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Vlad the Impaler, The Real-Life Dracula: Evil or Hero?

If you do not see Phyllis writing online, she is off wandering the pages of history looking for a notable person or event to write about.

The Ambras Castle portrait of Vlad III Dracula, c. 1560

The Ambras Castle portrait of Vlad III Dracula, c. 1560

Vlad III Dracula

Vlad III Dracula, better known as Vlad the Impaler (Tepes), was a member of the House of Draculesti, a branch of the House of Basarab. The lineage of Vlad III shows a long line of voivodes. The word "voivode" is an old Slavic word for warlord. Eventually the term was used for the governor of a province, or, in English, was the same as a prince or duke.

Vlad III was born in late 1431 in Sighisoara, a city in Transylvania, Kingdom of Hungary, where he is a folk hero to the locals. A huge bust of Vlad III sits on a high pedestal just outside the city hall.

His father's surname, Dracul, was bestowed upon Vlad II when he was inducted into the Order of the Dragon. Dracul is the Romanian name for Dragon. Vlad III was given the name Dracula, meaning "son of Dracul" or "son of the dragon."

Vlad III Dracula was one of the most notorious leaders in history. After his death, he was dubbed with the name Vlad Tepes, which means Vlad the Impaler. Dracula's supposedly excessive cruelty to his enemies gave him a reputation that kept his name prominent in history.

Vlad was famous for impaling his victims and displaying the impaled dead like a forest of corpses, with the leaders on a higher stake than their soldiers.

Vlad III and his brother Radu cel Frumos were given to the Ottoman sultan in 1442 as hostages when their father made a treaty with the Ottomans. For the next several years, Vlad III was trained in warfare and horseback riding.

He was given education in logic, learned the Quran and was taught the Turkish language, which he became fluent in. He was instructed to become familiar with the literature of the Turks.

After his father Vlad II and his brother Mircea II were brutally murdered, Vlad III was installed on the throne by the Ottomans when they invaded Wallachia. The term of this reign did not last very long, but he ruled again in 1456-1462, and yet again in 1476.

Poenari Castle, Romania: the famed lair of Vlad III

Poenari Castle, Romania: the famed lair of Vlad III

First Reign: 1447

Vlad III was installed on the Wallachian throne by the Ottomans after Vlad II was killed. This reign did not last long, for John Hunyadi, a powerful warlord of Hungary, invaded Wallachia and put Vladislav II of the House of Danesti on the throne. The Danesti House was another branch of the House of Basarab—members descended from Dan I of Wallachia.

Vlad III had no choice but to go to Bogdan II, his uncle in Moldavia, for refuge. In October of the same year, Bogdan was assassinated and Vlad III sought protection in Hungary.

Hunyadi admired Vlad for his knowledge of how the Ottomans worked in warfare and inner knowledge of the court. They both had a common hatred of Sultan Mehmed II of the Ottoman Empire. Hunyadi and Vlad reconciled their former discords—Hunyadi then made Vlad his adviser.

In 1453, Mehmed II conquered Constantinople, and the Ottoman powers stretched over the Carpathians, a serious threat to the mainland of Europe. By 1481 the Ottomans had control of the Balkans peninsula.

When the Ottomans were spreading out their wars and conquests, Vlad III attacked Wallachia in 1456, killed Vladislav II and regained the throne.

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Mircea the Elder, or Mircea I,  grandfather of Vlad III

Mircea the Elder, or Mircea I, grandfather of Vlad III

Second Reign: 1456-1462

Vlad had his hands full when he was again Voivode of Wallachia. Since Mircea the Elder's reign (1383-1418), the state had declined drastically in all its affairs. Everything had fallen into disrepair from neglect. Agriculture was not producing well, revenue from trade was nearly gone because trade was no longer desirable for other countries, and crime was completely out of hand.

Vlad was not one to sit and rest on his laurels. He implemented severe methods to restore Wallachia to its former prosperity and order. His aim was to strengthen the economy and defense of Wallachia, and also his own political power.

