6 Untranslatable Tagalog Words Explained
Untranslatable words are one aspect of the Filipino language that never fail to create questions. This is because they don't have an exact English translation, making it a bit challenging for native speakers to explain their meaning to non-native speakers.
What are these Tagalog words with no English equivalent? Read on and brush up on your Tagalog with these untranslatable Tagalog words. I can't translate them, but I will do my best to explain them.
The word when said by itself means the speaker doesn't want to be bothered with questions, or wants one to do what they say without asking any questions in response. Say basta if you don't want to explain why you did what you did, or why you came up with such decision or plan. Basta.
Partnered with the pronoun ikaw (you), the meaning changes.
"Basta ikaw!" is a response one would say after "thank you," and means, "I did the favor you asked," or, "I helped you because we're close. You're someone dear to me and I wouldn't say no as long as it's you."
It's a little hard to explain when or how to use naman in Tagalog, but you'll see that this word is often used with the five W questions. Add naman after any of the five W questions to subtly, instead of blatantly, ask why, when or what. You can also use it with just about any question. Try using it with wala (none/no) and meron (there is/are or has/have), although it's not necessary, because not using naman wouldn't change the meaning of your question.
The word is also used with intensified adjectives. Want to say something but don't want to sound bossy? No worries. Use naman to soften it and make it more of a request.
What Is an Intensified Tagalog Adjective?
An intensified Tagalog adjective is formed with a root word and comes after either -ang, -napaka or -ang with the root word repeated twice. Of course, there's more ways of intensifying, but this is just one example.
Bakit (Why) naman?
Ang ikli (So short) naman.
Magluto ka (You cook) naman.
Paano (How) naman?
Napakayaman (So rich) naman.
Maglinis ka (You clean) naman.
Masaya (Happy) naman?
Ang yaman yaman (So rich) naman.
Smile ka (You smile) naman.
Pala is used to express surprise at new or different information. The intonation of the word matters, as if it is not said correctly it could mean the English word "shovel."
"Siya nga pala"
Say this when introducing a new topic in conversation. In English, it can be loosely translated to, "By the way."
You can also use pala to express acknowledgement of a forgotten thing, a sort of, "Oh yeah huh!"
Pronunciation matters, as the word can also mean "can" if not pronounced correctly. Kaya in Tagalog is used to express curiosity or during a situation when you think about or ponder something.
Bakit kaya? (I wonder why?)
Partnered with pala, the word means something else. That's why there's "Kaya pala." This is why kaya has earned its spot as a Tagalog word that doesn't have an exact English translation.
Nga is used to stress the answer of a question the speaker has already answered. The intonation of the speaker is usually irritated. Who wouldn't be?
Wala nga. (I said there's none)
It is also used to agree with or confirm that what was previously said is true. When used this way, it can be loosely translated to English as, "Indeed."
Be pesky use nga. Adding nga after any of the five W questions, how, how many or which, will do the trick.
A word that is added to questions to add stress. You can add ba to almost any question. It is used with the five W questions, how, how many and even which. Ba comes after adjectives and nouns. There are also certain pronouns that ba follows after.
Aside from stressing a question, it won't really affect the question being asked if you don't use ba. Using it makes the question sound just right, but don't stress too much about when to use ba.
Ba follows after pronouns
Ba after 5W questions, how, how many, which
Sa iyo ba 'yan? (Is that yours?)
Bakit (Why) ba?
Malinis (Clean) ba?
Gutom ka ba? (Are you hungry?)
Sino (Who) ba?
Pagkain (Food) ba?
Sa amin ba 'yan? (Is that ours?)
Kailan (When) ba?
Mabait (Nice/Kind) ba?
Ikaw ba 'yan? (Is that you?)
Ano (What) ba?
Pera (Money) ba?
Again, intonation and the situation in which you use this word matters, as it can change the meaning of the question being asked. Asking "Ano (What) ba?" in a calm tone can be used to simply ask what to do. But saying it in an irritated intonation to someone being pesky means, "Cut it out!"
Questions & Answers
What is the correct present tense, past tense, and future tense forms of the Tagalog word "kanta"?
As an actor-focused verb, the present tense is "kumakanta," the past tense is "kumanta," and the future tense is "kakanta." "Kumanta" is the form also used in the imperative form, for example, when you command someone to sing. And yes, it is the same as the past tense.
As an object-focused verb, the present tense is "kinakanta," the past tense is "kinanta," and the future tense is "kakantahin." "Kantahin" is used as the imperative form.
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