He was crucified on Friday, in the grave on Saturday and rose on Sunday. That's three days. God did not raise Jesus from the dead on a Wednesday as you have stated.
Kaliha on April 21, 2019:
If he was in the tomb three days then he Rose on a Wednesday based on the Jewish time scale not a Sunday. The time doesn't add up using the Hebrew calenders, why was it changed
Stacie on April 20, 2019:
Im so glad I read this timeline. Ive always known the generals of what happened, but not down to the specific timeline. I want to our Easter celebration to be a full experience at our home, and this has helped. Thankyou.
Jim W on April 19, 2019:
Wasn't Thursday a high sabbath ? He should be dead by then.
Margaret Minnicks (author) from Richmond, VA on April 19, 2019:
Jared, thanks for reading and commenting on my article. Your comments added a lot to the article.
Margaret Minnicks (author) from Richmond, VA on April 19, 2019:
Andrea Allen, thanks for reading and commenting on my article. I am glad you let me know that it was helpful. I'm inspired to continue doing what I do!
Andrea Allen on April 19, 2019:
This article was "Awesome". I have never seen it in such detail.
Thank you Pastor Minnicks, for sharing these daily readings. They are very uplifting and educating. May God Bless you continuously.
Jared Dettmer on April 19, 2019:
Thank you Margaret.
Good to know the timeline of Jesus' 6 hours on the cross, but the timeline of "all" his suffering from Thursday night to the cross is what I want to know because I believe that was the real pain for Jesus. The beatings and the flogging, because it was the beginning. The beginning is always the hardest.
Yes, suffering on the cross...but Jesus knew that was the end of his journey and no more pain awaited him, welcomed him. That understanding, at the time...well...only Jesus knew the presence of the Holy Spirit.
Margaret Minnicks (author) from Richmond, VA on April 07, 2019:
Elijah A Alexander Jr., thanks for reading and sharing.
Elijah A Alexander Jr from Washington DC on April 07, 2019:
Margaret, Jesus spoke specifically about his death and resurrection in John 2:19-21...
"19 Jesus answered and said unto them, Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up. 20 Then said the Jews, Forty and six years was this temple in building, and wilt thou rear it up in three days? 21 But he spake of the temple of his body."
...but in Matthew 12:40 the words "three days and three nights" is proof He was talking about the second messiah Revelation 5:12 indicates he does not obtain "riches, power, wisdom" and four other things until after his resurrection when Jesus had the three I named before his.
Margaret Minnicks (author) from Richmond, VA on April 06, 2019:
Kaptain Cirk, any part of a day was considered a whole day. Hence, part of Friday, all day Saturday and part of Sunday.
Kaptain Cirk on April 06, 2019:
So, How do you get 3 days and 3 nights from Friday afternoon to Sunday Morning (Matthew 12:40)
olana on November 13, 2018:
Hi Thank you great work. But where is the flogining
Margaret Minnicks (author) from Richmond, VA on April 08, 2018:
Elijah, thanks for reading and commenting on my article about the timeline of Jesus' death, burial and resurrection.
Elijah A Alexander Jr from Washington DC on April 08, 2018:
Thank you for making it clear although I already knew that but most people don't.