Under Vlad's orders, new villages for the peasants were built, which they needed for their well-being and production of new agriculture. Trade was a very clear and important source of development and revenue—Vlad understood this and helped his merchants out by limiting trade to Rargsor, Campulung, and Targoviste.

Vlad knew that the boyars (aristocracy leaders) of Wallachia were not only the cause of the deplorable shape of the state, but also the death of his father and brother. Vlad resolved that problem quickly by having the responsible boyars killed and installed men of his own choice into council, men who would be loyal to only himself.

Rather than boyars, Vlad inducted knights and free peasants. New punishment laws for thievery were issued by Vlad, and the remaining boyars were treated as harshly as criminals, for in Vlad's eyes, they were criminals.

Vlad strengthened the Wallachian army to the point where it had never been as strong. As a war leader, Vlad excelled in strategy and battle. The Transylvanian Saxons were allied with the nobility (boyars) of Wallachia, thereby making them Vlad's enemies. Vlad took trading privileges away from the Saxons and conducted raids on their castles, having several Saxons impaled.

Pope Pius II's papacy was 1458-1464

Pope Pius II's papacy was 1458-1464

Matthias Corvinus, King of Hungary, 1458-1490.

Matthias Corvinus, King of Hungary, 1458-1490.

War With the Ottomans

Pope Pius II was elected to the Papacy in 1458. The following year he journeyed to Mantua, a city in Lombardy, Italy, and called for a council with the rulers of Europe. His purpose was to implement a Crusade against the Ottoman Turks in a stronger effort to conquer their common enemy of Christianity.

Vlad III was one of the rulers to approve and fully endorse the Crusade, but he was unable to send troops he needed for his own purpose of defending Wallachia. The Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, Mehmed II, had laid claim to Wallachia, and it was Vlad's lifelong effort to protect his father's domain and keep the throne.

The Pope chose another ruler, Mathias Corvinus, the son of John Hunyadi, King of Hungary, to lead the Crusade. Pius gave Corvinus a staggering amount of gold coins to finance the war—it would have been enough to purchase 10 warships and amass an army of 12,00 troops.

Vlad pledged his allegiance to the Pope, the Crusade, and to Corvinus.

War with the Ottomans raged on for several years. Vlad had achieved some significant victories, such as the ambush of the Turks at the gorge north of Giurgiu where almost every soldier of Hamza Bey's army was captured and impaled, including Hamza Bey, who was put on the highest stake.

Vlad devastated the Bulgarian lands between Serbia and the Black Sea. He was fluent in the Turkish language and disguised himself as a Turkish Sipahi (Calvary soldier). Once in the camps, he destroyed everyone and rode on to the next camp. Vlad had over 23,000 Turks impaled. He wrote a letter to Corvinus and reported:

I have killed peasants men and women, old and young, who lived at Oblucitza and Novoselo, where the Danube flows into the sea, up to Rahova, which is located near Chilia, from the lower Danube up to such places as Samovit and Ghighen. We killed 23,884 Turks [most probably Tatars] without counting those whom we burned in homes or the Turks whose heads were cut by our soldiers...Thus, your highness, you must know that I have broken the peace with him [Sultan Mehmed II].

— Vlad III

On June 17, 1462, Vlad and Mehmed led their armies to Targoviste, and The Night Attack ensued. Vlad attacked at night on the road to the city where Mehmed's army was camped, and 15,000 Turks were killed. The main goal for Vlad was to assassinate Mehmed, but the Sultan retreated to Targoviste, where to his horror he found 20,000 impaled Turks.

Sultan Mehmed II in 1479. Portrait by Italian painter Gentile Bellini

Sultan Mehmed II in 1479. Portrait by Italian painter Gentile Bellini


Victories and defeats ranged back and forth between Vlad and Mehmed. Vlad's tactics and strategy won him many victories—yet eventually he ran out of money and could not pay his mercenaries. He rode to Hungary and asked Matthias Corvinus for financial help.

In betrayal, Corvinus had Vlad imprisoned for high treason. Corvinus made it look like Vlad was a criminal, when in fact, it was Corvinus who had spent the Papal money meant for the wars on his own personal expenses and pleasure. Corvinus forged a letter from Vlad to the Ottomans proposing a peace with them. So the Pope thought Vlad had spent all the money on things other than the war and betrayed the Papacu and Wallachia.

The Ottoman Empire and Mehmed had won a victory and Vlad was imprisoned, not by his enemies, but by the monarchy he had fought so hard to protect.

Visegrad Castle, summer castle of Corvinus, as it looked during the reign of Matthias Corvinus

Visegrad Castle, summer castle of Corvinus, as it looked during the reign of Matthias Corvinus

Radu cel Frumos, also known as Radu the Handsome,  brother of Vlad III.

Radu cel Frumos, also known as Radu the Handsome, brother of Vlad III.

Captivity and Third Reign

Vlad was initially imprisoned in the Oratea Fortress in a village of south central Romania, what is now Podu Dambovicioara; then he was moved to Visegrad, near Badu, the summer castle of Corvinus, where he remained in captivity for ten years, until 1474.

Radu cel Frumos, Vlad's younger brother had been placed on the Wallachian throne by the Ottomans when Vlad was in prison. Radu had remained loyal to the Ottoman Empire and had converted to Islam. Stefan cel Mare, Voivode of Moldavia, a relative of Vlad, eventually intervened and arranged for the release of Vlad.

At the age of 40 (1475), Radu suddenly died, and Vlad returned to Wallachia to reclaim the throne for his third reign on November 26, 1476. Less than three months later, Vlad was killed when in battle with the Turks. The head of Vlad was taken to Constantinople by the Turks to display as a trophy. Where Vlad's body was buried has remained unknown.

1499 German woodcut showing Vlad III dining among a field of impaled corpses (not fact)

1499 German woodcut showing Vlad III dining among a field of impaled corpses (not fact)

All About Vlad


Since Vlad III Dracula's death, legends arose and often may have been exaggerated, as has been done with other famous leaders of history. The number of his impaled victims is anywhere from 40,000 to 100,000, depending on the author or source.

German and Russian pamphlets and manuscripts from the 15th and 16th centuries expounded on the deeds of Vlad III and created horrific legends that seemed to take hold and last. The woodcut shown above is obviously a manifestation of someone's lust for the macabre.

It is also safe to say it is simply imagination because Vlad would not have had time to sit in fields of impaled corpses and luxuriate in such a scene, when he was constantly in battles and working to save Wallachia.

Vlad was not the only one who had victims impaled or approved of the practice. Matthias Corvinus applauded and encouraged Vlad to use impalement. The Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II, although it was reported that the sight of rotting corpses impaled on stakes by Vlad's army had sickened him, had himself used impalement as a form of punishment.

However, it is common for only the most bizarre acts to be remembered and written about rather than the good deeds of famous rulers like Vlad III.

Manuscripts and documents in Romania and Bulgaria from the 15th century forward describe Vlad III as a just leader of his people, a hero and formidable warlord. His methods of punishment were harsh yet fair for that time period. His lifelong effort was to keep the Ottoman Empire from conquering Wallachia. In The Slavonic Tales, it was written about Vlad III that:

"And he hated evil in his country so much that, if anyone committed some harm, theft or robbery or a lye or an injustice, none of those remained alive."

In 1524, Michael Bocignoli, an Italian writer, referred to Vlad III as "a very wise and skillful man in war."

In 1688, Stoica Ludescu, a writer for the "Canatacuzino Chronicle" wrote:

"Voivode Vlad sat on the throne and all the country came to pay respect, and brought many gifts and they went back to their houses with great joy. And Voivode Vlad with the help of God grew into much good and honor as long as he kept the reign of those just people."

In reflection, there was a lot more written about Vlad, yet when examined it is easy to see that all the good written about Vlad III Dracula came from his own people of Wallachia whom he helped and protected—whereas all the negative reputation was spread from Vlad's enemies, such as the Saxons and Matthias Corvinus.

Poenari Castle, Romania


I was excited to find more information on the castle of Vlad III. Poenari Castle, or Citadel as they call it in Romania, is a historic monument.

After Vlad III died in 1476, Poenari was still in use for many years. It was abandoned during the 16th century and was in ruins by the 17th century. An earthquake in 1888 caused a landslide which destroyed some parts. The Arges River, far below the castle, received the destroyed parts. Some repairs had to be made. Fortunately the main walls and towers are still in fairly good condition.

From the early 1960s to 1989, Romania was under nationalistic communism ideology. During that time, many foreign visitors were allowed to spend a night in the castle.

The castle has a fantastic view of the Arges River and Arges Valley.

Poenari Castle, Showing Destruction From Earthquake Landslide in 1888

Poenari Castle, September 2012

Poenari Castle, September 2012

Poenari Castle Overlooks the Beautiful Valley far Below

Note from the Author

So, was Vlad an evil villain or a hero? A psychotic warrior or a single-minded man of vision? Regardless of opinions, it is obvious he was a very successful warrior and leader of his people and protector of his kingdom.

Thank you for reading my article. Your opinions are important to me and let me know your interests. This helps me to offer more of your favorite subjects to read about. Your time and interest are very much appreciated. I hope to hear from you in the comments section below.

My sources for information in this article:

© 2014 Phyllis Doyle Burns


Phyllis Doyle Burns (author) from High desert of Nevada. on November 19, 2019:

Hi Olivia. Vlad lived at a time when rulers and war leaders did some atrocious things - it was common then. Most people today see Vlad III as evil, however, his people thought of him as a hero. Thanks for reading and commenting.

olivia on November 14, 2019:

i no idea vlad was a hero. stories told of him made me think he was evil.

Phyllis Doyle Burns (author) from High desert of Nevada. on June 29, 2019:

G., to his people whom he fought for and to his descendants, Vlad III was a hero. BTW, in that time era many kings and war chiefs used impaling as a form of killing enemies - not that I approve, but it ws common practice back then, just as execution by electric chair or drugs is common practice now, even though some though many people think it is ludricrous. Thank you.

G. on June 14, 2019:

To call someone who impaled 1000s of men, women and children (even infants) a hero is truly ludicrous.

Phyllis Doyle Burns (author) from High desert of Nevada. on June 03, 2018:

Hi Jeff. Vlad III was a hero to his people. Thanks for the visit, I appreciate it.

Phyllis Doyle Burns (author) from High desert of Nevada. on May 01, 2017:

Hi Cheryl. Thanks for reading and commenting. That is so interesting about clearing the name Vlad III. He was a great leader and protector of his people. In his time all the leaders committed the same acts. Thanks again.

Cheryl B. Montoya on May 01, 2017:

I really appreciate your article; Vlad Tepes (Dracula) is a latter-day TEXAS hero -- yes, that's right; I began defending his case back in 1958, when I was a young teenager in Comanche TX; these efforts later became known in Austin and San Antonio; it encourages me to know there are others saying the same things about Dracula to clear his name as some of us down here in Texas have done for years.

Phyllis Doyle Burns (author) from High desert of Nevada. on February 22, 2017:

You are most welcome, Jared. Vlad III was a very wise leader and fierce warrior. His life and family lineage fascinate me. I have a few other articles her on HP about his father and other family members. Thank you so much for reading and commenting.

Jared F on February 20, 2017:

Thank you so much for this article. When I started to research him I began to respect and even admire him, not for the atrocities he committed but rather for his willingness to do what was necessary to protect his people. Too many world leaders today have forgotten what it means to protect and care for there citizens. And even worse is that people do not realize that their freedoms, way of life and their ability to constantly take the moral high road are all protected by good men willing to commit evil so that they can live under the illusion that has been so carefully crafted for them

Phyllis Doyle Burns (author) from High desert of Nevada. on March 21, 2016:

Hi Alexandra S. Thank you very much for sharing some fascinating information about Vlad Tepes. This is very interesting. I grew up hearing only bad things about him, however, when I began researching for this article I could see a side of him that is not well-known and see the good he did for Wallachia. He was a very intelligent leader and was a highly skilled warrior. Thanks again. I really appreciate your contribution to the information on Vlad Tepes.

Alexandra S on March 21, 2016:

As an Orthodox Christian with a Romanian godmother I was taught to believe Vlad Tepes was not better, or worse than any other ruler at that time. Impaling was a common practice which, though evil, allowed your enemies to see first hand what defeat would look like. Vlad Tepes was excommunicated by the church, not because of his cruelty, but because of his involvement with the Roman Catholic Church. Vlad's father was Orthodox, but relied heavily on the Western church, even becoming part of the Knights of the Dragon. This chumminess did not go unnoticed by the Romanians, nor did the Catholic churches friendships of the Islamic Sultans. Once he became ruler of Wallachia, Vlad Tepes, wanted to rid his country of noble and Catholic influence. Thus he began to build many Orthodox churches, and even though he was excommunicated, the church still prays for him. And if it hadn't been for Vlad Tepes most of Eastern Europe would be Islamic today, which would mean most of the world would be living under Sharia law, and our lands would be fighting under such monstrocities as Al Qaeda and ISIS.

Phyllis Doyle Burns (author) from High desert of Nevada. on March 15, 2015:

Hi John. I tend to agree with you on Vlad being a hero. It was violent times and a ruler had to deal with it in ways we find inappropriate today. Vlad's dedication to his family heritage, to his people, and his country is admirable and he did what he had to do to protect it all.

Thank you for reading and commenting, I appreciate it.

John Albu from Albuquerque, New Mexico, 87102 on March 15, 2015:

Great hub! In my opinion - Vlad was more a hero than anything else.

Yes, he wasn't the most merciful person in history, but these weren't easy times to live and rule a country in, either. Extreme conditions demand extreme responses, and Vlad surely had enough guts to face any circumstances and break down every barrier put in front of him.

It seems like the negative light that shines upon his memory is more impacted by scary tales about vampires, rather than backed up by actual historical knowledge. Who knows, maybe Alexander the great would also be considered a cruel tyrant in mankind's collective memory, if some writers created an evil persona, based on his story of life?...

By the way, it seems like his burial place has been recently discovered!

Phyllis Doyle Burns (author) from High desert of Nevada. on March 07, 2015:

Hi Arachnea. I love history, legends, and vampire stories - put it all together and I am hooked. Heavy research has really given me a lot of interest in the House of Basarab and the descendents. I still have a lot of reading to do on these fascinating people and their ancestors.

Thanks for reading and commenting.

Tanya Jones from Texas USA on March 07, 2015:

I'm a vampire fan. I appreciate the lore. Even more interesting is the history of the legends. Very well researched article and most informative.

Phyllis Doyle Burns (author) from High desert of Nevada. on February 04, 2015:


Whatsittoyou from Canada on February 04, 2015:

Was he a hero or a villain, like most rulers, I'd say it would depend if you were one of his people or one of his opponents.

Phyllis Doyle Burns (author) from High desert of Nevada. on September 15, 2014:

Greetings, Prasetio. Thank you very much for the nice comment. I appreciate your reading and vote.

prasetio30 from malang-indonesia on September 15, 2014:

Very well written and I learn much about dracula from this hub. Thanks for writing and sharing with us. I really appreciate your effort and you deserve to get my VOTE. Good job!


Phyllis Doyle Burns (author) from High desert of Nevada. on September 15, 2014:

Hi CM - I agree, Vlad III did what he could to protect his people and did it well. The methods of execution/killing in his time was done by other leaders also. Vlad was a highly skilled warrior and a leader with vision for progress to help his people. It really is too bad that he is remembered mostly for impaling his enemies.

Thanks for stopping by and reading. I appreciate your comment.

CMHypno from Other Side of the Sun on September 15, 2014:

Very interesting hub. I think it is always difficult to judge history from the perspective of the 21st century. To our modern minds impaling someone, even if they are your worst enemy, is barbaric. But Vlad III was trying to protect his country by the only means he knew, which was by having a strong army and attacking his enemies. If he had been caught by the Turks, they would have killed him in an equally brutal manner or imprisoned him until a large ransom was coughed up.

Phyllis Doyle Burns (author) from High desert of Nevada. on September 15, 2014:

Hi Dolores, nice to hear from you. That is true, history is written by the victors. Those were bad times back then, yet some parts of the world have not progressed a whole lot. Thanks for stopping by and commenting. Have a great day.

Dolores Monet from East Coast, United States on September 15, 2014:

Hi Phyllis - gee they were horrible people. Yet here we see that Vlad himself was not the only butcher. And I am reminded that history is written by the victors.

Phyllis Doyle Burns (author) from High desert of Nevada. on August 18, 2014:

Thanks, Kathy, for that interesting information about Romania. I have become fascinated with the history there. I look forward to reading your hub about living in Romania.

Kathy McGraw from California on August 18, 2014:

Hi Phyllis,

One of my "articles" that is coming over from the other platform is about my time in Romania. I lived there for 4 years and traveled quite a bit around the country, and to a few of the other Eastern European countries. One of the biggest things I learned was how Ceausescu changed all the history books and only allowed what he approved. Many of the Romanians, especially in a certain age group, didn't even know the true history of some things. But yes, Vlad didn't really live at the Bran Castle but was there for some of the fighting.

Did you know that when Romania went to a market economy back in the 90's that one of the things they have talked about was a Dracula themed park. The peasants in the area do well with selling Dracula trinkets and beautiful wool sweaters with the castle or something else Dracula on it. If I ever write specifically about this or some of the other areas I will let you know.

Phyllis Doyle Burns (author) from High desert of Nevada. on August 18, 2014:

Hi Kathy. You are right about history changing the stories. This happens a lot as new evidence is gathered. I know Bran Castle was not really Vlad's home, but he did stay there for awhile -- probably during one of his retreats to avoid the new rulers in Wallachia. Thanks for reading and commenting, I appreciate it. It must have been some awesome journeys for you to visit those places. I would love to do that. Maybe you can write a hub about your experiences there and if you have pictures I would love to see them.

Kathy McGraw from California on August 18, 2014:

I found this interesting especially since I have been to several of the places that purport to be Vlad's home; the castle in the mountains of Bran in Transylvania -Dracula's Castle, his birthplace in Sighisoara which is a beautiful medieval town , Wallachia, and up north in Bistrita I think it was called.

Fascinating experiences, especially 2 huge Halloween parties at Dracula's Castle in Bran.

Thanks for bringing a ton of memories back. You did a good job of putting this together since many of the stories and "facts" have changed over the years.

Phyllis Doyle Burns (author) from High desert of Nevada. on July 26, 2014:

Hi Vlad Real History. Thanks for stopping by and sharing your thoughts. I agree with you about the achievements of Vlad III on his political, economical, administrative decisions and development restoration of Wallachia -- he had good intentions and excellent battle tactic skills. One has to look beyond what we see as "barbaric" to see the real man and his intentions, for back then it was a much different world. Thank you so much for your interesting comment. I appreciate it.

Aurel Dan from Bucharest, Romania on July 26, 2014:

Prince Vlad was definitely a hero! There is a lot to say, but in short, when he became the ruler of Walachia for the second time in 1456, Vlad wanted to establish the order inside the country and to strengthen the state's authority. He also took more administrative and economical decisions trying to develope the manufacture and commerce in Walachia. As military he was very skilfull, good organizer, being appreciated by the other European Kings and Pope himself!

Phyllis Doyle Burns (author) from High desert of Nevada. on July 10, 2014:

Yeah, boyars can be pests at times. The ones Vlad did not impale, he used as slaves to build his castles. Bad times back then -- they were all barbaric. No, I did not know about Max Shrenck. That is interesting, Alastar. I will check that out. Hope all is well with you. Thanks Alastar, for reading and commenting.

Alastar Packer from North Carolina on July 10, 2014:

Ah those pesky boyers! Vlad was more a sadistic monster in my book than hero-savoir of Wallachia. Btw,Phyllis,have you heard the legend that the mysterious actor Max Shrenck? was a real vamp hired by Murna for the 1922 German Drac movie? The recent remake even suggests that.

Phyllis Doyle Burns (author) from High desert of Nevada. on July 07, 2014:

Hi MizB. So good to hear from you. Yes, Vlad III was very intricate/complex. I agree the methods of punishment were barbaric, they were not unique to Dracula, though, for as you say it was a barbaric time. I know what the real impalement was like and it was horribly cruel -- many rulers of that time used that method of punishment. Thanks so much for reading and commenting, I appreciate it.

Doris James MizBejabbers from Beautiful South on July 07, 2014:

This is a good history of a very intricate man. I can’t pass judgment on him because those were perilous and very barbaric times. I do think that impalement was a very sadistic practice. The woodcut does not tell the true story. Maybe Vlad and others of his time threw their victims on sharpened stakes, but that wasn’t the practice referred to as “impalement”. In that barbaric practice, the victim was placed on the stake in such a way that their weight caused the stake to pierce through the genitals or anus and work its way up through the abdomen and body until the person died. I can’t think of anything more painful or barbaric. Voted up

Phyllis Doyle Burns (author) from High desert of Nevada. on July 06, 2014:

Ah! thanks, Frank.

Frank Atanacio from Shelton on July 06, 2014:

yes I did Phyllis.. the hub including the video and the photos are so fascinating....:)

Phyllis Doyle Burns (author) from High desert of Nevada. on July 05, 2014:

Hi Ruby. OMGosh, I researched the whole Dracula lineage and Wallachian rulers -- I am amazed at all the cruelty within the monarchy of that time. They were all cruel in their ways of punishment, yet that was considered "fair and accepted" in their time. Each man I did research on was just so interesting. I will have more hubs on this topic. Thank you so much for reading and commenting, the votes and twitter share.

Ruby Jean Richert from Southern Illinois on July 05, 2014:

I found this to be very interesting. Whose to say if he was evil or just a protecter of his people? What a cruel way to kill a person, impaling! I can see that you researched this article very well. Excellent hub. Thank you. Voted up and shared on twitter.

Phyllis Doyle Burns (author) from High desert of Nevada. on July 05, 2014:

You are welcome. Thank you, Anniething, for reading and sharing your thoughts.

Theodora from Greece on July 05, 2014:

Vlad was actually an evil hero. :) lol

He was very brutal. i have his biography, read it, got the goosebumps from all the brutality he has done, and sometimes i wish this book wasn't on my shelf reminding me of the Gorey things he made. :) It makes it frightening because it has happened in real life.

an interesting hub. thank you for sharing :)

Phyllis Doyle Burns (author) from High desert of Nevada. on July 05, 2014:

Thank you, Devika. Glad you find it interesting -- thanks for reading and commenting.

Devika Primić from Dubrovnik, Croatia on July 05, 2014:

A fascinating hub and so interesting.

Phyllis Doyle Burns (author) from High desert of Nevada. on July 05, 2014:

Hi Jodah. I was really amazed to find out all I did about Vlad III. The more I researched the more interested I became. I had only heard the bad tales about him. He was really quite intelligent and cunning. Thanks, Jodah, for your visit, reading and commenting.

John Hansen from Gondwana Land on July 05, 2014:

Hi Phyllis, I had read and heard quite a bit about Vlad III, but not as much as you wrote here, his intelligence and skill as a warlord. Those were violent times and he may not have been any crueler than other leaders. It seems he was very protective of his people and a very good leader. I did not know he was betrayed and used as a scapegoat. I found this very interesting. Voted up.

Phyllis Doyle Burns (author) from High desert of Nevada. on July 05, 2014:

Well, that is interesting, geteasybrasil -- but, this hub is not about vampires.

Guilherme Sousa from Brasil on July 05, 2014:

I love vampire history. great post!

Phyllis Doyle Burns (author) from High desert of Nevada. on July 05, 2014:

Thanks, Frank. Did you watch that video? I was really impressed at just how intelligent Vlad was and that he was such a formidable warlord. Even after all the research I did, the reading! I still learned more about him from the video. The way he had his castles built is amazing. Thanks for your visit, Frank.

Frank Atanacio from Shelton on July 05, 2014:

wow, what a detailed and thorough hub Phyillis.. voted awesome!!!!

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